China - Russia

Chronology from Sep 2022 to Dec 2022

: Putin and Xi hold a video conference. In addition to exchange of New Year greetings, the two also discuss the Ukraine issue, including the possibility of a peace negotiation.

: FM Wang Yi says relations with Russia are “rock solid” and that China would deepen ties with Russia in the coming year. He also defends China’s position of impartiality on the war in Ukraine.

: Russian and Chinese navies conduct Joint Sea-2022 naval exercises in the East China Sea. Four Russian warships join five Chinese vessels and practice mine sweeping, air defense, communication, and anti-submarine items. It is the 10th drill of this kind since 2012.

: President Putin inaugurates via video the Kovykta gas field (1.8 trillion cm reserves) and the 800-km Kovykta-Chayanda section of the Power of Siberia gas pipeline.

: Chairman of the United Russia party and Deputy Chairman of the Russian Security Council Dmitry Medvedev visits Beijing and hold talks with CPC chairman Xi. Medvedev delivers a message from President Putin.

: SCO and CIS defense ministers hold joint meeting in Moscow. Chinese Defense Minister Col. Gen. Wei Fenghe attends via video link. President Putin gives a video address, urging participants to “continue developing a constant exchange of information in defense policy within the SCO and the CIS, share experience in building national armed forces, ramping up military-technical cooperation and introducing the most advanced armaments and hardware.”

: Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin and Chinese Premier Li Keqiang jointly chair the 27th prime minister meeting via video.

: Russian and Chinese strategic bombers conduct a joint patrol over the western Pacific. Four Russian Tu-95 and two Chinese H-6K bombers fly over the Sea of Japan and the East China Sea during an eight-hour mission. A Chinese YU-20 tanker, J-16 fighter jets, Russia’s Su-30 SM, and Su-35S fighter jets escort the mission. This is the 5thtime since the two sides started in 2019 and the second time in 2022. As part of the drills, Russian bombers for the first time land in China and the Chinese bombers fly to an air base in Russia.

: Chinese FM Wang Yi meets in Beijing with newly-appointed Russian Ambassador to China Morgulov.

: Russia’s space agency Roscosmos and China National Space Administration (CNSA) sign two documents: one on bilateral space cooperation in 2023-2027 and the other on cooperation in creating a joint scientific lunar station to be completed by 2035.

: Assistant Foreign Minister Wu Jianghao meets in Beijing with newly-appointed Russian Ambassador to China Morgulov.

: Special Representative of the Chinese Government on Korean Peninsula Affairs Liu Xiaoming meets in Beijing newly appointed Russian Ambassador to China Igor Morgulov.

: FM Wang Yi meets Russian FM Lavrov on the sidelines of the G20 meeting in Indonesia. Wang tellsLavrov that China endorses Russia’s no nuclear pledge on Ukraine and acknowledges that Russia reiterated its position that a nuclear war was “impossible and inadmissible.” “It is a rational and responsible position from Russia.” China reportedly objects to calling Russia’s invasion of Ukraine a “war” in a joint communique.

: Russian Foreign Ministry issues a statement that Moscow strictly adheres to the principle of the inadmissibility of nuclear war in terms of its nuclear deterrence policy.

: Chinese Premier Li Keqiang chairs the 21st SCO Prime Ministerial meeting.

: Vice Foreign Minister Ma Zhaoxu meets new Russian Ambassador to China Igor Morgulov in Beijing.

: President Xi sends a congratulatory message to Russia-China Friendship Association on its 65th founding anniversary.

: Russian FM Lavrov and Chinese FM Wang Yi hold telephone conversation. Lavrov briefs Wang on Russia’s special operation in Ukraine and thanks China for supporting Russia’s stance on Ukraine. Wang informs Lavrov about the outcomes of the CPC’s 20th congress (Oct. 16-22).

: Putin sends a message of greetings to President Xi on his re-election to the post of General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party Central Committee.

: Putin signs document making 2022 and 2023 Years of Russian-Chinese Cooperation in Sports and Fitness. This includes an international festival of university sports in Yekaterinburg in 2023 in which university teams from BRICS, SCO, and CIS member states will take part.

: President Xi Jinping sends a message of condolence to Putin over a school shooting incident in the country.

: Russia and China sign contracts for deployment of Russia’s GLONASS stations in China (Changchun, Urumqi, and Shanghai) and China’s Beidou system stations in Russia (Obninsk, Irkutsk, and Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky).

: Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov accuses the United States of “playing with fire” on the Taiwan issue in his speech at the UNGA meeting.

: FM Wang Yi meets Ukraine Foreign Minister Kuleba on the sidelines of the UNGA. Wang briefs Kuleba on China’s “impartial and just” position on the Ukraine conflict, saying that China “never stands idly by, never adds fuel to the fire, and never takes advantage of the situation for self-interests.” Kuleba reaffirms Ukraine’s support for the one-China principle.

: Foreign Minister Wang Yi meets with Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in New York.

: 17th round of China-Russia strategic security consultation is hold in Fujian Province facing Taiwan. It is co-chaired by senior security officials (Yang Jiechi and Nikolai Patrushev). The consultation reportedly “achieved positive results.”

: SCO holds its 22nd summit in Uzbekistan, the first in-person gathering since the pandemic. SCO expansion is one of the main issues. The 6th China-Mongolia-Russian summit is hold on the sidelines of the SCO summit. Among the observer and partner participants were Alexander Lukashenko (Belarus), Seyyed Ebrahim Raisi (Iran), Ukhnaagiin Khurelsukh (Mongolia), Ilham Aliyev (Azerbaijan), Recep Tayyip Erdogan (Türkiye) and Serdar Berdimuhamedov (Turkmenistan).

: Xi and Putin meet in person on the sidelines of the SCO Summit in Uzbekistan.

: Four Russian naval ships and three Chinese vessels launch their 2nd joint Pacific patrol. They are spottedoff the Alaska waters by US Coast Guard on Sept. 19.

: Deng Li, China’s vice foreign minister on Middle Eastern affairs, holds political consultation with his Russian counterpart Mikhail Bogdanov via video link.

: CPC Politburo member Yang Jiechi meets in Beijing with the outgoing Russian Ambassador Andrey Denisov.

: Top legislator Li Zhanshu pays an official visit to Russia and meets President Putin in Vladivostok. He was invited by Chairman of the Russian State Duma Vyacheslav Volodin.

: Foreign Minister Wang Yi meets in Beijing with outgoing Russian Ambassador Andrey Denisov who had been in the position since 2013.

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