US - Korea
Chronology from Apr 2003 to Jul 2003
: U.S. states it may seek a presidential statement from the UN Security Council, condemning Pyongyang’s nuclear activities.
: At an ASEAN meeting, members call for North Korea to admit IAEA inspectors and comply with the NPT. U.S., South Korea, China, and Japan reportedly agree to UN Security Council consideration of the nuclear issue with Pyongyang.
: North Korea rejects multilateral talks on its nuclear program, saying U.S. true intention is to isolate North Korean regime.
: President Roh says South Korea will strive to increase cooperation and exchanges with North Korea.
: TCOG meeting in Honolulu. U.S., South Korea, and Japan agree to push for multilateral talks with North Korea on nuclear issue.
: U.S. Forces Korea issues statement apologizing for deaths of two school girls in spring, 2002; U.S. reportedly embarks on program of “selective interdiction” to stop suspicious shipments out of North Korea.
: U.S. and ROK officials agree on two-phase, multi-year consolidation of U.S. troops around “key hubs” south of Seoul and plans to invest $11 billion in new capabilities for ROK military.
: Deputy Defense Secretary Wolfowitz urges South Korea to increase defense spending during visit to Seoul.
: Three U.S. members of Congress, led by Rep. Curt Weldon, leave Pyongyang after a three-day visit; South Korean Navy fires warning shots at North Korean fishing boats.
: DPRK accuses ROK of sending warships across the disputed Yellow Sea border, warns of “irrevocable serious consequences.”
: Seoul explicitly states its support for multilateral talks with North Korea.
: North Korea says it will accept U.S. proposal of multilateral talks on the nuclear issue, so long as the U.S. agrees to talk directly with the North as well.
: North Korea retracts threat to South Korea at inter-Korean talks and the South agrees to provide 400,000 tons of rice in humanitarian assistance.
: North Korea condemns South Korea’s joint statement with U.S. at summit, saying “the South will suffer from numerous casualties,” but calls for actively conducting “reconciliation and cooperation projects.”
: At Washington summit, President Bush and President Roh agree to pursue peaceful resolution of nuclear issue with North Korea while noting that “further steps” may be necessary in the face of an increased North Korean threat.
: North Korea accuses U.S. of building up military forces on Korean Peninsula and threatens a “merciless and exterminatory” counterstrike. WTO rules that U.S. tariffs on imported steel, including steel from South Korea, are a violation of global trade rules.
: South Korea says it will ask the WTO to rule against U.S. imposition of punitive tariffs on Hynix memory chips.
: North Korea says it will “take self-defensive measures” if U.S. seeks economic sanctions at the United Nations.
: North Korean, Chinese, and U.S. diplomats meet in Beijing to conduct multilateral dialogue on North Korean nuclear program.
: North Korea issues revised public statement to indicate it has not yet started to reprocess spent nuclear fuel rods.
: Leaked U.S. Defense Department memo calls for a U.S. policy of regime change in North Korea.
: North Korea says it will accept multilateral dialogue with the U.S. President Roh says South Korea will cooperate closely with U.S. to resolve nuclear crisis peacefully through dialogue with North Korea.
: U.S. and South Korea agree to relocate U.S. military headquarters from Yongsan Army Base in Seoul to Osan, south of Seoul, by 2004.