Chronologies

Japan - China

Chronology


:  Japanese brokerage house Daiwa Securities Group announces that it will set up a joint venture, Daiwa Securities (China) with $146 million in capital. It will be 51% owned by Daiwa, 33% an investment company owned by the city of Beijing, and 16% by Beijing Xicheng Capital Holdings.

: Yomiuri reports that Japan is seeking to reduce security risks inherent in its dependence on China by establishing a supply chain network that combines Japan’s technological capabilities with Australia’s natural resources and Indian information technology, with the participation of the Association of Southeast Asian states.

:  Xinhua reports matter-of-factly on the sudden resignation of Abe due to illness, while Global Times observes that, since stable relations with China was vital to the Japanese economy, his successor would likely continue Abe’s policies.

:  Japan Oil, Gas, and Metals National Corporation announces successful excavation of rare metals from inside the seabed of Japan’s EEZ, describing it as an important step in Japan’s plans to reduce its reliance on China for these commodities.

:  Referencing a virtual summit between the Indian and Japanese prime ministers in early September, a research director at Tsinghua University opines that India’s anticipated effort to “rope Japan into” an effort to suppress China is doomed to fail because Tokyo needs stable economic relations with Beijing in the post-pandemic era.

: China Daily runs a mildly critical article on the memorial service headlined “War End Anniversary Sees No Abe Apology.” The unnamed author advised Japanese policymakers to “recognize the status quo and thus explore the potential of bilateral relations more boldly and aggressively to find new growth policies for economic cooperation with China.”

: In response to news that Abe visited a hospital for a health check-up, Global Times opines that the Japanese economy, having suffered a 27.8 % contraction in the last quarter, also needed a check-up.

: Local Chinese authorities reportedly instruct fishermen not to sail within 30 nautical miles of the Diaoyu/Senkakus, possibly as a hedge against worsening relations with the US.

: In a government memorial service for the war dead, Abe does not mention  “taking the lessons of history deeply into our hearts,” which has been standard since then Prime Minister Murayama Tomiichi first included it in 1995.

: Four Cabinet ministers visit the Yasukuni Shrine on the anniversary of Japan’s defeat in World War II, the first such Cabinet-level visit since 2016 when two ministers attended. Abe does not, but sends a representative who paid for a ritual offering of the sacred sakaki tree. Uncharacteristically, Xinhua barely mentions the visit.

: Kono states that unspecified members of the Five Eyes intelligence sharing consortium are seeking closer cooperation with Japan in response to China’s growing military expansion but opines that he does not think Japan needs to in the formal sense.

: A rally of support for Chow takes place in Tokyo.

: Due to concern that China is siphoning off advanced technological information in the name of joint research, legislation on a certification system for those handling such data will be submitted to next year’s Diet session. Japan is the only G7 member lacking such a certification system.

: Japanese government boosts its stockpile of rare metals to reduce its dependence on China which, despite earlier efforts, still accounted for 58% of rare earth imports in 2018.

: A Nikkei survey reveals that in 2019 China surpassed Japan in 12 hi-tech markets and in now and second only to the United States.

:  Tweets with the hashtag “FreeAgnes” go viral in Japan in response to activist Agnes Chow’s arrest in Hong Kong for violating the new national security law, with more than 290,000 messages posted under it.

:  A delegation led by former Prime Minister Mori Yoshihiro visits Taiwan to pay respects to Lee, meeting with President Tsai as well. Mori conveyed to her Abe’s “heartfelt gratitude for Lee’s guidance for Japan.”

: Reacting to news that Tokyo would welcome an invitation to join the Five Eyes (FVEY) intelligence alliance, Chinese expert on Japanese issues Liu Junhong attributes Tokyo’s interest to its mistrust of China “despite bilateral relations being generally positive in the last two years.”

:  Defense Minister Kono warns China that the SDF and Japanese Coast Guard will respond to intrusions around the Diaoyu(tai)/Senkaku Islands, declining to elaborate on what such actions might entail.

:  According to a Japanese industry ministry source, China’s recent showering of praise on Japanese companies seems part of a campaign to build a supply chain that cannot be blocked by Washington.

: All major Japanese newspapers carry obituary of Taiwan’s former President Lee Teng-hui, mentioning his impressive knowledge of Japan. Prime Minister Abe Shinzo praises Lee for contributing to enhancing Japan and Taiwan’s bilateral relations and for promulgating freedom and democracy in Taiwan.

: In the first explicit commitment to help address recent Chinese encroachment in the waters around the contested Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands, Lt. Gen Kevin Schneider, commander of American forces in Japan, says that “the United States is 100% absolutely steadfast in its commitment to help the government of Japan with the situation … that’s 365 days a year, 24 hours a day, seven days a week.”

:  In what Nikkei describes as a snub to China, the Chilean government chooses Japan’s trans-Pacific fiber-optic cable route in preference to China’s. When completed, the cable will be the first to directly connect South America with the Asia-Pacific.

:  Reflecting what an anonymous Japanese Coast Guard source describes as his government’s “sense of crisis,” the JCG deploys three large patrol vessels of 3,500 to 6,500 tons in Okinawa and Kagoshima prefectures.

: Sankei Shimbun reports that NTT DoCoMo, Japan’s largest mobile phone operator, is heading a movement to bring together different countries to build a low-cost communication network without Huawei technology.

: A consortium of Japanese companies bests China in a bid to build a $2 billion liquified natural gas-fired power plant in Myanmar, with a projected capacity of about 20 percent of the country’s existing power plants. Myanmar, with access to the Indian Ocean, is a key part of China’s Belt and Road Initiative, with Chinese companies having secured the rights to a similar-sized power plant in 2018.

: Chinese government ships sail into waters surrounding the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands for the 100th straight day.

: Japanese government protests to Beijing over a Chinese maritime scientific survey ship that operated for 10 days inside the EEZ claimed by Japan around Okinotori.

: The Japanese government will invite Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC) to take part in joint projects in Japan, in response to a potential threat from China’s efforts to build systems to enable its companies to produce finished products, including semiconductors, all on their own.

: Japan’s Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry announces first tranche of companies eligible for “China exit subsidies;” 87 companies will receive a total of $653 million.

:  In a move that symbolizes the Japanese government’s hope for warmer ties with the PRC, Tarumi Yoshio, a member of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ China School, is appointed ambassador to the PRC. Tarumi is close to LDP Secretary-General Nikai Toshihiro, who is known for his pro-China views.

: In an interview with Nikkei, Taiwan’s Audrey Tang warns Japan that putting China’s equipment in its core telecom infrastructure is akin to inviting a Trojan horse into the network.

:  Japan’s Ministry of Defense releases its 2020 White Paper, accusing China, inter alia, of unilateral attempts to change the status quo by coercion, lack of transparency in its defense budget and enhancing its capabilities in space, cyberspace, and the electromagnetic spectrum, leading to “a situation of grave concern.”

:  Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson describes the Defense of Japan 2020 White Paper as fraught with bias against China and false information, while providing no details.

: Yomiuri editorializes on the importance of countries like Japan, the US, and Australia to support ASEAN in its concern for freedom of navigation in the South China Sea through such mechanisms as the RIMPAC naval exercise. Yomiuri also expresses concern about the increasing number of Chinese planes making threatening flights around Taiwan.

: Xinhua reports on a joint statement by Japanese civil groups to commemorate the 83rd anniversary of the outbreak of hostilities at Marco Polo Bridge in 1987.

: Kyodo reports that two Chinese Coast Guard vessels stayed in the territorial waters of the Senkaku/Diaoyu(tai) Islands for 39 hours and 23 minutes, longer than the 30 hours 17 minutes recorded on July 3, over which the Japanese government issued a protest.

: An unusually long article  in Kyodo covers Taipei City’s celebration of Japan’s contribution to Taiwan’s tap water centered around the premiere of a documentary film, Tracing Roots, that focuses on the country’s transformation during the Japanese colonial period.

: Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Zhou Lijiang responds to an LDP draft resolution criticizing China for its new security law for Hong Kong by saying the statements “are meaningless and I do not have the time or interest to deal with them.”

:  Japan’s passes revised state secrets law that allows exchanges with partners such as India, Australia, and the UK as well as existing exchange with the US, making it easier to share data on Chinese movements. It also allows Japan to exercise its right to collective self-defense and supply fuel and ammunition to other militaries in situations that pose a threat to Japan.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Suga says that China’s imposition of  a national security law for Hong Kong is “regrettable,” particularly after strong concern expressed by the international community, and that his government will continue to appropriately address the issue with the countries involved.

:  Taiwan’s widely read anti-unification Liberty Times points out that all the protestors to Ishigaki’s changes to the names of disputed areas were from the opposition KMT and accused the party of seizing on the issue to divert attention from its poor approval ratings.

:  Kono explains his decision to identify a submarine that ventured near Japanese territorial waters as Chinese as necessary to raise awareness.

:  Xinhua reports without editorial comment Japan’s decision to end its Aegis Ashore program, quoting Japanese official sources on the high cost of the project.

: Defense Minister Kono Taro, after taking the unusual step of naming China as the probable owner of the submarine that passed through Japan’s contiguous zone announces that the government had heightened vigilance against  Chinese incursions.

: Yomiuri describes urgent need for discussions on how to respond to China’s development of hypersonic missiles that is pushing the US-Japan alliance to a turning point and must be addressed in negotiations on burden sharing.

: Both China and Taiwan protest a vote by the Okinawa city council of change the administrative status of the disputed Diaoyu/Senkaku islands from “Tonoshiro” to “Tonoshiro Senkaku,” purportedly to avoid confusion with another area of Ishigaki, which administers the islands.

: Wall Street Journal reports that, after helping to organize a statement critical of China’s actions in Hong Kong, the Japanese government is encouraging Hong Kong financial professionals to move to Tokyo.

: Da Zhigang, director of Heilongjiang’s Institute of Northeast Asian Studies, opines that Japan is unlikely to permanently abandon the Aegis Ashore system but if awaiting an opportune time to restart the deployment.

:  A submarine, presumed but not specifically identified as Chinese, passes through the contiguous zone off the cost of Amami-Oshima island in southern Japan, the first such incident since January 2018.

: Chinese ships operate in the contiguous zone to the contested Diaoyu/Senkaku islands for the 65th day, surpassing the previous record of 64 in 2019.

: Several dozen Taiwanese protest outside the Taipei office of the Japan-Taiwan Exchange Association after reports that Okinawa’s Ishigaki City, which administers the disputed Senkaku/Diaoyu(tai) Islands, is planning to change the administrative designation of the islands from Tonoshiro to Tonoshiro Senkaku.

:  Yomiuri comments that a revised Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Law identifies 558 companies in 12 sectors as particularly important for national security, and requires all foreign investors seeking to acquire more than 1% in and of them to notify the government in advance.

: The conservative Japan Forward urges that Japan stop ignoring its, and Asia’s, China problem, suggesting a joint operational headquarters in Japan where US and Japanese forces could coordinate the defense of Northeast Asia, consider Taiwan’s defense part of its mandate, and increase defense spending by 10% for the next five years.

: LDP Diet members call on the government to vigorously protest China’s repeated stalking of Japanese fishing boats in waters near the disputed Senkaku/Diaoyu islands and again urge the government to carefully reconsider a visit by Xi.

: Motegi says in a television interview that Xi’s visit would not take place until after the G20 summit slated for November, and a major factor is China’s National People’s Congress passage of draconian security legislation for Hong Kong.

: Criticizing Japan’s reluctance to join other democracies in denouncing PRC legislation on Hong Kong, a Kyorin University professor emeritus accused his country of “judo diplomacy.”

:  A commentary in Japan Times takes note of a May 8-May 10 standoff between the Japanese Coast Guard (JCG) and two Chinese Coast Guard (CCG) ships in waters around the disputed Senkaku (Diaoyu) Islands as the CCG pursued a Japanese fishing boat.

: Asahi notes Japan’s struggle to cooperate with China in the economic sector while strengthening its defense alliance with the US.

: Foreign Minister Motegi Toshimitsu addresses  China’s National People’s Congress passing a draconian national security law that would affect Hong Kong’s freedoms, saying that he had had his deputy call in the Chinese ambassador to express Japan’s concern.

:  A document delivered to Chief Cabinet Secretary Suga by two LDP foreign policy panels urges reconsideration of plans for a state visit by Xi Jinping due to “grave and serious concern from the standpoint of respecting freedom and democracy.”

: Asahi’s lead editorial is entitled “Taiwan’s Success in Containing the Virus Should Be a Lesson Passed On.”

: Global Times warns Japan that, if it wants to maintain sound economic and trade relations with China, it had better not side with the US as Australia has.

: Japan Airlines evacuates Taiwanese who had been stranded in Russia for two months due to the pandemic, re-routing a flight from Helsinki to stop in Moscow to pick them up.

:  Japanese newspapers react negatively to the 6.6% increase in the PRC’s announced military budget, with Asahi asking when China will stop its aggressive military buildup “that exacerbates global security risks” and Nikkei describing the increase despite falling revenue as reflecting an “aggressive diplomatic posture.”

: China Daily reports on close work between Chinese and Japanese ornithologists to save the crested ibis from extermination, emphasizing the need for “people to put aside their conflicts and pursue a common goal.”

: Several Japanese newspapers report that a draft of the Japanese defense ministry’s annual white paper may accuse China of spreading false information about the coronavirus outbreak in order to bolster its geographic influence.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Suga Yoshihide congratulated Tsai Ing-wen on her inauguration, using her formal title of president, eliciting protest from China.

:  A security expert interviewed by Asahistates that China’s approximately 2000 intermediate-range missiles can reach anywhere in Japan, while the US, because it signed the now-expired Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces Treaty with Russia, has none.

:  Mitsubishi Electric reports that a cyberattack last year “likely” leaked information on the hypersonic glide missile provided by the Japanese Defense Ministry’s Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics Agency (ATLA), for purposes of bidding on a contract to develop them.

:  Global Times calls Japan’s 2020 Diplomatic Blue Book, which, for the first time voices support for Taiwan’s observer status in the World Health Assembly, a “hypocritical move.”

: Japan’s Ground Self-Defense Force reportedly receives its first new rifles in 31 years to assist it in defending the Nansei (southwestern) Islands against increasing Chinese pressure.

: A retired senior colonel from the PLA’s Academy of Military Science construes Japan’s call for Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC) 2020 military exercises to be held on schedule as indicative of its desire to expand its influence in the area.

: In Global Times, director of Northeast Asian Studies at the Heilongjiang Academy of Social Sciences notes that while Japan is reducing industrial plans in China and encouraging industries to relocate back to Japan, it has also signed the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Trade, promoted the China-led Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership, and is an active partner in the China-Japan, South Korea Free Trade Agreement.

: Yomiuri quotes a member of the National Security Secretariat as saying that unless the country nurtured new technologies it would not have any technologies left to protect.

: Yomiuri reports on a 2019 Chinese language document that enumerates 63 industrial technologies not possessed by China and the names of foreign companies and research  institutes that possess them, including Japanese semiconductor materials and carbon fibers.

: Although dismissive of Japan’s stimulus package for subsidies to businesses to move production back to Japan, Beijing is sufficiently concerned to press Japanese authorities to explain the meaning of the measure and poll Japanese businesses in China on whether they plan to leave.

: Center-right Yomiuri Shimbun publishes interview with former Renmin Ribao commentator Ma Licheng in which Ma repeats his past calls for reconciliation with China.

: Noting the implications of 5G telecommunications technology for warfare, and China’s push to dominate the underseas cable industry, Yomiuri urges Japan to act swiftly to ensure the safety of its information and communications systems.

: Eager to get its economy back to normal, the Chinese government proposes easing its travel ban in anticipation of large numbers of Japanese tourists, assuming that the number of new cases declines.

: The Japanese government announces more stringent regulations on foreign investment in 518 firms it identifies as having operations critical to national security.

: Two of four China Coast Guard vessels in waters around the contested Senkaku Islands approached and chased a Japanese fishing boat, resulting in an immediate protest to the Chinese embassy in Tokyo.

: Pentagon announces deployment of four B-1 bombers to Guam on a “strategic deterrence mission.”

: Yomiuri editorial expresses concern that the PRC is exploiting the pandemic to escalate tensions in the South China Sea.

: Yomiuri editorial expresses concern that the PRC is exploiting the pandemic to escalate tensions in the South China Sea.

: Asahi criticizes the Ground Self-Defense Force’s highly-touted preparations for defending remote islands from Chinese encroachment, noting that the camp on Miyakojima still has no missiles or ammunition depots.

: South Korea and China agree to start some business travel under a “fast-track” immigration arrangement.

: Asahi criticizes the Ground Self-Defense Force’s highly-touted preparations for defending remote islands from Chinese encroachment, noting that the camp on Miyakojima still has no missiles or ammunition depots.

: US Department of Commerce announces new rules to tighten exports of certain sensitive technologies to China.

: US Department of Defense authorizes release of three videos of unidentified aerial phenomena to “clear up any misconceptions,” about videos already circulating.

: Australian government launches coronavirus tracing app, using Bluetooth to log when people are close to each other, enabling health officials to trace people potentially exposed to the illness.

: G20 health ministers online meeting; draft statement “scuppered” by US over positive references to WHO.

: China’s space agency names its first Mars exploration mission Tianwen-1, which is expected to be launched this year.

: Virtual US-ASEAN ministerial meeting is conducted, but the joint statement is reportedly delayed by disagreement over reference to China’s handling of the pandemic.

: Trump announces 60-day suspension of immigration into the US, to ensure US workers are first to get jobs.

: Australian frigate HMAS Parramatta joins three US warships in the South China Sea near an area Chinese vessels are suspected of exploring for oil.

: Daily NK, a Seoul-based online journal run by activists and defectors with sources inside North Korea, alleges that Kim Jong Un is recovering from a medical procedure, setting off international speculation about the North Korean leader’s well-being.

: Australian Foreign Minister Marise Payne calls for independent inquiry into the coronavirus outbreak and how it developed and spread.

: UN report finds that North Korea evaded international sanction and has raised millions of dollars through hacking and smuggling.

: USAF ends 16-year Continuous Bomber Presence on Guam.

: G7 leaders call for a review and reform of the World Health Organization.

: North Korean defector Thae Yong-ho, running with the conservative opposition party, wins a South Korean National Assembly seat despite a ruling party landslide.

: Nikkei cites Chinese economic sources expressing concerns about the Japanese government’s subsidies for relocating supply chains outside China, and worrying that other foreign companies may be incentivized to do the same.

: Nikkei cites Chinese economic sources expressing concerns about the Japanese government’s subsidies for relocating supply chains outside China, and worrying that other foreign companies may be incentivized to do the same.

: US State Department report speculates that China secretly set off low-level underground nuclear test explosions.

: North Korea celebrates the Day of the Sun, national founder Kim Il Sung’s birth anniversary. Kim Jong Un does not attend.

: North Korea test-fires short-range cruise missiles.

: ASEAN and ASEAN Plus Three Summit on the COVID-19 coronavirus are conducted via video conference.

: Trump announces the US will halt funding to the WHO while investigating its mismanagement of the coronavirus response.

: Chinese automakers ramp up production in Myanmar in a challenge to dominant entrenched Japanese rivals in the fast-growing market there.

: A Global Times editorial accuses Japan’s YomiuriShimbun of bias against China after its Beijing bureau chief wrote that the PRC should be held responsible for the coronavirus outbreak.

: Chinese automakers ramp up production in Myanmar in a challenge to dominant entrenched Japanese rivals in the fast-growing market there.

: A Global Times editorial accuses Japan’s YomiuriShimbun of bias against China after its Beijing bureau chief wrote that the PRC should be held responsible for the coronavirus outbreak.

: Chinese government lodges a protest against an exchange of tweets between Abe and Tsai Ing-wen in which they pledged to join hands to overcome the coronavirus threat.

: Japan’s Ministry of Defense reveals that a five-ship Chinese carrier defense force transited the Miyako Strait toward the Philippine Sea.

: Chinese government lodges a protest against an exchange of tweets between Abe and Tsai Ing-wen in which they pledged to join hands to overcome the coronavirus threat.

: Japan’s Ministry of Defense reveals that a five-ship Chinese carrier defense force transited the Miyako Strait toward the Philippine Sea.

: Philippines Department of Foreign Affairs expresses solidarity with Vietnam after protests over the sinking of a Vietnamese fishing boat by China in the disputed South China Sea.

: Abe approves an economic stimulus package worth about $1 trillion and plans direct payments to households and businesses in coronavirus emergency.

: China is appointed to a panel on the UN Human Rights Council, serving as representative of Asia-Pacific states.

: Vietnam protests China’s of sinking a Vietnamese fishing boat near the Paracel Islands in the South China Sea.

: Nikkei editorializes that countries should be wary of the CCP’s strategic penetration of the leadership of international organizations.

: Nikkei  editorializes that countries should be wary of the CCP’s strategic penetration of the leadership of international organizations.

: Taiwanese app that tracks inventories of face masks praise in the Japanese media, suggesting that Japan should learn from Taiwan’s use of technology for crisis management.

: Taiwanese app that tracks inventories of face masks praise in the Japanese media, suggesting that Japan should learn from Taiwan’s use of technology for crisis management.

: Japanese destroyer Shimakaze and a Chinese fishing boat collide in the East China Sea about 400 miles west of Yakushima, with one fisherman reportedly injured.

:   Japanese destroyer Shimakaze and a Chinese fishing boat collide  in the East China  Sea  about 400 miles west of Yakushima, with one  fisherman reportedly injured.

: Nikkei reports that China is aggressively courting Japanese companies to gain access to their Internet of Things knowledge in manufacturing.

: Nikkei reports that China is aggressively courting Japanese companies to gain access to their Internet of Things knowledge in manufacturing.

: North Korea launches two short-range ballistic missiles.

: Japanese government will provide an estimated ¥ 200 billion in subsidies for companies that move their production bases from the PRC to Japan and Southeast Asian countries.

: Japanese government will provide an estimated ¥ 200 billion in subsidies for companies that move their production bases from the PRC to Japan and Southeast Asian countries.

: Trump signs the TAIPEI (Taiwan Allies International Protection and Enhancement Initiative) Act into law.

: Kyodo reports that Yuan Keqing, a prominent Chinese scholar at Hokkaido University who disappeared while visiting his mother’s funeral in China in mid-June, has been charged with espionage.

: Kyodo reports that Yuan Keqing, a prominent Chinese scholar at Hokkaido University who disappeared while visiting his mother’s funeral in China in mid-June, has been charged with espionage.

: G7 virtual ministerial meeting fails to issue a joint communique, reportedly over Pompeo’s insistence on including reference to the “Wuhan virus.”

: Secretary of Defense Mark Esper signs order freezing the movement of US military personnel for 60 days over concerns from the coronavirus pandemic.

: G7 Foreign Ministers’ Meeting is held via video conference call, attended by the US, Italy, France, Canada, Germany, the United Kingdom, Japan, and the EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy.

: Chinese website China Military Online opines that Japan’s motive in selling the J/FPS-3 air defense radar to the Philippines is to fill the void created by the US military’s withdrawal from Asia and to expand its international diplomatic presence.

: A Shenyang congee restaurant that hung  a large banner over its door “welcoming” the coronavirus to the US and hoping it  will  remain in  Japan for a long time is sharply criticized on Japanese social media. The restaurant later apologizes and takes down the banner. Global Times reports that the owner of the chain has fired the local manager.

: A Shenyang congee restaurant that hung a large banner over its door “welcoming” the coronavirus to the US and hoping it will remain in Japan for a long time is sharply criticized on Japanese social media. The restaurant later apologizes and takes down the banner. Global Times reports that the owner of the chain has fired the local manager.

: Chinese website China Military Online opines  that Japan’s motive in selling the J/FPS-3 air defense radar to the Philippines is to fill the void created by the US military’s withdrawal from Asia and to expand its international diplomatic presence.

: Abe and International Olympic Committee President Thomas Bach agree to reschedule the Olympics for the summer of 2021 at the latest.

: Modi orders nationwide lockdown in India, including a shutdown of all nonessential government offices and private businesses, and for all Indians to remain at home.

: South Korea’s armed forces track two North Korean short-range ballistic missiles launched into the Sea of Japan.

: Japan attempts to persuade more Asian states to join the Trans-Pacific Partnership since COVID-19 exposed the risks of supply chains that are overly dependent on China.

: Japan attempts to persuade more Asian states to join the Trans-Pacific Partnership since COVID-19 exposed the risks of supply chains that are overly dependent on China.

: Indonesian and Malaysian foreign ministers discuss virtual cooperation and collaboration amid COVID-19 pandemic.

: North Korea test-fires two short-range ballistic missiles.

: In a further move toward cooperation with the US military against China, the MSDF commissions the Maya, its first ship equipped with the Cooperative Engagement Capability, allowing allies to instantly share the location of enemy missiles and aircraft.

: In a further move toward cooperation with the US military against China, the MSDF commissions the Maya, its first ship equipped with the Cooperative Engagement Capability, allowing allies to instantly share the location of enemy missiles and aircraft.

: Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs announces that it will revoke press credentials of Americans working for The Wall Street Journal, the New York Times, and the Washington Post.

: China reports zero new local infections of COVID-19.

: After clinical trials in Wuhan and Shenzhen, China approves Fujifilm Holdings’ Avigan (Favipiravir) for treatment of COVID-19 even as doubts remain in Japan about its effectiveness.

:   After clinical trials in Wuhan and Shenzhen, China approves Fujifilm Holdings’ Avigan (Favipiravir) for treatment of COVID-19 even as doubts remain in Japan about its effectiveness.

: China and Cambodia participate in third annual Golden Dragon exercise in Cambodia’s Kampot province, focusing on counter-terrorism and humanitarianism.

: Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs spokesperson, Lijian Zhao implies on Twitter that US military brought coronavirus to Wuhan.

: WHO officially labels COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

: Trump announces measures to tackle COVID-19, including by suspending most travel from Europe.

: Editor of conservative Japanese monthly Seiron advocates creation of a suprapartisan advisory body modeled on the United States Economic and Security Review Commission.

: Editor of conservative Japanese monthly Seiron advocates creation of a suprapartisan advisory body modeled on the United States Economic and Security Review Commission.

: North Korea launches three short-range projectiles.

: US defense contractor Lockheed Martin temporarily suspends production of fifth-generation Lightning II F-35Astealth fighter aircraft at a facility in Nagoya over coronavirus concerns.

: Yomiuri, stating that the decision to postpone Xi’s visit was partly due to domestic opposition, urges China to take steps to improve Japanese sentiment toward China in order to ensure the success of a visit.

: Yomiuri, stating that the decision to postpone Xi’s visit was partly due to domestic opposition, urges  China to take steps to improve Japanese sentiment toward China in order to ensure the success of a visit.

: Xi Jinping’s visit to Japan is postponed, presumably until fall, with Chief Cabinet Secretary Suga Yoshihide explaining that “it is necessary to make thorough preparations for [Xi’s] state visit in order to achieve sufficient results.”

: Xi Jinping’s visit to Japan is postponed, presumably until fall, with Chief Cabinet Secretary Suga Yoshihide explaining that “it is necessary to make thorough preparations for [Xi’s] state visit in order to achieve sufficient results.”

: President Trump and the US skip the virtual vaccine summit hosted by EU.

: Chinese research scientists allege that their research shows the new coronavirus evolved into two strains.

: US imposes restrictions on the number of Chinese state-owned media employees allowed to work in the US.

: North Korea fires what appears to be two short-range ballistic missiles into the East Sea. China’s foreign ministry calls for dialogue.

: US Department of Justice announces charges against two Chinese nationals for money laundering conspiracy and operating an unlicensed money transmitting business. The defendants, Tian Yinyin and Li Jiadong, allegedly laundering “more than $100 million in cryptocurrency that had been stolen by ‘North Korean actors.’”

: South Korea’s Joint Chiefs of Staff reports that North Korea launched two short-range ballistic missiles into the Sea of Japan.

: Toyota announces it will build a new $1.22 billion electric vehicle plant in Tianjin with local partner FAW as well as expand its EV manufacturing in Guangzhou with another partner, the GAC Group.

: Toyota announces it will build a new $1.22 billion electric vehicle plant in Tianjin with local partner FAW as well as expand its EV manufacturing in Guangzhou with another partner, the GAC Group.

: Malaysia names Muhyiddin Yassin prime minister.

: US elevates warnings against travel to regions in Italy and South Korea.

: US and South Korea decide to postpone joint military exercises over coronavirus concerns.

: New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Arden meets Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison in Sydney, where she criticizes Australia’s policy of forcible deportations of New Zealand citizens.

: New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern meets Fijian Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama in Suva, Fiji.

: Indonesian House of Representative commission on defense, intelligence, and foreign affairs approves previous defense arrangements between Indonesia and the United States, including “a plan for the navy to receive up to 14 ScanEagleunmanned aerial vehicles and upgrades for three Bell 412 helicopters from the U.S. government.”

: Citing sources in the Japanese Ministry of Defense, UPI reports that the Japanese military plans to introduce a hypervelocity gliding projectile that is specifically designed to penetrate the deck of an aircraft carrier.

: Plans to deduct 5,000 yen ($45) from the salary of each LDP Diet member for coronavirus relief in China are modified into voluntary contributions after complaints from conservatives.

: Citing sources in the Japanese Ministry of Defense, UPI reports that the Japanese military plans to introduce a hypervelocity gliding projectile that is specifically designed to penetrate the deck of an aircraft carrier.

: Plans to deduct 5,000 yen ($45) from the salary of each LDP Diet member for coronavirus relief in China are modified into voluntary contributions after complaints from conservatives.

: US Defense Secretary Mark Esper says that South Korea should contribute more financially to its own defense.

: Thailand, the US, Singapore, Japan, Indonesia, Malaysia, and South Korea participate in Exercise Cobra Gold 2020. Cobra Gold focuses on “humanitarian civic action, a cyber exercise, an amphibious assault exercise, a humanitarian assistance and disaster relief exercise, culminating in the combined arms live fire exercise.”

: Malaysia’s king installs Mahathir Mohamad as interim prime minister following his shock resignation.

: President Trump and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi meet in Ahmedabad, India.

: Center-right Sankei Shimbun editorializes against Chinese provocations against the Senkakus and Taiwan, terming them particularly insensitive at a time when the PRC should be cooperating with the international community to prevent the spread of COVID-19.

: Center-right  Sankei Shimbun editorializes against Chinese provocations against the Senkakus and Taiwan, terming them particularly insensitive at a time when the PRC should be cooperating with the international community to prevent the spread of COVID-19.

: A Japanese government source opines that China’s relatively favorable statements about Japan are motivated by an effort to ease its international isolation, but that Beijing has not compromised on security issues.

: A Japanese government source opines that China’s relatively favorable statements about Japan are motivated by an effort to ease its international isolation, but that Beijing has not compromised on security issues.

: Researchers from Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanic Garden, led by Dr. Yu Webin publish research suggesting that the coronavirus was introduced from outside the Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market, but then spread rapidly within it.

: Malaysia declares that it will choose a 5G partner based on the country’s own security standards amid strong pushes from the US to exclude Huawei.

: A Nikkei columnist terms the rupture between the CCP and the Japan Communist Party the JCP’s “long goodbye.”

: A Nikkei  columnist terms the rupture between the CCP and the Japan Communist Party the JCP’s “long goodbye.”

: South Korean Foreign Minister Kang Kyung-wha meets with Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi to discuss cooperative measures to combat COVID-19, as well as the potential delay of Xi’s planned Seoul.

: UN experts accuse North Korea of increasing imports and exports of banned and restricted good such as coal and petroleum products despite explicit sanctions.

: US and Europe reach a general agreement on confronting China.

: South Korean and Canadian Foreign Ministers agree on efforts to expand bilateral economic cooperation and bolster exchanges of high-level officials at Munich Security Conference.

: Japan reports its first death related to coronavirus.

: China Daily declares that the fight against the spread of the coronavirus has brought China and Japan closer together.

: China Daily declares  that the fight against the spread of the coronavirus has brought China and Japan closer together.

: Director of the Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office Zhang Xiaoming is replaced by Xia Baolong, chairman of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference.

: Reversing its Jan. 20 statement that no defense-related data had been affected by last year’s cyberattacks, Mitsubishi Electric states that some sensitive information may have been compromised.

: A former head of Japan’s National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies credits Abe’s China policy with hedging the risk of China’s unilateral attempt to change the regional order while engaging the PRC in multilateral norm- and rule-building, as well as promoting cooperation in beneficial projects.

: Reversing its Jan. 20 statement that no defense-related data had been affected by last year’s cyberattacks, Mitsubishi Electric states that some sensitive information may have been compromised.

: A former head of Japan’s National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies credits Abe’s China policy with hedging the risk of China’s unilateral attempt to change the regional order while engaging the PRC in multilateral norm- and rule-building, as well as promoting cooperation in beneficial projects.

: Philippines declares intent to terminate major security pact that has allowed US forces to train in the country.

: WHO proposes “COVID-19” as official name for the illness caused by the new coronavirus.

: Chinese PLA Air Force flies into Bashi Channel during exercise, prompting a Taiwanese response.

: South Korea and the US hold working group meeting in Seoul spotlighting issues of policy coordination on inter-Korean exchanges between North and South Korea.

: Thailand bars passengers from Holand America’s MS Westerdam cruise ship from disembarking, amid fears of the coronavirus.

: Global Times, while thanking the Japanese government and civilians for aid in dealing with the coronavirus epidemic, states that despite better government-to-government relations, “we cannot be overly optimistic about the prospect of bilateral relations.”

: Global Times, while thanking the Japanese government and civilians for aid in dealing with the coronavirus epidemic, states that despite better government-to-government relations, “we cannot be overly optimistic about the prospect of bilateral relations.”

: US State Department official involved in nuclear talks with North Korea arrives in South Korea for a meeting of a bilateral policy coordination working group on the regime.

: South Korean Unification Minister Kim Yeon-chul reaffirms the need for inter-Korean cooperation in railways, roads, and tourism, as South Korea seeks to expand cross-border exchanges as part of efforts to continue its engagement with North Korea.

: The coronavirus death toll in China climbs above 1,000.

:   Bank of Japan appoints its top China expert to head the BOJ’s international department, a post previously dominated by officials with experience in Western financial centers.

:   Bank of Japan appoints its top China expert to head the BOJ’s international department, a post previously dominated by officials with experience in Western financial centers.

: Hong Kong imposes a mandatory two-week quarantine on all arrivals from mainland China, including daily phone calls and spot checks.

: UN Security Council panel approves sanctions exemptions to three aid agencies allowing humanitarian assistance to North Korea.

: Coronavirus allegedly kills Li Wenliang, who had been reproached by Wuhan police for “spreading rumors” about the coronavirus.

: Philippine foreign secretary warns that abrogating the Visiting Forces Agreement with the US would threaten crucial security, trade, and economic interests.

: Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen visits Beijing, making a public vote of confidence in China’s ability to control the coronavirus epidemic.

: A Chinese field hospital, built in under two weeks, opens to coronavirus patients in Wuhan.

: Japan’s Ministry of Defense confirms plans to procure new standoff missiles.

: Investigators from the International Criminal Court begin collecting evidence involving alleged crimes against humanity by Myanmar against Rohingya Muslims.

: Brunei carries out military exercise in a rare display of how the state thinks about and acts with respect to its own defense.

: US and Japan conclude 2020 Iteration of Exercise Forest Light Western Army.

: Commissioning of three vessels marks quick completion and operationalization of the program for Singapore’s Navy.

: Japan quarantines Yokohama-bound cruise ship, the Diamond Princess, after a man who sailed on it tested positive for coronavirus.

: Japanese government sources announce that expanding support for the domestic drone industry, and that in the fiscal year beginning April 1, the coast guard will replace its Chinese drones with versions produced domestically or outside China.

: Japanese government sources announce that expanding support for the domestic drone industry, and that in the fiscal year beginning April 1, the coast guard will replace its Chinese drones with versions produced domestically or outside China.

: China reports a total of 11,821 cases (cases reported includes Hong Kong, Macau, and Taipei) and 259 deaths. Worldwide, 132 cases of coronavirus were reported outside China in 23 other countries.

: Hong Kong government announces that a passenger on the Diamond Princess who disembarked on January 25 has tested positive for COVID-19.

: NEC reports that it had come under major cyberattacks over several years, including unauthorized access to files related to its business with the Defense Ministry, but that no damage had resulted.

: NEC reports that it had come under major cyberattacks over several years, including unauthorized access to files related to its business with the Defense Ministry, but that no damage had resulted.

: Trump administration announces travel restrictions, barring entry by foreign nationals who recently visited China.

: Singapore Minister for Foreign Affairs Vivian Balakrishnan makes a working visit to Malaysia, meeting with a variety of ministers on bilateral issues.

: China’s new ambassador pledges efforts for “great” development of South Korea-China ties.

: North Korea and South Korea close Joint Liaison Office in Kaesong over concerns about the coronavirus outbreak.

: WHO declares the coronavirus outbreak a public health emergency and a significant threat beyond China.

: US State Department issues advisory to Americans to not travel to China because of the public health threat posed by coronavirus.

: The headline of a front-page article in Yomiuri describes Taiwan as a “nation of immigrants” and “model for democracy in Asia.”

: The headline of a front-page article in  Yomiuri  describes Taiwan as a “nation of immigrants” and “model for democracy in Asia.”

: US military begins issuing furlough warnings to almost 9,000 civilian South Korean employees as cost-sharing negotiations remain at an impasse.

: Democratic US senators urge administration officials to reconsider demands in defense talks with South Korea, highlighting the risks of failing to reach an agreement.

: South Korea sends $1 million in aid and a government delegation to help Australia recover from bushfires.

: USS Montgomery conducts first 2020 FONOP in South China Sea.

: WHO Director-General Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus meets Xi Jinping to share latest information on the novel coronavirus outbreak.

: US Department of State confirms efforts to extricate diplomats from virus-hit city of Wuhan.

: Malaysian watchdog files a lawsuit against Singapore home minister after it is accused of violating Singapore’s fake news law.

: US confirms second case of coronavirus involving a Chicago women returning from Wuhan.

: Yomiuri reports that conservative Diet members applauded each mention of Taiwan, and that there was considerable opposition to a state visit by Xi Jinping without improvement on such issues as the intrusions of Chinese ships into Japan’s territorial waters and human rights.

: Yomiuri  reports that conservative Diet members applauded each mention of Taiwan, and that there was considerable opposition to a state visit by Xi Jinping without improvement on such issues as the intrusions of Chinese ships into Japan’s territorial waters and human rights.

: UN’s International Court of Justice orders Myanmar to prevent Rohingya Genocide.

: Philippines President Rodrigo Duterte renews threat to terminate accord that allows US forces to train in country unless Washington restores the visa of a political ally linked to human rights violations.

: Wuhan officials announce a complete travel ban on residents, suspending urban buses, subways, ferries, and long-distance passenger transport in the city.

: ASEAN Secretariat invites India to attend a February 2020 RCEP meeting in Bali.

: WHO issues a statement suggesting human-to-human transmission of 2019-nCoV is taking place in Wuhan.

: Foreign tour agencies report that North Korea has closed its borders with China.

: Concerned about Chinese entities purchasing land near security-related facilities including military bases and nuclear plants, the Japanese government considers a screening process for such sales.

: Speaking in his capacity as prime minister in a Diet meeting, Abe references Taiwan three times, the first time in 14 years that a sitting prime minister has mentioned the country’s name in the Diet.

: Global Times op-ed criticizes newly announced plans for Indonesian-Japanese coast guard cooperation and President Joko Widodo’s plan to invite Japan to invest more in the Natunas.

: Concerned about Chinese entities purchasing land near security-related facilities including military bases and nuclear plants, the Japanese government considers a screening process for such sales.

: Global Times op-ed criticizes newly announced plans for Indonesian-Japanese coast guard cooperation and President Joko Widodo’s plan to invite Japan to invest more in the Natunas.

: Speaking  in  his  capacity  as  prime minister in a Diet meeting, Abe references Taiwan three times, the first time in 14 years that a sitting prime minister has mentioned the country’s name in the Diet.

: United States confirms its first case of COVID-19.

: China’s new envoy to ASEAN arrives in Jakarta as tensions rise over Chinese conduct in South China Sea.

: ASEAN foreign ministers agree to hold summit with Trump.

: Vietnam chairs ASEAN-IPR meeting in Jakarta.

: US confirms the first patient diagnosed with the new coronavirus in Washington state.

: Mitsubishi Electric, a major supplier to the Japanese defense and SCADA sectors, reveals that its internal computer networks were hit by a cyberattack, believed to be by a Chinese-affiliated hacker group.

: Global Time states that narrow minds are hindering China-Japan cooperation, and urges Japan to treat China’s rise rationally rather than regard its deepening ties with other Asian countries as a threat.

: Mitsubishi Electric, a major supplier to the Japanese defense and SCADA sectors, reveals that its internal computer networks were hit by a cyberattack, believed to be by a Chinese-affiliated hacker group.

: Global Time states that narrow minds are hindering China-Japan cooperation, and  urges Japan to treat China’s rise rationally rather than regard its deepening ties with other Asian countries as a threat.

: Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Thai Navy begins a two-day introductory visit to Singapore to meet the Singaporean Minister for Defense.

: First case of the “Wuhan coronavirus” is reported in the US. A traveler from China in Seattle is identified as the first case in the US. South Korea also reports its first case.

: WHO issues its first situation report on the Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV). As of Jan. 20, there were 282 confirmed cases from four countries including China, Thailand, Japan, and South Korea.

: Singapore Ministry of Health announces that temperature screenings at Changi Airport will be extended to all travelers arriving from China.

: Japanese Prime Minister Abe Shinzo pledges to bolster Japan’s role under its security pact with the U.S. in “outer space and cyber space.”

: Japanese Communist Party (JCP)’s first platform revision since 2004  describes Beijing’s quest for great-power chauvinism and hegemonism “problematic,” with JCP head Shii Kazuo adding that the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) does not deserve the name “communist party.”

: Japanese Communist Party (JCP)’s first platform revision since 2004  describes Beijing’s quest for great-power chauvinism and hegemonism “problematic,” with JCP head Shii Kazuo adding that the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) does not deserve the name “communist party.”

: Abe, in his capacity as Liberal Democratic Party chair, congratulates Taiwan’s President Tsai Ing-wen on her re-election. Tsai notes Japan’s participation, with the US, in the Global Cooperation and Training Framework as an example of deepening bilateral relations.

: Abe, in his capacity as Liberal Democratic Party chair, congratulates Taiwan’s President Tsai Ing-wen on her re-election. Tsai notes Japan’s participation, with the US, in the Global Cooperation and Training Framework as an example of deepening bilateral relations.

: Xi Jinping visits Myanmar for his first overseas visit of 2020. Xi and Myanmar State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi sign 33 agreements related to infrastructure development, trade, manufacturing, and special economic zones.

: Vietnam’s largest telecommunications company, Viettel, announces it would move forward with development of domestic 5G technology.

: Cambodian Deputy Prime Minister Sar Kheng meets Vietnamese Minister of Public Security To Lam, and signs a cooperation plan for 2020.

: The US begins additional screening procedures for passengers from Wuhan at three airports- San Francisco, New York, and Los Angeles.

: Xinhua reports  that the University of Tokyo fired a faculty member and owner of an artificial intelligence company after he said the company would not hire a Chinese and, separately, that the university favored those with leftwing political views.

: Xinhua reports  that the University of Tokyo fired a faculty member and owner of an artificial intelligence company after he said the company would not hire a Chinese and, separately, that the university favored those with leftwing political views.

: “Phase 1” United States-China trade deal is officially signed in a White House ceremony featuring President Trump and Vice Premier Liu He.

: Japan confirms its first case of the new coronavirus.

: Thailand Army chief Gen. Apirat Kongsompong visits Indonesia Army chief Gen. Andika Perkasa in Aech, Indonesia. They extend their security cooperation and sign an intelligence pact.

: The United States and Japan conduct a one-day naval exercise in the East China Sea.

: Japan’s Defense Minister Kono Taro visits the Pacific Missile Range Facility on the Hawaiian island of Kauai.

: WHO works with officials in Thailand and China following reports of a confirmed novel coronavirus case outside of China, in Thailand.

: China shares the genetic sequence of the novel coronavirus with the WHO.

: A 61-year-old man dies from pneumonia in Wuhan and is cited as “the first victim of the outbreak that began in December.”

: US Department of State approves the possible sale of 12 F-35Bs to Singapore. The sale is subject to congressional approval.

: Hong Kong requests that China provide genetic information on the “mystery virus” behind the Wuhan outbreak, after Chinese authorities identified the disease to be of a new coronavirus strain.

: Aiming to  counter China’s rapidly increasing presence, Japan’s Internal Affairs and Communications Industry formulates an overseas expansion action plan covering areas such as the export of telecommunications infrastructure that includes specific policy to support submarine cables.

: Japanese Coast Guard announces that Chinese government vessels sailed just outside Japan’s territorial waters near the disputed Senkaku Islands and in the East China Sea on 282 days in 2019, the highest since record-keeping began in 2008. 126 ships entered the territorial waters around the Senkakus, 56 more than in 2018.

: Aiming to  counter China’s rapidly increasing presence, Japan’s Internal Affairs and Communications Industry formulates an overseas expansion action plan covering areas such as the export of telecommunications infrastructure that includes specific policy to support submarine cables.

: Japanese Coast Guard announces that Chinese government vessels  sailed just outside Japan’s territorial waters near the disputed Senkaku Islands and in the East China Sea on 282 days in 2019, the highest since record-keeping began in 2008. 126 ships entered the territorial waters around the Senkakus, 56 more than in 2018.

: Chinese researchers identify a new virus as the pathogen behind the outbreak of a pneumonia-like illness in Wuhan as a new coronavirus.

: US Embassy in China warns Americans in China to avoid animals and contact with sick people.

: Japanese Foreign Minister Motegi Toshimitsu and Vietnamese Foreign Minister Pham Binh Minh meet in Hanoi. Motegi and Minh discuss the importance of maintaining freedom of navigation and the rule of law in the South China Sea, and agree to coordinate Japan’s push for a free and open Indo-Pacific with ASEAN’s efforts to promote stable growth.

: Chinese health authorities report 59 cases of an unknown viral pneumonia that is not SARS, MERS, or bird flu.

: WHO publishes its first Disease Outbreak News on the new unknown virus in Wuhan.

: Myanmar and Bangladesh hold a senior-level border conference, putting the spotlight on efforts to manage strained security ties.

: Japanese press agency Jiji, noting that the removal of an import ban has often been used as a political goal, expresses hope that the ban China has imposed on products from Tokyo and other prefectures will be lifted prior to Xi Jinping’s visit in the spring.

: Japanese press agency Jiji,  noting that the removal of an import ban has often been used as a political goal, expresses hope that the ban China has imposed on products from Tokyo and other prefectures will be lifted prior to Xi Jinping’s visit in the spring.

: Malaysia officially confirms that it will reopen its embassy in North Korea.

: Wuhan police bureau issues letter to Dr. Li Wenliang to stop illegal behavior, alleging he spread “illegal and false” information and “severely disrupted social order,” by telling a group of doctors on the messaging platform WeChat that seven cases of SARS had been confirmed linked to a seafood market in Wuhan.

: Chinese health authorities report that they are trying to identify what is causing an outbreak in Wuhan, as the number of cases rose to 44 and rumors on social media suggested the outbreak could be linked to SARS.

: Singapore’s Ministry of Health takes precautionary measures, warning medical practitioners to look out for suspected cases of pneumonia related to travel from Wuhan. Temperature screenings are implemented at Changi Airport for all travelers arriving from Wuhan.

: Helicopter crash in Yilan, Taiwan kills Taiwanese Gen. Shen Yi-ming.

: WHO maintains ongoing contact with authorities in China over an “unidentified outbreak of viral pneumonia” in Wuhan.

: WHO China Country Office is notified of cases of pneumonia of unknown cause in Wuhan.

: China’s National Medical Products Administration approves pneumonia vaccine developed by Chinese drugmaker Walvax Biotechnology.

: Hong Kong increases vigilance and temperature screenings at border checkpoints after the “mysterious outbreak of viral pneumonia” in Whuan.

: Xue Li, director of the international strategy division of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences opines that Japan is attempting to counter China through a variety of means, such as participation in assorted international organizations and dithering on participation in the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership.

: Kyodo reports that the Japanese government prevented a Chinese corporation from obtaining operating rights at a port in El Salvador by warning that it would withdraw $102 million in Official Development Assistance if the El Salvador government agreed to the Chinese tender.

: Chinese health authorities investigate 27 cases of “viral pneumonia” in Wuhan, linked to the seafood market in the city. Seven were in critical condition and “the cause of the disease is not clear.”

: Nikkei notes that, in his reply to Xi, Abe did not use Xi’s pet phrase “a community with a shared future for humanity,” that Chinese authorities are trying to insert into a fifth communique. A compromise statement at the meeting was “shared responsibility for peace and stability in Asia and the world.”

: LDP lawmaker Akimoto Tsukasa is arrested and charged with accepting bribes from Chinese company 500.com to push through legislation enabling the construction of an integrated resort facility.

: An elderly couple visit a Hubei Provincial with symptoms of fever, cough, and fatigue. Their CT images are seen by Dr. Zhang Jixian, who noticed features different from flu or pneumonia. Zhang reports the discovery of the viral disease to be probably infectious.

: After years of lobbying by Tokyo, boneless beef from Japan aged 30 months or less is allowed into China for the first time since September 2001.

: Abe and Xi, meeting in Beijing, pledge to “jointly open a new future for relations,” with Xi saying that they were “facing an important development opportunity.” According to Foreign Ministry spokesman Otaka Masato, Abe did not shy away from sensitive areas, including Hong Kong, Xinjiang, detained Japanese, and maritime security.

: Kono, addressing the crew of the helicopter destroyer Izumo, describes the security environment as severe due to Chinese government ships’ repeated intrusions into Japanese territorial waters in the East China Sea and North Korean missile launches.

: The Japanese defense budget for fiscal year 2020 is revealed to be 5.13 trillion yen ($43.66 billion), the bulk of which will go toward enhancing capabilities in outer space and cyberspace, purchase F-35B stealth fighters, and developing a fighter to replace the ASDF’s F-2s.

: Kono and his Chinese counterpart, General Wei Fenghe, meet in Beijing, agreeing to set up a defense hotline and work together to denuclearize the Korean peninsula.

: Reportedly concerned about leaks in sensitive technology due to the large increase in foreign students, the Japanese government struggles to find regulations that do not elicit criticism that their real target is foreign students from the PRC.

: Japanese authorities search the home of a Diet member and former minister in charge of integrated resorts issues with regard to the illegal transfer of millions of yen from a Chinese investor who wished to build a resort complex in Hokkaido.

: Two days before he was to leave for Beijing and a day before the official launch of China’s first indigenously built aircraft carrier, Japanese Defense Minister Kono Taro lashes out against the PRC’s military buildup, saying that countries cannot expand their spheres of influence by force.

: A meeting between Japanese and Chinese politicians, at first postponed after Beijing demanded that over 40 Diet members take part in a meeting in Gansu, to compensate for the 17 who attended a meeting in Taiwan, is cancelled.

: A group of nationalist Diet members formally state to the Prime Minister’s Office of Japan their opposition to Xi’s anticipated visit.

: Nine of the Japanese Coast Guard’s 12 new large patrol vessels will be deployed around the disputed Senkaku Islands where, despite improved Sino-Japanese relations, Chinese vessels sailed for a record 264 days this year.

: The Japanese Coast Guard says it will stop procuring and using several dozen Chinese-made drones due to concerns about information security.

: The symptoms of confirmed cases of novel coronavirus are first confirmed, according to a World Health Organization (WHO) report.

: The number of Japanese studying in China is reported to be rising, with an increasing number expressing interest in working for Chinese companies.

: In light of recent maritime advances by China, the Japanese government reportedly purchases Mageshima, a privately owned uninhabited southwestern island, for the US military and the Self-Defense Forces to use.

: Nikkei describes the acquisition of Panasonic’s chip business by Taiwan corporation Nuvoton as the latest example of a budding cross-border tech alliance.

: Japan’s Chief Cabinet Secretary Suga Yoshihide reveals that a Japanese in his 50s had been detained in Hunan since July on undisclosed charges.

: Nikkei reports that Japanese dominance of the Southeast Asian auto market is increasingly challenged by Chinese brands. Japanese automakers, heavily invested in large gas-powered vehicle plants in Thailand, have been slow to respond to government-promoted efforts to increase sales of electric and hybrid powered cars.

: Kyodo reports that Japanese corporations Sony and Sharp are among the suppliers to Hikvision Digital Technology, one of the entities the US has blacklisted for human rights violations, while Honda continues joint research with the blacklisted facial recognition company SenseTime.

: Xinhua notes that Xi and Abe have sent congratulatory letters to the first meeting of the China-Japan high-level consultation mechanism on people to people and culture exchanges.

: Xi, speaking with former Japanese Foreign Minister Kawaguchi Yoriko, said that although China must do some things to improve its image, the responsibility to undo prejudiced and biased views against China rests with Japan.

: Huawei chair Liang Hua, speaking in Tokyo to executives and researchers from Japan’s top companies, says that his company expects to spend $11 billion on procurement in Japan, on a par with what it spends in the US, and employ more than a thousand people in its facilities in Japan.

: Japan hosts its first ever full-fledged arms show, hoping to create a forum that will help it tap technology to counter threats posed by China and North Korea, with demonstrators gathering in front of the convention center to protest a perceived affront to the nation’s constitution.

: Asahi reports that US and Japanese government sources had revealed that in August Chinese officials had warned Japan and South Korea against allowing the United States to base intermediate—range missiles on their soil.

: The first case of someone in China suffering from the novel coronavirus could have been a 55-year old Hubei man, the South China Morning Post reports in March

: China releases Iwatani after Japanese officials hinted that the issue should be resolved in order to create “a good environment” for Xi’s state visit in spring 2020. Iwatani had previously worked for NIDS.

: Kyodo reports that, on meeting Japan’s new de facto ambassador to Taiwan, President Tsai Ing-wen said that the timing was right for the two countries to join the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for a Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), in which Japan plays a leading role.

: Zhu Feng, director of Nanjing University’s Institute of International Studies, urges that China do away with a “problem-based perspective” when dealing with Japan and understand that it will take some time to re-establish trust.

: Japan’s National Institute for Defense Studies (NIDS), affiliated with the Ministry of Defense, publishes the 2020 iteration of its annual China Security Report, subtitled “China Goes to Eurasia.”

: Japanese generic drug manufacturers, having become dependent on China for less expensive precursors, found themselves in difficulties after a leading supplier was shut down due to insufficient treatment of waste water. A report jointly sponsored by several Japanese medical associations previously urged supporting domestic production despite greater costs, since the supply of such drugs was a national security issue.

: A 10-person team was established within Japan’s National Security Council in response to alleged intellectual property violations and technology theft by China as well as cyberattacks by North Korea.

: China reportedly seeks what it terms a fifth communique during Xi’s visit to Tokyo in spring 2020, which Beijing hopes will include Abe’s endorsement of China’s Belt and Road initiative.

: Asahi, generally friendly to China, publishes a lengthy obituary on Taiwan activist Su Beng, who passed away in Tokyo aged 100, noting that he “remained committed to Taiwan’s independence until the final moments of this life.”

: According to a Singapore-based analyst, the Chinese-Japanese railway rivalry in the Philippines appears to favor Japan. Research conducted by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) places Japan closer to the country’s economic center of gravity and its projects are proceeding faster than China’s.

: A US coast guard officer, speaking on condition of anonymity, stresses the need for discussions between the Japanese government and public about the Chinese threat, as the PRC continues to build a weapons inventory threatening Japan and other regional states.

: A Japanese historian (later confirmed to be Iwatani Nobu of Hokkaido University) specializing in Sino-Japanese relations in the 1930s is confirmed to have been detained in China on suspicion of espionage. He had previously worked for the National Institute for Defense Studies, a nominally independent think tank associated with the Japanese Ministry of Defense.

: The government of Pakistan’s Sindh region reportedly seeks $2.6 billion in Japanese funds to complete a railway that was envisioned as part of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). Analysts hypothesize that the economic burden, coupled with concerns over loss of sovereign control, have created buyer’s remorse.

: Minster of Okinawa and Northern Territories Eto Seiichi visits the Yasukuni Shrine. Eto signs the shine’s register book with his formal title, though emphasizing that he had paid for the ritual tamagushiryo with his private funds. Abe sends the sacred masasaki offering, also with his formal title as prime minister, but did not attend. The Chinese Foreign Ministry responds sternly.

: Satellite images released by the Washington-based Center for International and Strategic Studies show what a Singaporean expert termed a factory for aircraft carriers and other very large vessels outside Shanghai.

: Typhoon Hagibis necessitates the cancellation of a seven-nation fleet review which would have included China.

: It is announced that Self-Defense Forces’ pay will be increased more than 5% during the next fiscal year, with recruitment standards requiring higher levels of competence to deal with cyberspace of outer space threats from unnamed sources.

: On the eve of Beijing’s massive celebration of the founding of the PRC, The Japan Times finds few signs of substance behind the alleged warming of Sino-Japanese relations. As China paraded an impressive array of new weapons, Japan sought countermeasures.

: The Pew Research organization reports that, amid a general drop in China’s image, Japanese views of China have declined to 85% unfavorable, 14% favorable.

: A Chinese scholar, noting that the participants in this year’s meeting of the Quad had been raised to foreign ministerial level, states that China must deepen engagement with Japan, India, and Australia.

: For the first time, the Japanese Ministry of Defense’s Defense of Japan 2019 raises China above North Korea as the major threat to Japanese security.

: Reuters reports that Toyota’s management, in order “to strike a fine balance between China and the United States,” will expand its cooperation with Chinese partners Guangzhou Automobile Group and FAW to include production of hydrogen fuel-cell cars.

: A Yomiuri editorial expresses alarm at the Solomon Islands and Kiribati breaking relations with Taiwan in exchange for economic assistance and advocates caution regarding Chinese moves into the South Pacific.

: Yomiuri quotes an unnamed high-ranking Japanese official as saying that China put explicit pressure on African countries not to attend the Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD), with delegates from some countries reportedly even turning back en route. Whereas 42 leader-level African countries were represented at TICAD, 53 participated in Beijing’s Forum on China-Africa cooperation.

: International e-commerce support firm Trend Express reports that hundreds of billions of yen are made annually between Japan and China through “social buyers”—Chinese citizens living in Japan buying Japanese goods in bulk to resell on social media sites to followers in China.

: Nikkei cites an unnamed source familiar with Sino-Japanese ties as saying that Chinese municipalities are rolling out the red carpet for Japanese companies, likely on orders from the central government. While some bids have been turned down, other Japanese business interests see a window of opportunity for Japanese corporations.

: Asahi reports that US and Japanese ground forces stage a simulated attack against an enemy ship, with China plainly in mind. This is the first such exercise in Japan.

: Xinhua reports on the 25th iteration of a ceremony to commemorate the 88th anniversary of the Shenyang (Mukden) incident that began the Japanese invasion of Manchuria.

: Chinese President Xi Jinping’s spring visit to Japan is reported to include a forum on infrastructure in third counties, with both countries providing financial and other support to such projects once terms are set.

: Japan and Sweden co-sponsor a conference in Taipei on disinformation, reflecting the Taiwan government’s concern that China is seeking to influence its elections.

: An opinion piece in The Japan Times warns Japanese that China has weaponized its tourist industry, and urges Japan and other Asian destinations to welcome but also diversify away from Chinese tourists.

: Japan’s National Police Agency is reported to have requested funding for a new unit dedicated to protecting the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands. Up to 159 officers could be assigned to Okinawa along with additional helicopters and weapons for patrolling the uninhabited islands of the East China Sea, signaling to China that there will be increased costs if it attempts to advance its gray zone tactics in the area.

: A Global Times article states that warmer Sino-Japanese ties mean an increase in the number of Japanese young people studying in China.

: A Global Times op-ed describes Japan’s aid to Africa as motivated by big-power competition and its desire to become a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, while claiming Chinese aid is aimed at alleviating poverty and creating jobs.

: NHK reports that Japan is to establish a new police unit covering the disputed Diaoyu/Senkaku islands. Its members will be responsible for dealing with unauthorized landings in Okinawa Prefecture and will be armed with submachine guns.

: Responding to Prime Minister Abe Shinzo’s warning to African states not to accumulate too much debt, a Global Times accuses him of implicit hostility to China, to which China was unlikely to turn a blind eye.

: Nikkei, Japan’s leading economic daily, complains of the increasing intrusions of Chinese research vessels into Japan’s EEZ without permission, as required by Article 246 of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. China does not recognize the validity of the median line between the two countries’ EEZs.

: Japanese government announces it will request a 1.2% increase in the FY2020 defense budget to a record $5.32 billion, much of it for the purchase of advanced US weapons.

: China announces that it would hold a grand military parade on National Day, Oct. 1, that would demonstrate its rising capabilities.

: Japanese Defense Ministry announced its support for venture capital in Africa.

: In response to Chinese and Russian possession of “killer” satellites capable of disabling other countries’ satellites, the Japanese government is to begin development of interceptor systems.

: Japan surpasses China as the top holder of US Treasuries for the first time since May 2017.

: Praying at his father’s grave, Abe vows to continue efforts to revise the constitution, to which China strenuously objects.

: China Daily repeats Japanese newspapers’ description of vice-ministerial talks as “candid exchanges about bilateral and regional issues,” while adding that a Japanese official had said that a majority of Japanese know little about China and advocated more people-to-people exchanges.

: First China-Japan vice-ministerial level talks in seven years are held in Nagano, Japan. Chinese Foreign Ministry reports the officials had “candid exchanges about bilateral and regional issues,” and indicated that a state visit by Xi was likely to take place in spring 2020.

: Chinese government accedes to the Japanese government’s request to send a representative higher than Politburo rank for an October ceremony related to the enthronement of the emperor: Vice-President Wang Qishan will attend.

: Japan and China are reported to be vying for influence in sports programs in the South Pacific, with China offering to train a large contingent of young athletes in several sports and Japan sending judo experts.

: Nikkei reports that several major Japanese corporations, including Nintendo, Sony, Sharp, Ricoh, and Kyocera, have announced plans to move production out of China in response to higher tariffs.

: Several Chinese are arrested for being “spiritually Japanese” as a result of cartoons deemed to have insulted the Chinese people.

: China publishes 2019 defense white paper, the first in five years.

: The 2019 report of the Japanese Ministry of Economic Revitalization expresses concern about increasing dependence on China in the manufacture of information and communications equipment.

: JXTG, Japan’s largest oil refiner, announces it will close a refinery it owns jointly with PetroChina amid falling demand for crude products in Japan.

: Japan’s Toyota and China’s BYD agree to work together to produce electric sedans and SUVs, as Toyota seeks to narrow German automaker Volkswagen’s lead in the Chinese market.

: Self-Defense Forces (SDF) sources complain that efforts to interdict North Korean smuggling were inhibited by the vessels fleeing into Chinese territorial waters.

: Xinhua reports on a rally in Japan’s Saitama Prefecture to mark the 82nd anniversary of the Marco Polo Bridge incident that was a prelude to the Sino-Japanese war.

: Papers in both countries publish pictures of Chairman Xi Jinping and Prime Minister Abe Shinzo shaking hands at the opening of the G20 conference in Osaka.

: Japanese Coast Guard and Maritime Self-Defense Forces conduct their first joint drill in the South China Sea.

: Commenting on China’s just-released white paper, the center-right Yomiuri Shimbun editorializes that the PRC has expanded its military buildup beyond the scope of defensive aims, thereby undermining regional stability.

: Global Times op-ed argues that China’s increased confidence had enabled it to shape the strategic environment on its own, and that developing better relations with Japan was naturally included in its policy agenda.

: Japan’s Foreign Ministry lodges protest against Beijing for conducting an unauthorized maritime survey near the Senkaku Islands.

: Japanese Coast Guard identifies a ship dangling a cable into the sea about 50 nm off the largest of the Senkakus without seeking prior approval. The ship did not respond to requests to stop the survey, leaving the EEZ about two hours later.

: Chinese and Japanese defense ministers make speeches at the annual Shangri-La Dialogue in Singapore, pointedly refraining from criticizing each other.

: Global Times op-ed asks rhetorically if Japan could stand up to the US request that it contain China. A second op-ed that appears the same day interprets the many meetings between Trump and Abe as indicative of Abe’s attempt to balance between China and the US while making sure that its views on Korea are not further marginalized.

: Japan and China hold bilateral talks on nuclear disarmament and nonproliferation in Beijing. It is the first time the countries have held bilateral talks on the issue in eight years.

: A Japanese land surveyor is convicted of espionage and receives a 15-year prison term, the heaviest sentence yet in a string of spy cases in China.

: Japan and India announce they will develop Sri Lanka’s Colombo port, the country’s largest, providing a counterweight to China’s presence at Hambantota.

: Cabinet Office announces that Japan’s economy grew by an annualized rate of 2.1% in the first quarter of 2019, marking the second straight quarter of expansion.

: People’s Daily reports that the Oscar-winning Japanese anime film Spirited Away had been approved for showing in China nearly 20 years after its initial release.

: Xinhua reports that Japan had achieved its 57th consecutive month of surpluses in the current account.

: China’s ByteDance Technology announces it will invest $4.6 million in 2019 in a project to find Japanese stars for its popular video app TikTok.

: The 11th round of US, Japan, South Korea Defense Trilateral Talks (DTT) is held in Seoul to discuss regional security issues.

: Japan introduces its version of Anti-Access/Area Denial (A2/AD). There was no immediate comment from Beijing.

:   Talks held between Chinese and Japanese foreign ministers in Beijing.

: Japan’s Defense Ministry reports that its fighters scrambled 999 times in fiscal year 2018.

: Chinese Foreign Ministry merges its Korean and Japanese divisions.

: Japanese Coast Guard vessel Kojima embarks on a three-month training cruise that includes visit to Sri Lanka and Greece.

: Kong Xuanyou 59 is appointed ambassador to Japan, succeeding Cheng Yonghua, 64, who held the post for nine years.

: Consortium of China’s Harvest Fund Management and Taiwan’s TPK Holdings bail out LCD manufacturer Japan Display.

: Taiwanese software entrepreneur José Lin advocates avoiding China in favor of Japan since the former has “zero concept of intellectual property rights.”

: Taiwan’s Air Force intercepts two PLAAF jets when they cross the median line between Taiwan and China, thought to be a response to Chinese criticism of warming ties between Taiwan and Japan.

: Air Self-Defense Force scrambles against seven PLA Air Force (PLAAF) planes that transit through the Miyako Strait between Taiwan and Okinawa.

: Japan-Taiwan Exchange Organization, Japan’s unofficial embassy to Taiwan, the also unofficial American Institute on Taiwan, and Taiwan’s Foreign Ministry co-host an international workshop under the Global Cooperation and Training Workshop.

: GSDF establishes new bases on Amami-Oshima Island in Kagoshima and Miyakojima island in Okinawa to enhance defense of the southwestern Nansei islands.

: Japanese fighter jets intercepts two Chinese anti-submarine patrol aircraft north of the Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands.

:   Japanese government continues to protest Chinese test drilling for resource development near the intermediate line between the two countries in the East China Sea.

: Japan downgrades its assessment of the economy for the first time in three years, blaming the US-China trade war and declining Chinese economic growth.

:   An LDP policy group proposes the creation of a National Economic Council to develop and integrate strategy on the economy, national security and diplomacy.

: Japanese Defense Ministry announces that it will develop the nation’s first domestically manufactured air-to-ship cruise missile.

: Taiwan’s foreign minister advocates closer Taiwan-Japan cooperation in the face of common threats such as global warming, cross-border ties, and cyberattacks.

: Japanese Defense Ministry announces plans to construct a new type of patrol ship to be mainly used in the waters around the Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands.

: Japanese authorities charge two Japanese nationals with exporting wagyu fertilized eggs and sperm to China without undergoing the required quarantine procedures.

: Japan announces it will send a Maritime Self-Defense Force ship to participate in China’s fleet review.

: Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen is interviewed in Sankei Shimbun and expresses for the first time her interest in direct dialogue with the Japanese government on cybersecurity and regional security issues.

:   Bank of Japan adviser to the Ukrainian government expresses concerns about the effect on Japanese security of Chinese entities’ acquisition of sensitive Ukrainian technology.

: China’s leading military newspaper urges remaining vigilant about Japan’s creeping militarization.

: Japan and India agree to work together to combat cyberattacks centered mainly on Chinese telecom Huawei’s equipment.

: Japanese e-tailer Rakuten announces it will upgrade unmanned delivery services by using Chinese counterpart JD.com for delivery of heavier packages over longer distances.

: Japanese Coast Guard announces plan to establish a special 24-person section to liaise with other nations to counter maritime advances by China in the region.

: Japan and Britain agree to cooperate in research in such areas as quantum science and artificial intelligence in response to China’s rapid advances in science and technology.

: Japanese government lodges a protest with China over its continued deployment of a drilling ship in a contested areas of the East China Sea.

: Global Times opinion piece criticizes Japan as seeking to expand its military power by signing agreements with Canada, France, India, Australia, and the US.

: German Chancellor Angela Merkel, visiting Tokyo, states her support for the Abe administration’s initiative for a “free and open Indo-Pacific” to counter Chinese expansionism, and pledges cooperation on preventing the Chinese government from collecting and harnessing vast amounts of data.

: Japanese Coast Guard apprehends a Chinese fishing boat illegally harvesting coral in Japan’s EEZ.

:   Beijing’s Global Times reports that Japanese companies continued to invest in China, despite Western analysts’ prediction that the US-China trade dispute would dampen economic ties between China and Japan.

: Senior foreign affairs and defense officials meet in Beijing, agreeing on the importance of promoting confidence-building efforts in the security field.

:   Columnist for China Daily criticizes Japan for unrealistic expectations on the return of the disputed Kuril Islands, citing Japan’s alliance with the US as a major factor.

: Yomiuri editorial calls for the US to visibly display its commitment to Taiwan in the face of Chinese pressure, deeming it essential to restraining China and maintaining stability in Asia.

: Asahi reports that wealthy Chinese buyers’ fondness for Kyoto real estate has driven prices beyond the reach of many locals, engendering resentment.

: Japan and France agree to strengthen security cooperation in the Indo-Pacific region.

: Bloomberg announces that, for the first time since 2012, Japanese companies outranked China’s in the total volume of mergers and acquisitions, predicting that the spending spree would continue in 2019.

: BBC reports that, when a periodic United Nations review of members’ budgetary contributions raised China’s contribution from 7.92 to 12.01 percent while lowering Japan’s share from 9.68 percent to 8.56 percent, Chinese media expressed pride at overtaking Japan while Japanese media interpreted it as symbolic of the country’s diminution of status and a blow to its long-cherished desire to become a permanent member of the UN Security Council.

:   China announces that it would not release a military white paper this year.

:   Yomiuri reveals that the head of Chinese State Security secretly visited Japan at the end of October, with both sides reportedly eager to create a back channel should relations again deteriorate.

: Chinese Foreign Ministry expresses strong dissatisfaction and opposition to the programs’  “false claims and irresponsible remarks,” warning that they are not conducive to the improvement of China-Japan relations nor to the peace and stability of the region.

: Leading Japanese shipping firm Nippon Express conducts trial run to move freight on the Chinese railway that links the PRC’s Xi’an with Duisberg in Germany.

: Japanese government adopts National Defense Program Guidelines and Medium-Term Defense Program for fiscal 2019-23, described as intended to strengthen the nation’s capabilities against China.

:   China urges Japan to ensure the legal rights of two Hong Kong residents who were arrested after one set a fire at the Yasukuni Shrine while the other videotaped the act and placed it on Facebook.

: Ceremonies held to commemorate the 81st anniversary of the Nanjing Massacre, although unlike last year, Xi Jinping does not attend.

: Chinese media warns of retaliatory measures if there is discrimination against Huawei and ZTE, accusing the US of trying to create a wedge in China-Japan ties and of making Japan into a vassal state.

: Chinese court sentences a Japanese woman to six years in prison for spying and seized over $7,000 in assets; the woman is to be deported after serving her sentence.

: Citing security concerns, the Japanese government announced its intention to ban products from Chinese companies Huawei and ZTE from telecom devices in ministries, agencies, and the SDF.

: Japanese government protests renewed Chinese drilling in oil fields disputed by the two countries.

: Japanese Ministry of Defense releases Defense of Japan 2018 white paper detailing numerous instances of Chinese intrusions into Japan’s territorial waters and airspace.

: Xinhua announces that Abe and Xi chatted briefly on the sidelines of the G20 conference in Buenos Aires agreeing that they would step up negotiations on the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership and the trilateral trade agreement among China, Japan, and South Korea.

: Japanese Ministry of Defense reports few air scrambles and ships entering the territorial waters of the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands from July through September than in the preceding April-June period.

: Citing intensifying activities of the Chinese navy in the East China Sea, the Japanese government announces plans to introduce a new type of destroyer with minesweeping capabilities that will be the core of warning and surveillance activities in the area.

:   Yomiuri correspondent embedded on the helicopter destroyer Kaga reports that the ship had been followed by the Chinese guided missile destroyer Lanzhou, and that it had detected a Chinese submarine carrying out covert maneuvers at the entrance to the Strait of Malacca.

:   US Vice President Pence and Prime Minister Abe announce a fund that will allocate up to $70 billion for infrastructure development.

: Japan and China held food safety talks, with China declining to provide assurances that it will lift its ban on importing food from the area surrounding the 2011 Fukushima meltdown.

: Yomiuri reported that the Japanese government is considering supplying the MSDF with Avenger drones to strengthen surveillance of Chinese naval vessels.

: Japan’s Defense Ministry announces plans to develop a large underwater drone to guard its remote islands against Chinese incursion.

: The largest ever Keen Sword military exercises are held in Japan, with participation by US, Japan, Canada, United Kingdom, France, Australia, and South Korea.

: Reuters report that Japan and the United States are formulating a combined response to an attack on the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands, which is expected to be finalized in March 2019.

:   State-run China Investment Corp. and several of Japan’s largest banks agree to set up a $1.8 billion fund to help Japanese companies seeking to expand their businesses in China.

: Prime Minister Abe visits China and meet President Xi and other senior officials in Beijing.

: Japan announces that it will end its official development assistance (ODA) to China after the end of new projects in the current fiscal year.

: China and Japan disclose plans to resume fleet visits for the first time since 2011.

: China warns again that Japan must learn from history, and that the onus was on Abe to bridge the divide.

: Meeting with French President Macron and clearly referring to China, Prime Minister Abe states that the two countries’ cooperation is important since the international order is being challenged.

: At their meeting in Wellington, Foreign Minister Kōno Taro and New Zealand counterpart Winston Peters discuss their alarm that the debts of small South Pacific states that contracted with China may make them beholden to the PRC.

: Center-left daily Mainichi reports that Japanese firms were “hopping onto” the silk road of China’s One Belt One Road policy.

: Chen Youjun of the Shanghai Institutes for International Studies advocates that Japan show a positive attitude toward economic cooperation with China, since the needs of the two are complementary.

: Japanese government publishes its Medium-Term Defense Program for fiscal 2019-23.

: Global Times, normally highly critical of Japan in general and Prime Minister Abe specifically,  publishes an article crediting Abenomics with lifting Japan out of its long economic downturn.

: Japanese Coast Guard reports that the Chinese oceanographic ship Xiangyanghong10 had conducted unauthorized activities inside Japan’s claimed exclusive economic zone.

: Sankei Shimbun reports that a large buoy marked “PRC State Oceanic Administration” had been installed in the vicinity of the Senkaku Islands, and that the government had launched a protest.

: Editorial in Yomiuri urges vigilance against Chinese interference in domestic affairs, pointing to the many Chinese media outlets and Confucius Institutes in Japan.

:  The tankan index, a key economic survey of economic confidence among major manufacturers conducted by the Bank of Japan, declines for the third straight quarter, with concerns about the US trade war with China listed as a major factor.

: Popular Japanese singer-songwriter Tanimura Shinji sings in Beijing at a concert to celebrate the 40th anniversary of the signing of the Sino-Japanese Treaty of Peace and Friendship.

Sept. 28, 2018 Japan and the US hold a joint air drill over the East China Sea.

:   Tokyo stock exchange reaches its highest level since the collapse of the bubble economy a quarter century ago.

: Fifth high-level political dialogue is held in Suzhou, co-chaired by Director of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP)’s Office of Foreign Affairs Yang Jiechi and Japanese National Security Adviser Yachi Shōtarō.

: According to Jiji, Japan’sDefense Ministry is developing supersonic glide bombs to strengthen the defense of remote islands, including the Senkakus, as well as promoting the deployment of GSDF surface-to-ship guided missile units on Miyako and Ishigaki islands.

: Internal PLA magazine obtained by Japanese news agency Kyodo states that a China-Japan maritime crisis would seriously undermine Beijing’s Belt and Road initiative.

: Chinese press report Abe’s re-election to a third term as head of the LDP, adding that he would use it to advance his long-cherished dream of revising Japan’s pacifist constitution.

:   Xinhua reports that thousands of people across Japan, including more than 5,000 at Tokyo’s Hibiya Park, rallied to protest the controversial security laws that the Diet had passed three years ago.

: Sankei Shimbun publishes an interview with former Taiwan president Chen Shui-bian.

: Prime Minister Abe Shinzo and President Xi Jinping meet briefly on the sidelines of the Eastern Economic Forum in Vladivostok, pledging further cooperation on denuclearizing North Korea.

: Following Chinese President Xi Jinping’s pledge to extend $60 billion in finance and investment to Africa, center-right Yomiuri expressed doubts about the real benefits and possible disadvantages for the countries that accepted China’s largesse. The paper praised Japan’s policy of avoiding excess rivalry with China while also exploring ways to cooperate with the PRC including participation in Japan-led projects such as building major roads linking West African countries.

: Writing in The National Interest, a Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force captain and a US Navy captain argued for closer cooperation between the Japanese and Taiwanese militaries.

:   Signaling Japan’s intent to maintain a presence in the South China Sea, the helicopter destroyer Kaga and two guided-missile destroyers conducted bilateral exercises with a US aircraft carrier strike group.

: Gunji Kenkyu (Military Research) carried a long article on China’s growing ability to project military power into the South and East China seas.  The article, concentrating on the Navy’s amphibious landing operations, followed a previous issue’s focus on aircraft carriers and destroyers.

: ASDF announces it will hold its first joint drills with the Australian Air Force on Japanese territory “amid China’s Pacific push.”

: Japanese Defense Ministry proposes a 2.1 percent increase in the defense budget to $48 billion to counter North Korean ballistic missiles and China’s growing air and sea activities in the waters near Japan.

: Japanese press corps agrees to call off attendance at a meeting between Vice Foreign Minister Akiba Takeo and State Councilor Wang Yi in response to Chinese Foreign Ministry’s decision to exclude a reporter from the conservative Sankei Shimbun.

: China and Japan sign agreement standardizing quick chargers for electric vehicles; together, they control over 95 percent of the market.

: Defense of Japan Annual White Paper 2018 is published, stating that the unilateral escalation of China’s military activities poses a strong security concern for the region including Japan and international community.  The Chinese Foreign Ministry responds by accusing Japan of making irresponsible statements about China’s normal marine activities and seeking excuses for expanding its armaments.

: Japanese defense officials express misgivings about Chinese insistence on a 48-hour moratorium before responding to a hotline call in the event of military clashes.

: Citing a recent joint opinion poll, Yomiuri states that coolness between the two countries persists despite an influx of people and money over the past 40 years. 88.3 percent of Japanese have a bad impression of China whereas only 11.5 percent of Chinese have a negative view of Japan.

: Nissan Motors announces plans to invest about $900 million to boost vehicle-making capacity in China by 40 percent, to 2.1 million cars annually, by 2021.

:   First of a series of articles on the challenges and possibilities of bilateral ties by Yomiuri notes that although leaders on both sides praised warming of relations, the relationship remains “peculiar.” China had restricted group travel to Japan, was critical of those deemed “jingri” (Japanese at heart) and had criminalized acts deemed to have glorified militarist-era Japan.

: Sentaku reports that Chinese capital was acquiring land in and around Miyakojima City allegedly for solar power generation and unspecified other purposes.

: Report shows that Japanese Air Self-Defense Force scrambled planes against Chinese fighter jets 173 times during in the past fiscal year, an increase of 72 over the previous year.

: Using a proxy, Abe sends a ritual offering to the Yasukuni Shrine on the anniversary of Japan’s surrender in World War II, carefully specifying that it had been made in his capacity as LDP president, i.e. not as prime minister, and paid for at his own expense. Xinhua’s condemnation is relatively mild.

:   As a result of a triennial review of members’ contribution to the United Nations’ general budget, China is raised to second largest donor, 12.01 percent, with Japan lowered to third place at 8.56 percent.   NHK suggested that Japan promote its presence by stressing the nation’s contributions to the UN’s international and diplomatic activities.

: Li Keqiang and Abe exchange cordial messages marking the 40th anniversary of the Sino-Japanese Treaty of Peace and Friendship.

: Global Times comments that Shoplifters, winner of the recent Cannes Film Festival’s Palme d’Or, exposes Japan’s child abuse, widened wealth gap, and the harsh realities facing women and the elderly.

: Four Chinese Coast Guard ships sail for about two hours in an area off the Senkakus claimed by Japan as territorial waters.

: Chinese and Japanese sources are curiously silent on the anniversary of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima.  Jiji press alone mentions it, albeit briefly and saying only that Abe would not pay his respects.

:   Chinese stock market loses its number-two ranking to Japan. Trade issues with the US, Beijing’s efforts to cut debt, and a slowing economy are cited as major factors.

: Kyodo cites an unnamed Japanese official as saying that, despite a recent improvement in bilateral ties and their agreement on free trade, Japan and China remain at odds over China’s military activities in the East China and South China seas.

: Asahi reports the first meeting of a committee to discuss Japanese participation in China’s BRI project will be held in Beijing in September.  On the agenda are private sector work on extending the Bangkok mass transit system and the construction of a high-speed railway between its airport and a city in central Thailand.

: Foreign Affairs article by two US analysts argue that Japan should abandon its current forward defense policy against Chinese aggression in favor of an active denial strategy that would hold off invaders until US reinforcements arrive.

: Foreign Minister Kōno Tarō and French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian sign an agreement on defense cooperation aimed at countering Chinese activities in the Indo-Pacific region.

: Hangzhou intermediate court sentences a Japanese man to 12 years in prison for spying and other unspecified charges.

: Business weekly Shukan Diamond publishes a 34-page special expressing concern over the threefold increase in the number of Chinese nationals in Japan since 2000, though adding that the newcomers are helping to invigorate local economics and might help to dispel friction between the two nations.

: China reacts sharply to a report that Japan would send the helicopter destroyer Kaga to the South China Sea and hints that China might have to respond with countermeasures.

: Japanese government states its intention to go ahead with deployment of the Aegis ashore system despite North Korean promises to denuclearize, citing uncertainty about future negotiations and the increasing missile threat from China.

: Responding to a Chinese white paper on Arctic policy that calls the ocean “the silk road on ice,” the Japanese government begins working on a plan to secure the country’s own interests in the area.  An unnamed official expresses concern that Beijing would soon deploy submarines in the Arctic.

:   Japan lodges a protest with China over its sending a drilling ship to a contested area near, but not over, the side of the median line separating the exclusive economic zones of the two in the East China Sea. China does not accept the validity of the line.

: Following Sankei Shimbun’s interview with Taiwan Foreign Minister Joseph Jaushieh Wu, the Chinese embassy in Japan lodges a protest condemning the report for “advocating Taiwan independence.”

: An article in the conservative Japan Forward recommends that the Japanese government enact its own version of the Taiwan Relations Act, not shying away from its security aspects.

: Former Taiwan President Lee Teng-hui, visiting Japan at a dinner hosted by the Japan-Taiwan Peace Foundation, calls for the two counties to promote exchanges and cooperation for their common defense.

: According to the Japan National Tourism Organization, tourists from China jumped 29.3 percent in May, to 668,600, vis-à-vis 16.6 percent growth overall.

: Global Times opinion article heaps scorn on Abe’s “rush” for a summit with Kim Jung Un, noting that, in a May 4 telephone call with Xi Jinping,  Abe had sought China’s help in arranging the meeting and his “complicated” situation in seeking the summit.

:   Taiwan government protests  the decision of Japan Airlines and All Nippon Airways to comply with Chinese government orders to list Taiwan as a part of China.

: China and Japan are reported to be in talks to unify standards for electric vehicle charging stations. A common standard would give Japanese EV manufacturers a competitive edge over US and European counterparts, who use a different system.

: A retired Japanese admiral, writing in an Indian military publication, accuses China of taking advantage of the world’s preoccupation with North Korea to expand its salami tactics on Japan in the Senkaku and Taiwan on the offshore islands of Quemoy (Jimmen) and Matsu (Mazu).

:   Bilateral maritime and aerial communications begin official operation. Japanese Defense Ministry officials hope that, because it is part of a formal agreement, the Chinese military will take it seriously and abide by it.

: Japan announces a plan to set up a maritime dialogue with France as part of its Indo-Pacific strategy “to deter the aggressive maritime advances of China.”  France’s overseas territories in New Caledonia and French Polynesia give the country a direct interest in the stability of the region.

:   According to conservative magazine Sentaku, Chinese money has been buying land in Hokkaido, particularly near areas with port facilities.  Though ostensibly acquired for agricultural purposes, the land has lain fallow, raising questions about the ultimate motive behind their purchase.

: Twenty-one Japanese nationals are detained in Chongqing. Sichuan province, as well as in Hebei, Henan, Guizhou, Shanxi, Liaoning and Ningxia  sometime between May 5 and 15, possibly because they were Christians doing missionary work. Five were later returned to Japan.

:   Japanese government announces it will use yen loans to develop ports in three Indian Ocean nations (Myanmar, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh) as part of Abe’s “free and open Indo-Pacific strategy” to counter China’s efforts to dominate the sea lanes connecting Asia and Africa via the Middle East.

: //www.asahi.com/ajw/articles/AJ201805260034.html">remove an informal cap on defense spending that is 1 percent of GDP that began in the 1970s. It also backs his plan to retrofit the helicopter carrier Izumo into an aircraft carrier, for upgrading the capabilities of Self-Defense Forces, and for Japan to have a stronger presence in space and cyber technology.

: Japan hosts the triannual gathering of leaders of 18 South Pacific countries and territories with Prime Minister Abe pledging fine-tuned assistance in both soft and hard terms.

: Japanese Coast Guard conducts a fleet review for the first time in six years; the suspension was due to the JCG being occupied with intrusions of Chinese government ships into areas administered by Japan but claimed by both countries.

: Citing threats from North Korea’s ballistic missile launches and Chinese activities in the East China Sea, Japan approves a new ocean policy highlighting maritime security. Previous versions, issued every five years since 2008, had largely centered on the development of resources at sea.

: China’s second aircraft carrier, and first entirely indigenously built, begins sea trials, with Japanese media expressing concern over the implications for regional security.

:   Conservative daily Sankei Shimbun, citing a government source,  reports that a ship registered to a state-owned Chinese company had been undertaking trial digging that could be preparatory to building new offshore platforms.

: Prime Ministers Li Keqiang visits Japan for the first time since taking office. He and Abe sign an agreement on a hotline after a decade of talks.

: //www.the-japan-news.com/news/article/0004421498">establish a public-private council to discuss Belt and Road projects. While Japan hopes to improve ties with the PRC through economic cooperation, the government fears that China is using the initiative to expand its hegemony.

: Adm. Takei Tomohisa, former MSDF chief of staff, states that Japan should remain vigilant to see that China “does not change the status quo in the region,” and that military ties between Japan and Taiwan should be increased.

: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute reported that an Asian arms race was occurring in response to tensions with China. Hong Kong’s South China Morning Post, summarizing the SIPRI study, notes that Japan had boosted military spending for the sixth straight year, while India, loosely aligned with Japan in the Quad arrangement with the United States and Australia, had overtaken France and moved into the world’s top five military spenders.

: Japanese Defense Ministry releases study into the conversion of the MSDF’s helicopter destroyer into a full-fledged carrier “in case Japan were required to provide rear-line support for a U.S.-led war.”

: Commenting on recent Sino-Japanese economic exchanges, a member of the Development Research Center of China’s State Council advocates that the two stand together to protect an open global trading environment, and jointly oppose Trump’s unilateralism.

: Britain’s Royal Navy and the MSDF participate in their first joint exercises in the waters off the Kanto region, designed to enhance their cooperation.

: Replying to a question on a delegation of lower-ranking PLA officers visiting Japan after a six-year suspension of defense exchanges, Ministry of National Defense spokesperson Wu Qian states that China was willing to jointly work with the Japanese side to enhance mutual trust, accumulate consensus, and manage and control disputes.

: Draft law prohibiting people in Japanese military uniforms taking selfies outside memorials and other locations associated with the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression is submitted to the Standing Committee of the National People’s Conference for second review, with supporters stating that “the new clause mainly targets acts that glorify the Japanese invasion and invaders. It clearly states that such behavior won’t be tolerated”

:   Yomiuri editorial states that tension between China and Taiwan is directly linked to Japan’s national security, and that the Japanese government should take unspecified steps to counter China’s intimidation tactics.

: Japanese Defense Ministry reveals that it has completed the design concept of fighter jets to replace the ASDF’s currently deployed F-2s.

:   British journal Scientific Reports publishes findings confirming massive deposits of rare earth minerals in Japan’s exclusive economic zone near Minami-Torishima Island.

:   Fourth high-level Sino-Japanese economic dialogue, and the first in eight years, opens in Tokyo.

: Yomiuri editorializes that “resolute measures” are needed against China’s maritime advances, which could “pour cold water on efforts to improve Japan-China ties.”

:   Japan Times editorial applauds Xi Jinping’s promise to loosen trade restrictions, but cautions that follow-through was not automatic and should be carefully monitored.

: Japan activates its first marine unit since World War II. It is described as having been trained to counter occupation by China.

:   According to Asia Times, Taiwan has been sharing with Japan information on its investigations into attacks, cyber espionage, and major data breaches.  Taiwan is believed to be a testing ground for Chinese techniques before they are deployed against other countries.

: Yomiuri, in a four-part series on the defense of Japan, summarizes efforts to reinforce remote islands against China.

:   Sankei Shimbun reports that Japan is to deploy an ASDF mobile radar unit in the Ogasawara Islands to monitor airspace violations and approaching foreign aircraft, to compensate for the lack of fixed radars on surrounding islands.

: Yomiuri editorializes that the recent GSDF reorganization was crucial in dealing with China, whose incursions into Japan’s territorial waters had become a normal occurrence.

: Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson, responding to a statement that Japan’s Ministry of Education had amended its curriculum guidelines to teach high school students that the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands are indisputably Japanese territory, urged Japan to face squarely history and reality, educate youth with a correct view of history, and “cease stirring up troubles on the relevant issue.”

: Philippine Defense Secretary Delfin Lorenzana accepts three Beechcraft TC-90 planes from Japan, noting that, although the relationship between his country and China is very strong, the maritime row with China is “still a security worry.”

: A draft of Japan’s third five-year ocean plan will explicitly address security threats including China’s maritime advances.

: The GSDF announces creation of a Ground Component Command, to take effect from March 27.  An Amphibious Rapid Deployment Brigade has been created as well. The reorganization aims to enhance the force’s ability to respond to contingencies on remote islands as well as natural disasters.

: China transfers control of its Coast Guard to the People’s Armed Police (PAP), which was placed under the command of the Central Military Commission (CMC) in January.

: The LDP’s Research Commission on National Security recommends that Japan introduce a multi-mission “defensive” aircraft carrier.

: Japanese government announces that $940 million in investments and loans will be made available to fund space start-ups, to better compete with China and other countries.

: Foreign Minister Wang Yi, in an address to the National People’s Congress, says China is willing to work with Japan to restore relations to healthy, stable growth “as long as Japan does not prevaricate, flip-flop or backpedal but accepts and welcomes China’s development.”

: Reuters reveals that the Japanese government has issued requests for information (RFIs) to the US and Britain for a new fighter plane.

: Yomiuri, Japan’s largest circulation paper, opines that Xi’s consolidation of power “bodes ill for China and the world.” Coupled with the PRC’s sustained military buildup, it is essential for neighboring countries to be vigilant.

: National Institute of Defense Studies’ (NIDS), a think tank attached to Japan’s Defense Ministry, publishes the 2018 version of its China security report, The China-US Relationship at a Crossroad.

: China reacts angrily to the NIDS report, with Ministry of National Defense spokesperson terming it “irresponsible and untenable.”

: A Nikkei analyst, citing a number of efforts China has made to improve its weapons, expand its basing rights, and produce aircraft carriers, accuses China as “acting in a way that recalls European imperialism.”

: Chinese government announces that the country’s defense budget would increase by 8.1 percent in 2018.  Asahi reacts with dismay, noting that the PRC’s defense budget is already the world’s second largest even though it does not include many military outlays.

: Japan’s leading business daily describes Abe as making efforts to charm allies to counter Beijing’s growing influence, citing Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull’s tour of the GSDF training ground and Defense Minister Onodera Itsunori becoming the first foreign dignitary to inspect HMS Queen Elizabeth.

:   Japan launches its seventh reconnaissance satellite, an optical satellite that can detect missile launches “and other things at military and other facilities” in North Korea and perhaps elsewhere in Asia.

: China Daily article advocates passage of a law prohibiting the wearing of Japanese imperial army uniforms.

: According to former MSDF executives, and despite the Defense Ministry’s denials, the helicopter destroyer Izumo was designed to be adapted as an aircraft carrier.

: Two men who posed in Japanese military uniforms at an anti-Japanese war monument in Nanjing are arrested after they upload photographs on themselves on social media. According to South China Morning Post, there have been similar instances in the past several months.

: Japan’s MSDF reports a vessel marked Min Ning De You 078 (with Min meaning Fujian, and Ningde a city in North Korea) transferring oil to a North Korean flagged tanker near Shanghai, in violation of UN sanctions.  The Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson states that the Chinese government attaches great importance to the information and is carrying out an investigation.

: An article in China’s Guoji Wenti Yanjiu predicts that, despite obstacles such as institutional hurdles to constitutional revision, pacifist sentiment, and the inexperience of its military, Japan’s capacity for self-defense is likely to increase in the coming years.

: At a meeting in Sydney, Japan, Australia, the US, and India discuss establishment of a joint regional infrastructure scheme as an alternative to China’s Belt and Road Initiative.

: Japanese economic growth in the last quarter of 2017 was 0.05 percent, the eighth straight quarter of growth and longest since the financial bubble of the 1980s.

: Japanese government announces that, in response to Chinese rapid military expansion it is considering introduction of the F-35B, which needs a much shorter airstrip. It has commissioned a study on the feasibility of converting the helicopter destroyer Izumo into an aircraft carrier, with the defense of Japan’s remote islands in mind.

: An article in Hong Kong’s South China Morning Post credits Japan with taking the lead in countering China’s Belt and Road initiative, citing Foreign Minister Kōno’s visit to Sri Lanka, which had given China rights to the port of Hambantota in exchange for debts.

:   Eric Chuo, head of Taiwanese machinery manufacturer Hiwin Technologies announces that his company planned to make Japan its top priority in 2018.  The company, with branches in nine countries, is considering building plants in Aichi, and plans to acquire a Japanese machinery maker.

: Yomiuri reports that Japan and China are making arrangements to resume military exchanges begun in 2003 but suspended since the Japanese government bought three of the five disputed Senkaku Islands from their Japanese owners in 2012.

: Chinese Vice Foreign Minister and Special Representative for Korean Peninsula Affairs Kong Xuanyou meets Japan’s Director-General of the Asian and Oceanian Affairs and chief representative for Six-Party Talks Kanasugi Kenji in Beijing.

: Foreign Minister Kōno Tarō visits China, his first since taking office in office and the first by a Japanese foreign minister in 21 months. His counterpart Wang Yi calls for “Japan’s joint efforts to advance ties, adding that there were “many disturbances and obstacles.”

: The first of an anticipated 10 F-35A stealth fighter jets is deployed at the Japanese ASDF base at Misawa Airbase in Aomori Province.

: A spokesperson for the Chinese Foreign Ministry expresses strong dissatisfaction with the opening of an exhibition in Tokyo to showcase Japan’s claim for the Senkaku Islands. China’s resolve to safeguard sovereignty over the Diaoyu Islands, she added was steadfast.

: Japan and France agree to conduct a joint maritime exercise in February that is described as “a show of strength against China’s ambition to make the South China Sea its stronghold.”

: Senior legislators from China and Japan meet in Tokyo and agree to work to improve ties.

: Japanese government announces plans to strengthen naval security capacities to nations in the Indian Ocean.

:   Joint training exercises between the Indian and Japanese coast guards were for the first time joined by their counterparts from Sri Lanka and the Maldives.

: China Military Online comments that Japan’s announced intention to unify its capabilities in space, cyberspace, and electronic warfare under one command “is yet another step toward Japan’s ‘normalization of the military’ as well as an attempt to break the ‘purely defensive defense’ and the ‘peace constitution.’”

: Thai professor portrays his country as playing China against Japan “like a bamboo tree in the wind.”

: Conservative Japanese daily Sankei Shimbun asks how, in the face of this fresh provocation, the Abe government could say that improved relations with China were possible.

:   Yomiuri reports the first government admission that a submarine, in this case accompanied by a PLAN frigate, had entered the contiguous zone near the Senkaku chain.

:   Global Times editorialized that, although the submarine intrusion incident could have been addressed through diplomatic means, Japan had “hyped it up instantly, derailing its recent efforts to improve ties with China.”  Jiefang Junbao, official newspaper of the PLA, added that “the Chinese military will continue to firmly defend China’s territorial sovereignty and security interests by all means necessary.”

: Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson urges Japan to stop making trouble over the Diaoyu Islands issue, protesting the entry of two MSDF ships entering the contiguous zone of Chiwei Islet.

:   Japanese government announces arrangements to introduce a new missile intercept system on two of its Aegis-equipped destroyers that will be deployed in FY 2019 and 2020.

: Japanese comedian Muramoto Daisuke says if China invaded the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands Japan should immediately surrender, adding that Japan had stolen Okinawa from China.  Global Times responds with an opinion piece by a Chinese student in Japan, who said that criticism of the comment revealed “erosion of the concept of free speech in Japanese society.”

:   Global Times, reprinting Xinhua, has a relatively low-key response to Abe’s plans to revise the constitution, adding only that there was “staunch criticism” from opposition parties and the public. China Daily runs a cartoon showing a slyly smiling Abe cutting the lock on the cage of a large, vicious lizard, as a frightened dove tried to fly away.

:   An opinion piece in Global Times argues that bilateral security cooperation between Australia and Japan is part of a plan to preserve the hegemony of the two plus India and the United States, “reframed as ‘rules-based international order’ on the pretext of supporting a peaceful and stable Indo-Pacific.”

: Xinhua announces the launch of a multi-year effort to compile previously missing historical records from 1931-1945, including “invading, looting, and other crimes of Japanese troops” to help fill in missing gaps.  The study is to include an estimated 1 million characters and to be ready for publication in 2020.

: At a press conference, Prime Minister Abe Shinzo announces that his new year’s resolution is to take the net big step toward revising the constitution.

:   Speaking at a meeting at a Tokyo hotel, Prime Minister Abe declares that he would like to make 2018 a year in which both the “Japanese and the Chinese people perceive that bilateral relations have greatly improved.”

: Sankei Shimbun reports the Japanese government had begun arrangements for an agreement with like-minded countries to create international rules on electronic commerce.

:   Yomiuri reports the Japanese government would cooperate with China in providing aid to African states, hoping that China would make greater efforts to stop  North Korean proliferation and easing the way to a Sino-Japanese summit to mark the 40th anniversary of the conclusion of the Japan-China Peace and Friendship Treaty.

: Japan’s Nikkei, citing examples from Australia, New Zealand, and Antarctica, opines that China’s behavior was “sending chills through South Pacific politics.”

: Japanese Coast Guard reports that three Chinese Coast Guard ships entered Japan’s territorial waters near Kuboshima in the Senkaku  chain, leaving after an hour and 45 minutes. This is the 29th such incursion since the beginning of 2017.

: Liberal Democratic Party Secretary General Nikai Toshihiro states that Japan and China have pushed their relations to a new stage that allowed them to discuss the future together.

: Japanese government sources reveal that the Defense Ministry is mulling a plan to buy F-35 stealth fighter jets for use on the MSDF’s helicopter carriers.

: Global Times states, without giving details, that Sino-Japanese ties had finally broken out of their “slump.”

: The 11th China-Japan Comprehensive Forum on Energy Saving and Environmental Protection is held in Tokyo and 23 agreements on cooperation projects are signed.

: Following the announcement that the Japanese government plans to seek a 1.3 percent increase in the country’s defense budget, an editorial in the center-left Asahi expresses concern and calls for rigorous debate on the expenditures when the Diet reconvenes in January.

: Japan’s Defense Ministery  reveals that the delivery of most of the 52 AAV-7 amphibious vehicles contracted for by the marine corps has been delayed.

: Japan and Taiwan announce the conclusion of a memorandum of understanding to enhance search and rescue at sea.

: Chinese Air Force conducts what it describes as routine air patrols, passing through the Strait of Tsushima and also conducting “encirclement” patrols close to Taiwan.

:   Kyodo reports polls conducted by Japanese nonprofit think tank Genron NPO and the China International Publishing Group show a marked improvement in Chinese and Japanese views of relations between the two countries.

: A two-plus-two meeting of the British and Japanese defense and foreign ministers is held in London. The two sides agree to strengthen security operations.

:   Survivors of the Japanese bombing of Chongqing during World War II protest a ruling of the Tokyo High Court affirming the judgment of a 2015 decision of a lower court that they were not entitled to compensatory damages. A lawyer for the plaintiffs announces that the group would appeal to the Japanese Supreme Court.

: Nanjing massacre is commemorated in Nanjing and other places. President Xi does not use his presence at the Nanjing event to make a speech.

: Chinese NGOs write to the Japanese Embassy in Beijing requesting an apology from the government to the victims of the Nanjing massacre and payment of compensation.

: Japanese and Chinese negotiators reach a tentative agreement designed to avert clashes in the Japanese-administered Diaoyu/Senkaku islands area.

: Japanese government sources reveal that Japan is considering the introduction of air-to-air and air-to-ship long-range cruise missiles.

: A third round of meetings between Chinese and Japanese econonomic leaders and former high-ranking officials held in Tokyo.  Former Vice Premier Zeng Peiyan declares that  stable, healthy  Sino-Japanese relations conformed to shared interests.

: China Central Television (CCTV) suggests that Emperor Akihito’s decision to seek abdication was prompted by opposition to Abe’s plans to change Article 9 of the constitution.

: Yamaguchi Natsuo, head of Japan’s Komeitō party and coalition partner of the ruling LDP, meets Xi Jinping, carrying a letter from Abe.

: Japan announces it is considering support to companies that conduct joint projects with Chinese companies in countries along China’s Belt and Road economic zone.

: Japan announces that it would postpone until the next fiscal cycle construction on additional land it had leased to expand the JSDF base in Djibouti.

: President Xi and Djibouti President Ismail Omar Guellah announce the establishment of a strategic partnership.

: Japanese Ministry of Defense reports a decrease in the number of air defense scrambles, 51 percent of them against Chinese aircraft, for the first half of 2017.

: PM Abe and President Xi Jinping meet briefly during the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation forum in Da Nang, Vietnam.

: Japan’s Defense Ministry publishes its 2017 White Paper.

: The 15th China-Japan Security Dialogue is held in Tokyo.

: The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China is held at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing.

: Xinhua reports the death of the last of the 24 former comfort women to sue the Japanese government for being pressed into providing sex services to the Japanese military during World War II.

: PM Abe attends Chinese Embassy reception for the PRC’s National Day.

: Four Chinese ships patrol area near the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands.

:   China’s Foreign Ministry spokesperson, reacting to Abe’s calling a snap election of the Diet, warns him against changing the constitution.

: China says changing the name of islands will not prevent Japan from declining.

Sept. 23, 2017:  China’s Foreign Minister Wang Yi advises counterpart Kono Tarō that Japan should talk and act cautiously to play a constructive role on the Korean nuclear issue rather than abandoning dialogue.

: The head of Japan’s Urasenke Tea School visits China and meets with, among others, State Counselor Yang Jiechi.

: Mayor of Ishigaki City asks that islands under its administrative jurisdiction be renamed to include “Senkaku Islands” in their formal names.

: Prime Minister Abe Shinzo visits India and meets Prime Minister Narendra Modi. They agree to deepen defense ties and to cooperate to balance against China.

: Xinhua accuses the Abe administration’s FY 2018 budget request of crossing the line into offensive weaponry and violating the country’s constitution.

:   Global Times editorial accuses Abe of encouraging Indian aggressiveness on the disputed Indo-Chinese border in the Himalayas to divert China’s attention from the South China Sea and relieve pressure on Japan.

:   Japan attends a ministerial-level meeting with 50 African countries, pledging investment to aid their efforts to achieve self-sustaining development.

:   Global Times editorial predicts that, due to its domestic difficulties, Japan will not back India in its border dispute with China, and that the only road forward for Japan is closer cooperation with China.

: Environmental ministers of China, Japan, and South Korea agree on cooperation to combat the spread of invasive species such as fire ants.

: China responds to Japanese sanctions on Chinese companies doing business with North Korea saying that unless Tokyo desists immediately “it must be responsible for the consequences.”

: Japan’s Defense Ministry requests a record-high 2.5 percent increase to 5.25 trillion yen ($48 billion) in its initial budget for fiscal 2018, to bolster security measures against North Korea’s military provocations and China’s maritime advances.

:   Japan commemorates the 72nd anniversary of its surrender in World War II, with Chinese media commenting that, for the fifth year in a row, Abe did not mention remorse over Japan’s actions nor did he pledge that the country would never again engage in war.  Although Abe did not attend ceremonies at the Yasukuni Shrine, nor did any currently serving Cabinet members, they noted, Abe sent a sacred masasaki branch, and numerous Diet members representing several political parties were present.

:  Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi warns Japan and the US against opposing China’s development of islands in the South China Sea.

: Japanese government reveals that it made several high-level requests to China to restrict its acceptance of North Korean workers, to no avail.

: Chinese media’s coverage of the anniversary of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima admonishes Japan to cease downplaying its role as an aggressor in the war and portraying itself as a victim.  Only by learning from history can a recurrence of war tragedies be prevented.

:   United Nations report on contributions to the UN’s budget announces that China’s share is estimated to rise to second place after the US, surpassing Japan for the first time.

: Sankei reports that Japanese Maritime SDF frogmen from a nearby Japanese ship approached two Chinese military vessels anchored at China’s newly opened base at Djibouti, and were driven away by crew members.

: Japanese government sources reveal that China has established a new mobile drilling rig near the Japan-China median line in the East China Sea.

:   India’s The Pioneer daily describes the launch of the Asia-Africa Growth Corridor for Japan-India collaboration, together with Australian participation, as an initiative through which “the China challenge could be tackled.”

: Japan announces sanctions on two Chinese firms, including a bank accused of laundering North Korean cash. Five entities, including two Chinese organizations and nine individuals, are affected.

:   PRC military expert disparages the new air-to-ship supersonic missiles Japan plans to deploy, describing their limited range as unable to reach aircraft carrier formations and hence  a fatal shortcoming.

: Japanese Coast Guard announces that, in a first for these particular areas, two Chinese Coast Guard ship violated Japanese waters off the coasts of Tsushima and Okinoshima.

: Xi and Abe meet on sidelines of the G20 in Hamburg; Yomiuri says both must make concessions, suggesting joint development of the East China Sea gas fields. Xi responds on July 13 by proposing “separation of politics and economy.”

: China Daily states that Japan’s helicopter destroyer Izumo’s passage near China’s nine-dash line in the South China Sea and participation in exercises with a US aircraft carrier a few days earlier have been interpreted by the international community as open defiance of China’s “so-called assertiveness” in the waters.

: Four Chinese Coast Guard ships enter Japanese territorial waters near the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands.

: Chinese Foreign Ministry objects to new curricular guidelines for Japanese elementary and secondary schools that describe “China’s Diaoyu islands … as ‘inherent’ parts of Japanese territory.” Japan must face up to history and reality and stop provocation.

: Editorial in Japan’s leading business newspaper states that the time has come for the US and Japan to examine the pros and cons of joining the AIIB.

: China Daily criticizes Japan for warning its tourists to avoid activities that might arouse suspicion that they are engaging in espionage; the government should instead “issue a self-warning: efforts to whitewash the war crimes … will not succeed.”

: New volume appears in the 51-book series to commemorate the 80th anniversary of the July 7 Marco Polo Bridge incident that began the Japanese invasion of northeast China.

: China Daily opines that the birth of a panda cub at Tokyo’s Ueno Zoo might renew Sino-Japanese friendship.

: Chinese media highlights Japanese opposition parties’ resistance to a government bill that would criminalize the planning of serious crimes.

: Xinhua describes Japanese participation in an international maritime defense trade show as a “dangerous push to buddy up to Southeast Asia.”

: US government pledges that Japan will never be a bargaining chip in its trade negotiations with China.

: Article in the conservative Japan Forward argues that, because the US is losing ground in the Pacific, Japan should double its defense spending against Chinese expansionism.

: Tokyo and Beijing agree to resume high-level talks on joint resource development and avoiding unintended maritime clashes.

: Japanese defense official states that the country is seeking to increase sales of military equipment to Southeast Asia states amid growing tensions with China and North Korea.

:   Delegation from China’s National People’s Congress calls on Japan to “properly handle Tibet-related issues.”

: China protests publication of The Real History of Japan, a second book by Motoya Toshio, rightist president of the APA Group, which blames Chinese soldiers for the looting and killings of the 1937 Nanjing massacre.

: China announces that a seventh Japanese national is being investigated for harming national security and violating China’s domestic law.

: Defense Minister Inada Tomomi’s address at the annual Shangri-La Dialogue decries continued unprovoked, unilateral attempts to alter the status quo in Asian seas, adding that “government ships of a certain country continue to make periodic incursions into Japanese waters,[and] construct outposts in the South China Sea… for military purposes.”

: Fourth round of high-level Sino-Japanese political talks is held in Tokyo, co-chaired by Chinese State Councilor Yang Jiechi and Japanese National Security Advisor Yachi Shotarō.  According to Xinhua, Yang calls on the Japanese side to honor its words and abide by the relevant rules regarding the historical and Taiwan issues.”

: Global Times editorial says Abe administration’s interest in joining the AIIB is a ruse to improve relations with China while using Taiwan as a bargaining chip in negotiations and contriving an imaginary China threat as a pretext for revising Japan’s Constitution and reviving militarism.

: Japan and India agree on a broad strategy to promote development across an arc from East Asia to Africa to counter China’s expanding influence in the regions.

:   Japan’s conservative Sankei Shimbun predicts that if the US withdraws from Japan, the country could not defend itself against China, since the latter’s quantitative advantages would prevail over SDF weapons that had been developed exclusively for defensive purposes.  Hence Japan should not rule out the possibility of possessing nuclear weapons.

: China expresses dissatisfaction with the renaming of the former Association of East Asian Relations as the Taiwan-Japan Relations Association.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary  Suga Yoshihide states that Chinese authorities had placed six Japanese nationals under detention since March on grounds they conducted illegal activities; China’s Foreign Ministry confirms the arrests on the next day. Asahi reports all six were conducting surveys for possible hot springs in cooperation with a Chinese company.

: Xinhua reports that 1,800 people had gathered in Tokyo’s Shinjuku Park to protest Prime Minister Abe’s plan to amend the Japanese Constitution.

: Argentine President Mauricio Macri, having obtained 16 agreements worth an estimated $17 billion from China, flies to Japan to seek additional funding.

: Philippine Daily Inquirer reports that the Duterte administration plans to “pivot to neighboring economic giants” by seeking loans from both China and Japan.

: Xinhua cites Foreign Ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying as describing a planned meeting between the Japanese and New Zealand prime ministers as “inappropriate,” and calling on Japan to improve relations with China through concrete policies and actions.

:   Japanese Foreign Ministry lodges a protest to China after four Chinese Coast Guard vessels, one of which appeared to be equipped with guns, entered Japanese waters near the disputed Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands. A drone was seen flying above. Chinese Foreign Ministry refuses to accept the protest, replying that the drone was used for aerial photography and that, since the islands belong to China, the ships and drone had a right to be there.

: Japan Times editorial observes that Beijing must address skepticism about China’s motives in establishing the OBOR, and that there is a long way to go if the plan is to serve its stated end of providing the cornerstone of a regional and global order.

: Asahi reports that Nikai carried a letter from Abe to Xi that proposed the two of them engage in regular shuttle diplomacy.  Asahi adds that Nikai also called on Xi and other Chinese leaders to visit Japan by the end of next year, the 40th anniversary of the Treaty of Peace and Friendship.

: Renmin Ribao publishes an article by “Commentator,” a standard pseudonym for a high-ranking Chinese leader, stating the China must first know whether Japan is completely changing its strategy of confronting China or if the overtures are merely a strategic easing.  China would warmly welcome the first, but regret the second.

:   Asahi opines that since Xi’s BRI strategy is designed primarily for the advancement of Chinese investment, it can be considered a form of neocolonialism. Unless China modifies its traditional tendency to pursue only its own interests, questions will remain about its suitability as the promoter of collaborative international efforts.

:   Nikai Toshihiro, secretary general of Japan’s ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) meets Chinese President Xi Jinping, and, according to Asahi Shimbun, says the question was not if but when Japan will join AIIB. A parallel story in Beijing’s Global Times does not mention this statement, saying only that Nikai congratulated China on the success of its Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation and cited the need to develop bilateral ties.

: Yomiuri Shimbun says Xi Jinping’s maritime Silk Road plan is inseparably linked to Chinese efforts to secure footholds for its navy through harbor improvement projects and is aimed at excluding the US from the region.

: Space News reports that the Japanese government is considering a three-satellite addition to the country’s domestic navigation system so that it would work even if China were to take out the US Global Positioning System.

: In what Asahi Shimbun terms “cutter diplomacy,” Japan supplies front-line coast guard cutters to the Philippines and Vietnam. Japan’s Coast Guard has created the post of director for international coast guard cooperation who will focus on providing support to Southeast Asian nations.  Trilateral exercises including Japan, the Philippines, and Vietnam are planned.

: Editorial in Huanqiu Shibao, which is sponsored by Renmin Ribao, official newspaper of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), states that the momentum of Xi Jinping’s Belt and Road Initiaive would be more robust with Japanese, US, and South Korean participation.

: Associated Press reports that multinational military drills off Guam designed to show support for the free passage of vessels in international waters amid concerns that China intends to restrict access to the South China Sea were postponed indefinitely after a French landing craft ran aground there.

: Yomiuri Shimbun expresses concern that the China-founded Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) could be twisted toward the PRC’s ends, and urges reform of the Asian Development Bank, whose largest financial contributor has been Japan, and all of whose nine successive presidents have been Japanese.

: Xinhua reports that four Chinese Coast Guard vessels conducted a patrol in the territorial waters off the Diaoyu/Senkaku islands on May 8.

: China Daily reports that Xiao Jie met Taro Aso, who serves concurrently as Japan’s deputy prime minister of minister of finance. They agree that dialogue is important to both sides and pledge to deepen pragmatic cooperation in the financial field.

: Yomiuri Shimbun summarizes war games sponsored by the  US Sasakawa Peace Foundation involving unlikely scenarios for a Chinese-Japanese confrontation over the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands.

: Chinese Finance Minister Xiao Jie skips a trilateral meeting with Japanese and South Korean counterparts, casting doubt over the outlook for regional cooperation among the Northeast Asian powers.

: Global Times criticizes the Japanese Foreign Ministry 2017 Diplomatic Blue Book of escalating tensions on the Korean Peninsula as an excuse to strengthen its military, create the conditions for revising Article 9 of its Constitution, and enhance its global influence.

: Chinese and Japanese diplomats agree to use political and diplomatic means to deal with the danger of North Korea’s development of weapons of mass destruction.

:   LDP Secretary General Nikai Toshihiro announces he will attend Silk Road meeting in China in May.

:   China protests when 95 Japanese lawmakers and a Cabinet member visit the Yasukuni Shrine’s Spring Festival.

: Xinhua complains about revised Japanese textbook guidelines allowing “beneficial” or “appropriate” content from Mein Kampf.

:   Japanese Defense Ministry says Chinese planes accounted for 73 percent of the record number of SDF scrambles against foreign aircraft approaching Japanese air space in 2016.

: Japanese police put two Chinese women on a wanted list after acts of vandalism were committed at several shrines and temples they visited.

: Premier Li Keqiang says that China prioritizes relations with Japan.

: Food products mislabeled as Japanese discovered in Chinese cities.

: Leading Japanese commentator expresses concern that President Trump will use the US-Japanese Mutual Security Treaty as leverage for trade concessions from China, thus weakening the alliance.

: Yomiuri urges Japanese government to address potential “gray zone crisis” as China seeks to take the Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands.

: Prime Minister Abe refers to Taiwan as an important partner.

: Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) panel urges Japan to acquire pre-emptive strike capabilities and to give immediate consideration to introducing THAAD.

: SDF ships will begin to protect US military vessels for the first time in peacetime, to improve deterrence against North Korea’s missile development and China’s expansion of its maritime environment.

: US military analyst urges Japan to undertake construction and station personnel on the Senkaku Islands regardless of Chinese objections.

:   Diet passes 2017 defense budget, up 1.4 percent, or less than 0.926 percent of GDP.

:   China complains after a Japanese Cabinet member visits Taiwan.

:   Global Times notes that Japan’s commissioning of a large helicopter-carrying destroyer would increase its navy’s strike capability.

:   Japan government expresses concerns over financially troubled Japanese giant Toshiba selling its computer chip business to China’s Tsinghua Unigroup Ltd.

:   CCTV castigates Japanese design firm Muji for selling items manufactured in Tokyo and banned since the 2011 nuclear meltdown, although the products were actually manufactured in Osaka and Fukui, both being even further from the meltdown than Tokyo.

:   Japan’s Kyodo reports an internal Chinese military magazine has declared that it has established dominance in the South China Sea, and that it has normalized patrols around the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands since 2011.

: CCTV reports that food products from the area near the Fukushima nuclear meltdown are being sold in China, resulting in a removal of products from the shelves despite a refutation issued by the importer.

: Singapore’s Channel News Asia reports that France, in a clear message to China, sent an amphibious carrier to lead exercise drills with UK troop-carrying helicopters and Japanese and US personnel around Tinian Island in the western Pacific.

: Australian Foreign Minister Julie Bishop supports Japan’s right to sail through the South China Sea.

: China announces 7 percent defense budget increase to $152 billion, or 1.3 percent of GDP.

: Global Times describes closer relations between Vietnam and Japan as a strategic partnership built on empty rhetoric.

: Japanese Coast Guard announces it will install video transmission devices on all 12 of its large patrol vessels charged with monitoring the security situation around the Diaoyu/Senkaku islands, enabling the Office of the Prime Minister as well as high-ranking JCG officials to watch the videos in real time.

: Japanese Coast Guard announces that China conducted 63 seabed surveys inside Japan’s East China Sea EEZ over the five years from 2012 to 2016 without prior authorization.

:   According to the Chinese Tourism Academy, Japan is the third most visited country for Chinese citizens, after Thailand and South Korea.  Chinese buyers are also increasingly active in the Japanese housing market.

: Japanese national engaged in bilateral youth exchange programs is arrested in Beijing on spying charges.

:   Xinhua reports that Prime Minister Abe underwent a grilling from opposition parties over his name being used to solicit funds for building a nationalist elementary school.

: China’s Foreign Ministry lodges solemn representations to its Japanese counterpart over National Institute for Defense Studies (NIDS) 2017 report for sending the wrong messages to Taiwan “independence secessionist forces.”

: CCTV announces that a Japanese legislator suggested that the dispute over the Diaoyu/Senkaku islands be referred to an international arbitration tribunal as well as the issue of deployment of the Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) system to Japan.

: People’s Daily announces that Chinese textbooks will henceforth state that the starting time for the War of Resistance to Japanese Aggression will be moved from 1937 to 1931 “to fully reflect the crimes committed by Japanese troops during the conflict.”

: China’s minister of education complains about Japan’s revised curriculum guidelines.

: China Daily cites Ruth Benedict’s Chrysanthemum and the Sword as finding the roots of Japanese duplicity as a results of fear of the unknown and of failure.

: China Global Television Network (CGTV) announces that three Chinese Coast Guard vessels sailed around the Diaoyu Islands.

: Global Times reports that Chinese and South Korean athletes changed hotel accommodations in response to the APA hotel group’s placing of a book denying that the Nanjing Massacre actually happened.

: China’s Ministry of Defense says that Japanese Self-Defense Forces participation in US freedom of navigation operations in the South China Sea would cross a “red line.” Japanese Defense Minister Inada Tomomi reiterates that the SDF would not deploy to the South China Sea with the US Navy.

: Japan’s National Institute of Information and Communications Technology reports a 2.4-fold increase in cyberattacks in 2016 over 2015, the majority originating from China.

:   Japan-China Friendship Association is officially established in Okinawa.

: China complains after US Secretary of Defense James Mattis confirms that the US-Japan Mutual Security Treaty covers the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands.

:   China warns Japan against interfering in Taiwan affairs after hearing that the militaries of the two were conducting a simulated exercise.

:   London’s Daily Mail reveals that the Japanese government was paying a British think tank to express concerns about China’s involvement in the UK’s Hinkley Point nuclear plant; Xinhua terms this a despicable anti-China scandal.

:   China objects to the APA hotel group’s placing in guest rooms a book that denies that the Nanjing massacre ever happened.

: Japan’s Education Ministry announces a revised curriculum for elementary schools that says the Takeshima and Senkaku islands are an inherent part of Japan’s territory and adding to junior high school curricula that there is no territorial dispute with regard to the Senkaku Islands.

: Japan’s Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries reveals that 67 unregistered Chinese boats fished near Japan’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) off Hokkaido and the Sanriku region in 2016, up 50 percent over 2015, many of them using illegal methods.

: Two Japanese think tanks call for the government to further increase defense spending in response to US President Donald Trump’s call for Japan to cover more of the costs of keeping US troops there.

:  First US F-35B joint strike fighters arrive at Iwakuni Marine Corps Air Station  “in support of the defense of Japan and the regional security of the Pacific.”

:  Sankei Shimbun, citing unspecified Japanese government sources, states that Chinese government ships entered the waters continuous to the Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands more than 1,000 times since the Japanese government bought three of the five from private Japanese owners in 2012.

: China’s Ministry of National Defense announces plans to build two aircraft carriers in Dairen shipyards.

: Minister of Defense Inada Tomomi visits Yasukuni Shrine; signs visitor book as “Defense Minister;” China expresses firm opposition and announces “solemn representations.”

: Japan’s unofficial representative office in Taiwan, the Interchange Association, announces that as of Dec. 31, it will operate under the name of the Japan-Taiwan Exchange Association.

: Minister for Reconstruction Imamura Masahiro visits Yasukuni Shrine; China expresses firm opposition of any visit by Cabinet ministers.

: Chinese aircraft carrier Liaoning transits in international waters between Okinawa and Miyakojima.

: Abe government announces record setting defense budget of $43.6 billion.

: 79th anniversary of the Nanjing Massacre.

: Japanese and Chinese foreign affairs and defense officials meet in Haikuo City to discuss implementation of air and maritime communications mechanism.

: Deputy Foreign Minister Akiba Takeo and Assistant Foreign Minister Kong Xuanyou meet in Beijing for Japan-China Security Dialogue.

: Six PLAAF planes transit in international airspace between Okinawa and Miyakojima.

: Vice Foreign Minister Liu attends Japanese Embassy reception celebrating birthday of the emperor; expresses optimism over the course of China-Japan relations in 2017.

: PM Abe and President Xi meet on sidelines of APEC meeting in Lima.

: PM Abe express concern that failure of Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) to come into effect will result in China taking leading role in Asia’s economy.

: China displays J-20 stealth fighter at Zhuhai International Air Show.

: Keidanren and China Center for International Economic Exchange bring together top business leaders in Beijing conference.

: Japan confirms Chinese resumption of exploration of activities in East China Sea.

: Japan-Taiwan hold first meeting of maritime dialogue in Tokyo.

: Japanese, Chinese, and Korean Trade Ministers meet in Tokyo; agree to cooperate in advancing trilateral free trade agreement.

: “Comfort Women” museum with two statues of “Comfort Women,” opens at Shanghai Normal University; Chief Cabinet Secretary Suga finds the display extremely regrettable.

: Former Prime Minister Hatoyama Yukio attends inaugural meeting of international advisory board of China’s Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank held in Beijing.

: PM Abe sends offering to Yasukuni Shrine, but does not visit the shrine during the Autumn Festival; approximately 90 Diet members pay homage.

: Japanese media report Chinese resumption of unilateral development activities in the East China Sea; Japan’s Foreign Ministry protests to Chinese Embassy.

: Ambassador Cheng Yonghua at PRC Embassy reception marking 67th anniversary of the People’s Republic of China calls for efforts to stabilize relations and advance development of bilateral relations.

: Tokyo Forum and Beijing Forum co-sponsor Tokyo meeting of leading Japanese and Chinese finance and business leaders.

: PM Abe delivers policy address at opening of Extraordinary session of the Diet; calls for peaceful resolution of disputes in east and South China Sea.

: Eight People’s Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) aircraft transit in international air space between Okinawa and Miyakojima.

: Japanese Foreign Ministry posts 207 documents on its website substantiating Japanese positions on the Senkaku Islands and Takeshima.

: Keidanren and Japan-China Economic Association delegation visits Beijing.

: 85th anniversary of the Manchurian incident.

: China and Russia conduct joint naval exercises.

: Foreign Ministers Kishida Fumio and Wang Yang in telephone conversation agree to cooperate in passage of North Korea sanctions resolution at UN Security Council.

: Japanese and Chinese diplomats and defense officials meet in Hiroshima to discuss air/maritime communications mechanism and East China Sea.

: Japan announces transfer of Coast Guard patrol boats to Malaysia.

: PM Abe attends East Asian Summit in Vientiane; calls for support of Hague Tribunal ruling on the South China Sea.

: Japan announces transfer of two Coast Guard patrol boats to the Philippines.

: Prime Minister Abe Shinzo and President Xi Jinping meet on sidelines of the G20 Summit in Hangzhou; their first meeting in 17 months.

:   China celebrates national holiday commemorating victory in the war against Japan. Neither President Xi Jinping nor members of the Sanding Committee attend Sept. 2 symposium commemorating the event.

: Japan’s Ministry of Defense requests 2.3 percent increase in defense spending in FY 2017.

: Foreign Minister Wang meets Foreign Minister Kishida in Tokyo.

: Foreign Minister Wang meets LDP Secretary General Nikai.

:   National Security Advisor Yachi Shotaro meets Premier Li and State Councilor Yang in Beijing.

: Seventy-first anniversary of the end of World War II.

: LDP Secretary General Nikai meets Ambassador Cheng to transmit Japanese concerns with China’s repeated incursions into Japanese territorial waters.

: Foreign Minister Kishida calls in Ambassador Cheng to protest; charges that Chinese actions have led to a marked deterioration in relations.

: Ambassador Yokoi protests Chinese presence in Senkaku Islands.

: 200-300 Chinese fishing boats accompanied by Coast Guard ships enter Japan’s contiguous zone near the Senkakus; incursions into Japanese territorial waters ensue.

: Vice Foreign Minister Sugiyama calls in China’s Ambassador Cheng to protest.

: Abe government approves Defense of Japan 2016 White Paper.  China’s Ministry of National Defense brands paper as “full of lousy clichés.”

: Keizai Doyukai delegation visits Beijing; meets with Tang Jiaxuan, former president of China-Japan Friendship Association.

: Former Taiwan President Lee Teng-hui visits Japan.

: Foreign Ministers Kishida and Wang meet during ASEAN Foreign Ministers Meeting in Vientiane.

: Newly appointed Vice Minister for Foreign Affairs Sugiyama Shinsuke visits China, meets Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs Zhang Yesui.

: Foreign Minister Kishida denies July 12 UNCLOS Arbitral Tribunal ruling affects status of Okinotori Island.

: China Daily (electronic edition) reports former Prime Minister Hatoyama Yukio is appointed to serve on international advisory board of Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank.

: Prime Minister Abe Shinzo meets Premier Li Keqiang during Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) in Ulaanbaatar.

: Permanent Court of Arbitration issues ruling in favor of the Philippines in South China Sea case.

: Sixty-ninth anniversary of the Marco Polo Bridge incident; President Xi does not attend ceremonies.

: China’s Ministry of National Defense issues statement charging Japan Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF) with using fire-control radar to lock onto Chinese aircraft.

: LDP’s National Defense Committee adopts resolution calling on the government to protest Chinese actions.

: PLA Navy ship enters Japan’s territorial waters.

: People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) ships enter Japan’s contiguous zone; Vice Minister Saiki Akitaka calls in China’s Ambassador Cheng Yonghua to protest.

: Defense Minister Nakatani Gen at Shangri-La Dialogue, without naming China, calls attention to island construction in the South China Sea.

: Japan’s Foreign Ministry posts pictures of renewed Chinese oil and gas exploration in the East China Sea on its home page.

: Mitsubishi Material Corp. announces apology and compensation for Chinese victims of forced labor in Japan during World War II.

: Institute for Japanese Studies at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences issues 2016 Blue Book Report on Japan; cites Abe government’s security legislation as posing a grave threat to areas surrounding China.

: G7 leaders meet in Ise, Japan and issue statement on maritime security.

: Ambassador Yokoi Yutaka arrives in Beijing.

: Ambassador Kitera Masato holds farewell press conference; expresses hope for future oriented Japan-China relationship.

: LDP-Komeito delegation of Parliamentary Union for Japan-China Friendship visits Beijing.

: Taiwan protests Japanese Coast Guard seizure of Taiwanese fishing boat in the vicinity of Okinotori Island; China supports Taiwan’s protest.

: Foreign Minister Kishida visits Beijing and meets Foreign Minister Wang and Premier Li.

: LDP General Council Secretary Nikai Toshihiro visits Beijing, meets high-level Chinese officials, and attends China-Japan-Korea International Forum.

: Japanese Coast Guard seizes Taiwanese fishing boat in Japan’s claimed EEZ in the vicinity of Okinotori Island.

: A 92 member supra-party delegation of Diet members’ led by Cabinet Minister Takaichi Sanae, visits Yasukuni Shrine.

: Japan announces first flight of unarmed prototype stealth jet.

: Prime Minister Abe sends offering to Yasukuni Shrine during the Spring Festival.  China asks Japan to “deeply reflect on its invasion history” and make “a clean break with militarism.”

: JASDF aircraft scramble against Chinese reconnaissance aircraft over international waters between Okinawa and Miyako Island.

: Kitaoka Shinichi, head of Japan’s International Cooperation Agency, tells television audience that China, through militarization of sites in the South China Sea, is slowly working by a show of force to change the status quo in the South China Sea.

: Japan issues Diplomatic Blue Book.

: Xinhua reports that a Chinese military aircraft landed on Fiery Cross Reef to evacuate suddenly ill workers to a hospital site.

: Japanese government releases 750 new documents substantiating Japanese claims to Takeshima and the Senkaku islands.  China’s Foreign Ministry responds that the Diaoyu Dao and affiliated islands are China’s inherent territory…sovereignty …is fully backed by historical and jurisprudence evidence.”

: China’s Ministry of National Defense confirms visit of Gen. Fan Changlong, vice chairman of the Central Military Commission, to several land-reclamation sites in the South China Sea.

: Japanese business delegation led by Kono Yohei meets Vice Premier Wang Yang in Beijing.

: JMSDF destroyers visit Cam Ranh Bay.  Defense Minister Nakatani Gen emphasizes importance of the freedom to the seas to Japan’s security and commits Japan to working with the US and Australia to support peace and stability in the region.

: JMSDF destroyer Ise participates in international naval review off Padang, Indonesia.

: Japan’s Fair Trade Commission and China’s Ministry of Commerce sign memorandum agreeing to share information of mergers and acquisitions and to meet annually.

: G7 foreign ministers meet in Hiroshima.

: Former Prime Minister Hatoyama appointed honorary professor at Sian University of Communications.

: Three PLA Navy ships transit in international waters between Okinawa and Miyakojima.

: Japanese and Chinese diplomats meet in Tokyo to discuss North Korea sanctions.  China is represented by Wu Dawei, Beijing’s representative to and chair of the Six-Party Talks.

: Two Japanese destroyers, the JS Ariake and JS Setogiri, and the submarine Oyashio make a port call to Subic Bay.

: Abe government’s new security legislation goes into effect.

: Japan establishes observation unit on Yonaguni Island.

: Abe Cabinet approves appointment of Yokoi Yutaka as ambassador to China.

: Former Prime Minister Fukuda meets Foreign Minister Wang on sidelines of Boao Form in Hainan. They agree on the need to take steps to improve relations.

: Xiamen municipal government hosts investment seminar in Tokyo.  During 2015 Chinese municipal and provincial governments held 49 investment seminars in Japan, an increase of 49 percent over 2014.

: Japan-China vice-ministerial dialogue on agriculture resumes in Beijing after six-year hiatus.

: Prime Minister Abe attends Coast Guard graduation ceremony in Maizuru, becoming the first prime minister to attend Coast Guard graduation.

: Foreign Ministers Kishida and Wang Yi confer by phone on DPRK sanctions.

: Japan releases Foreign Aid White Paper, emphasizing ASEAN and sea lane security in Southeast Asia.

: US 7th Fleet, Philippine Navy, and Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF) hold consultations in Manila.

: Sansha City mayor announces commercial flights to and from Woody Island.

: China releases 2016 defense budget during National People’s Congress.

: China’s National People’s Congress meets in Beijing.

: China’s Assistant Foreign Minister Kong Xuanyou meets Japan’s Deputy Foreign Minister Sugiyama Shinsuke in Tokyo.

: China’s Global Times reports that a Japanese mission to clear space junk from earth’s orbit was a failure.

: Chinese intelligence-gathering ship operates in international waters off Japan’s Boso Peninsula.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Suga Yoshihide announces that Chinese authorities arrested Japanese citizen on charges of spying; he says Japan does not engage in spying.

: Japan’s Ministry of Defense announces Japan Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF) scramble against Chines aircraft over the Sea of Japan.

: Japanese, Chinese, and Korean ministers of education meet in Seoul.

: Prime Minister Abe’s policy address to the Diet.

:   China’s Ministry Commerce announces a 25.2 percent drop in Japanese investment in China to $3.21 billion in 2015.

: Foreign Minister Kishida announces his intention to visit China in the spring.

: Japanese media report coordination underway to resume Japan-China high-level economic dialogue, agreed to by Prime Minister Abe and President Xi Jinping in November, 2015.  The meeting would be the first in five years.

: Prime Minster Abe, during Upper House Budget Committee meeting, congratulates Tsai Ing-wen on her election as Taiwan’s president; he looks to strengthening Japan-Taiwan ties.

: Jin Liqun, president of China’s Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, announces that the bank is open to Japanese and US participation.

: Foreign Minister Kishida Fumio holds telephone conversation with Chinese and Russian counterparts to coordinate response to North Korean nuclear test.

: Prime Minister Abe Shinzo presents report on Japan’s diplomacy to the Diet.

: China’s Foreign Ministry reports civilian test flight to land reclamation site in the South China Sea.

: Abe Akie, wife of PM Abe, visits Yasukuni Shrine.

:   PLAN intelligence-gathering ship operates in international waters of Japan’s Boso Peninsula.

: LDP’s panel dedicated to the study of history holds first meeting.

: Kyodo News Service reports that China in 2016 will replace Japan as the second largest contributor to the UN’s peacekeeping budget.

: Japan-China-ROK director general talks on the trilateral free trade agreement are held in Japan.

: Nanjing marks anniversary of Nanjing Massacre; neither President Xi or Premier Li attend ceremonies.

: Japanese and Chinese vice minsters meet in Beijing to advance the spring 2016 Japan-China ministerial-level economic dialogue.

:   Foreign Minister Kishida in Tokyo address raises issues related to China’s activities in the South China Sea.

:   Nanjing’s War History Museum opens new exhibition in advance of Dec. 13 anniversary of Nanjing Massacre.

: Japanese and Chinese officials meet in Amoy to discuss South China Sea issues and implementation of maritime communication mechanism.

:   LDP Secretary General Tanigaki Sadakazu and Komeito Secretary General Inoue Yoshihisa meet Yu Zhengsheng, chairman of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Committee in Beijing.

: PM Abe and President Xi meet for brief conversation while in France.

: Japan-China Energy Forum held in Tokyo; government and private sector participants agree to promote 26 projects.

: Japan’s Ministry of Defense postpones plans to deploy 500 GSDF troops to Ishigaki Island in Okinawa until next five-year defense build-up plan (FY2019-2023).

: PM Abe and Premier Li meet for brief conversation during East Asian Summit in Kuala Lumpur.

:   PM Abe attends G20 Summit in Turkey; raises issues related to South China Sea with German, Australian, British leaders and with European Commission president.

: China’s Foreign Ministry spokesperson says that land-reclamation projects in the South China Sea are taking place within the area of China’s sovereignty.

: Top Japanese and Chinese business executives meet in Tokyo.

: PM Abe tells Upper House Budget Committee that he wants to keep options open and fully deliberate regarding issues related to the South China Sea.

: Foreign Minister Kishida tells NHK audience that issues related to the South China Sea are matters of legitimate concern to Japan.

: President Xi in speech delivered in Singapore asserts that historically islands in the South China Sea were part of China.

:   PM Abe welcomes first 99 Chinese students participating in the Japan-China youth exchange program established in May.

:   Foreign Minister Kishida at ASEM meeting in Luxemburg calls attention to unilateral efforts to change the status quo in the South China Sea.

:   Minister of Defense Nakatani and Chinese counterpart Wang meet in Kuala Lumpur on the sidelines of the ADDM Plus to discuss South China Sea issues and early implementation of maritime communication mechanism.

: Premier Li meets delegation of Japanese business executives.

: Premier Li, PM Abe and South Korean President Park Geun-hye hold a trilateral summit in Seoul, the first such meeting since 2012.

: PM Abe and Premier Li meet in Seoul.

: Permanent Court of Arbitration accepts Philippines’ submission on the South China Sea; Beijing rejects any decision as null and void.

: Curator of Nanjing War museum asks Miyazaki Prefecture for return of three cornerstones taken from Nanjing by the Imperial Army.

: China’s ambassador to the UN General Assembly’s First Committee on Disarmament raises concerns with regard to Japan’s growing stockpile of fissile material.

: Supra-party delegation of 70 Diet members visits the Yasukuni Shrine.

: President Xi in dinner remarks in London recalls Japan’s wartime atrocities.

: Japan’s Ministry of Defense releases data on scrambles against Chinese aircraft for first six months of Japan’s April-September fiscal year.

: Chief Cabiniet Secretary Suga announces that PM Abe has made an offering in his private capacity to the Yasukuni shrine during the autumn festival.

: Former DPJ Foreign Minister Maehara Seiji in remarks in Beijing calls on China to assume responsibilities of a great power.

: Komeito leader Yamaguchi Natsuo, at invitation of CCP, attends conference in Beijing and meets President Xi Jingping.

: State Councilor Yang meets with PM Abe at the Kantei.

: Chinese State Councilor Yang Jiechi and Head of the Japanese National Security Council Yachi Shotaro co-chair the second China-Japan high-level political dialogue in Tokyo.

: UNESCO adds new documents to the Memory of the World Register, including, at China’s request, documents related to the Nanjing Massacre.

: LDP General Council Chairman Nikai raises possibility of Japan stopping financial contributions to UNESCO in the event UNESCO acts to add documents relating to the Nanjing Massacre to the Memory of the World Register

: Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) Secretary General Edano Yukio meets Taiwan’s Tsai ing-wen, Democratic Progressive Party candidate for president of Taiwan.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Suga announces Chinese detention of Japanese nationals on charges of spying.

: Chinese Ambassador Cheng Yonghua hosts reception marking 66th anniversary of the founding of the PRC; extols China-Japan friendship and cooperation as in the interests of both peoples; does not refer to Diaoyu/Senkaku issues in his remarks.

: Japanese Diet passes legislation that reinterprets self-defense and gives the government the authority to send Self-Defense Forces overseas to defend allies, even if Japan itself is not under attack. China criticizes the legislation as destabilizing to regional security.

: PM Abe after meeting with Vietnamese Communist Party General Secretary Trong expresses concerns with China’s land reclamation project in the South China Sea.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Suga expresses concern over China’s unilateral development of natural gas fields in the East China Sea.

: Chinese Adm. Yuan Yubai tells London conference that South China Sea belongs to China.

: PM Abe reelected Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) president in uncontested leadership contest.

: Japanese and ASEAN vice-minsters of defense meet in Sapporo; they agree on importance of freedom of maritime and air navigation.

: Finance Minister Aso Taro at meeting of G20 finance ministers says Chinese response to Shanghai stock market fluctuations shows that China “is not a normal country.”

: China marks 70th anniversary of the end of the war against Japan with victory parade in Beijing.

: Japan Self-Defense Force participates in joint exercise with US military off the coast of California.

: Former Prime Minister Murayama attends Chinese Embassy in Japan reception to mark 70th anniversary of China’s victory in the war against Japan.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Suga criticizes Xinhua article on Aug. 25 as pouring water on recent improvement in Japan-China relations brought about by two summit meetings.

: Foreign Minister Kishida informs Upper House Diplomatic and Defense Committee that Japan has protested Chinese incursions into Japanese territorial waters in the Senkaku Islands.

: Japanese Coast Guard request ¥4.4 billion/$36.3 million for FY 2016 to enhance capabilities to deal with increasing Chinese Coast Guard and fishing boats in Senkaku Islands; Miyakojima Coast Guard Station upgraded to Coast Guard Office.

: Abe government announces that it will not send an official representative to Sept. 3 victory parade; China announces former Prime Minister Murayama will attend.

: China announces representatives from 49 countries will attend Sept. 3 victory parade in Beijing.

: Xinhua releases article calling on Japan’s emperor to apologize for the war; Japan lodges diplomatic protest on Aug. 27.

: Prime Minister Abe tells Upper House Budget Committee that he will not attend Sept. 3 event in Beijing and will postpone visit to China.

: China and Russia conduct joint exercise in the Sea of Japan.

: Japan’s Ministry of Defense releases record ¥5,091 trillion/$41 billion budget request for FY 2016.

: LDP General Council Chairman Nikai tells reporters that he is confident of an early Japan-China summit; supports “shelving” of Senkaku issue.

: Emperor expresses “deep remorse” at the National Day of Remembrance for the War Dead at commemorative ceremonies; Prime Minister Abe attends.

: Anti-Japanese war memorial opens in San Francisco’s Chinatown; two officials of China’s State Council, a former deputy chief of mission at the Chinese embassy in Washington attend the ceremony.

: Prime Minister Abe releases Cabinet statement on the war and the future.

: Foreign Ministers Kishida and Wang meet on the sidelines of the ARF meeting.

: Advisory Panel on the History of the 20th Century and Japan’s Role in the World Order in the 21st Century submits final report to Prime Minister Abe.

: Foreign Minister Wang Yi cautions countries that not parties to the South China Sea dispute to refrain from meddling.

: Chinese boat, crew, and captain taken into custody under suspicion of coral poaching off Nagasaki prefecture; released the following day after paying fine.

: Four PLA aircraft transit in international airspace between Okinawa and Miyakojima; Air Self-Defense Force aircraft scrambles in response.

: China’s Foreign Ministry calls Japan’s request to stop East China Sea gas exploration “unjustified” and defends China’s actions as “completely appropriate and legal.”

: China’s Foreign Ministry criticizes Japan for allowing visit of former Taiwan President Lee Teng hui.

: Former Taiwan President Lee Teng-hui visits Japan and meets Diet members and Prime Minister Abe.

: Abe government releases aerial photos of new Chinese exploration platforms in the East China Sea.

: Abe Cabinet approves release of Japan’s 2015 Defense White Paper.

: Japan’s Lower House adopts security legislation expanding the definition of the right to collective self-defense.

: Secretary General of Japan’s National Security Council Yachi visits China and meets State Councilor Yang Jiechi and Premier Li Keqiang.

: Japan’s Ministry of Defense announces 114 fighter scrambles against Chinese aircraft in April-June period, an increase of 21 over the January-March period.

: Minister of Defense Nakatani Gen tells Lower House that China’s new oil and gas platforms in East China Sea could have military uses.

: 78th anniversary of Marco Polo Bridge incident is commemorated in China.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Suga Yoshihide announces protest of China’s unilateral development of oil and gas fields in the East China Sea.

: Prime Minister Abe and Vietnamese Prime Minster Nguyen Tan Dung express concern over Chinese land reclamation in the South China Sea.

: Abe government announces plans to establish special unit dedicated to policing territorial waters, including the Senkakus.

: Chinese Embassy cautions Japan against involvement in South China Sea.

: Japan-Philippines conduct naval exercise off the coast of Palawan in the South China Sea.

: Prime Minister Abe Shinzo tells Hong Kong Phoenix TV that Japan will never repeat the disasters of the war.

: Global Times announces Chinese plans to build large-scale Coast Guard base in Wenzhou.

: Yomiuri Shimbun reports China is building a large coast guard base in Wenzhou, 356 km from the Senkakus.

: China accepts November visit of Japan’s war orphans, the first visit in six years.

: Chinese and Japanese finance ministers meet in Beijing, the first meeting in three years.

:   Chinese and Japanese officials meet in Beijing to discuss cooperation under extradition treaty.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Suga Yoshihide assails Chinese conduct in creating artificial islands in the South China Sea emphasizing the importance of rule of law.

: China’s MND releases China’s Military Strategy report.

: LDP General Council Chairman Nikai Toshihiro leads 3,000-member delegation of business leaders and Japan-China Friendship organizations to Beijing.

: China’s Ministry of National Defense (MND) announces People’s Liberation Air Force (PLAAF) bombers transit in international airspace between Okinawa and Miyakojima for exercises in the western Pacific.

: China, Japan, and ROK hold third counter-terrorism consultations in Beijing.

: China Academy of Social Sciences releases 2014 Japan Blue Book and notes opportunity to improve relations but continuing lack of trust.

: Japan-Philippines hold joint exercises in South China Sea.

: Former Minister of Finance Nukaga Fukushiro visits Beijing and meets Tang Jiaxuan and Zhu Zhensheng, the fourth-ranking member of the Politburo and Chairman of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference.

:   Japanese, Chinese and Korean finance ministers meet in Baku, Azerbajian.

: Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) Vice President Komura Masahiko and Komeito deputy leader Kitagawa Kazuo lead supra-party of Japan-China Parliamentarians Friendship Union to Beijing and meet Tang Jiaxuan, head of China-Japan Parliamentarians Friendship Union and Zhang Dejiang, third-ranking member of the Politburo Standing Committee.

: Japan-China Science and Technology Commission meets in Beijing.

: Three ministers in the Abe Cabinet visit Yasukuni Shrine.

:   PM Abe addresses Asia-Africa Summit in Bandung, Indonesia expresses remorse over the war but no apology.

: President Xi and PM Abe meet during Asia-Africa Summit.

: PM Abe makes offering at Yasukuni Shrine during the spring festival.

: Premier Li Keqiang meets former Chief Cabinet Secretary Kono Yohei, the first meeting by Li with a Japanese political figure since nationalization of the Senkaku Islands.

: Delegation from China’s National People’s Congress visits Tokyo to meet Japanese counterparts.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Suga expresses thanks to PLA Navy for helping Japanese citizen evacuate from Yemen On April 6.

: PM Abe sends greetings to celebration of Japan-China Traditional Cultural Arts in Beijing; hails the event as ushering in a new era in Japan-China friendship.

: LDP Secretary General Tanigaki and Komeito Secretary General Inoue visit China and meet Yu Zhengsheng, fourth ranking CCP official, Wang Jiaru, head of CCP International Department, and Tang Jiaxuan, head of China-Japan Friendship Committee.

: Yonagumi local election supports deployment of Ground Self-Defense Force to the island by vote of 632 to 445.

: Chinese, Korean, and Japanese foreign ministers meet in Seoul, their first meeting in three years; Chinese and Japanese foreign ministers hold separate bilateral meeting.

: LDP’s Foreign Policy section adopts resolution calling on government to use every means possible to stop Chinese incursions into the Senkaku Islands.

: Senior Japanese and Chinese Foreign Ministry and Defense officials meet in Tokyo for the first time in four years.

: LDP Secretary General Tanigaki and Komeito Secretary General Inoue meet PM Abe to brief on their upcoming visit to China.

: Prime Minister Li Keqiang calls on Japan to bear responsibility for wartime acts of aggression.

: Abe government announces new overseas development assistance policy adding “national interest” as criteria for considering projects; non-military aid to foreign militaries will be considered on case by case basis.

: Japan’s National Institute for Defense Studies publishes its 2014 China National Security Report.

: China announces 10.1 percent increase in the defense budget.

: PM Abe tells Upper House Budget Committee that he is not a denier of history.

: China’s Foreign Minister Wang chairs UN Security Council; opens debate on Maintaining International Peace and Security by calling attention to 70th anniversary of the end of the war; refers to continuing existence of history deniers.

: Liberal Democratic Party’s Harada Yoshitake introduces a 1969 Chinese State Bureau of Surveying and Mapping that identifies Senkaku Islands in Japanese characters.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Suga Yoshihide announces creation of advisory panel to draft a statement to be issued by PM Abe commemorating 70th anniversary of the end of the war.

: China-Japan Friendship Hospital in Beijing shortens website name to China-Japan Hospital; hospital authorities say the change is unrelated to state of relations.

: Chinese Embassy in Tokyo hosts New Year celebration; Ambassador Cheng Yonghua expresses hope that Abe government will sincerely reflect on history.

: Japanese and Chinese officials discuss maritime issues in Yokohama.

: Yokohama prosecutors bring proceedings against captain of Chinese vessel arrested for coral poaching on Dec. 21, 2014.

: China’s Ministry of Commerce indicates a 38.4 percent drop in Japanese direct investment in China for 2014.

: Japan Coast Guard proposes construction of three new ships to deal with Chinese coral poaching.

: Japanese and Chinese defense and coast guard officials meet in Tokyo to discuss issues related to a maritime crisis management mechanism.

: Prime Minister Abe Shinzo in his first press conference of 2015 says his government will uphold statements of previous governments in their entirety with regard to history issues.

: Emperor Akihito New Year’s Thoughts calls for a study of history of the war going back to the Manchurian Incident.

:  Chinese Coast Guard ships Haijian 2102, 2166, and 2401 enter Japan’s contiguous zone near the Senkakus; replies to Japan Coast Guard warning that they are carrying a regular patrol in Chinese administered waters.

: Sankei Shimbun reports that Abe government will request funds for construction of three new Coast Guard ships in its supplemental budget.

: Japan-China environment ministers meet in Beijing.

: Japan’s Comprehensive Ocean Policy Office meets; commits to review policy to maintain remote islands territorial integrity.

: Chinese Coast Guard ships Haijian 2102, 2166, and 2401 enter Japan’s contiguous zone near the Senkakus.

: Japan Ministry of Defense reports four PLA ships pass through Soya Strait between Sakhalin and Hokkaido into the northern Pacific; on Dec. 28, the ships return to East China Sea though Tsushima Strait.

: Japan Coast Guard observes Chinese research ship in Japan EEZ.

: Nakatani Gen becomes Japan’s minister of defense.

: Chinese Coast Guard ships Haijian 2166 and 2401 enter Japan’s territorial waters in the Senkakus, marking the 31st incursion in 2014.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Suga Yoshihide refuses to comment on reports that China is constructing radar facilities 300 km from the Senkakus, but states that the government is paying careful attention to China’s expanding maritime activities in the East China Sea.

: Japan Coast Guard arrests Chinese ship captain for coral poaching in Japan’s territorial waters.

: LDP-Komeito coalition wins election victory in Japan; Xinhua warns against “right-wing” trend in Japanese politics.

: Chinese Coast Guard ships Haijian 2112, 2113 and 2305 operate within Japan’s contiguous zone near the Senkakus.

: China commemorates 77th anniversary of the Nanjing Massacre.

: Japan’s Ministry of Defense reports PLA ships return from exercises in western Pacific passing in international waters between Okinawa and Miyakojima.

: Japan Ministry of Defense reports People’s Liberation Army (PLA) ships pass through international waters between Okinawa and Miyakojima to conduct exercises in the western Pacific.

: JASDF scrambles in response to PLA Air Force (one Y-9, intelligence gathering aircraft; two Y-8 early warning aircraft, and two H-6 bombers) flights through international airspace between Okinawa and Miyakojima; PLA planes did not enter Japan’s airspace.

: Chinese Coast Guard ships Haijian 2112, 2113, and 2305 operate in Japan’s contiguous zone near the Senkakus. When warned by Japanese Coast Guard not to enter Japan’s territorial waters, Chinese ships reply that the Japanese ships are in Chinese administered waters and ask Japanese ships to observe Chinese laws and regulations.

: New Japan-China Friendship Committee for the 21st Century meets in Beijing for the first time in three years; Japanese delegation meets Premier Li.

:   Japan-China Mekong policy dialogue meets in Beijing.

: Chinese and Japanese authorities attend ceremonies in Jilin province to mark opening of facility to dispose of chemical weapons abandoned by the Imperial Army.

: Japan, China, and ROK trade ministers meet in Tokyo.

: Japan, China, and ROK health ministers meet in Beijing.

: Japanese regional banks hold business fair in Dalian.

: Chinese Coast Guard ships Haijijan 2101, 2151, and 2337 operate in Japan’s contiguous zone near the Senkakus; on Nov. 29, the ships entered Japan’s territorial waters.

: China’s Ministry of Commerce reports a 42.9 percent decline in Japanese investment in China for the period January-October 2014.

: PM Abe and President Xi meet for 25 minutes at APEC forum in Beijing.

: Foreign Ministers Kishida and Wang meet in Beijing; Kishida raises issue of coral poaching in Japan’s EEZ.

: Chinese and Japanese governments release four-paragraph statement on bilateral relations.

:   PLA officers participate in an Asia-Pacific Multilateral Security Cooperation Program in Tokyo for the first time in two years.

: Japanese and Chinese police officials meet in Tokyo to discuss issues related to criminal activities related to drugs and cyber crime.

: National Security Advisor Yachi Shotaro meets State Councilor Yang Jiechi in Beijing to advance Abe-Xi summit.

: Chinese Coast Guard ships Haijian 2305 and 2401 enter Japan’s territorial waters near the Senkakus.

: Former Prime Minister Fukuda Yasuo meets President Xi in Beijing.

: Foreign Minister Wang tells reporters it is an “objective fact” that there are problems between China and Japan; he hopes Japan would face issues squarely with sincerity.

: Scholars and members of Chinese and Japanese NGOs meet in Beijing to discuss security issues.

: Japanese and Chinese private-sector groups agree to establish foundation to provide financial support to Chinese suffering from exposure to chemical weapons abandoned by Japan’s Imperial Army.

: Chinese ships conduct research in Japan EEZ with prior notification.

: Chinese Coast Guard Haijian 2101, 2112, and 2305 operate in Japan’s contiguous zone near the Senkakus; on Oct. 30 they enter Japan’s territorial waters.

: Liberal Democratic Party General Council Chairman Nikai Toshihio broaches idea of removal of Class-A war criminals enshrined at Yasukuni Shrine.

: China, Japan, and ROK hold consultations on cybersecurity in Beijing.

: Chinese ships conduct research in Japan EEZ without prior notification.

: Minister of Internal Affairs and Communications Takaichi Sanae and 110 members of the Diet pay homage at Yasukuni Shrine during autumn festival.

: Japanese Coast Guard arrests captain of Chinese fishing boat for poaching red coral in Japan’s EEZ.

:  Chinese Coast Guard’s Haijian 2101, 2112, and 2305 operate in Japan’s contiguous zone near the Senkakus; on Oct. 18, they enter Japan’s territorial waters.

: PM Abe and Premier Li Keqiang shake hands at Asia-Europe Meeting in Italy.

: Hong Kong authorities deny port clearance to Chinese civic group attempting to depart for Diaoyu Islands.

: PM Abe, during Upper House Budget Committee meeting, tells members that he senses China is positive to the idea of improving relations.

: Japan Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF) fighters scramble against flight of Chinese intelligence aircraft in the area of overlapping Japan-China ADIZs.

: China celebrates Martyrs Day as a national holiday for the first time.

: PM Abe calls again for a summit with President Xi.

: Symposium on Japan-China relations sponsored by Genrron NPO and China Daily is held in Tokyo.

: PM Abe calls for a summit with President Xi.

: Foreign Ministers Kishida Fumiko and Wang Yi meet in New York City.

: High-Level Consultations on Maritime Affairs meeting held in Qingdao.

: PM Abe calls for a summit with President Xi Jinping.

: Haijian 2101, 2115, 2151, and 2410 operate in Japan’s contiguous zone near the Senkakus.

: Japan-China Economic Association delegation meets officials in Beijing.

: Haijian 2101, 2115, 2151, and 2401 operate in Japan’s contiguous zone near the Senkakus, marking the 42nd consecutive day of Chinese Coast Guard operations in the area.

: Former Taiwan President Lee Teng-hui visits Japan.

: Japan, China, and ROK finance ministers meet for first time in two years on sidelines of G-20 in Australia.

: Second anniversary of Japan’s nationalization of the Senkaku Islands.

: Four Chinese Coast Guard ships Haijian 2101, 2166, 2350, and 2337 enter Japan’s territorial waters.

: PM Abe, while in Bangladesh, calls for summit with President Xi Jinping.

: Prime Minister Abe Shinzo reshuffles his Cabinet, appointing two lawmakers with close connections to China.

: China commemorates victory over Japan in World War II.

:   Japan’s Ministry of Defense announces ¥3.5 trillion budget request for FY 2015, a 3.5 percent increase.

: Japan’s Ministry of Defense requests a 3.5 percent increase in the defense budget for FY 2015.

: Mainichi Shimbun reports Li Xiaolin, head of Chinese People’s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries and confidant of President Xi, is considering a visit to Japan late September or early October.

: Haijian 2101, 2113, 2146, and 2305 enter Japan’s territorial waters.

: China hits Japanese auto parts makers with approximately $200 million fines for alleged price fixing.

: PM Abe does not pay homage at the Yasukuni Shrine, making a sakaki offering instead. However, 84 members of the Diet, a supra-party delegation and three Cabinet-level officials visit the shrine.

: Yomiuri Shimbun reports the LDP will likely submit legislation to autumn Diet session to designate remote but inhabited islands, close to national borders as “special border remote islands,” authorizing infrastructure construction/SDF facilities on the designated islands.

:   Foreign Ministers Kishida Fumio and Wang Yi meet during ASEAN Foreign Ministers meeting in Myanmar, marking the first meeting between Chinese and Japanese foreign ministers in close to two years.

: PM Abe in Sankei Shimbun interview speaks to the importance of Japan-China relations and of the need for both countries to make efforts to improve ties.

: Chinese Coast Guard ships enter Japan’s contiguous zone near the Senkakus. On Aug. 12, three ships enter Japan’s territorial waters and patrol for four hours.

: PM Abe tells press conference in Sao Paolo that it is important for both Japan and China to make quiet efforts toward the realization of a summit.

:    China marks 120th anniversary of the 1894-95 Sino-Japanese War.

: Japan announces names for 158 uninhabited islands including five in the Senkakus; China protests action as undermining Chinese sovereignty.

:   Former Prime Minister Fukuda makes a secret visit to Beijing; he meets President Xi and relays Abe’s interest in an Abe-Xi meeting.

:   Former LDP Vice President Yamasaki Taku meets former Councilor Tang in Beijing. Yamasaki explores possibility of Abe-Xi meeting and Tang replies that under current conditions such a meeting would be difficult to realize.

:   PM Abe in speech at Shimonoseki calls for meeting with President Xi during APEC meeting in Beijing.

:   PM Abe in remarks before Upper House Budget Committee calls for meeting with President Xi.

:   Chinese Coast Guard ships Haijin 2101 and 2151 enter Japanese territorial waters near the Senkakus.

: Chinese Coast Guard ships Haijian 2012, 2113, and 2146 are found operating in Japan’s contiguous zone near the Senkakus.

:   Chief Cabinet Secretary Suga on television news program expresses hope for an Abe-Xi meeting at APEC in November.

: China marks 77th anniversary of the Marco Polo Bridge Incident.

: Premier Li Keqiang in joint press conference with German Chancellor Angela Merkel calls attention to the importance of future generations learning the lessons of history.

: PM Abe in a Yomiuri Shimbun interview calls for a meeting with President Xi without preconditions during APEC meeting in November.

:    Chinese Coast Guard ships Haijian 2101 and 2151 enter Japan’s territorial waters near the Senkakus.  Challenged by the Japanese Coast Guard to withdraw, the Chinese ships reply that Diaoyu Island and related islands are historically part of China.

: President Xi Jinping in remarks at Seoul National University reminds the audience of Japan’s 20th century militarism.

: Director General for Asian and Oceanic Affairs Ihara meets his Chinese counterpart in Beijing to explore the possibility of an Abe-Xi meeting.

:    Abe Cabinet announces decision to reinterpret Japan’s constitution to allow for the exercise of the right of collective self-defense. China’s Foreign Ministry questions whether Japan is moving from the path of peaceful development.

:    Beijing city begins week-long patriotic activities leading to the July 7 anniversary of the Marco Polo Bridge Incident.

:   Chinese Coast Guard ships Haijian 2102, and 2146 are found operating in Japan’s contiguous zone; they enter Japan’s territorial waters on June 30.

:   Chairman Tadamoto meets Wang Jiarui, head of the CCP’s International Department.  Wang echoes Yu’s talking points and adds that there is no point in holding a summit if Abe continues to hold his wrong positions toward China.

:   Japan’s Minister of Transportation Ota Akihiro arrives in Beijing, marking the first visit of a Cabinet Minister to Beijing since nationalization of the Senkakus. He meets Vice Premier Liu Yandong.

:   Social Democratic Party delegation led Chairman Yoshida Tadamoto meets Yu Zhengsheng in Beijing.

:   Chinese Coast Guard ships Haijian 2102 and 2146 are found operating in Japan’s contiguous zone in the Senkakus area. On June 20, the Chinese ships enter Japanese territorial waters.

:   Six members of the Chinese Coast Guard ship Haijian 2101 board a Chinese fishing boat, operating within Japan’s EEZ.

:   Vice Foreign Minister Saiki calls in Ambassador Cheng to protest PLAAF action. Chief Cabinet Secretary Suga finds actions extremely regrettable and unacceptable.

:   PLAAF and JASDF aircraft have a close encounter over the East China Sea.

: New Japan-China 21st Century Commission meets in Nagasaki, marking the first meeting of the group in two years.

:   Chinese Coast Guard ships enter Japanese territorial waters in the Senkakus.

:   PM Abe delivers keynote address at Shangri-La Dialogue in Singapore. His remarks emphasize rule of law, freedom of seas and overflight, and peaceful resolution of disputes. He calls for China to respond to 2007 agreement to establish maritime and air communications mechanism.

:   Chairman Yonekura meets Vice President Li Yuanchao in Beijing.

:   Keidanren Chairman Yonekura Hiromasa meets former State Councilor Tang in Beijing. Tang emphasizes economic cooperation.

:   Vice Foreign Minister Saiki Akitaka calls in Chinese Ambassador Cheng Yonghua to protest PLAAF actions.

:   Chinese Coast Guard ships Haijian 2146 and 2151 enter Japanese territorial waters in the Senkakus.  Chinese ships do not reply when asked to leave by the Japanese Coast Guard.

:   PLA Air Force (PLAAF) and Japan Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF) aircraft approach each other over the East China Sea.

:   Japan’s Minister of Trade, Technology and Industry, Motegi Toshimitsu meets China’s Minister of Communications Gao Huncheng on the sidelines of APEC Trade Ministers Meeting, marking the first meeting of Cabinet ministers since nationalization of the Senkakus.

:   New reports on the Diaoyu/Senkaku are posted on the website of the Japanese Cabinet Secretariat, including a Qing Dynasty map of 1744 that did not show the islands as part of China’s territory.

:   Delegation of Japan’s Asia-Africa Study Group meets in Beijing with fourth ranking member of China’s leadership Yu Zhengsheng.

: PM Abe calls for dialogue with China without preconditions.

:   Chinese Coast Guard ships Haijian 2101 and 2113 are found operating in Japan’s contiguous zone in the Senkakus.  When challenged by Japanese Coast Guard, they again asserted they were operating in Chinese waters under Chinese law.

: Prime Minister Abe Shinzo addresses the North Atlantic Council and states that China’s continuing military build-up and lack of transparency are issues of concern within the international community.

:   LDP Vice President Komura meets third ranking member of Chinese leadership, Zhang Dejiang, who tells him responsibility for improving bilateral relations rests with Japan.

: Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) Vice President Komura Masahiko meets former State Councilor Tang Jiaxuan in Beijing. He raises the possibility of an Abe-Xi meeting at APEC Leaders Meeting in November.

: Chinese Coast Guard ships Haijian 2102, 2166 and 2401 are found operating in Japan’s contiguous zone.  On May 2, the ships enter Japanese territorial waters.  Warned by the Japanese Coast Guard against entering Japan’s territorial waters, the Chinese ships reply that they were patrolling under Chinese law.

: Gov. Masuzoe briefs PM Abe on Beijing meetings.

: PRC Vice Environment Minister Li Ganjie, and ROK and Japanese Environment Ministers Yoon Seong-kyu and Ishihara Nobuteru hold 16th trilateral Environment Ministers Meeting in Daegu, Korea.

: Gov. Masuzoe meets with Tang Jiaxuan, former state councilor and chairman of the China-Japan Friendship Committee.

: Mitsui settles Baosteel Emotion ship impoundment for about ¥4 billion.

: Tokyo Gov. Masuzoe Yoichi visits Beijing.

: China-ROK-Japan Northeast Asia Trilateral Forum, sponsored by Xinhua, JoongAng Ilbo, and Nikkei, opens in Jiangsu province, China.

: One hundred forty-six Diet members, including two Cabinet members, visit Yasukuni Shrine.

:   Spring festival at Yasukuni Shrine; Abe does not visit, electing to send plant offering instead.

: Adm. Kawano Katsutoshi and Adm. Wu Shengli hold 15-minute conversation at Western Pacific Naval Symposium in Qingdao.

: Shanghai Court approves seizure of Mitsui ship Baosteel Emotion in commercial dispute dating to 1930s.

: China-ROK-Japan International Forum for the Trilateral Cooperation 2014 is held in Seoul.

: Foreign Minister Wang tells reporters that China’s door to dialogue on issues related to the Diaoyu Islands, the South China Sea is open.

: Japanese and Chinese business leaders meet in Tokyo; discussions focus on economic cooperation.

:   Hu Deping son of Hu Yaobang and confidant of President Xi visits Japan and meets PM Abe.

: Japanese Ministry of Education announces new textbooks for 2015 that will include references to territorial issues related to Senkakus and Takeshima.

: Abe Cabinet approves Japan’s 2014 Diplomatic Blue Book.

:   Kyodo reports that Nanjing government is considering registration as cultural sites buildings used as comfort stations.

:   PM Abe government revises Japan’s Three Principles on Arms Exports.

: President Xi Jinping raises Nanjing Massacre in Berlin speech.

: Chinese defense officials attend international PKO symposium in Tokyo.

: Foreign Minister Kishida tells Upper House that reported Chinese court decision to hear suit for wartime compensation for forced labor would cast deep shadow on bilateral relations and open door to similar legal proceedings. He says the suit lacks legal standing because all issues related to reparations had been settled at time of normalization.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Suga tells reporters the Kono Statement will stand.

: Chinese and North Korean representatives unite to criticize PM Abe’s handling of the comfort women issue as well as his visit to Yasukuni Shrine.

: PM Abe tells Upper House Budget Committee that he is not thinking of revising the Kono Statement and that his government will continue to hold to the Murayama Statement will not be revised.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Suga tells reporters that regardless of the findings of the review panel, the government will maintain the Kono Statement.

: Foreign Minister Wang Yi in press conference during NPC that China has no room for compromise on issues related to history or sovereignty.

: Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) Secretary General Ishiba Shigeru calls for Asia NATO to deal with China’s increasing defense budget and US declining influence.

: Premier Li Keqiang tells opening session of the NPC that China will oppose any attempts to reverse the course of history.

: China announces 12.2 percent defense spending increase to $132 billion.

: During Lower House meeting, PM Abe acknowledges that Japan had caused suffering and damages to the people of Asia during World War II; reaffirms his government shares views of previous governments with respect to Kono and Murayama Statements.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Suga Yoshihide appoints a research panel to review the Kono Statement.

: Sankei Shimbun reports China’s National People’s Congress (NPC) is considering Sept. 3, Victory over Japan, and Dec. 13, Nanjing Massacre, as national holidays.

: Former PM Murayama tells Japan’s National Press Club that Kono Statement should not be reviewed.

: Thirty-seven Chinese plaintiffs file suit in Beijing Court for compensation for wartime forced labor under the Japanese.

: Foreign Minister Kishida Fumio releases Japan’s 2014 Overseas Development Assistance White Paper emphasizing increased aid to Africa and Southeast Asia.

: Former Prime Minister Murayama Tomiichi tells a Seoul audience that his Murayama Statement should not be revised.

: China’s ambassador to the UK accuses Japan of raising tensions in Asia and shutting the door to dialogue.

:   Former Minister of Defense Morimoto Satoshi calls for close cooperation with the US to counter China’s repeated challenges to Japan’s sovereignty in the Senkakus.

:   Hyakuta Naoki, member of NHK Board of Governors, denies Nanjing Massacre.

: Japan’s National Institute for Defense Studies issues 2014 China Security Report.

: Japanese Ministry of Education issues instructions and textbooks to teach that Senkakus are part of Japan’s sovereign territory.

: In a policy address to the Diet, PM Abe calls for the return to a mutually beneficial strategic relationship with China and greater transparency in China’s military budget.  He announces that Japan will firmly deal with incursion of Chinese ships in the Senkakus and will never yield to attempts to change the status quo by force.

: Reports of PM Abe’s remarks at Davos suggest that he raised possibility of conflict between China and Japan, drawing parallel with UK and Germany prior to World War I.

: China opens a shrine in Harbin railroad station to honor Korean resistance leader Ahn Jung-geun who assassinated Ito Hirobumi, Japan’s governor general of Korea in 1909.

: Former Taiwanese President Lee Teng-hui says the Senkakus belong to Japan.

: China announces plans to construct 20 new Coast Guard ships.

: China’s General Customs Administration releases 2013 trade statistics, indicating that trade with Japan declined 5.1 percent over 2012 to $312 billion.

: Through Japanese Embassy in Beijing, China asks for the postponement of young media leader exchange; On, Feb. 24 proposes rescheduling to March.

: Top executives of Keidanren, Japan Chamber of Commerce, and Japan Association of Corporate Executives call on PM Abe in a joint press conference to quickly improve relations with China and South Korea.

: New Komeito’s Secretary General Inoue Yoshihisa calls on PM Abe to improve relations with China.

: PM Abe holds first press conference of 2014 and acknowledges difficulties in relations with China; calls for dialogue with Beijing.

:    PM Abe visits Isei Shrine.

: Jiji Press reports that maps issued by the Chinese government from 1949 until July 1971 make no reference to the Diaoyu Islands.

: China’s Ambassador to the UK Liu Xiaoming writes in the Daily Telegraph that militarism is the “haunting Voldemort of Japan” and the Yasukuni Shrine is “kind of horcrux representing the darkest parts of the nation’s soul.”  Japan’s Ambassador Hayashi Keiichi replies, posing China’s choices as abiding by the rule of law or being Voldemort in the region.

: PM Abe visits Yasukuni Shrine. Ambassador Cheng protests at Foreign Ministry.

:   Foreign Minister Kishida and Ambassador Cheng meet at Foreign Ministry; Cheng expresses intent to make every effort to improve relations.

:   Japan’s Cabinet approves National Security Strategy, National Defense Program Guidelines, and Mid-Term Defense Plan.

: Joint statement at conclusion of Japan-ASEAN meeting calls for international cooperation to ensure freedom of overflight and civil aviation safety in accordance with international law. China is not mentioned, but expresses strong dissatisfaction with resolution.

:   China’s Foreign Ministry criticizes Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ use of its website to post videos to assert Japanese claims to Senkakus.

:   Abe government completes work on Japan’s National Defense Program Guidelines and Mid-Term Defense Plan.

:   PM Abe proposes development of crisis management to deal with incidents in East China Sea airspace.

:   Three Chinese Coast Guard ships enter Japan’s contiguous zone near the Senkakus after spending nearly three hours in Japan’s territorial waters.  The incursion is the 72nd into Japan’s territorial waters since nationalization.

: Japan’s Lower House adopts resolution calling on China to rescind its ADIZ; China criticizes resolution as irresponsible.

: Chinese media highlight anniversary of Cairo Declaration, which stripped Japan of all territories seized or occupied since 1914.

: Chinese Coast Guard ships enter Japan’s contiguous zone near the Senkakus.

: Third round of negotiations on a trilateral Free Trade Agreement (FTA) involving China, South Korea, and Japan is held in Tokyo, Japan. The agenda includes items such as trade in goods, services, investment, competition policies, and intellectual property.

: Chinese aircraft carrier Liaoning accompanied by several escort ships conducts sea trials in the South China Sea.

: PM Abe tells Upper House Budget Committee that any action that treats Japan’s airspace over Senkakus as it were China’s airspace would be unacceptable and have no effect.

: Vice Foreign Minister Saiki calls in Ambassador Cheng to protest China’s ADIZ; Cheng rejects             Japan’s protest.

: All Nippon Airlines/Japan Airlines announce that they will comply with China’s ADIZ regulations; at government urging, airlines reverse decision on Nov. 26.

: China announces the establishment of an ADIZ that covers much of the East China Sea. Japan protests actions as unacceptable.

: PLAAF aircraft enter Japan’s ADIZ; JASDF scrambles in response.

: Four Chinese Coast Guard ships enter Japan’s territorial waters near the Senkakus.  Warned against entering Japan’s territorial water, Chinese respond in Japanese that the Diaoyu Islands have been “Chinese territory since ancient times.”

: Japan protests boarding by Chinese Coast Guard personnel of a Chinese fishing boat in Japan’s EEZ.

:   Delegation from Japan-China Economic Association visits Beijing. Keidanren Chairman Yonekura meets Vice President Wang Yang.

: Chinese Coast Guard ships enter Japan’s territorial waters near the Senkakus.

:  PLA Air Force (PLAAF) reconnaissance aircraft enter Japan’s Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ) in East China Sea; JASDF scrambles in response.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Suga tells reporters that Hatoyama’s remarks are not worthy of comment.

: Former PM Hatoyama Yukio, speaking at Hong Kong University, tells audience that China and Japan clearly agreed to shelve the Senkaku issues at time of normalization and that the current Japanese government is denying this agreement.

: Chinese Coast Guard ships enter Japans contiguous zone near the Senkakus.

: Chinese, Japanese, and ROK deputy foreign ministers meet in Seoul.

: Chinese Coast Guard ships enter Japan’s contiguous zone near the Senkakus. When warned by Japan’s Coast Guard against entering Japan’s territorial waters, Chinese reply that the ships are exercising jurisdiction in Chinese waters on a regularly scheduled patrol.

: Japanese Coast Guard finds Chinese research ship operating in Japan’s EEZ without prior notification.

: Japan Self-Defense Force conducts joint war games focused on remote island defense; surface-to ship-missiles are deployed on Miyako-jima.

: Ministry of Defense-sponsored Tokyo Defense Forum opens; China does not participate.

: Chinese Coast Guard ships enter Japan’s territorial waters in Senkakus.

: PM Abe tells SDF audience that Japan will not allow change in the status quo.

: China Daily and Genron NPO cosponsor symposium in Beijing on China-Japan relations; former Prime Minister Fukuda Yasuo attends and meets Foreign Minster Wang.

: PM Abe, in Wall Street Journal interview, expresses concern over China’s attempts to use force rather than rule of law to change status quo in Asia.

: Wang Zhen, vice chairman of National People’s Congress, meets members of Japan-China Friendship Association and underscores China’s determination to defend territory.

: China-Japan and Japan-China Friendship Associations hold symposium in Beijing marking 35th anniversary of Friendship Treaty. China warns against provocative actions.

: Japan Times reports government is considering allowing Japan Air Self-Defense Forces (JASDF) to shoot down drone aircraft intruding into Japan’s airspace.

: Three Chinese Coast Guard ships enter Japan’s contiguous zone near Senkaku Islands.

:   Internal Affairs and Communications Minister Shindo Yoshitaka and a supra-party delegation of 157 Diet members visit Yasukuni Shrine.

: PM Abe, at autumn festival sends “masakaki” offering to Yasukuni Shrine but does not visit shrine. China criticizes the offering.

:   PM Abe tells Lower House that government is considering various options to deal with drone aircraft in Japan’s airspace.

: PM Abe, while visiting Indonesia, warns against China’s efforts to change South China Sea status quo by use of force.

: Japan, China, ROK Cultural Affairs Minister meet in Gwangju, South Korea.

: PM Abe tells Hudson Institute audience that Japan will be a proactive contributor to world peace and stability.

: PM Abe tells New York audience that the door to talks with China is open.

: Foreign Minister Wang Yang tells Brookings Institution audience that China is ready for dialogue with Japan but Japan must recognize existence of a dispute.

: Anniversary of 1931 Manchurian Incident. China’s Foreign Ministry warns against Japan’s exaggerating conflicts to justify military expansion.

: Japan’s Advisory Panel on the Reconstruction of the Legal Basis for Security holds its first meeting.

: Chinese business leaders visit Tokyo.

: Four Chinese Coast Guard ships enter Japan’s contiguous zone in Senkakus, stopping short of Japan’s territorial waters after being warned by the Japanese Coast Guard.

: First anniversary of Senkaku nationalization; Chief Cabinet Secretary Suga Yoshihide tells Sapporo audience that a territorial problem does not exist.

: Japanese Cabinet Ministers Yamamoto Ichita and Shimomura Hakubun visit China to attend private symposium in Dalian, marking first visit of Abe government Cabinet-level officials to China.

: Chinese ships enter Japan’s territorial waters near the Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands. Vice Foreign Minister Saiki Akitaka calls in Chinese Ambassador Cheng Yonghua to protest.

: Chinese drone aircraft enters Japan’s ADIZ near Okinawa.

:   People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) warships and aircraft transit in international waters/airspace between Okinawa and Miyako-jima toward western Pacific.

: Prime Minster (PM) Abe Shinzo and President Xi Jinping exchange greetings at G20 Summit in St. Petersburg.

: Ocean Policy Advisory Council, chaired by PM Abe, holds first meeting; Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) East China Sea Resource Development Project Team meets.

: Keidanren Chairman Yonekura Hiromasa visits China and meets with Tang Jiaxuan in Beijing. He also speaks at opening of China Northeast Asia Exposition in Jilin.

: Hong Kong authorities deny permission to activists to travel to Diaoyu Islands.

: Two Chinese frigates transit in international water between Okinawa and Miyakojima.

: China’s Vice Foreign Minister Li downplay chances for Abe-Li meeting during September G20 meeting in Russia.

: Four Chinese Coast Guard Ships operate in Japan’s contiguous zone near the Senkakus.

: Five Japanese ships carrying fishermen and members of Ganbare Nippon sail to Senkakus but do not land. It is the fifth visit to the Senkakus this year by Ganbare Nippon.

: PM Abe does not visit Yasukuni Shrine but sends offering as LDP president; three Cabinet ministers and 102 members of the Diet pay homage at the shrine.

: Chinese Ambassador Cheng meets Vice Foreign Minister Saiki; Japanese Foreign Ministry sources reports discussions included Yasukuni, Okinawa, and the Senkakus.

: Isozaki Yosuke, special advisor to the prime minister, in Facebook post says that exercise of the right of collective-self-defense should be considered from a comprehensive perspective, not limited to the four cases previously under review.

: PM Abe says that constitutional revision is his “sacred duty.”

:  Thirty-fifth anniversary of the China-Japan Treaty of Peace and Friendship occurs with no official ceremonies to mark the day.

: Nine-member delegation of Japanese parliamentarians visits Beijing and meets Yang Yi, assistant minister of the CCP’s International Department.

: Japan protests incursions into Japanese waters by Chinese vessels on Aug. 7-8 to Chinese Embassy, which refuses to accept the protest.

: Japan launches helicopter carrier Izumo.

: Japanese Coast Guard reports Chinese Coast Guardsmen board Chinese fishing boats operating in Japan’s contiguous zone near the Senkakus.

: Yomiuri Shimbun aircraft observes Chinese construction efforts in East China Sea near Japan’s claimed mid-line boundary.

: Yanai Shunji, head of the prime minister’s advisory commission on issues related to the constitution and the exercise of collective self-defense says that the current government’s views are “excessively narrow.”

: Vice Premier Li meets former PM Hatoyama; Xinhua reports Li cautions Japan not to forget the past, urging both countries to face the future, squarely looking at the past.

: Director General for Asian and Oceanian Affairs Ihara protests Chinese incursion to Chinese Embassy in Tokyo.

: LDP project team proposes that government ask China to cease development operations in East China Sea.

: Vice Foreign Minister Saiki visits Beijing and meets Vice Foreign Minister Zhang Yesui. PM Abe says that “the door to dialogue with Japan is always open.”

: Japanese Ministry of Defense releases Mid-Term Review of National Defense Program Guidelines.

: Japan scrambles fighters in response to flight of Y-8 surveillance aircraft between Okinawa and Miyakojima.

: China launches new Coast Guard.

: Chinese research ship operates in Japan’s contiguous zone without prior permission of Japan.

: Reuters reports CNOOC will ask permission to develop seven new oil and gas fields; Chief Cabinet Secretary says Japan could not accept any unilateral steps taken by China.

: In pre-election visit to Ishigaki, PM Abe underscores Japan’s determination on the Senkakus, saying “we will not budge even one inch.”

:   Chinese ships repeatedly enter Japanese territorial water in Senkakus.

: Iijima Isao, political confidant of Prime Minster Abe, visits Beijing.

: PM Abe issues proclamation to mark July 15 National Sea Day, emphasizing determination to defend freedom of the seas and not recognize change based on use of force.

: Ministry of Defense reports Japanese ASDF aircraft scrambled 115 times in the period April-June 2013, the highest number since the fourth quarter of 2005; scrambles against Chinese aircraft totaled 69 compared to 15 in the same period in 2012.

: China expresses “strong dissatisfaction” with Japan’s 2013 Defense White Paper and its “malicious hype about the so-called China threat.”

: Japanese Ministry of Defense releases 2013 Defense White Paper, which expresses concern that Chinese assertive air and maritime actions could result in unexpected contingencies and asserts that these actions in the Senkakus represent efforts to change the status quo by force.

: PM Abe tells Upper House Budget Committee that Yanai commission is considering going beyond the four cases previously developed with respect to the exercise of the right of collective self- defense.

: PM Abe says it is “extremely regrettable” if China is developing new gas fields in the East China Sea and asks China to abide by 2008 agreement on joint development.

: Xinhua reports sentencing of rioters involved in anti-Japanese demonstrations of September 2012 following nationalization of Senkakus.

: Chinese ships operate in Japan’s territorial waters.

: Yu Zhengsheng, fourth ranking member of the Standing Committee, meets visiting Japanese business delegation; China’s Central Television carries Yu’s remarks that it is in the fundamental interest of both countries to stabilize relations.

: Foreign Minister Kishida acknowledges failure to meet Chinese Foreign Minister Wang during ASEAN meeting in Brunei and lack of progress in arranging a high-level meeting with China’s leaders; says working-level contacts continue.

: Chinese ships enter Japanese territorial waters in the Senkakus.

: PM Abe tells reporters that there should be no conditions for a meeting of Japanese and Chinese leaders.

: Former PM Hatoyama meets with PM Li in the Great Hall of the People; the meeting is Li’s first with a representative of Japan’s political world.

: Chinese ships enter Japanese territorial waters in the Senkakus.

: Former PM Hatoyama meets Foreign Minister Wang in Beijing. After the meeting, he says that Japan should acknowledge the existence of a dispute over the Senkakus.

: Former PM Hatoyama tapes interview with Hong Kong’s Phoenix TV and urges Japanese government to acknowledge existence of a dispute over the Senkakus.

: Chinese ships enter Japanese territorial waters in Senkakus.

: Taniuchi Shotaro visits Beijing to explore possibilities for high-level meeting.

: Minister of Defense Onodera points to need to develop an amphibious force with marine capabilities; previews discussion of “strike capabilities” in mid-term review of Japan’s National Defense Program Guidelines.

: LDP calls for an amphibious force to defend Japan’s remote islands.

: Chinese ships enter Japan’s territorial waters in Senkakus.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Suga replies that Japan’s postwar territory had been defined by the San Francisco Treaty, not the Cairo Declaration and that the Republic of China had accepted the San Francisco settlement.

: Xinhua reports 2012 Strategic Assessment study released by Ministry of National Defense think tank; report notes increasing danger of air and maritime contingencies with Japan.

: Three Chinese frigates pass in international waters between Okinawa and Miyakojima en route to exercises in the western Pacific.

:   PM Li Keqiang speaking in Potsdam Germany announces that on basis of Potsdam and Cairo Declarations Senkakus are to be returned to China.

: PM Abe visits Chidorigafuchi National Cemetery.

:   PM Abe reaffirms Murayama Statement.

: Minister of Defense Onodera Itsunori announces May 2 and May 12 transit of submerged submarine through Japan’s contiguous zone around Amami-Oshima Island.

: Researchers from Chinese Academy of Social Science publish an article that questions Japan’s sovereignty over Okinawa. China’s Foreign Ministry maintains that there is no change in government’s position regarding Japan’s sovereignty over Okinawa.

: Two Chinese frigates pass through Japan’s contiguous zone between Yonaguni and Nishiomote Islands en route to western Pacific.

: President Barack Obama in Sunnylands meeting with President Xi Jinping emphasizes that Japan is a treaty ally of the US.

: Director General Sugiyama Shinsuku protests Chinese entry into Japanese territorial waters in the Senkakus.

: Chairman of the US Joint Chiefs of Staff Martin Dempsey on a visit to China states that the US will honor treaty obligations to Japan.

: Administration Reform Minister Inada Tomomi pays homage at Yasukuni.

: PM Abe declares that Japan will continue to improve ties with China and South Korea and will calmly deal with issues arising from senior political leaders visits to Yasukuni.

: China’s Foreign Ministry spokesperson for the first time refers to Diaoyu Islands as being a core interest of China; official transcript later amended to less direct reference.

: Chinese and Japanese defense officials meet in Beijing; Japanese media report that consultations were to focus on maritime communications mechanism.

: PM Abe announces that the government is considering stationing of public servants and construction of ship facilities on the Senkaku Islands in order to strengthen effective management. Abe emphasizes that Japan will not allow foreign intrusions onto the islands.

: Rear Adm. Song Xue announces China’s plans for more aircraft carrier construction.

: Prime Minister (PM) Abe Shinzo in commenting on Murayama Statement says “aggression” has yet to be defined.

: LDP Deputy President Komura, head of the Japan-China Parliamentarians’ Union, cancels visit to China. Chinese counterparts say arranging meetings with President Xi would be difficult.

: Japanese lawmakers and media representatives board ships and depart Ishigaki bound for the Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands.

: Deputy Prime Minister Aso Taro and State Minister for Abductions Furuya Keiji pay homage at Yasukuni Shrine.

: Internal Affairs and Communications Minister Shindo Yoshitaka pays homage at Yasukuni Shrine.

: Keidanren announces postponement of planned May visit to China.

: Former Lower House speaker Kono Yohei visits Beijing and meets Deputy PM Wang Qishang.

: China’s Ministry of National Defense releases its 2013 Defense White Paper, which accuses Japan of stirring up trouble in the Diaoyus; Japan’s Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary Seko Hiroshige reasserts Japanese sovereignty and announces government protest.

: PM Abe compares visiting Yasukuni to US presidents visiting Arlington National Cemetery, where Confederate soldiers are buried.

: Japan and Taiwan announce conclusion of a fisheries agreement, allowing Taiwanese ships to operate in Japan’s EEZ near the Senkakus/Diaoyus; Taiwanese authorities agree not to operate inside Japan’s territorial waters.

: Japanese Foreign Ministry releases Diplomatic Blue Book, which reasserts Japanese sovereignty over Senkakus and refers to island issues as a problem that does not exist.

: Japan’s National Institute for Defense Studies releases 2013 East Asian Strategic Review; report finds Chinese actions as causing friction with neighboring countries.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Suga announces that the prime minister will make an offering of masakaki during the Yasukuni Spring Festival.

: Keidanren delegation meets with Vice President Li Yuanchao.

: Three MSA ships and one ship of the Fisheries Law Enforcement Command patrol Japan’s contiguous zone in the Senkakus.

: Keidanren Chairman Yonekura leads a business delegation to Beijing and meets Vice Minister of Commerce Chen and Tang Jiaxuan; Tang urges Japan to face history squarely; also calls for close economic ties.

: Chinese ships enter Japan’s contiguous zone in the Senkakus/Diaoyus.

: Three MSA ships enter Japan’s territorial waters, the 34th since nationalization of the Senkakus.

: Kyodo News reports Chinese military admit to lock-on of radars; denials are repeated by Chinese Foreign Ministry.

: PM Abe tells the graduating class of the National Defense Academy that Japan faces a crisis of the here and now in the Senkaku Islands and East China Sea.

: Five MSA ships including the Haijian 8002, the newest and largest of its ships, accompanied by two ships of the Fisheries Law Enforcement Command, enter Japan’s contiguous zone in the Senkakus/Diaoyus.

: PM Abe calls judgments of International Military Tribunal for the Far East victors’ justice; China says the findings represent the righteous judgment of the international community.

: FM Yang accuses Japan of illegally seizing and occupying the Diaoyu Islands and of singlehandedly causing the downturn in relations.

: Two Chinese Maritime Surveillance ships sighted within 12 nm of Senkakus/Diaoyus.

: China announces a 10.7 percent increase in defense spending.

: Japanese Coast Guard arrests a Chinese fishing boat captain on suspicion of fishing within its territorial borders, some 27 miles from Miyako Island.

: Chinese ships enter Japan’s contiguous zone and territorial waters in the Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands.

: Chinese ships enter Japanese territorial waters in the Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands. A Chinese Y-12 aircraft heading toward the islands is intercepted by Japanese F-4J fighters.

: China rejects Japanese claim that their Maritime Surveillance ship, Haijian 66, aimed a machine gun at a Japanese fishing boat on Feb. 18.

: PM Abe delivers policy address to the Diet calling on China to refrain from dangerous actions and use of force to change the status quo.

: Chinese ships enter Japan’s territorial waters in the Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands.

: PM Abe calls for a maritime communications mechanism.

: Keidanren Chairman Yonekura Hiromasa leads a business delegation to Beijing and meets Tang Jiaxuan.

: PM Abe calls for Japan-China summit during a press conference in Washington.

: Washington Post publishes an interview with PM Abe in which he accuses Chinese leadership of stirring up anti-Japanese sentiment to support the Chinese Communist Party’s claim to legitimacy.

: Chinese ships enter Japan’s contiguous zone in the Senkaku/Diaoyu region; Chinese Foreign Ministry explains that ships are conducting routine operations in areas under Chinese jurisdiction.

:  Four Chinese ships enter Japan’s contiguous zone in the Senkaku/Diaoyu region.

: China’s Ministry of Defense rejects the radar lock-on allegation; Ministry of Foreign Affairs calls Japanese allegation a fabrication.

: Prime Minister’s advisory panel on security issues holds its initial meeting; the panel is chaired by former Ambassador to the US Yanai Shunji.

: Director General for Defense Policy Nishi tells LDP legislators that Chinese ships did not aim guns or missiles at the Japanese destroyer when they locked on their radar.

: Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary Kato Katsunobu calls for the resumption of talks on a maritime communications mechanism between Japan and China.

: Defense Minister Onodera Itsunori announces that Chinese warships locked fire-control radars on a Japanese helicopter and destroyer in the East China Sea, in late January.

: Deputy FM Saiki calls in Ambassador Cheng to protest the radar lock-on incident; Cheng declines to accept the protest.

: PM Abe establishes a Planning and Liaison Office for Territorial and Sovereignty Issues in Cabinet Secretariat.

: Head of LDP Policy Research Council Sanae Takaichi tells War Bereaved Families that the prime minister and other senior government officials should be able to visit Yasukuni Shrine.

: Chinese ships enter Japanese territorial waters in Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands.

: Japanese authorities release the detained Chinese fishing crew.

:   Chinese fishing vessel is detained by Japanese authorities near the Okinawa Prefecture for “unauthorized coral fishing.”

: PLA Deputy Chief of Staff Qi Jiangguo tells US legislators that China will resolve the Diaoyu Islands dispute through diplomacy not use of force.

: Japanese and Taiwanese Coast Guard ships exchange water cannon volleys near the Senkakus/Diaoyus, discouraging a group of Taiwanese activists from landing on the islands to “maintain sovereignty.”

: Komeito Party leader Yamaguchi Natsuo visits Beijing and meets Tang Jiaxuan, FM Yang, Wang Jiarui, head of the Central Committee’s International Department, and President Xi Jinping. He hands Xi a personal letter from PM Abe Shinzo.

: Three MSA ships enter Japanese territorial waters in the Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands.

: Foreign Minister (FM) Kishida Fumio meets US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, who states US opposition to any unilateral efforts to undermine Japan’s administration of the Senkaku Islands.

: Former PM Hatoyama visits the Nanjing War Memorial.

: Former Japanese Prime Minister (PM) Hatoyama Yukio visits China and meets Jia Qinglin, chairman of Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference and Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi; Hatoyama calls for shelving of Senkaku/Diaoyu dispute.

: Ground Self-Defense Forces (GSDF) hold an exercise focused on protecting remote islands; an estimated 11,000 observers watch the exercise.

: China scrambles two J-10 fighters to monitor activities of two JASDF F-15s tracking Chinese aircraft engaged in patrol activities over oil and natural gas fields in the East China Sea.

: Beijing announces its decision to regularize patrols in Diaoyu Islands.

: Chinese ships enter Japanese territorial waters near the Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands. Deputy Foreign Minister Saiki Naoko calls in Chinese Ambassador Cheng Yonghua to protest; Cheng refuses to accept the protest.

: Japanese Air Self-Defense Force (ASDF) fighters scramble as a Chinese Y-12 aircraft approaches the Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Suga Yoshihide says the Abe government will issue a future-oriented 21st statement in line with the Murayama statement and that the government has no intention of turning Kono statement into a political or diplomatic problem.

: Chinese ships enter Japan’s contiguous zone in Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands.

: Japanese Coast Guard confirms the fourth consecutive day of Chinese ships activity in Japan’s contiguous zone in the Senkakus.

: Abe Shinzo succeeds Noda Yoshihiko as Japan’s prime minister.

:  Ambassador Kitera arrives in Beijing.

: Prime Minister-designate Abe meets Ambassador Cheng at LDP headquarters.

: Aircraft from China’s CMS approaches within 100 km of the Senkaku Islands; Air Self-Defense Force jets are scrambled.

: Ambassador Niwa address Japan’s National Press Club and expresses doubts about Senkakus purchase.

: Japan National Institute for Defense Studies issues annual China Security Report.

: Japanese Foreign Ministry publishes a position paper on Japan-China Relations Surrounding the Situation of the Senkaku Islands – in Response to China’s Airspace Incursion.

: Ambassador Niwa departs Beijing.

: Japanese Coast Guard confirms the seventh consecutive day of Chinese activity in the Senkakus contiguous zone.

: LDP wins 294 seats in the 480-seat Lower House of Parliament in Japanese general election.

: A newly commissioned Chinese Fisheries Law Enforcement Command ship enters             Japan’s territorial waters in the Senkakus, marking the 18th incursion since Sept. 11.

: China submits a continental shelf claim to the United Nations that asserts Chinese sovereignty in the East China Sea to the Okinawa trough.

: Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi contributes to a People’s Daily article on foreign policy of the new Xi Jinping administration. Yang writes that China will wage a struggle against Japan over the Diaoyu Islands.

: The 75th anniversary of the Imperial Army’s entry into Nanjing and the start of Nanjing Massacre are commemorated.

: Aircraft fromChina’s CMS intrudes into Japanese airspace. Air Self-Defense Forces jets are scrambled and Japan issues a protest.

: China’s commissions newest and largest Fisheries Law Enforcement Command ship in Shanghai.

: Former Gov. Ishihara attributes present tension in Japan-China relations to Noda government’s purchase of the Senkaku Islands.

: President Ma urges Japan to apologize for using sex slaves in World War II.

:   CMS ship enters Japan’s contiguous zone.

: Vice Minister Kawai calls Ambassador Cheng to protest the incursion of four CMS ships into Japanese territorial waters.

: Japan releases a draft of its new Basic Plan on Ocean Policy aimed at strengthening its capabilities to deal with foreign incursions into Japanese waters.

:   China criticizes US Senate action on the Senkakus.

: Japan and Taiwan hold preparatory talks on the resumption of fisheries talks.

: Ambassador Cheng acknowledges the expansion of PLA Navy activities to western Pacific is aimed at strengthening its power but says this development is not a threat.

: US Senate amends 2013 Defense Authorization Act to call for peaceful settlement of territorial issues in the East China Sea and self-restraint by all parties. It also reaffirms that the US-Japan Security Treaty extends to the Senkaku Islands.

: Four Chinese warships transit through Japan’s contiguous zone on the way to exercises in western Pacific; they return on Dec. 10.

: Foreign Minister Gemba publishes an op-ed titled “Japan-China Relations at a Crossroads” in the International Herald Tribune.

: Japan, ROK, China trade ministers agree to begin formal negotiations on a trilateral free trade agreement in early 2013.

: Japanese Coast Guard reports the 30th consecutive day of Chinese activity in Senkakus contiguous zone.

: Beijing police remove barricades from the area of Japanese Embassy in Beijing.

: Prime Minister Noda dissolves Diet and elections are set for Dec. 16.

: A reception marking the close of the 40th anniversary commemorations scheduled for Nov. 24 in Beijing is canceled.

: Dalai Lama addresses 140 members of the Diet’s Upper House; participants announce the formation of a “pro-Tibet Diet members’ alliance.” China condemns the move as interference by Japan’s rightwing forces in China’s internal affairs.

: Japan’s Tourism Ministry postpones a trilateral Japan, China, ROK meeting scheduled for Nov. 27, reporting that it had been informed by its Chinese counterpart that conditions were not right for China’s attendance.

:   Dalai Lama arrives in Japan for 10-day visit; China protests the visit.

: Prime Ministers Noda and Wen attend the ASEM in Vientiane and do not meet.

:   Four CMS ships enter waters off the Senkaku Islands and briefly enter into Japanese territorial waters.

:   Japanese retailer Heiwado reopens two stores in Hunan Province after anti-Japanese riots – the first move by Japanese retailers to reopen on full-scale basis.

: China’s former Ambassador to Japan Chen Jian calls on the US to use its influence to move Japan to recognize existence of dispute and accept negotiations with China over the Diaoyu/Senkakus.

: Japan’s Fisheries Agency arrests the captain of a Chinese fishing boat engaged in unauthorized fishing in Japan’s EEZ off Kyushu. He is released the next day after paying a fine.

: Defense Minister Morimoto Satoshi announces suspension of Japan-China talks aimed at setting up a maritime crisis management mechanism.

: Vice Minister Zhang says Japan’s disregard for China’s sovereignty is the most serious shock in relations since normalization.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Fujimura finds regular Chinese maritime activities in Japanese waters to be regrettable; Vice Minister Kawai telephones Ambassador Cheng to protest entry of Chinese ships into Japanese waters in the Senkakus; China’s Foreign Ministry spokesperson responds that Chinese ships are conducting regular patrol to support China’s rights.

: Chinese oceanic research ship enters Japan’s EEZ and conducts research in an area different from its prior notification of activities and a CMS ship enters Japanese territorial waters.

: Kyodo reports that Chinese officials in September meeting with US Secretary of State Clinton did not refer to Diaoyus as a “core interest” of China.

: Jiji Press reports Japan and US canceled plans for November military exercises aimed at recapturing uninhabited island.

: Ambassador to China Niwa in remarks at Nagoya University says that Japan’s government and citizens are not fully aware of the seriousness of the Senkakus issue.

: Japanese Coast Guard recues 64 Chinese from the cargo ship Ming Yang after it catches fire off Okinawa.

: China dispatches naval vessels, aircraft, and helicopters to the East China Sea for a one-day exercise to “strengthen the capacity to safeguard territorial sovereignty and maritime interests.”

: Sasakawa Peace Foundation announces the postponement of Self Defense Force-PLA young officers exchange scheduled for late October.

: Sixty-seven members of the Diet visit Yasukuni Shrine.

: Foreign Minister Gemba defends the Senkakus purchase as a pragmatic move to preempt the proposed purchase by Tokyo Gov. Ishihara Shintaro.

: LDP President Abe Shinzo visits Yasukuni Shrine.

: Chinese media report the detention of five individuals for property destruction during anti-Japanese demonstrations Guangdong Province.

: Seven PLA warships return from exercises in western Pacific passing through Japan’s contiguous zone south-southeast of Yonaguni Island, becoming  the first-ever PLA warships to transit through Japan’s contiguous zone.

: Foreign Minister Gemba meets US Deputy Secretary of State Bill Burns; he reiterates Japan’s position on the Senkakus that a territorial problem does not exist.

: A memorial service for Chinese victims of World War II forced labor is held in Arao, Kumamoto Prefecture.

: Japan and US announce November exercise aimed at retaking uninhabited island.

: At the World Bank-IMF meeting in Tokyo, IMF Deputy Managing Director Min Zhu expresses optimism over resolution of Daioyu/Senkakus dispute. China’s Minister of Finance and Governor of the People’s Bank of China do not attend the meeting; Japanese see their non-attendance as reflecting China’s dissatisfaction with the Senkakus purchase.

: Meeting of Japan, ROK China Health officials in Kyoto is postponed after Chinese representative are unable to attend for unspecified reasons.

: Japanese Diet delegation to Taiwan meets President Ma but does not attend Taiwan National Day celebration. In his National Day address, Ma asserts Republic of China sovereignty over the Tiaoyutai Islands.

: Japanese Coast Guard reports that ships of CMS and Fisheries Law Enforcement Command had entered Japan’s contiguous zone 19 times since Sept. 11.

: Chinese ships enter Japan’s contiguous zone for seventh consecutive day.

: Taiwan’s Interior Ministry announces plans to build national maritime park in waters near the Senkakus.

: Japanese government announces appointment of Kitera Masato as the next ambassador to China.

: Japanese prosecutors announce they will not indict Chinese diplomat suspected of using false identity to renew his foreign registration; the diplomat departed Japan on May 22.

: Japan’s Ministry of Defense announces transit of seven PLA Navy warships in international waters between Okinawa and Miyakojima.

: Foreign Minister Gemba calls for dialogue to stabilize the Senkakus situation, but underscores Japan’s non-negotiable position regarding sovereignty         over the islands.

: Four CMS ships enter Japan’s territorial waters in the Senkakus and depart later in day.

: Foreign Minister Gemba Koichiro informs press that Japan has protested entry of Chinese ships into the Senkakus; Director General for Asian and Oceanian Affairs Sugiyama Shinsuke telephones Chinese Embassy to lodge protest; crisis management center established in the prime minister’s office.

: Taiwan’s President Ma says that entry of Taiwanese ships into Senkakus represents a peaceful demonstration, not a provocative act and expresses hopes for re-opening of Taiwan-Japan fisheries negotiations.

:    Seven Taiwanese ships enter Japan’s contiguous zone in the Senkakus and depart later in the day.

: Japanese Coast Guard reports Sept. 30 sighting of Chinese and Taiwanese ships approaching the Senkakus.

: Hokkaido Gov. Takabashi Harumi postpones visit to China to attend the Shanghai Economic Forum, an event commemorating the 40th anniversary of normalization.

: Japanese Coast Guard reports rescue of Chinese crew members of distressed freighter off Osaka.

: Chinese Embassy in Tokyo reports receiving a bullet in the mail from a sender named “Noda Yoshihiko.”

: Okinawa Prefectural Police transfer to prosecutors two Japanese suspected of landing on Uotsuri Island in the Senkaku Islands.

: Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi addresses the UN General Assembly, blasts Diaoyu purchase as illegal and invalid; asserts islands were stolen by Japan in 1895.

: Kono Yohei delegation meets in Beijing with Jia Qinglin, fourth ranking member of Chinese Communist Party (CCP), and former State Councilor Tang Jiaxuan.

: China Ministry of National Defense describes PLA Navy scheduled patrols and exercises in East China Sea as normal and legal activities aimed at protecting Chinese fishing and natural gas development activities.

: Prime Minister Noda speaks at UN General Assembly and calls for peaceful settlement of territorial disputes in accordance with international law.

: Vice Minister Kawai Chikao and Vice Minister Zhang Zhijun meet in Beijing to discuss Senkakus issue.

: Japan protests Taiwanese incursions into its territorial waters in Senkaku Islands.

: China issues a white paper on the Diaoyu Islands dispute.

: China announces commissioning of the aircraft carrier Liaoning.

: Ishigaki Municipal Assembly adopts a resolution calling on the national government to protect Japanese fishermen operating in Senkaku Islands.

:   Chinese residents of Yokohama call off Oct. 1 National Day parade and celebrations due to safety concerns.

: At Chinese Embassy reception in Tokyo, Chinese diplomats invite “old friends” of China to scaled-down anniversary celebration in Beijing.

: Japan-China Economic Association postpones visit to China.

: Taiwanese fishing flotilla with about 60 boats departs for the Senkakus area.

: China informs Japanese government of the cancellation of 40th anniversary celebrations scheduled for Sept. 27 in Beijing.

: Xinhua reports China Maritime Surveillance agency concluded a test of unmanned reconnaissance aircraft; State Oceanic Administration announces plans to have drones operational by 2015.

: Ground Self-Defense Forces (GSDF) and US Marines engage in an exercise aimed at strengthening GSDF capabilities to defend remote islands.

: Ten Chinese surveillance ships arrive in waters near Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands.

: The 81st anniversary of Mukden Incident is celebrated in China with protests.

: Taiwan activists burn a Japanese flag to protest Senkakus purchase.

: Anti-Japanese demonstrations take place in Beijing and spread across China in the following week through Sept. 22.

: Japan announces purchase of Senkaku Islands; China asserts purchase is illegal, invalid, and a gross violation of China’s sovereignty. China Marine Surveillance (CMS) agency and Fisheries Law Enforcement Command ships begin to enter waters near the islands.

: Prime Minister Noda Yoshihiko and President Hu Jintao meet on the sidelines of the APEC meeting in Vladivostok; Hu emphasizes China’s opposition to Senkakus purchase.

: Taiwan’s President Ma Ying-jeou visits Taiwanese island closest to Senkakus and asserts Republic of China sovereignty over the islands.

: Japanese government reaches broad agreement with the private owner on the purchase of Senkaku Islands.

: Meeting of Tachiagare (Standup) Japan and 35 Diet members, including Abe Shinzo, adopts a petition calling on the government to strengthen control over territorial waters.

: Chinese officials report the detention of two suspects involved in Aug. 27 attack on Ambassador Niwa’s car. Suspects are released on Sept. 5 with light administrative penalty after admitting participation in incident.

: Japan’s Ambassador to China Niwa Uichiro opens the Super Summer Festival in Beijing, marking beginning of ceremonies to commemorate 40th anniversary of normalization.

:  Ground Self-Defense Force conducts exercise focused on attack and on evacuation of residents of Japan’s remote islands.

: Vice Foreign Minister Yamaguchi Tsuyoshi arrives in Beijing with a letter from Prime Minister Noda to President Hu in an effort to reduce tensions.

: Japan’s central government rejects a Tokyo Metropolitan Government request for permission to land on one of the Senkaku Islands.

: The car of Ambassador Niwa is attacked in Beijing and the Japanese flag is torn from it. The Chinese Foreign Ministry expresses deep regret for the incident.

: Japanese Coast Guard releases video of encounter with Hong Kong activists.

: Japan Self-Defense Force conducts live-fire exercise focused on island defense.

: Lower House of Diet adopts resolution asserting Japanese sovereignty over Senkaku Islands.

: Prime Minister Noda pledges government efforts to protect Japanese sovereignty over Senkaku Islands.

: Government formally accepts Tokyo Metropolitan Government detailed petition for Senkaku landing.

: Japanese activists land on Uotsuri Island; China protests violation of Chinese sovereignty; Japan rejects protest; anti-Japanese riots break out across China.

: Hong Kong activists deported.

: Tokyo Metropolitan Governments files petition with central government asking permission to land on Senkaku Islands for pre-purchase survey; government refuses formal acceptance citing lack of details in the Tokyo proposal.

: Supra-party group of 55 parliamentarians pays homage at Yasukuni Shrine; Land and Transport Minister Hata and Chairman of the National Safety Commission Matsubara visit separately in private capacity; Tokyo Gov. Ishihara also visits Yasukuni.

: Hong Kong activists land on Uotsuri Island in Senkakus; 14 are subsequently arrested by Okinawa Prefectural Police.

: Taiwan authorities prevent Taiwanese activists from joining Hong Kong activists’ Senkaku protest.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Fujimura Osamu urges Cabinet members to exercise self-restraint with regard to Aug. 15 visits to Yasukuni Shrine.

: Hong Kong activists leave Hong Kong on ship bound for Senkaku Islands.

: Japan and China agree to add four daily flights from Haneda to Shanghai and Guangzhou each by March 2013, thereby doubling the current total to 16 daily flights.

: China and Japan conclude 47 agreements on environment and energy conservation involving public and private cooperation.

:  Japan-China Comprehensive Energy Conservation and Environment Forum meets in Tokyo; Japan’s Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry Edano Yukio urges resumption of negotiations on joint development of natural gas fields in East China Sea.

: Taiwan ship spotted conducting research, without notification, in Japan’s EEZ.

: Taiwan’s President Ma ying-jeou proposes Taiwan, Japan, and China participate in joint development of resources in East China Sea.

:   In Qidong, 5,000 Chinese protest Japanese Oji Paper Co. plan to build a pipeline to channel polluted water into East China Sea.

: Tokyo Municipal Government runs ad in Wall Street Journal calling for US support of Senkaku purchase plan.

: Ambassador Niwa is recalled for consultations; returns to Beijing on July 16.

: Japanese Coast Guard identifies a total of four Chinese Maritime Fisheries Enforcement Agency ships operating in Japan’s contiguous zone in the Senkakus.

:   Apple pulls “Defend the Diaoyu Islands” game from its App store in Beijing; the game depicts a Japanese invasion of the islands

: Fortune Global 500 reports 73 Chinese firms in its top ranking, which surpasses the 68 Japanese firms in the group.

: Government officials inform Gov. Ishihara of central government’s intent to purchase Senkaku Islands.

: Japanese Coast Guard identifies Taiwanese ship, carrying Taiwanese activists, entering Japanese territorial waters in the Senkaku Islands.

: Japan puts into effect multiple entry visas for Chinese tourists for Fukushima, Iwate, and Miyagi prefectures; visa is conditioned on staying at least one night in the region on their first visit.

: Anticipating Tokyo birth of panda cub from giant panda on loan from China, Tokyo Gov. Ishihara suggests the cub be named “Sen-Sen” or “Kaku-Kaku.” China’s Foreign Ministry spokesperson blasts the suggestion as “a clumsy performance that will only tarnish the image of Japan and Tokyo.’

: Japan’s Ministry of Defense reports three Chinese warships had transited between Okinawa and Miyakojima on return from exercises in western Pacific (the same warships that had transited the Osumi Strait on June 14)

: Academic symposium marking 40th anniversary of normalization opens in Shanghai. Former Prime Minister Fukuda Yasuo attends along with Tang Jiaxuan, Chinese head of the China-Japan Friendship Association.

: China’s Ambassador to Japan Cheng Yonghua criticizes Japan for supporting Uighur anti-China activities and equates Uighur activities with Aum Shinrikyo.

: Chinese media report that quarantine authorities find cadmium in fish imported from Japan.

: Japanese Coast Guard aircraft find Chinese maritime research ship, Dong ang Hong 2, conducting research in an area outside the area for which it had asked permission; a Coast Guard patrol ship orders the Chinese ship to cease research and the captain complies.

: Nagashima Akihisa, special advisor to prime minister, in TV interview supports government possession of Senkaku Islands.

: Three Chinese warships transit Osumi Strait for exercises in the western Pacific.

: Gov. Ishihara appears before Lower House Budget Committee.

: Tokyo Municipal Government announces dispatch of two-man survey team to the Senkaku Islands.

: Japan’s Ambassador to China Niwa Uichiro expresses concern over Senkaku purchase plan in a Financial Times interview. He apologizes for confusion caused by his statement the following day.

: Japanese Coast Guard identifies a Chinese Fisheries Law Enforcement ship operating in Japan’s contiguous zone in the Senkakus; the spotting is the fifth in 2012 and the second following Ishihara’s announcing of the Senkaku purchase plan.

: Tokyo Municipal Government takes up Ishihara’s Senkaku purchase plan.

:   China and Japan launch direct foreign exchange system.

: Japanese police turn over alleged Chinese spy case to public prosecutors.

:   Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) election plank calls on government to purchase the Senkaku Islands.

: Foreign Minister Gemba Koichiro calls for an increase in Japan’s defense budget, citing in particular need to protect Japan’s southwest islands.

: “Cool Japan” exhibition opens in Beijing.

: Former Prime Minister Hatoyama Yukio visits China.

: Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) Senior Advisor Eda Satsuki meets Wang Jiarui, head of the CCP’s International department, in Beijing.

: Beijing informs Tokyo that the visit of the Vice Chairman of the Central Military Commission, Gen. Guo Boxiong, scheduled for May 24-28, is postponed “for work-related circumstances.  This is the second time the visit has been delayed.

: Chinese and Japanese officials meet in Hangzhou to discuss establishing high-level consultative mechanism on maritime issues.

: Asahikawa Medical University and four Chinese medical institutions announce the launch of joint on-line telemedicine system.

: Three People’s Liberation Army (PLA) Navy frigates transit in international waters between Okinawa and Miyakojima into the western Pacific.

: Premier Wen Jiabao, Prime Minister Noda Yashihiko, and President Lee Myung-bak meet in Beijing for a trilateral summit.

: Russian authorities announce Korean and Chinese participation in infrastructure development on Etorofu and Kunashiri Islands.

: China-Japan-ROK trade ministers agree to launch free trade agreement talks by the end of 2012.

: Japanese, Chinese, and ROK finance ministers agree to strengthen financial cooperation through bond purchases.

: Japanese Coast Guard reports two Chinese Maritime Fisheries Law Enforcement ships entered Japanese territorial waters around the Senkaku Islands.

: Chinese, Japanese, and ROK environmental ministers meet in Beijing.

: Panasonic announces opening of lithium battery production in Suzhou, following the closing of a plant in Osaka Prefecture.

:   Tokyo Metropolitan Government opens an account at Mizuho Bank to allow citizens to contribute toward purchase of Senkaku Islands.

:   Japanese Minister for Foreign Affairs Kono Yohei meets Vice President Xi Jinping in Beijing.

:   Chinese and Japanese citizens plant 1,000 trees in Beijing as part of ceremonies marking 40th anniversary of normalization; Ambassador Niwa and Chairman of the China-Japan Friendship Association Tang Jiaxuan participate.

:   Supra-party delegation of 81 parliamentarians visits the Yasukuni Shrine in advance of Spring Festival; no Cabinet members are among the group.

:   Japan National Tourist Organization reports a 5.7 percent increase in tourists from China in March, a total of 130,000 visitors.

:   China’s Foreign Ministry reiterates China’s claim to the Diaoyu Islands.

:   Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) Secretary General Ishihara Nobuteru, son of Tokyo governor, announces postponement of his scheduled visit to China.

:   Tokyo Gov. Ishihara Shintaro announces that the Tokyo Municipal Government is negotiating to purchase three of the privately owned Senkaku Islands.

:   Fixed-wing aircraft of SOAA approaches Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (MSDF) ship in East China Sea.  China defends the action as being in accordance with international regulations and part of regular flight activities.

:   Japanese, Chinese, and ROK foreign ministers meet in Ningbo, China.

:   Japanese and Chinese foreign ministers meet in Ningbo, China.

:   Japanese and Chinese finance ministers meet in Tokyo.

:   Japanese Foreign Ministry releases its annual Diplomatic Bluebook.

:   Japanese Coast Guard finds two Chinese ships operating within Japan’s contiguous zone in the Senkaku Islands.

:   Xinhua reports an agreement between China’s National Library and Shanghai Transport University to establish a Center for the Study of the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal.

:   Chief Cabinet Secretary Fujimura announces that Japan has registered one of the Senkaku Islands as a national asset.

:   Democratic Party of Japan Secretary General Koshiishi Azuma leads a DPJ delegation to Beijing and meets Vice President Xi Jinping and Li Yuancho, head of the Chinese Communist Party’s Central Committee Organization Department.

:   Prime Minister Noda expresses concerns over China’s growing military capabilities in an address to National Defense Academy graduates.

:   Chinese ships Haijan 50 and Haijan 66 enter Japan’s contiguous zone in the Senkaku Islands.

:   Okinawan citizens’ judicial panel indicts, in absentia, Chinese captain of fishing boat involved in September 2010 Senkaku incident.

:   Japanese Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry Edano Yukio expresses dissatisfaction with China’s protection of trademarks.

:   Foreign Minister Gemba says Japan has no intention to turn China’s restrictions on rare earth exports into a political issue.

:   People’s Daily publishes Prime Minister Noda’s appreciation for China’s assistance following the 2011 tsunami-Fukushima disaster.

: US, EU, and Japan bring China’s restrictions on rare earth exports to the World Trade Organization.

:   Minister of Defense Tanaka announces appointment of Keio University professor and China scholar Kokubun Ryosei to head the National Defense Academy.

:   Kawamura replies that his true meaning was misunderstood and refuses to withdraw remarks.

:   Nanjing authorities state that restoration of official sister-to-sister ties will depend on a Kawamura apology.

:   Foreign Minister Gemba Koichiro finds China’s decision to give names to Senkaku Islands extremely regrettable; announces a diplomatic protest.

:   Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi calls on Japan to understand the sensitivity of history and Diaoyu issues and to manage them appropriately.

: The seventh Korea-Japan-China Senior Foreign Affairs Officials’ Consultation and the first Asian Policy Dialogue are held in Beijing.

:   China announces it has given names to 71 islands, including Diaoyu Islands.

:   Japan gives names to 39 distant islands, including four in the Senkaku Islands; Taiwan protests.

:   Prime Minister Noda calls for Nagoya-Nanjing matter to be resolved quickly in an appropriate manner.

:   Chief Cabinet Secretary Fujimura states that research activities will continue and announces a diplomatic protest.  China says it is dissatisfied with Japan’s unilateral activities.

:   Japan’s National Institute for Defense Studies releases China Security Report.

:   China’s SOAA ship orders Japanese Coast Guard ship to stop research activities.

: “Genki Nihon” exhibition opens in Beijing as part of ceremonies to mark 40th anniversary of normalization.

:   Mayor Kawamura says his remarks on the Nanjing massacre were misunderstood and refuses to withdraw or apologize.  Nanjing says civil exchanges can continue.

:   Nanjing announces temporary suspension of official contact with Nagoya.

:   Leaders of Nagoya-Nanjing sister cities meet in Nagoya; Mayor Kawamura Takashi expresses doubts over Nanjing massacre.

:   Chinese State Oceanic Administration Agency (SOAA) orders a Japanese Coast Guard research ship to cease activities in waters on the Japanese side of Japan’s claimed mid-line boundary in the East China Sea.

:   China and Japan agree to extend until 2022 the final elimination of chemical weapons abandoned in China by the Imperial Army.

:   Ceremonies marking the 40th anniversary of normalization are held in Beijing.

:   Supra-party delegation of Diet members calls on the Japanese government to take measures to strengthen Japan’s effective control over the Senkaku Islands.

:   Japanese Coast Guard ships find Chinese Maritime Fisheries Agency ships operating in Japan’s contiguous zone near the Senkaku Islands.

:  Beijing responds that Tianwaitan gas field is indisputably within Chinese waters.

:   Chief Cabinet Secretary Fujimura states that China’s unilateral development of the East China natural gas fields is unacceptable

:   Tokyo files a diplomatic protest concerning Chinese activities in the Tianwaitan natural gas field.

:   Kyodo reports China’s Maritime Safety Administration plans to increase reconnaissance flights over disputed areas in the East China Sea.

:   People’s Daily proclaims the Diaoyu Islands to be a “core interest” of China.

:   Chief Cabinet Secretary Fujimura announces the government’s intention to give names to Japan’s distant islands, including four in the Senkakus.

:   Japanese and Chinese parliamentarians meet in Beijing for seventh meeting of parliamentary dialogue.

:   China invites Crown Prince Naruhito and Crown Princess Masako to visit China to celebrate the 40th anniversary of normalization.

:   Chief Cabinet Secretary Fujimura Osamu rebukes Consumer Affairs Minister Yamaoka Kenji for remarks on the possible bursting of China’s economic bubble.

:   Four members of Ishigaki Municipal Assembly land on the disputed island of Uotsuri – known to the Chinese as Diaoyu.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Fujimura announces revision of the Three Principles on Arms Exports.

: PM Noda visits China and meets Premier Wen, President Hu, and State Councilor Dai.

: Minister of Defense Ichikawa Yasuo announces the government’s intention to revise the Three Principles on Arms Exports.

: Foreign Ministers Gemba and Yang confer by telephone on Korean affairs following the Dec. 19 announcement of the death of Kim Jong Il.

: Japan National Tourism Organization announces that November Chinese visitors increased 35 percent over November 2010, the first increase since March of this year.

: Kyodo News Service reports 1,000 Chinese workers strike over severance pay at Hitachi hard-disc factory in Shenzhen.

: Beijing requests postponement of PM Noda’s visit scheduled for Dec. 12-13.

: Foreign Minister Gemba visits Beijing to advance PM Noda’s December visit; he meets Premier Wen.

: Japanese Ministry of Defense reports six Chinese Navy ships transit Okinawa prefecture in international waters to conduct exercises in the Pacific Ocean.

: Health Minister Komiyayama Yoko visits Beijing and asks for relaxation of Chinese restrictions on Japanese food imports.

: PM Noda and President Hu meet during APEC Leader’s Meeting in Honolulu; they agree to deepen mutually beneficial strategic relationship.

: Japan Tourism Agency announces that Chinese tourists account for 17 percent of visitors to Japan in 2010, the largest percentage of foreign visitors.

: The Chinese fishing boat captain is released after paying 300,000 yen fine. Chinese Foreign Ministry accepts resolution of the issue as appropriate.

: Japanese lawmakers, including Nagashima Akihisa, special foreign affairs advisor to the prime minister, meet the visiting Dalai Lama; the meeting draws a protest from China.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Fujimura tells the media that Japan will deal appropriately with the fishing boat incident in accordance with domestic law.

: Sankei Shimbun reports appointment of former Foreign Minister Tang Jiaxuan as Chinese head of China-Japan Friendship Society.

: Following a chase and collision, Japanese Coast Guard arrests captain of Chinese fishing boat operating in Japanese waters.

: Sankei Shimbun reports postponement of High-Level Economic Dialogue meeting.

: PM Noda tells Lower House that he does not intend to change the longstanding interpretation on the exercise of the right of collective self-defense.

: In a Financial Times interview, PM Noda expresses concerns with China’s maritime activities in East China Sea and South China Sea; he calls on China to respect international laws governing maritime activities.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Fujimura Osamu tells the Upper House that the government plans to name 10 of Japan’s 49 unnamed islands to strengthen Japan’s EEZ claims.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Fujimura reveals cyber-attack on Foreign Ministry and a number of diplomatic posts overseas; Yomiuri Shimbun reports that the viruses transferred data to servers in China.

: Japanese Coast Guard patrol boat spots two Chinese fisheries patrol boats operating in Japan’s contiguous zone in the Senkaku Islands.

: Speaking at Hyakuri Air Base, PM Noda expresses concerns with China’s stepped-up activities in waters off Japan.

: Japan’s Ministry of Defense sources report that in April-September period Air Self-Defense Forces scrambled 83 times to deal with Chinese aircraft approaching Japanese airspace – a three times increase over the same period in 2010.

: Minister of Trade and Industry Edano Yukio visits China, meets Premier Wen and Commerce Minister Chen Deming in an effort to advance economic cooperation.

: DPJ defense council urges the Japanese government to reconsider the Three Principles on Arms Exports.

: Japanese Coast Guard aircraft identify a Chinese maritime research ship operating without prior notification in area near the Senkaku islands.

: PM Noda and President Hu Jintao meet at the G20 Summit in Cannes.

: Prime Minister Noda meets Philippine President Benigno Aquino in Tokyo.

: Japanese Coast Guard aircraft spot a Chinese maritime research ship operating inside Japan’s EEZ near the Senkaku Islands.

: Foreign Ministers Gemba and Yang meet at the United Nations in New York.

: Chinese Foreign Ministry denies China is the source of cyber-attack on Mitsubishi Heavy Industries.

: Cyber-attacks, attributed to China, hit Japanese government websites.

: PM Noda, in policy address to the Diet, expresses concern with China’s growing power, lack of transparency, and stepped up maritime activities.

: PM Noda tells the Lower House that calls from China and the ROK for the dis-enshrinement of Class-A War Criminals is interference in Japan’s domestic affairs.

: Exhibition dedicated to Comfort Women opens at Anti-Japanese War Memorial near the Marco Polo Bridge; exhibition is co-sponsored by Japanese civic organizations.

: Japanese and Philippine officials meet in Tokyo discuss South China Sea and maritime safety issues.

: Ambassador Niwa Uichiro visits Jilin province and inspects construction of the plant dedicated to destruction of remaining chemicals weapons abandoned by the Imperial Army.

: On the anniversary of 2010 Senkaku Incident, Chief Cabinet Secretary Fujimura Osamu reasserts Japan’s claim to sovereignty over the Senkaku Islands.

: Noda succeeds Kan Naoto as prime minister.

: Prime Minister (PM) Noda revises his position on Yasukuni Shrine and pledges that he will not visit the shrine.

: Representatives of both government and opposition parties in Japan agree on the “necessity” of on-site inspections in the Senkakus.

: Noda Yoshihiko is confirmed in the Diet as Japan’s sixth new prime minister in five years, replacing outgoing Kan Naoto who resigned on Aug. 26.

: Noda Yoshihiko is elected president of the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ).

: Japan’s National Police Agency alleges that 90 percent of the July 10 attacks on the Agency’s website originated from China and that Beijing has been asked to investigate.

: Kan Naoto resigns as prime minister.

: Foreign Minster Matsumoto Takeaki calls in Chinese Ambassador Cheng Yonghua to protest activities of Chinese Maritime Enforcement Agency.

: Japan and China agree on joint program to prevent illegal logging.

: Directors of the Lower House Administration Oversight Committee meet to consider asking the government to approve on-site inspection of the Senkakus.

: Kyodo News reports that Chinese prize-winning motion picture on the Nanjing Massacre will be shown in Tokyo.

: JETRO announces that Japan-China trade for January-June 2011 grew at rate of 17.9 percent over 2010 to $163.15 billion, a new record for the period.

: Japan’s Ambassador to China Uichiro Niwa visits Tibet.

: Prime Minister Kan and Cabinet for second consecutive year do not pay homage at Yasukuni Shrine. Kan attends ceremonies for the war dead at Chidorigafuchi cemetery.

: Finance Minister Noda Yoshihiko tells reporters Class A war criminals are not in fact war criminals.

: Exhibition panel dedicated to comfort women opens in Beijing’s Memorial Hall of the Chinese People’s War of Resistance against Japan; the section was developed by Japanese civic associations and scholars who supplied approximately 500 documents and photographs.

: Defense Minister Kitazawa question’s necessity of China’s aircraft carrier.

: Japanese Coast Guard releases new footage of September 2010 Senkaku incident; shows several fishing boats, including one that appears to attempt to cut off pursuit by Coast Guard ships.

: Genron NPO and China Times release annual joint public opinion survey; results show continued deterioration in Japanese views of China and Chinese views of Japan.

: Director General for Asian and Oceanic Affairs Sugiyama visits Beijing for discussions on resumption of Six-Party Talks.

: Japan announces relaxation of visa requirements for Chinese tourists.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Edano says that in the event of aggression by another country on the Senkakus, Japan will exercise the right of self-defense to repel invaders.

: China’s aircraft carrier Varyag undergoes its first sea trials.

: Chinese fisheries patrol ships enter Japanese territorial waters in Senkaku Islands.

: Stone monument in Heilongjiang dedicated to Japanese settlers of Manchuria is defaced by activists related to China Federation for Defending the Daioyu Islands.

: 400 Japanese high school students from Iwate, Miyage, and Fukushima Prefectures arrive in China at invitation of the Chinese government; the visit is part of student exchange program marking 40 anniversary of normalization.

: Japan’s Ministry of Defense issues its 2011 Defense White Paper.

: Lt. Gen. Ma and Administrative Vice Minister of Defense Nakae hold ninth Bilateral Vice-Ministerial Defense and Security Dialogue.

: PLA Deputy Chief of Staff Lt. Gen. Ma Xiaotian visits Japan; meets Minister of Defense Kitazawa and Chief of the Joint Staff Oriki Ryoichi.

: Kan government announces a slight reduction in China Official Development Assistance (ODA) program.

: Yomiuri Shimbun, citing diplomatic and media sources, reports that China has initiated indigenous construction of an aircraft carrier.

: Xinhua reports Ministry of Defense officials express concern with Japan’s increased air and naval activities in the East China Sea.

: Japanese and Chinese parliamentarians resume annual meeting in Tokyo.

: Mid-term report of the Ministry of Defense Study Group on Japan’s Defense Industry and Technological Base recommends reconsideration of the three principles governing Japan’s arms exports.

: Japanese and Chinese foreign ministers meet in Beijing.

: Japanese Coast Guard ships confirm Chinese fishing boat is operating in Japan’s contiguous zone in the Senkaku Islands.

: Prime Minister Kan attends war memorial service on Okinawa; president of Okinawa Bereaved Families Association encourages Kan to pay homage at Yasakuni Shrine and   pray for external peace.

: Okinawa citizens’ independent judicial panel recommends indictment of Chinese fishing boat captain involved in the Senkaku incident for damaging Japanese Coast Guard ships; Naha prosecutors last year decided not to indict, citing diplomatic reasons.

: Japan’s Director General for Asian and Oceanic Affairs Sugiyama Shinsuke visits Beijing for consultation regarding the Six-Party Talks.

: Foreign Minister Matsumoto Takeaki and Chief Cabinet Secretary Edano report that a Chinese research ship transited Japan’s EEZ without prior notification; government protests on June 23.

: Japan’s Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office opens exhibition on Sun Yat Sen and Japanese supporters of the 1911 Revolution.

: Okinawa Gov. Nakai Hiroshi calls on Chief Cabinet Secretary Edano Yukio to request strengthening of measures to protect against illegal fishing.

: Japanese government declines comment on Hong Kong interview of Chinese fishing boat captain involved in the Senkaku incident; captain alleges Japanese Coast Guard ships rammed his boat and that he suffered injuries when his ship was boarded.

: China relaxes restrictions on food imports from Japan.

: China Defense Minister Liang meets members of Japan’s Self-Defense Forces (SDF) in Beijing; they agree to advance defense dialogue.

:   Japanese Foreign Ministry releases findings of annual poll of US public opinion; survey finds that China has replaced Japan as most important US partner in Asia.

: People’s Liberation Army (PLA) Navy warships transit in international waters between Okinotorishima and Miyakojima for an exercise in the western Pacific.

: Defense Ministers Kitazawa Toshimi and Liang Guanglie meet on the sidelines of Shangri-La Dialogue in Singapore; agree to set up a maritime crisis management mechanism and resume exchange visits of defense officials.

: Japan-China private sector conference on green growth and environmental technology is held in Beijing.

: Delegation from China’s National Tourism Administration visits Japan.

: Dalian court sentences Japanese national to death for importing amphetamines; execution is deferred for two years.

: Japan, China, ROK tourism officials meet in South Korea.

: Japanese government approves maintenance activities on Okinotorishima in support of Japan’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) claims in the Senkakus.

: Japan, China, and ROK business leaders call for the conclusion of a trilateral free trade agreement (FTA.)

: Prime Minister Kan hosts Trilateral Japan, China, ROK Summit.

: Taiwan President Ma Ying-Jeou calls for strengthening of Taiwan-US-Japan ties.

: Anti-G4 conference, which is opposed to admittance of Japan, Germany, India and Brazil as permanent members of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), meets in Rome. Participants include China, Italy, and the ROK.

: Prime Minister Kan Naoto hosts a meeting of the advisory panel on Japan-China relations at his official residence.

: Premier Wen Jiabao meets Keidanren delegation led by Chairman Yonekura Hiromasa; Yonekura meets Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi on May 16.

: Bloomberg reports Japanese maker of Hello Kitty products, Sanrio, has agreed to partner with Chinese company to open a theme park in eastern Zhejiang.

:   Sankei Shimbun reports that the Ministry of Defense in conjunction with the new defense guidelines had considered Senkaku-related scenarios.

: Taiwan dedicates a memorial park to Japanese architect Hatta Yoichi.

:   Former Prime Minister Hatoyama Yukio visits China and meets Vice President Xi Jinping; thanks China for assistance extended in response to the Fukushima disaster.

:   China’s Vice President Xi Jinping meets delegation of Japan-China Parliamentary Union, led by former Foreign Minister Komura Masahiko in the Great Hall of the People.

: Yomiuri Shimbun reports that Chinese authorities have approved transit from China of three North Korean refugees protected at the Japanese Consulate in Shenyang for over two years.

: China relaxes tourist restrictions to Japan with the exception of the northeast region of Honshu.

: Former State Councilor Tang Jiaxuan calls for China-Japan energy cooperation during China-Japan Economic Forum in Beijing.

: Japanese Embassy in Beijing holds open forum on the situation at Fukushima nuclear plant.

: Chinese newspapers carry an open letter of thanks from Prime Minister Kan to the Chinese people.

: Japanese independent panel concludes that captain of the Chinese fishing trawler involved in the Sept. 7 incident should have been indicted.

: Xinhua reports the second successful test flight of China’s stealth fighter.

: Prime Minster Kan calls Premier Wen Jiabao to thank him for China’s earthquake/tsunami relief contributions.

: Special advisor to Prime Minister Kan travels to China and transmits personal letter of thanks to President Hu Jintao for China’s earthquake/tsunami relief.

: China Security Report (English translation) is released by Japan’s National Institute for Defense Studies (NIDS).

: Kan government approves the 2011 Diplomatic Blue Book.

: China’s Foreign Ministry responds to Japan’s new high school textbooks that assert Japanese sovereignty over the Senkakus by reasserting that China’s claim is incontestable and efforts to try to change this reality will prove unavailing.

: Japan’s Foreign Ministry, citing earthquake emergency, announces decision to postpone consideration of ODA program.

: Xinhua reports China will impose tax on rare earth producers beginning April 1.

: Kyodo reports that Russian officials from Sakhalin have invited China to invest in an island located in Japan’s Northern Territory.

: Foreign ministers of Japan, China and South Korea meet in Kyoto. Foreign Minister Matsumoto thanks counterparts for their assistance in tsunami relief and recovery.

: Premier Wen Jiabao expresses sympathies for victims of earthquake and tsunami; China sends gasoline, tents, clothing, and foodstuffs.

: China dispatches emergency rescue team to Japan; team returns March 20.

: Ambassador Cheng calls at the Foreign Ministry and transfers funds for earthquake relief and recovery, citing Japan’s support following the 2008 Chengdu earthquake.

: An earthquake measuring 9.0 on the Richter scale hits the Tohoku region of Japan resulting in a massive tsunami.

: Matsumoto Takeaki is announced as the new foreign minister of Japan.

: Senior official of China’s National Offshore Oil Corp. tells Asahi Shimbun that oil is being produced in the East China Sea; China denies the accuracy of the report.

: Japan’s Ministry of Defense reports that a Chinese helicopter had buzzed a Maritime Self-Defense Force (MSDF) destroyer in international waters in the East China Sea.

: China proposes cooperation to develop alternatives to rare earth metals.

: Foreign Minister Maehara resigns from his post.

: JCG ship observes Chinese Maritime Safety Administration patrol boat just outside Japanese waters and warns it against entering.

: Foreign Minister Maehara rules out the continuation of ODA for China.

: Japan’s Air Self-Defense Forces scrambles jets as Chinese aircraft enter Japan’s air defense identification zone.

: Deputy President of DPJ Sengoku Yoshito meets China’s Vice Foreign Minister Zhang Zhijun in Tokyo; Zhang invites Sengoku to visit China when time is appropriate.

: China-Japan Strategic Dialogue resumes in Tokyo.

: Japan’s Ambassador to China Niwa Uichiro calls for continuation of the Official Development Assistance (ODA) program for China.

: Sankei Shimbun reports that a Chinese company, Huawei Japan, has become a member of Keidanren.

: NEC Corp. announces agreement to cooperate with Chinese partner Tianma Micro in the production of liquid crystal display (LCD) units.

: Japan’s Supreme Court denies appeal for 150 million yen in damages filed by Chinese workers for being forcibly brought to Japan as laborers during World War II.  Court cites the 1972 Joint Communiqué in which China waived rights of individuals to pursue damages.

: Asahi Shimbun reports there are more than 50,000 Japanese residing in Shanghai.

: Former JCG officer Masaharu Isshiki, responsible for the leak of JCG Senkakus video, speaks at Foreign Correspondents Club of Japan, expressing concern that foreign countries are invading Japanese territory.

: Yomiuri Shimbun reports that Japan briefed China on contents of Japan’s new National Defense Program Guidelines on Dec. 16, the day before public release of the document, to demonstrate Japan’s transparency.

: Japan’s Senior Vice Minister for Foreign Affairs Banno Yutaka visits China, the first visit by a senior vice minister since the Senkaku incident.

: Foreign Minister Maehara makes policy address to the Diet.

: Japanese prosecutors drop charges against the captain of Chinese fishing trawler involved in the Sept. 7, 2010 incident.

: Beijing releases 2010 gross domestic product (GDP) data confirming that China is now the world’s second largest economy, surpassing Japan.

: China-Japan Security Dialogue is held in Beijing.

: Senkakus Day is celebrated in Ishigaki city, Okinawa.

: Prime Minister Kan Naoto reshuffles Cabinet; Maehara Seiji retained as foreign minister and Edano Yukio becomes chief Cabinet secretary.

: LDP’s Ishiba Shigeru introduces resolution calling on the government to take steps to assert sovereignty over the Senkakus, including landing on and surveying the islands.

: Former Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) Secretary General Kato Koichi leads parliamentarian delegation to China and meets State Councilor Dai Bingguo and diplomat Wu Dawei, China’s lead negotiator in the Six-Party Talks.

: Taiwan’s Ministry of Transportation and Communication releases data showing that in 2010 China displaced Japan as top source of tourists to Taiwan.

: Nissan Corp. announces 2010 sales in China increased 35.5 percent over 2009 to 1,023,600 units.  China is now Nissan’s largest market.

: Japanese government denies Ishigaki city government permission to land on and survey Senkaku Islands for environment and tax purposes.

: Honda Corp. announces 2010 sales in China increased 12.2 percent over 2009 to 646,631 units.

: China and Japan hold first antiterrorism dialogue in Beijing.

: First meeting of a Japanese government panel to consider strengthening laws to protect against disclosure of classified information by government officials. Strengthening of territorial sea law is also under review to allow Japan Coast Guard (JCG) to react swiftly to intrusions into Japan’s territorial waters.

: Supra-party Diet delegation of Japan-China Friendship Parliamentarians League visits China.

: Japan’s Foreign Ministry announces that Japan-China Security Dialogue scheduled for Dec. 24 in Beijing is postponed; scheduling difficulties are given as the reason.

: Ishigaki Assembly unanimously adopts a resolution designating Jan. 14 as Senkakus Day.

: Kan Cabinet adopts new National Defense Program Guidelines.

: JCG finds two Chinese fisheries surveillance ships operating near the Senkakus but outside Japan’s territorial waters.

: DPJ Foreign Policy and Security Affairs Council adopts draft proposals for National Defense Program Guidelines.

: METI Minister Ohata meets Chairman of China’s National Development and Reform Commission Zhang Ping in Yokohama; Zhang tells Ohata that he has ordered expedited customs procedures for rare earth metal exports.

: Foreign Ministers Maehara and Yang meet during APEC Forum in Yokohama.

: Prime Minister Kan and President Hu meet during APEC Forum in Yokohama.

: Chief navigator of JCG ship Uranmai admits to uploading of video to YouTube.

: JCG orders Chinese research ships to leave Japan’s EEZ; Chinese ships comply.

: Chinese deploy police to prevent anti-Japanese protests during the Asian Games in Guangzhou.

: Supra-party Union of Diet Members to Protect National Sovereignty and the National Interests announces its intention to amend existing legislation to transfer ownership status of Senkakus to the national government.

: China insists JCG video does not change the truth of Japan’s illegal actions.

: The JCG video of the Senkaku incident is uploaded to YouTube; Prime Minister Kan orders an investigation of the leak.

: Former Foreign Minister Tang Jiaxuan attends a Tokyo meeting of the Japan-China Friendship Committee for the 21st Century; meets Prime Minister Kan, DPJ and Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) Secretaries General Okada Katusya and Tanigaki Sadakazu and Keidanren Chairman Yonekura Hiromasa.

: Prime Minister Kan and Preimier Wen meet at the EAS in Hanoi.

: Foreign Ministers Maehara and Yang meet on sidelines of East Asian Summit (EAS) in Hanoi; they reiterate talking points on Senkakus and reaffirm commitment to mutually beneficial strategic relationship.

: Japanese government releases six-minute, edited copy of JCG video of the Senkaku incident to the Budget Committee.

: Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry (METI) Minister Ohata Akihiro meets Vice Minister of Commerce Jiang Yaping in Tokyo and asks China to ease restrictions on rare metal exports.

: JCG confirms Chinese fisheries patrol ships are operating between Japan’s territorial waters and Economic Exclusive Zone; Japan protests through diplomatic channels.

: Anti-Japanese, Senkaku-related protests resume in China.

: Foreign Minister Maehara rejects Chinese claims that Japan and China had agreed to shelve sovereignty issues over the Senkakus during negotiations over the 1978 Japan-China Peace and Friendship Treaty; China charges Japan with denying historical reality.

: Assistant Minister for Foreign Affairs Hu Zhengyue blasts Maehara’s language and repeated attacks on China as inappropriate for a foreign minister.

: Ishigaki Municipal Assembly asks national government permission to land on Senkaku Islands.

: China Daily says China’s rare earth metal exports will be cut 30 percent in 2011.

: Foreign Minister Maehara decries China’s “hysterical” response to the Senkaku incident; China expresses shock at Maehara’s language.

: Japanese government and the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) comply with Budget Committee’s request to turn over the JCG video of the Senkaku incident.

: Prime Minister Kan tells the Upper House that Japan has urged China to protect Japanese citizens and businesses in the face of anti-Japanese protests; Ambassador Niwa calls on Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi with the same request.

: Anti-Japanese, Senkakus-related protests take place in Beijing, Shanghai, Chengdu, Xian and Zhengzhou.

: Lower House Budget Committee unanimously requests Naha Special Prosecutors Office to submit the JCG video of the Senkaku incident to the Diet.

: Defense Ministers Kitazawa and Liang Guanglie meet in Hanoi at the ASEAN Defense Ministers Meeting Plus 8 (ADMM+) and reaffirm the commitment to building mutually beneficial strategic relationship and to take steps to establish bilateral communications mechanism to avoid conflicts at sea.  Liang also informs Kitazawa of China’s decision to cancel the scheduled Oct. 15 Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF) port call in Qingdao.

: China releases last of four Fujita employees who had been detained on suspicion of entering a restricted military zone.

: Supra-party “Group of Young Diet members to Establish National Security in the 21st Century” is formed in Japan.

: Two Chinese fisheries patrol ships depart waters near the Senkakus.

: Prime Minister Kan and Premier Wen meet at the Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) meeting in Brussels.

: Mayors from Okinawa Prefecture meet Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary Furukawa Motohisa and request that the government increase surveillance activities in the area and protect Japanese sovereignty over territorial land and water.

: Foreign Minister Maehara Sieji calls for dialogue with China in order to avoid future incidents similar to the one in the Senkakus.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Sengoku Yoshito assumes the lead in dealing with the Diet’s request for the Japanese Coast Guard (JCG) video of the Senkaku incident.

: Minister of Defense Kitazawa Toshimi tells the Lower House Budget Committee that the government would consider deployments of the Ground Self-Defense Force (GSDF) to Yonagumi Island in Japan’s southwest island chain.

: Japan’s Ambassador to China Niwa Uichiro meets Assistant Foreign Minister Hu Zhengyue and asks China to stop unilateral actions related to the Shirakaba/Chunxiao natural gas field in East China Sea.

: China releases three of four detained Fujita Construction employees.

: Prime Minister Kan Naoto apologies for the poor handling of the Senkaku incident and reaffirms Japanese sovereignty over the islands.

: Ten Chinese ships sited in waters near the Chunxiao (Shirakaba) gas field.

: Trading companies report China’s export of rare earth metals has resumed.

:   Jiang Yu tells media that China highly values the Japan relationship but repairing relations will require the two countries to meet halfway and will require Japan to take “candid and practical actions.”

: Japanese are arrested for throwing flare at the Chinese Consulate in Fukuoka.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Sengoku suggests that China pay for repair of Japanese Coast Guard ship; says China is responsible for putting relationship back on track.

: Japan National Tourist Organization announces that the number of Chinese visitors to Japan hit 1.04 million January to August, topping the 1.01 million for all of 2009.

: Prime Minister Kan refuses to apologize to China for the fishing boat incident

: Japanese embassy requests early resolution of four detained Fujita employees.

: Japanese diplomat meets four detained Japanese nationals in Shijiazhuang, Hebei Province

: Beijing calls for an apology from Japan over fishing boat incident;

: Ishigaki prosecutors announce release of Chinese captain; further investigation deemed “inappropriate.”

: Secretary of State Hillary Clinton affirms that the US-Japan Security Treaty extends to Senkaku islands; Secretary of Defense Robert Gates and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Adm. Mike Mullen make similar statements.

: Following APEC forum on tourism in Nara, Zhang Xilong blames Japan for fishing boat incident; warns of downturn in Chinese tourists to Japan.

: Premier Wen in speech in New York demands release of ship’s captain.

: China’s releases 2010 Diplomatic White Paper; devotes an entire chapter to China’s borders and maritime rights.

: Japan’s National Governors Conference announces postponement of Japan-China Governors Forum scheduled for Oct. 28.

: China rules out Wen-Kan meeting during UNGA in New York.

: Ishigaki court extends detention of Chinese captain through September 29.

: China detains four Japanese nationals employed by Fujita Construction for entering a restricted military area without permission in Shijiazhuang, Hebei Province.

: Ambassador Niwa called to Chinese Foreign Ministry; China’s demands release of ship’s captain.

: Prime Minister Kan and Cabinet officials discuss responses to Chinese actions in Chunxiao (Shirakaba).

: Prime Minister Kan appoints Maehara as foreign minister.

: Foreign Minister Maehara warns that Japan will take appropriate actions if drilling activities are observed at the Chunxiao (Shirakaba) natural gas field.

: Japanese Foreign Ministry reveals that a Japan Air Self-Defense Force P-3C observed drilling equipment being transported to China’s drilling platform in Chunxiao (Shirakaba) natural gas field.

:  Minister of Land and Transport Maehara Seiji visits Japan’s Coast Guard station in Ishigaki in connection with Chinese fishing boat incident; praises Coast Guard actions.

: Ambassador Niwa called to Chinese Foreign Ministry; China’s demands release of ship’s captain.

: China cancels planned 5-day visit to Japan of vice chairman of Standing Committee of National People’s Congress

: Japanese authorities release crew and ship.

: China’s Foreign Ministry, citing the fishing boat incident, announces postponement of East China Sea negotiations.

: Okinawa officials approve prosecutor’s request for detention of captain of Chinese fishing ship.

: Narita District Immigration Office reports the number of Chinese visitors entering Japan at Narita Airport from July through the end of August came to approximately 106,000 an increase of 1.8 times over 2009.

: State Councilor Dai Bingguo calls Ambassador Niwa for midnight meeting to protest Japanese actions and demand release of captain, crew, and boat.

: Chinese surveillance ship approaches Japanese research ship on eastern side of Japan’s claimed mid-line boundary; demands research activities be halted; Japan protests through diplomatic channels

: Japanese Coast Guard hands over captain of Chinese fishing ship to prosecutors for possible indictment for obstructing Coast Guard in exercise of its duties.

: Foreign Minister Yang calls in Ambassador Niwa to demand release of captain, crew, and ship.

: Japanese Cabinet approves 2010 Defense White Paper.

: Ambassador Niwa is called to Chinese Foreign Ministry; China demands release of captain, crew, and fishing boat.

: Japan’s Ambassador Niwa is called to Chinese Foreign Ministry; China demands release of captain, crew, and the fishing boat being held by Japan.

: Chinese fishing boat collides with Japanese Coast Guard ship in waters around Senkaku islands; captain, crew, and ship are detained.

: Senior Vice Minister of the Cabinet Office Hiroka Hideo announces that Japan has begun destruction of chemical weapons abandoned in China by the Imperial Army.

: Foreign Minister Okada meets Wu Dawei, China’s special representative to the Six-Party Talks; Okada reiterates caution on resumption of Six-Party Talks.

: Foreign Minister Okada meets Foreign Minister Wang Jiechi in Beijing; discussion focuses on Six-Party Talks.

: Council on National Security and Defense Capabilities submits report to Prime Minister Kan.

: METI Parliamentary Secretary Kondo Yosuke tells reporters that Japan has asked China not to reduce export of rare earth minerals.

: GDP figures for April-June quarter reveal that China is now world’s second largest economy surpassing Japan.

: Prime minister and Cabinet members refrain from visiting Yasukuni shrine; 41 Diet members along with LDP Secretary General Tanigaki, former Prime Minister Abe and Tokyo governor Ishihara do pay homage at the shrine

:   Prime Minister Kan Naoto in speech in Kumamoto blames Koizumi visits to Yasukuni for downturn in Japan’s relations with its Asian neighbors

:   Honda Motors reports 12 percent increase to 56,688 vehicles sold in China in July 2010 over July 2009; Toyota reports an increase of 1 percent to 64,200 vehicles.

:   Japan’s new ambassador to China, Niwa Uchiro, arrives in Beijing.

: Japan Tourism Agency announces 5 to 6 fold increase in Chinese visitors in July 2010 over 2009.

: Negotiations to implement the June 2008 agreement on joint development in the East China Sea begin in Tokyo.

:   Chinese authorities announce July 17 arrest of three Japanese nationals for possession of amphetamines.

: Maritime Self-Defense Force (MSDF) Chief of Staff Akahoshi Keiji announces MSDF training fleet will make a port call in Tsingtao in mid-October.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Sengoku Yoshito informs reporters that the Kan government has decided on a comprehensive policy, including legislation, to secure remains of Japanese soldiers who died in China and Southeast Asia.

: Strike hits Honda factory in Foshan, China.

: Kan government adopts basic program covering Japan’s distant islands.

: Japanese police authorities visit China and meet Public Security officials in connection with the January 2008 gyoza poisoning incident – their third visit to China and first since the March 2010 arrest of the Chinese suspect.

: Toyota Motors says it is open to pay increases for Chinese workers and announces plans to expand production in China. Honda Motors announces plans to increase production by 28 percent in the second half of 2012. Auto parts maker Denso announces plans to expand capacity in China.

: Ministry of Land, Infrastructure Transport and Tourism announces plans to reinforce breakwaters around Okinotorishima.

: Two People’s Liberation Army (PLA) warships transit between Okinawa and Miyakojima in international waters.

: China welcomes Japan’s easing of visa requirements for individual Chinese citizens visiting Japan.

: FM Okada tells a press conference that G8 membership should be based on a commitment to democracy and shared values.

: PM Kan meets President Hu on sidelines of G20 Summit in Toronto.

: Upper House of the Diet passes legislation identifying Okinotorishima and Minamitorishima as “special distant islands” as preparations are advanced to begin construction of port facilities to strengthen Japan’s EEZ claims.

: PM Kan attends G8 in Toronto and proposes inviting China to attend future G8 meetings.

: Japan’s National Tourist Organization reports 600,000 Chinese citizens visited Japan between January-May, an increase of 36 percent over 2009.

: Yonagumi town assembly discusses possible deployment of Self-Defense Forces (SDF) forces to the island.

: Toyota Motor hit by strike at its Guangzhou assembly plant; a labor agreement reached on June 25.

: Kan tells Upper House that he has no intention to visit Yasukuni Shrine while prime minister and that constitutional reform not a pressing issue.

: Tokyo announces the appointment of Niwa Uichiro as ambassador to China.

: Workers at Toyota affiliate Toyota Gosei go on strike in Tianjin.

: PM Kan makes his initial policy speech to Diet. He casts the US-Japan alliance as the cornerstone of Japan’s diplomacy; relations with China included with other states of Asia.

: Kan government takes office.

: Workers at Honda Motors affiliate Yutaka Giken go on strike in Guangzhou.

: Kan Naoto is elected as Japan’s new prime minister.

: PM Hatoyama resigns.

: Hatoyama government releases policy statement on his concept of an East Asia Community, saying that US involvement as vital.

: Japan’s Foreign Ministry releases a poll of US opinion leaders in which China topped Japan as the most important partner in Asia for the US – 56 percent to 36 percent. In a poll of the general public, Japan and China tied at 44 percent.

: Premier Wen visits Japan and meets PM Hatoyama in Tokyo; Wen commits to early negotiations on East China Sea.

: Japan, China, and ROK summit is held in Jeju, ROK.

: Taiwanese ship enters Japan’s EEZ in Senkaku island chain to assert Taiwan sovereignty claim.

: Japan, China, and ROK trade ministers meet in Seoul to discuss regional economic cooperation.

: Japan,China, and South Korean environment ministers meet in Hokkaido.

: Japanese Consulate in Qingdao is informed by Chinese Customs authorities that a Japanese national has been detained on charges related to the possession of illegal drugs.

: Foreign ministers of Japan, China, and ROK meet in Gyeongju Korea. During a bilateral Japan-China meeting Okada challenges China’s efforts at nuclear arms reduction.

: FM Okada says it is necessary to carefully monitor the development of China’s nuclear and naval power.

: Premier Wen Jiabao meets a visiting Keidanren delegation and expresses hope for the conclusion of China-Japan-ROK FTA.

: Taiwan’s President Ma Ying-jeou expresses hopes for conclusion of Taiwan-Japan FTA.

: Japan announces that it will accept less than 50 percent share of investment in Shirakaba/Chunxiao natural gas field.

: Japan decides to ease visa requirements for individual Chinese tourists. The change will take effect July 1.

: Japan, China, and South Korea hold a working level discussion on a trilateral free trade agreement (FTA) in Seoul.

: Taiwanese fishing trawler enters Japan’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).

: China’s Vice President Xi Jinping meets a visiting delegation from the Diet’s Japan-China Friendship League.

: Asahi Shimbun poll finds 67 percent of respondents are opposed to amending Article 9 of Japan’s constitution.

: Japan Pavilion opens at Shanghai Exposition.

: Japanese Foreign Ministry issues web-site warning to travelers visiting China about the potential death penalty for involvement in drug smuggling.

: China’s Ambassador to Japan Cheng Yonghua suggests Japan’s surveillance of PLA Navy’s training exercises indicates a lack of trust on the part of Japan.

: Japan’s Ministry of Defense announces Chinese helicopter approached a Japanese destroyer conducting surveillance activities.

: Foreign Minister (FM) Okada Katsuya acknowledges that Hatoyama did not raise helicopter incident with Hu.

: Kyodo News Service reports the Hatoyama government’s intention to encourage Chinese tourists by easing regulations for individual Chinese visitors.

: Minister of Defense Kitazawa Toshimi announces April 10 transit of PLA Navy.

: PM Hatoyama and President Hu Jintao meet in Washington on sidelines of the Nuclear Security Summit.

: PLA Navy ships transit in international waters between Okinawa’s main island and Miyakojima and conduct training exercises through April 23.

: People’s Liberation Army (PLA) Navy ships conduct training exercises in East China Sea.

: Executions of the Japanese drug smugglers are carried out in China.

: PM Hatoyama Yukio meets journalists attending a Japan-China journalist conference in Tokyo and exchanges views on Japan-China war and history

: Deputy Prime Minister (PM) Kan Naoto in Beijing expresses Japan’s concerns over executions; participates in Japan-China Finance Dialogue.

: China alerts Japan to the pending executions of four Japanese nationals convicted of drug smuggling.

: Senior Japanese, Chinese, and Korean Foreign Ministry officials meet in Jeju, South Korea to advance trilateral foreign ministers’ meeting.

: Japan expresses concern over the pending execution of the Japanese citizen through its embassy in Beijing. Chief Cabinet Secretary Hirano Hirofumi acknowledges the issue belongs to China’s judicial system but cautions of the impact on bilateral relations.

: China’s Foreign Ministry informs Tokyo of the pending execution of a Japanese citizen convicted of smuggling drugs into China.

: Minister of Defense Kitazawa tells Nikkei Shimbun that he has directed Ministry of Defense staff to study the deployment of the GSDF to Yonagumi Island.

: PM Hatoyama and FM Okada express appreciation for efforts made by Chinese authorities to resolve the gyoza incident.

: Minister of Defense Kitazawa visits Yonagumi Island and is asked by Yonagumi mayor to consider GSDF deployment to the island.

: The GSDF Composite Brigade, stationed at Naha, is brought up to brigade status to strengthen Japan’s defense posture in the southwestern islands.

: Xinhua News Agency announces the arrest of a suspect in the contaminated gyoza incident.

: Japan, China, South Korea, and ASEAN announce revamped currency swap procedures under the Changmai Initiative.

: A survey conducted in Taiwan by Japan’s Interchange Association reveals that Taiwanese pick Japan over China as their favorite country.

: Japan Chamber of Commerce and Industry Chairman Okamura Tadashi, with leaders of Japan’s regional Chambers of Commerce, visits China, marking the first such mission in 17 years.

: Wang Yi, former ambassador to Japan and presently director of the Taiwan Affairs Office, visits Tokyo and meets PM Hatoyama and Ozawa on Taiwan issues.

: Minister of Defense Kitazawa expresses support for early consideration of Ground Self-Defense Force (GSDF) deployment to Yonagumi Island.

: PM Hatoyama calls for greater efforts to resolve East China Sea issues in order to make the region a “Sea of Fraternity.”

: FM Okada reasserts Japanese sovereignty over Senkaku Islands.

: PM Hatoyama meets in Tokyo members of New Japan-China Friendship Committee for the 21st Century and announces plans to visit Shanghai Exposition. Tang Jiaxuan, Chinese chairman of the Friendship Committee, invites Hatoyama to attend opening ceremonies.

: Xinhua News Service reports that secret understandings between Japan and the US on nuclear weapons contradict Japan’s three non-nuclear principles.

: Japanese and Chinese diplomats meet in Beijing to discuss restarting the Six- Party Talks.

: Chinese FM Yang tells a news conference during the National People’s Congress (NPC) that China’s position on the East China Sea is to arrive at an appropriate solution through dialogue.

: China announces 7.5 percent increase in defense spending for 2010.

: Japanese Coast Guard aircraft locates Chinese maritime research vessel operating in Japan’s Senkaku Island chain within Japan’s EEZ.

: At a press conference in Beijing, Toyota President Toyoda Akio apologizes to Chinese consumers for vehicle recalls and quality-control shortcomings.

: China’s new ambassador, Cheng Yonghua, who describes his sighting of Fuji-san from the airplane as an emotional experience, arrives in Japan.

: Japan’s Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry and China’s Ministry of Commerce hold regularly scheduled vice-ministerial talks in Tokyo, focusing on China’s export control practices on mineral resources, including rare metals.

: “Security and Defense Capability in the New Era” panel discusses China.

: Yomiuri Shimbun reports the popularity in China of a Japanese TV series about the fate of a 19 year-old Japanese woman left behind in China at the conclusion of World War II. The article’s headline asks “Is this a change in attitude toward Japan?’

: The panel on “Security and Defense Capability in the New Era” holds its first meeting at prime minister’s official residence.

: Koshi Higashi, Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) Upper House chairman calls for equality in the Japan-US-China relationship at the reception for Upper House DPJ members.

: Hatoyama government announces the creation of a panel on “Security and Defense Capability in the New Era” to assist in formulating Japan’s new National Defense Program Guidelines.

: Tokyo Gov. Ishihara Shintaro announces that Ueno Zoo expects to receive a pair of giant pandas from China in early in 2011 at a cost of $950,000 per year.

: New Japan-China Friendship Committee for the 21st Century begins a five-day meeting in Beijing. The group meets Premier Wen Jiabao then shifts the venue to Yangzhou in Jiangsu Province.

: A government task force headed by Minister of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism Maehara Seiji agrees to recommend easing of Japan’s visa policy to allow the issuance of visas for individual Chinese at all Japanese consular offices.

: Foreign Minister (FM) Okada tells TV Asahi that China’s reaction to US arms sales to Taiwan was predictable and will not lead to China-US confrontation.

: Japan-China Joint History Research Committee releases the report on its three year study of history. NHK’s Japanese language World Report segment on the study is interrupted in China during airing of scenes from Tiananmen Incident.

: The second anniversary of the contaminated gyoza incident passes as responsibility remains undetermined despite ongoing investigations by China and Japan.

: PM Hatoyama delivers policy address to the opening session of the Diet.

: Japanese, Chinese, and South Korean officials meet in Seoul and agree to hold the first joint meeting of government, industry, and academia representatives to discuss a trilateral free trade agreement (FTA) in Seoul later in the spring.

: Kyodo News Service reports that Japan’s Environment Ministry will cooperate with China on measures to counter air pollution.

: Japan and China agree to cooperate on food safety issues, including information sharing and inspection visits to food processing facilities.

: China protests Japan’s decision approving conservation measures and port construction on Okinotorishima and Minamitorishima. Japan reasserts sovereignty claim over the islands the following day.

: Foreign Ministers Okada Katsuya and Yang Jiechi meet in Tokyo; discussion focuses on East China Sea.

: China’s Ministry of Public Security announces Japanese visitors ranked as China’s largest group of tourists in 2009.

: The Hatoyama government approves funds for preservation measures and port construction on Okinotorishima and Minamitorishima Islands.

: The mayor of Yonagumishima requests Minister of Defense Kitazawa Toshimi to deploy Ground Self-Defense Forces to the island; Kitazawa commits to studying the matter.

: Xinhua announces successful Chinese ballistic missile intercept test.

: Shizuoka Gov. Kawakatsu Heita meets China’s Vice President Xi Jinping in Beijing. Xi expresses hope that PM Hatoyama will visit China later in year.

: Beijing announces the opening of Lushunkou (Port Arthur) and Dalien (Dairen) in Liaoning Province to Japanese tourism; the Peninsula was the scene of major fighting in the first Sino-Japanese (1895) war and the Russo-Japanese war (1904-05).

: Japanese government sources report that China may take over Japan’s Maritime Self-Defense Force (MSDF) refueling operations in the Indian Ocean following the Jan. 15 expiration of its mission there.

: Japanese advertising giant Dentsu announces it will take a 40 per cent stake in China’s Suntrend Group.

: China criticizes Japan’s plan for infrastructure development on Okinotorishima, which is located in the Senkaku Islands.

: Japan’s Interchange Association appoints Imai Tadadshi as successor to Saito Masaki as chief of its Taipei office.

: Prime Minister (PM) Hatoyama Yukio visits Issei Shrine.

: Taiwan President Ma Ying-jeou meets Ono Yoshinori, former director general of Japan’s Defense Agency, and calls for closer defense cooperation among Japan, US, and Taiwan.

: Former Japanese Justice Minister Nagano Shigeto, who gained notoriety for denying the Nanjing Massacre, dies.

: Yomiuri Shimbun reports a de facto agreement on investment shares in Shirakaba/Chunxiao gas field in the East China Sea.

: Foreign Ministers Okada and Yang meet in Shanghai.

: Xinhua reports opening of new war memorial center in Nanking dedicated to Chinese Kuomintang and U.S. pilots who died aiding China in the war against Japan.

: Taiwan inaugurates Modern Japan Center at National Chengchi University.

: Prime Minister Hatoyama meets President Hu in New York.

: Hatoyama Yukio becomes prime minister of Japan.

: Minister Wu meets Foreign Minister-designate Okada.

: Premier Wen Jiabao meets Keidanren delegation in Beijing.

: Vice Foreign Minister Wu Dawei meets Japanese counterpart Yabunaka Mitoji in Tokyo to discuss North Korea and relations under DPJ government.

: Minister Wu meets Peoples’ New Party leader Kamei Shizuka and Japan Socialist Party President Fukushima Mizuho.

: Japan’s Foreign Ministry report on citizens residing overseas shows the number residing in China dropped 1,977 between 2008 and 2007 to a total of 125,928

: Former Taiwan President Lee Teng-hui arrives in Japan for a week-long visit.

: Chinese Ambassador Cui meets with DPJ President Hatoyama.

: Japanese and Chinese diplomatic sources reveal that release of Joint Study on History, scheduled for Sept. 4, has been postponed at request of China.

: Okada Katsuya addresses symposium on 60th anniversary of founding of People’s Republic of China.

: Chinese Foreign Ministry welcomes DPJ/Hatoyama election victory and pledges China’s commitment to strengthening bilateral ties.

: Chinese media reports DPJ victory and predicts continuity in the development of bilateral relations.

: DPJ score massive victory in Lower House election.

: Xinhua News expresses opposition to Dalai Lama visit to Taiwan.

: Asahi Shimbun reports China will commence aircraft carrier construction.

: Japan’s Yamato Holdings Co. announces initiation of door-to-door parcel delivery service in China.

: Yomiuri Shimbun reports that China has denied a MSDF request for Shanghai port call in period of Aug. 27-30.

: Japanese typhoon relief aid arrives in Taiwan.

: JETRO announces that China was Japan’s largest trading partner in the January-June 2009, with exports to China surpassing exports to the U.S. for the first time.

: Japan announces 6.3 percent increase in exports to China in April-June 2009 over the same period in 2008.

: Minister of Consumer Affairs Noda Seiko is only Aso Cabinet minister to visit Yasukuni, doing so in private capacity.

: China’s Ministry of Health announces investigation of illegal organ transplants following Japanese media reports of Japanese tourists traveling to China for organ transplants.

: DPJ President Hatoyama tells reporters that Japan’s prime minister should not pay homage at Yasukuni.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Kawamura announces that he has no plans to visit Yasukuni on Aug. 15

: Prime Minister Aso cautions against politicizing paying of respect to those who died for their country at Yasukuni Shrine.

: Memorial service held in Tokyo for Chinese forced laborers who died in Japan during the war.

: Tokyo Gov. Ishihara Shintaro announces that he will not be able to visit Yasukuni Shrine on Aug. 15 because he will be out of the country.

: Kagawa Prefecture government files trademark complaint against Shanghai restaurant/hotel owner over use of kanji designating regional specialty noodle.

: Japan Times reports that China has pulled out of scheduled U.S.-Japan-China trilateral policy planning talks.

: Kadeer visits LDP headquarters; Chief Cabinet Secretary Kawamura reveals that Beijing had protested the visit through diplomatic channels on July 24.

:   Uighur activist Rabiya Kadeer visits Japan; in China, NHK broadcast of her arrival is interrupted.

: Foreign Ministers Nakasone and Yang Jiechi meet in Phuket, Thailand during ARF meeting; Nakasone reiterates concerns about Chinese actions in East China Sea.

: Japan’s Foreign Ministry announces that Chinese ships departed the area around the Shirakaba gas field and returned to China on July 15.

:   Xinhua News announces the conviction of four defendants charged with illegally transporting Chinese laborers to Japan.

: China’s Foreign Ministry reiterates claims to sovereignty over Senkaku Islands.

: Aso government approves 2009 Defense White Paper.

: Prime Minister Aso Taro announces Lower House dissolution.

: Admiral Akahoshi Keiji, chief of Japan’s Maritime Self-Defense Force (MSDF) meets Defense Minister Liang Guanglie in China.

: Foreign Minister Nakasone Hirofumi asks China not to take actions that would undermine confidence with regard to the Japan-China understanding on joint development of East China Sea natural gas.

: Transportation Minister Kaneko Kazuyoshi announces direct flights between Tokyo’s Haneda Airport and Beijing’s Capital International Airport will begin on Oct. 25.

: Japanese media report Chinese ships operating in vicinity of Shirakaba (Chunxiao) natural gas field in East China Sea.

:    Vice Minister Wu Dawei meets Director General for Asian and Oceanic Affairs Saiki Akitaka in Tokyo to discuss North Korea policy.

: Minister of Defense Hamada Yazukazu visits Yonagumi Island.

: Tokyo Shimbun reports Ministry of Defense is studying deployment of Ground Self-Defense Force (GSDF) units to Yonagumi Island, Okinawa Prefecture.

: Japan and China hold their first policy dialogue on resources and the environment in Beijing.

: Former Taiwan President Lee Teng-hui warns against China’s political and economic strategies toward Taiwan.

: U.S., Japan, and China announce plans to hold trilateral policy planning talks.

: Tenth Japan-China Strategic Dialogue takes place in Beijing.

: China, Japan, and South Korean Environment Ministers meet in Beijing for 11th tripartite environment talks. They agree to continue joint research on region’s major environment issues, including sandstorms and air pollution.

: UNSC adopts resolution sanctioning North Korea for its May 25 nuclear test.

:   Swedish International Peace Research Institute announces that China has become the world’s second leading country in military expenditures.

:   PM Aso meets visiting Vice Premier Wang and urges adoption of a strong resolution on North Korea by the UNSC.

:   China’s Defense Minister Liang Guanglie tells a visiting Japanese delegation that China’s plans for building an aircraft carrier is “under study.”

:   Second Japan-China High Level Economic Dialogue is held in Tokyo.

:   FMs Nakasone and Yang meet in Tokyo and discuss sanctions resolution.

:   Ambassador Cui meets Democratic Party of Japan President Hatoyama and urges dialogue to resolve North Korean crisis. Hatoyama tells Cui that he will not visit Yasukuni Shrine if he becomes prime minister.

:   Ambassador Cui meets with Japanese reporters and urges restraint in Japan’s response to North Korea’s nuclear test.

:   FM Nakasone holds 30 minute telephone conversation with FM Yang on sanctions resolution.

:   Japan’s Supreme Court rejects a suit brought by 22 Chinese plaintiffs seeking compensation for exposure to chemical weapons abandoned in China by Japan’s Imperial Army.

:   FM Nakasone meets Chinese counterpart Yang Jiechi in Hanoi and urges adoption of UNSC resolution in response to North Korea’s nuclear test.

: Former PM Abe calls on Aso government to revise its interpretation of Japan’s right to exercise the right of collective self-defense.

:   Japanese embassy in Beijing issues “no comment” on reports of ambassador’s relationship with former Xinhua bureau chief. The ambassador follows with his “no comment.”

:   Former PM Abe opines that Japan’s prime minister should be able to visit Yasukuni Shrine.

: Japanese media reports sentencing of former Xinhua Foreign Affairs Bureau for passing classified information to a former Japanese ambassador to China.

: Taiwan’s President Ma Ying-jeou announces plan to dedicate a national park to the memory of Japanese hydrological engineer Yada Yoichi.

: Japanese Foreign Ministry announces issuing of individual tourist visas for Chinese citizens will begin July 1. Previously tourist visas were restricted to tourist groups of four or more.

: Saito Masaki, head of Taipei Office of the Japan Interchange Foundation offers his personal view that the international standing of Taiwan remains undetermined.

: Joint Chinese, French, German movie on the Nanjing massacre opens in China.

: PM Aso visits China and meets President Hu and Premier Wen; delivers a speech to meeting of Japan-China Future Business Leaders.

: FM Nakasone raises the issue of Chinese military build-up and modernization during speech in Tokyo on nuclear disarmament.

: A fleet review commemorating 60th anniversary of PLA Navy takes place off Qingdao.  Maritime Self-Defense Forces is not invited to participate but sends observers.

: China announces protest of PM Aso’s Yasukuni offering.

: Self-Defense Force Chief of Staff Oriki Hirano announces that Air Self-Defense Force aircraft were scrambled 237 times in 2008 down 70 from the previous year.  Scrambles against Chinese aircraft declined to 31 from 43.

: Sixty-one members of the Lower House and 26 members of the Upper House visit Yasukuni Shrine; no members of the Aso Cabinet participate

: Chinese movie Nanjing! Nanjing! opens on 1,400 screens in China.

: Supra-party delegation, led by Yamasaki Taku, visits Chinese embassy in Tokyo to asks for Chinese assistance in bringing North Korea back to the Six-Party Talks

: PM Aso makes an offering at Yasukuni Shrine during Spring Festival.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Kawamura announces that the government has no plans to accept a proposal for creating a National Cemetery.

: Japan-China Friendship Society announces plan to preserve Silk Road relics in Kansu Province and to cooperate in green environment projects.

: PM Aso meets Premier Wen Jiaobao in Pattaya, Thailand in conjunction with ASEAN-related meetings.

: A history textbook, authored by the nationalist Japanese Society for History Textbook Reform, clears government screening.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Kawamura Takeo acknowledges that Mayor Ohama Nagateru of  Ishigaki Island in the Okinawa chain has asked government approval to visit Senkaku Island for property tax purposes.

: Yomiuri Shimbun poll reveals 51.6 percent of respondents favor constitutional revision, up from 42.5 percent in March 2008 survey. Opponents of revision accounted for 36.1 percent, down from 43.1 percent in 2008.  Thirty-eight percent favored amending Article 9 of the Constitution, up from 31 percent in 2008.

: Japan and Taiwan announce reciprocal one-year working visas to begin June 1.

: Prime Minister Aso Taro announces up to 2 trillion yen for an Overseas Development Assistance plan to assist recovery of Asian economies.

: Taiwan’s Association of East Asian Relations announced plans to open a representative office in Hokkaido to support growing number of Taiwanese visitors to the northern island.

: Li Changchun, fifth-ranking member of the Politburo’s Standing Committee who is said to be hard-liner toward Japan, visits Tokyo and meets Prime Minister Aso and Foreign Minister Nakasone.

: Saiki Akitaka, Foreign Ministry director general for Asian and Oceanic Affairs, meets Vice Foreign Minister Wu Dawei in Beijing to discuss Six- Party Talks and North Korea’s pending ballistic missile launch.

: Japan’s Defense Minister Hamada Yasukazu visits China.

: China announces that it will postpone compulsory certification system for information security technologies. Japanese and Western companies are concerned that compulsory registration would expose source codes.

: Taiwan’s Democratic Progressive Party President Tsai Ing-Wen visits Japan and calls on Japan to play the role of regional balancer.

: Beijing press conference announces the joint Japan-China production of the Akutagawa Prize-winning novel “Wall of Dreams.” Filming began in Hebei province in February with a target 2010 release date.

: Fukuoka High Court dismisses a suit by 45 Chinese seeking compensation for forced wartime labor. It rules that by signing that 1972 Japan-China Joint Communiqué, China waived the right of individual Chinese to seek war reparations from Japan.

: Foreign Minister Yang holds a press conference during National People’s Congress and addresses the East China Sea and gyoza issues.

: Japan’s Finance Ministry cites China as a major source of counterfeit goods seized by Japanese Customs.

: China’s National People’s Congress meets in Beijing.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Kawamura Takeo tells a press conference that there is no change in U.S. policy toward the Senkaku Islands.

: China announces large-scale April naval exercise off Chingdao to commemorate 60th anniversary of the founding of the PLA Navy, which is April 23. The announcement states that invitations to attend the exercise have been extended to foreign countries.

: China releases its 2009 defense budget with a 14.9 percent increase, marking the 21st consecutive year of double-digit increases in defense spending.

: U.S. State Department issues official statement that U.S.-Japan Security Treaty extends to the Senkaku Islands.

: Yomiuri Shimbun reports that Beijing has informally asked Japan to allow construction of a consulate on Okinawa.

: Foreign Minister Nakasone meets Premier Wen Jiabao and State Councilor Dai Bingguo in Beijing.

: Foreign Ministers Nakasone and Yang meet in Beijing.

: American Institute on Taiwan issues a statement affirming that Japan-U.S. Security Treaty extends to Senkaku Islands.

: China’s National People’s Congress passes a law aimed at strengthening food safety that will take effect on June 1.

: Taiwan’s Foreign Ministry protests Prime Minister Aso’s statements on the applicability of Japan-U.S. Security Treaty to Senkaku Islands.

: Former Prime Minister Fukuda Yasuo attends ground-breaking ceremony for the Japanese pavilion at the 2010 Shanghai Exposition.

: Japan-Taiwan fisheries talks resume in Taipei after three-year hiatus.

: Prime Minister Aso tells the Lower House Budget Committee that the Japan-U.S. Security Treaty extends to Senkaku Islands.

: Wang Jiarui, head of Chinese Communist Party’s International Department, meets Prime Minister Aso and Democratic Party of Japan President Ozawa Ichiro in Tokyo

: ASEAN Plus 3 finance ministers meet to expand funding mechanism of the Chiang Mai Initiative.

: Japanese Fisheries Agency seizes Chinese fishing boat for operating in Japan’s Exclusive Economic Zone off Nagasaki Prefecture.

: Sankei Shimbun reports that a Chinese think tank analyst was arrested in January for leaking classified information on North Korea and health of Kim Jong-il.

: China acts to investigate organ transplants allegedly given to 17 Japanese visitors. Chinese law prohibits organ transplants to foreigners.

: Taiwan’s Association to Defend the Senkakus announces May plans to land on islands to protest Japanese occupation.

: Asahi Shimbun reports China is planning to build two nuclear-powered aircraft carriers some time after 2020.

: Xinhua reports that a local Beijing court convicted four Chinese defendants involved in illegal departures of Chinese citizens to Japan

:   Sankei Shimbun, citing China’s Legal Evening Report, reports that China’s Foreign Ministry has released documents indicating that in November 1956 Chairman Mao responded favorably to a request from visiting Japanese academicians to allow an early release of ill Japanese prisoners of war; Mao cautioned that given the emotional context in China, release would require some time to pass.

: First anniversary of gyoza controversy.

: Japan releases its 2008 official development assistance white paper, which indicates that among OECD members Japan’s standing has fallen from third to fifth place and records the second consecutive year that Japan’s standing has fallen.

: Yomiuri Shimbun cites Xinhua reports that Hebei Province Middle Court has given death sentences to three defendants convicted in melamine milk poisoning cases.

: Sankei Shimbun reports that Japan has decided on a three-year freeze on construction of plants to dispose of chemical weapons abandoned in Jilin Province, China.

: Marubeni Corp. reports scrap iron steel exports to China have quadrupled over past two months with export prices increasing 28 percent from January 2008.

: China releases its defense white paper.

: Hong Kong’s Mingpao reports Hunan provincial police prevent the opening of a conference sponsored by China’s Defend the Senkakus Association.

: Japan’s Council on Security and Defense Capabilities begins discussions on revising the Defense Program Outline.

: Vice Foreign Ministers Yabunaka Mitoji and Wang Guangya meet in Beijing.

: China’s Foreign Ministry states that independent development of the Tianwaitan/Kashi field does not contradict the June 2008 China-Japan agreement on joint development in East China Sea.

: Yomuri Shimbun reports that the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries will set up mechanism to protect Japan’s intellectual property rights in farm, forestry, and fisheries sectors in China.

: Sankei Shimbun reports that China has unilaterally initiated drilling in the Kashi/Tianwaitan natural gas field in the East China Sea.

: Prime Minister Aso Taro visits Issei Shrine to pray for a prosperous 2009.

: Asahi Shimbun reports China will begin construction of two aircraft carriers in 2009 with completion date of 2015.

: China’s Defense Ministry spokesperson announces that China is seriously studying the construction of an aircraft carrier and related issues.

: Kyodo reports declassified Japanese diplomatic documents reveal that Prime Minister Sato had asked the U.S. in 1965 to use nuclear weapons against China in the event of a Japan-China war.

:    Japan’s Ministry of Defense draft budget for 2009 reveals that defense spending will decline for seventh consecutive year and reach a 14-year low.

: Kirin Holdings announces that in 2007 Japan fell to seventh place in beer consumption. China remains number one for fifth consecutive year.

: PM Aso and Premier Hu meet in Dazaifu, Fukuoka at Japan-China-South Korea summit.

:  Visiting Nationalist Party (KMT) chairman asserts Taiwan’s claim to Senkaku Islands during speech at Tokyo Foreign Correspondents Club.

: ASDF aircraft identify two Chinese maritime research ships operating in Senkaku Islands. The Foreign Ministry issues a protest.

:   Foreign Ministry releases its public opinion poll on Japan’s foreign relations with results that point to downward trend in Japan for relations with China.

:   Agreement is reached in talks in Taipei on compensation for June accident between Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force ship and Taiwan fishing boat near Senkaku Islands.

:   PM Aso meets former Chinese Foreign Minister Li Zhaoxing at the prime minister’s official residence.

:   Japan cultural exhibition opens in Nanjing.

: PM Aso meets with President Hu on sidelines of APEC meeting in Lima, Peru. The 20 minute meeting focuses on global economic crisis.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Kawamura announces Dec. 13 as the date for Japan-China-South Korea summit in Fukuoka.

: Japan’s Itochu Corp. announces plans to take 20 percent share in Chinese market-leading food processor Ting Hsin Group.

:    Hong Kong’s South China Morning Post reports PLA will begin construction of aircraft carrier.

: PM Aso, appearing before Upper House Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee, asserts civilian control over SDF is effectively functioning and labels Tamogami’s essay extremely inappropriate.

: Kanagawa Prefectural Police announce plans to question citizen suspected of brokering organ transplants for Japanese in China in violation of Japan’s organ transplant law.

: Gen. Tamogami appears before Upper House Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee.

:   Taiwan’s legislature adopts resolution seeking apology and compensation from Japan for Taiwanese women forced into wartime sexual slavery.

: Director General for Asian and Oceanian Affairs Saiki Akitaka meets Vice Minister Wu Dawei in Beijing to discuss verification protocols for Six-Party Talks.

: China’s Foreign Ministry expresses shock and indignation over Tamogami’s views of history.

:   Gen. Tamogami is retired.

: China’s Foreign Ministry takes note of Tamogami firing.

: ASDF Chief of Staff Gen. Tamogami is dismissed following publication of his award winning essay “Was Japan an Aggressor Nation?”

: Japan announces intention to claim rights to continental shelf in the Pacific Ocean beyond current EEZ.

: Osaka Prefectural Governor Hashimoto attends Nanking symposium on the environment.

: Toyota Motors announces plan to build new factory in Changchun, Jilin Province.

: PM Aso, during interview on China Central Television, reaffirms government’s support for 1995 Murayama Statement.

: PM Aso meets President Hu and Premier Wen in Beijing during Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) summit. Afterward, he delivers speech marking 30th anniversary of Japan-China Treaty of Peace and Amity.

: PLA delegation visits Hiroshima and Atomic Bomb Museum.

: Japanese Defense Ministry reports ASDF identified four Chinese warships in international waters off Aomori Prefecture on Oct. 19.

: 48-member Diet delegation visits Yasukuni Shrine, but no members of Aso Cabinet participate.

: Japan’s Ministry of Defense reports the sighting of a Chinese frigate in international waters off Nagasaki Prefecture.

: Tokyo Metropolitan Police report finding 1 millimeter hole in imported bean package that sickened the Hachioji housewife.

: Japanese Embassy officials visit Chinese bean processing plant.

: Japanese Foreign Ministry requests China’s cooperation in addressing the contaminated beans issue.

: Japanese housewife in Tokyo suburb of Hachioji becomes ill after eating beans imported from China.

: Japan’s International Exchange Foundation hosts party celebrating establishment of the Japan Cultural Center in Beijing.

: Prime Minister Aso refuses to reply to questions regarding his intention to visit Yasukuni Shrine during autumn festival.

: Osaka Municipal Government reports detection of melamine in chocolates imported from China.

: Japan’s Ministry of Agriculture orders tightened inspection regime for pet food product imports from China.

: Prime Minster Aso Taro, during Diet interpolation, reaffirms his government’s support for 1995 Murayama Statement.

: Defense Ministry dismisses ASDF colonel for allegedly leaking information of a Chinese submarine accident in South China Sea to Yomiuri Shimbun.

:    Chief Cabinet Secretary Kawamura Takeo meets Chinese Ambassador to Japan Cui Tiankai to ask China’s cooperation to resolve food safety issues.

: Kyodo News reports that Japanese food makers Ezaki Gilco and Nissin Foods have suspended imports of Chinese milk products.

: Prime Minister Aso addresses UN General Assembly and cites China and South Korea as important partners.

: The Diet elects Aso to be prime minister.

: Members of Japan-China Economic Association visit China and meet senior Chinese officials to express concerns with about Chinese plan to initiate in 2009 a new system that would force disclosure of proprietary information in IT equipment.

: Aso Taro elected LDP president. China’s Xinhua News Agency expects Aso to focus on economic recovery initiatives and does not mention foreign policy.

: Former Taiwan President Lee Teng-hui visits Okinawa. He tells a dinner audience that Senkaku Islands are Japanese territory.

: Japanese food company Maudai recalls imported Chinese milk products suspected of contamination.

: President Hu meets visiting Keidanren delegation and calls for strengthening exchanges on macroeconomic policy and the international environment.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Machimura denies reports that elements of the government believed the submarine to be Chinese. He also tells reporters that Chinese authorities have assured the government that poisoned milk products were not exported to Japan.

: China’s Foreign Ministry objects to Japanese media reports suggesting submarine sighted in Bungo Strait is Chinese.

: Minister of Defense Hayashi Yoshimasa tells reporters that government has no information as to the nationality of the submarine and calls off a search for the submarine.

: Kyodo News reports that Chinese investigators have identified nine suspects in frozen gyoza case.

: Fourth meeting of the Tokyo-Beijing Forum is held in Tokyo. Approximately 100 leading political, economic, academic, and journalist leaders participate in the conference aimed at enhancing Japan-China cooperation.

: Japan Defense Ministry reports sighting of an unidentified submarine in Bungo Strait between Shikoku and Kyushu.

: President Hu meets with Kato Koichi, chairman of the Japan-China Friendship Association and former LDP secretary general.

: Director General for Asian and Oceanic Affairs Saiki Akitaka meets Vice Foreign Minister Wu Dawei in Beijing to discuss Six-Party Talks.

: Japanese Defense White Paper 2008 is released.

: Chinese Foreign Ministry praises Fukuda for significant contributions to the development of bilateral relations.

: Japanese Foreign Ministry announces postponement of Sept. 21 Japan-China-ROK summit as a result of Fukuda resignation.

: Japan and Macau reach a customs agreement.

: Prime Minister Fukuda announces his resignation

: Taiwan and Japan hold compensation negotiations for June incident involving Taiwanese vessel and Japanese Coast Guard ship.  Talks end without agreement on sum while lawyers for both sides to continue negotiations.

: ASEAN Plus 3 Economic Ministerial is held in Singapore.

: Japanese Foreign Ministry announces Kobe as the site of Japan-China-ROK heads of government meeting scheduled for Sept. 21.

: Japan’s Finance Ministry reports July 2008 exports to China climbing to ¥1.29 trillion, a 16.8 percent increase, exceeding for the first time value of exports to the U.S. since government began recording monthly figures.

: Taiwan announces appointment of Feng-Ji-tai as envoy to Japan.

: Foreign Ministers Komura and Yang meet in Beijing. Komura also meets State Councilor Dai Bingguo.

: Chairman of the War Bereaved Families Association expresses concerns over Class-A war criminals continuing enshrinement at Yasukuni Shrine.

: Three Cabinet ministers visit Yasukuni Shrine along with former Prime Ministers Koizumi and Abe.

: Thirtieth anniversary of Japan-China Treaty of Peace and Friendship is celebrated at Chinese Embassy in Tokyo.

: Fukuda meets President Hu and Premier Wen Jiabao at the opening of Beijing Olympics.

:  Shanghai court hears opening argument in a suit brought by Japanese author Watanbe Junichi against Beijing Publishing Company alleging violations of author’s rights.

: Prime Minister Fukuda indicates that he does not intend to visit Yasukuni Shrine on Aug. 15.

: Foreign Correspondents Club of Japan calls on Beijing to lift restrictions on Internet access for correspondents covering the Olympics.

: Japanese reporters, while covering unrest in Xinjiang are roughed up and detained by Chinese police.

: Japanese government announces that Prime Minster Fukuda will travel to the Beijing Olympics in Air Self Defense Force U4 multipurpose aircraft.

: Kuomintang Chairman Wu Po-hsiung meets delegation of Japanese lawmakers.

: Foreign Ministers Komura and Yang Jiechi meet on the sidelines of ASEAN meeting in Singapore. Japan, China, and South Korea agree to set up ASEAN assistance fund to support agriculture and information technology development.

: Taiwan President Ma Ying-jeou meets delegation of Japanese lawmakers.

: LDP Vice President Yamasaki Taku leads delegation to China and meets Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs Wu Dawei and Chairman of the CCP External Liaison Department Wang Jiarui.

:  Prime Minster Fukuda and President Hu meet on sidelines of the G8 summit.

: Foreign Minister Komura Masahiko meets President Hu Jintao in Sapporo and asks for China’s assistance in resolving the Japanese abductee issue with North Korea.

: President Hu meets in Sapporo with members of Japanese search and rescue and medical teams who participated in Sichuan earthquake relief operations.

: Japanese Supreme Court rejects compensation suit filed by Chinese who were forced laborers in World War II, stating that plaintiff’s rights to seek compensation were forfeited in 1972 Japan-China Joint Statement.

: Japanese government informs LDP and Komeito that Prime Minister Fukuda will attend opening ceremony at Beijing Olympics.

: Japanese Supreme Court upholds lower court decision dismissing claims for compensation raised by wartime Chinese forced laborers in port of Niigata. The court, while acknowledging abuse occurred, cited expiration of statute of limitation.

: Taiwan National University Maritime Research ship intrudes into Japanese territorial waters in the vicinity of the Senkaku Islands. Ignoring warning of Japanese Coast Guard ship, the Taiwanese ship remains in the area for three hours.

: Japanese and Chinese artists living in Japan hold concert in Tokyo to raise funds for victims of Sichuan earthquake.

: Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs changes name of China Division to China and Mongolia Division.

: MSDF destroyer Sazanami arrives in Zhanjiang, Guangdong Province, China.

: Head of Japanese Coast Guard regional headquarters in Okinawa hands formal letter of apology to captain of Taiwanese fishing boat sunk in June 10 incident.

: MSDF destroyer Sazanami departs Kure, Japan for China port call.

: Japan and China agree on joint development plan for East China Sea.

: Taiwan’s President Ma asserts Taiwanese claim to Senkaku Islands; calls for peaceful resolution of June 10 incident.

: President Ma announces acceptance of resignation of representative heading Taipei’s Economic and Cultural Affairs Office in Japan.

: PM Fukuda calls for self-restraint in Japan and Taiwan with respect to June 10 sinking of Taiwanese fishing boat.

: Japan, China, and South Korea foreign ministers meet in Tokyo.

: Taiwanese fishing boat sinks after collision with Japanese Coast Guard ship near disputed Diaoyutai/Senkaku Islands.

: PM Fukuda tells Upper House Budget Committee that resolving the East China Sea dispute is a problem of time.

: LDP-New Komeito delegation accompanies delivery of relief supplies to Sichuan Province.

: Xinhua News Service attributes deaths of three residents of Qiqihar, Heilongjiang Province to leak of poison gas from chemical weapons abandoned by the Imperial Army.

: Sankei Shimbun reports that Ministry of Defense and U.S. intelligence sources reveal “with high probability” that Chinese Navy submarine test-fired SLBM in Yellow Sea.

: Chinese Foreign Ministry announces Maritime Self Defense Force ship will visit China during the month.

: Former Chinese Ambassador to Japan Wang Yi becomes Director of China’s Taiwan Affairs Office.

: Chinese Ambassador Cui appears on TV Asahi “Sunday Project.” Speaking through an interpreter Cui expresses appreciation for Japan’s emergency assistance. In a reference to not using ASDF aircraft, he explains that both governments had agreed to providing assistance in a manner conducive to the Chinese people.

: Tokyo municipal government reverses practice established in 1987 and allows Taiwanese residing in Tokyo to register place origin as Taiwan rather than China.

: Japanese medical team departs for China to assist earthquake victims.

: PM Fukuda calls for cooperation among countries of the Asia-Pacific region; highlights importance of China’s stable development.

: Tokyo High Court upholds ¥4 million defamation ruling against Japanese publisher for alleging female survivor of Nanjing Massacre was an impostor.

: Diet enacts law allowing use of outer space for defense purposes.

: Seventy-five member Japanese delegation, including Tokyo governor Ishihara Shintaro and 30 Diet members, attends inauguration of Taiwan President Ma Ying-jeou.

: Chinese embassy in Tokyo opens for earthquake mourners as part of China’s three days observance.

: Chinese Ambassador to Japan Cui Tiankai expresses thanks for Japanese earthquake assistance.

: Japan and China sign treaty allowing for exchange of information and evidence in criminal cases.

: Beijing announces that it will accept emergency assistance from Japan; emergency rescue team departs for China; second team follows on May 16.

: China experiences 7.8 magnitude earthquake in Sichuan Province.

: President Hu visits Japan and meets PM Fukuda. The two issue joint statement on “Comprehensively Promoting a Strategic Mutually Beneficial Relationship.”

: Waseda University and Beijing University agree to set up joint graduate program in environmental and sustainable development studies.

: ASEAN Finance Ministers, plus Japan, China, and South Korea meet in Madrid to discuss financial cooperation; agree to $80 billion currency swap arrangement.

: Movie Yasukuni opens in Tokyo.

: Japanese Foreign Ministry releases survey of six ASEAN countries (Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam) that rank China ahead of Japan as their most important partner by a margin of 30 percent to 28 percent.

: Hyogo prefectural police report pesticide found in frozen Chinese gyoza.

: Former PM Nakasone visits Beijing and meets President Hu.

: Japan-China-South Korea eminent persons group meets in Beijing; issues call for FTA negotiations and financial and monetary cooperation.

: Olympic torch passes safely through Nagano.

: Foreign Minister Komura welcomes China’s decision to open dialogue with representatives of the Dalai Lama.

: Former Prime Minister Nakasone’s Japan Institute for International Policy Studies releases report on Japan-China relations.

: Japanese Foreign Ministry announces President Hu will visit beginning May 6.

: Sixty-two Diet members visit Yasukuni Shrine on occasion of Spring Festival.

: Zenkoji temple in Nagano is vandalized after refusing to serve as starting point for Olympic torch relay.

: China’s Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi visits Japan and meets PM Fukuda to advance Hu visit.

: LDP Secretary General Ibuki Bumnei and New Komeito Secretary General Kitagawa Kazuo visit China, meet President Hu, and urge peaceful resolution of unrest in Tibet.

: Environment Minister Kamoshita Ichiro eats with Chinese counterpart in Beijing.

: Vice Minister Yabunaka meets counterpart Wang Yi in Beijing; discussions center on Hu visit to Japan, Tibet, gyoza, and East China Sea.

: Democratic Party of Japan (DJP) Secretary General Hatoyama Yukio in Hiroshima speech calls on China to open dialogue with Dalai Lama.

: Prime Minister Fukuda Yasuo tells Foreign Policy Study Group that he wants to see Japan increase its ODA budget.

: Development ministers of emerging donor countries including China meet in Tokyo.

: Japanese government announces that Imperial Family will not attend opening ceremony of Beijing Olympics.

: Japan’s Mass Media Information and Cultural Union protests political pressure on theaters to cancel showing of the movie Yasukuni directed by Li Ying.

: Vice Minister of Defense Masuda Kohei visits Beijing.

:   Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao pays a working visit to Laos and takes part in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) Summit in Vientiane. Wen meets Lao President Choummaly Saygnasone to discuss closer cooperation in the economic sector.

:  Wu Hongbo, Chinese Assistant Foreign Minister, visits Brunei to attend the 14th China-ASEAN Senior Officials’ Consultation.  The meeting seeks to implement the consensus reached at the 2007 summit held between both sides and strengthen their strategic partnership.  Additionally, the meeting provides a platform to further exchange views on jointly implementing follow-up actions to the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea.

: Japan’s National Institute for Defense Studies releases East Asia Strategic Review 2008.

: Finance Ministers Nukaga and Xie meet in Tokyo to discuss regional and global issues and bilateral cooperation.

:   Qin Guangrong, governor of Yunnan province, presides over the opening ceremony of the new trans-national highway linking Kunming city in southwest Yunnan to Bangkok, cutting total travel time by half to approximately 20 hours. Xinhua News reports that nearly $400 billion worth of cargo will be transported each year via this new linkage between China, the Greater Mekong area, and Southeast Asia.

: PM Fukuda expresses concern over developments in Tibet and his hope that Beijing and the demonstrators will conduct themselves in a calm and appropriate manner.

: Vice FM Yabunaka, addressing unrest in Tibet and Hu visit, says riots have little do to with the Hu visit.

: Ministry of Defense Director of Defense Policy Bureau Takamizawa Nobushige discusses Taiwan contingency with LDP’s Security Research Council.

:   The Chinese Academy of Military Science holds senior level gathering of military officials and scholars from Southeast Asia to discuss current trends in military modernization, regional security issues, and confidence-building measures.

: Cabinet Liaison Conference on food safety meets in Tokyo as reports circulate of China’s failure to provide requested information and documentation regarding the gyoza issue.

:   Malaysia’s Public Bank announces the launch of the PB China-ASEAN Equity Fund (PBCAEF), which will invest in Chinese stocks listed in China, Hong Kong, the U.S., and other approved markets to capitalize on rapid economic growth in China and Southeast Asian countries.

: China’s National People’s Congress opens in Beijing. Premier Wen’s work report touched on issues related to food safety.

: China releases $45 billion 2008 defense budget.

:   The Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs hosts the 9th China-ASEAN Joint Cooperation Committee in Chongqing.  Senior officials from the ASEAN secretariat and member states as well as representatives from 11 governmental ministries in China attend.

: Fukuda Cabinet adopts basic plan on ocean policy.

: Visit of China’s Director of the General Administration of Quality, Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine is postponed.

:  The China-ASEAN Business Council announces that China and ASEAN have become each other’s fourth largest trading partner.  Total two-way trade stood at $202.5 billion in 2007, a 26 percent increase from the previous year.

:  The Cambodian Investment Board (CIB) announces that China, Thailand, and South Korea are the top three foreign investing countries in Cambodia in 2007.  The CIB approved a total of $51 million of registered capital and over $461 million of fixed assets for Chinese investors last year.

:  Liu Jianchao, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson, clarifies China’s position toward Myanmar at a public press conference.  Liu explains that China pursues a “good-neighborly and friendly” policy, and that it will continue to call for “peace and reconciliation” in Myanmar.

: Japan’s Chief of the Self-Defense Forces Saito Takashi visits China.

: Investigators meet in Beijing to discuss contaminated gyoza issue.

: Vice FM Yabunaka Mitoji visits China meets with Vice Minister Wang Yi to discuss resolution of East China Sea issues.

:   The Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region unveils the “Guangxi Beibu Bay Economic Zone Development Plan,” which will create a new regional logistics base, as well as a trade processing and manufacturing center between southern China and neighboring ASEAN countries, including Laos, Vietnam, and Thailand.

: LDP Special Committee on Ocean Policy meets to discuss government’s draft plan on ocean policy.

: Japanese and Chinese police officials meet in Tokyo to exchange information on the contaminated gyoza issue.

: State Councilor Tang Jiaxuan visits Japan to advance visit of President Hu and meets PM Fukuda and FM Komura on Feb. 21.

:   Ibrahim Gambari, UN envoy for Myanmar, is in Beijing to meet senior Chinese officials, where he expresses concern that the Myanmar government is delaying approval for his visit to Myanmar in late April.  At the conclusion of his consultations in Beijing, however, Gambari mentions that he has received “encouragement” from Beijing that Myanmar “may move up” the date of his visit.

:  Luo Haocai, vice chairperson of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), visits Jakarta.  Luo meets Agung Laksono, speaker of the Indonesian Parliament, to discuss the Beijing Olympics and cooperation in investment and trade.

: Toyota Motor Corp. President Watanabe Katsuaki announces plans to build new plants in China and India.

: Financial Services Minister Watanabe Yoshimi welcomes Chinese sovereign wealth fund investment in Japan.

:   Qin Guangrong, vice governor of China’s southwestern province of Yunnan, announces that the provincial government is on schedule to complete four main international railways by 2009, linking Yunnan to Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam.  The project will improve regional trade and transport efficiency.

: Finance Ministers Nukaga Fukushiro and Xie Xuren meet and agree not to allow gyoza controversy to impair development of bilateral relations.

: FM Komura calls attention to China’s military build-up and lack of transparency in an address at the Munich Conference on Security Policy.

: Japanese inspection team travels to China to visit Tianyang gyoza factory.

:   Tokyo police arrest three Chinese and one Japanese in connection with amphetamine smuggling.

: China sends expert team to Japan to discuss contaminated gyoza issue.

:  Yang Jiechi visits Brunei and meets Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah.  The sultan notes that Brunei attaches great importance to its stable relations with China, regarding it as one of the most important bilateral ties.  They agree to strengthen cooperation on energy security, agriculture, tourism, and infrastructure development.

:  Yang Jiechi, Chinese foreign minister, visits Cambodia for an official three-day visit to mark the 50th anniversary of Sino-Cambodian diplomatic relations.  Yang meets King Norodom Sihamoni and Hun Sen, Cambodian prime minister.   The two sides agree to establish 2008 as the “Sino-Cambodian Friendship Year,” to elevate bilateral cooperation on the Mekong River regional economic development, to increase consultation in such multilateral fora as the UN, ASEAN, and the East Asia Summit (EAS), and to broaden people-to-people exchanges.

:   Wen Jiabao, Chinese premier, sends an official note of congratulations to Samak Sundaravej, newly elected Thai prime minister, and seeks to deepen the strategic partnership between China and Thailand.

: Deputy Vice Foreign Minister He Yafei meets FM Komura in Tokyo to discuss food safety and contaminated gyoza issue.

: Japan, China, Korea Policy Forum holds its first meeting in Tokyo. Former Prime Minister Nakasone Yasuhio and Chinese and Korean ambassadors attend.

:   The second round of the China-Vietnam Steering Committee on Cooperation is convened in Beijing by Tang Jiaxuan and Pham Gia Khiem, Vietnamese deputy prime minister, in Beijing.  The two sides agree to better handle the South China Sea disputes, maintain frequent senior-level exchanges, cooperate on cross-border crime, and promote cultural ties, among other things.

: Chinese internet service Baidu.com begins offering service in Japanese.

: Vice Minister of Defense Masuda Kohei visits Malaysia.

:  U Myint Maung, special envoy of the Myanmar prime minister, visits Beijing and briefs State Councilor Tang Jiaxuan on the latest political situation in Myanmar, including plans for national reconciliation.  Tang conveys Beijing’s concern with political stability and economic development in Myanmar and calls for greater consultation between all concerned parties within Myanmar.

: FM Komura in a speech to the Diet defines policy toward China as pursuing “a mutually beneficial relationship based on common strategic interests.”

: Chinese youths injured by chemical weapons abandoned in China by the Imperial Army sue Japanese government seeking ¥66 million in compensation.

: Foreign Minister Komura Masahiko hosts Japan-Mekong Ministerial Meeting; Japan pledges $6 billion aid package.

:   Japanese Consul General in Shanghai, after visiting Nanjing Memorial Museum, expresses concern that exhibits could give rise to anti-Japanese feelings.

:   He Luli, vice chairperson of the Standing Committee of the NPC, concludes her five-day official visit to Myanmar, where she meets senior officials at the State Peace and Development Council to discuss bilateral political, economic, and cultural ties.

:   Cao Gangchuan, vice chairperson of the Central Military Commission and defense minister, visits Brunei, Indonesia, and Saudi Arabia.  In Brunei, Cao pays a courtesy call to Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah and discusses current relations between the two armed forces.  In Indonesia, Cao meets his Indonesian counterpart, Juwono Sudarsono. The two ministers agree to set up a working committee to explore prospects for expanding bilateral military ties, including cooperation in manufacturing defense equipment and training of military personnel.

:   Wang Jiarui, chairperson of the International Department of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party, meets Jose De Venecia, speaker of the Philippine House of Representatives in Beijing.  The two exchange views on promoting closer relations between the two countries’ main political parties.  De Venecia also meets Wu Bangguo, chairperson of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress.

: Japanese military attaché in Beijing questioned by Chinese police following visit to massage parlor.

:   Vietnamese officials dispatch riot police forces to contain rallies held close to Chinese diplomatic missions in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City.  Similar anti-Chinese protests were held last December over the disputed Spratly and Paracel Islands.

: Tokyo Governor Ishihara Shintaro invited to Beijing Olympics.

:   Ma Xiaotian, deputy chief of general staff of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA), meets Chiang Chie Foo, Singapore’s Permanent Secretary of Defense, for the first China-Singapore defense dialogue in Beijing to discuss developments between the two militaries.  They sign an agreement on search and rescue and humanitarian cooperation and agree to hold regular military and security-related seminars.

: Chinese author Yang Yi nominated for Akutagawa literary prize given to new fiction authors writing in Japanese.

: Japan-China Joint Commission on the Study of History meets in Beijing.

: Prime Minister Fukuda Yasuo visits Isei Shrine.

: PM Fukuda visits China and meets Premier Wen and President Hu on Dec. 29, travels to Taijin and Shandong Province on Dec. 29, and visits Confucius’ boyhood home in Qufu city on Dec. 30.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Machimura expresses doubts that East China Sea issue will be resolved before the Prime Minister’s visit to China.

: Ambassador Cui, speaking at National Press Club, offers hope for resolution of East China Sea dispute.

: Japan announces the introduction of competitive bidding contracts to deal with the disposal of chemical weapons abandoned by the Imperial Army in China.

: Japanese media report that PM Fukuda will visit China Dec. 27-30.

: Taiwan’s Democratic Progressive Party presidential candidate Hsieh Chang-ting visits Japan and in a Dec. 16 speech at his alma mater, Kyoto University, calls China a threat to regional security and seeks security assurances from Japan.

: Taiwan’s representative to Japan in speech delivered at the 52nd Wakayama dialogue calls for cooperation to deal with the threat posed by China.

: In conjunction with the 70th anniversary of Nanjing massacre, the Memorial Museum reopens in Nanjing after a two-year refurbishment.

: DPJ President Ozawa visits China and meets President Hu.

: PM Fukuda meets war-displaced Japanese and apologizes for suffering endured.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Machimura announces the formation of a Foreign Policy Study Council to advise the prime minister on his pending visit to China and the 2008 G8 Summit, which Japan will host at Lake Toya.

:   FM Koumura meets President Hu and urges China to take a political decision to resolve East China Sea dispute.

: Controversy emerges over the wording about valuation of the yuan in the document issued at conclusion of the High-Level Economic Dialogue.

:   DPJ President Ozawa meets Ambassador Cui to exchange views on North Korea. The ambassador reveals that Kim Jong-il has drastically reduced his alcohol consumption.

: FM Koumura leads a Cabinet delegation to Beijing for the first Japan-China High-Level Economic Dialogue. During the visit Koumura meets separately with Chinese FM Yang and State Councilor Tang to discuss the East China Sea dispute.

: Diet passes legislation providing benefits up to ¥146,000 per month to war-displaced Japanese nationals. In response, on Dec. 7 and Dec. 13, a total of 58 war displaced individuals drop suits seeking compensation for insufficient post-war support.

: PLA Navy destroyer arrives in Japan, marking first-ever visit of PLA warship to Japan and first step in agreed to reciprocal port call visits.

: Dalai Lama meets Secretary General of the DPJ Hatoyama.

: Taiwan’s presidential candidate Ma Ying-jeou visits Japan and meets political and government officials.

: PM Fukuda meets Premier Wen in Singapore on the sidelines of the ASEAN Summit meeting. They also meet South Korea’s President Roh Moo-hyun.

: Chief Cabinet Secretary Machimura meets Ambassador Cui and conveys the intent to resolve the East China Sea issue before PM Fukuda visits China

: Dalian authorities refuse customs clearance and ask for explanation from JAL for in-flight magazines sent to airlines’ Dalian office in which the words “Senkaku Islands” appear. A week later, following an appeal by Japanese consul, the incident is resolved and customs clearance is approved.

: PM Fukuda visits Washington, D.C. and meets with President Bush.

: Chinese and Japanese diplomats meet in Tokyo at director general-level in an effort to resolve East China Sea dispute without success.

: Source reports that former Chinese embassy official has been sentenced to death for disclosing military intelligence to Japanese officials.

: Dalai Lama arrives in Japan for 10-day visit.

: FM Koumura expresses hope for substantive progress in talks on East China Sea.

:   Chinese Ambassador Cui presents credentials to emperor and emphasizes his commitment to building bonds of mutual trust and confidence as foundation of strategic reciprocal relationship.

: Chinese activists who enter Japanese waters in area of Senkaku Islands are warned off by Japanese Coast Guard ships. Upon return to China, the activists are detained and freed on Oct. 31 after pledging not to return to the Senkaku Islands.

: Japan and Taiwan reach a new air agreement, allowing ANA and JAL to fly directly to Taiwan rather than using subsidiary corporations and providing new routes to Japan for Taiwan’s China Airlines.

: Shenyang Court rejects the appeal of death sentence from Japanese national convicted of drug trafficking.

:   Supra-party delegation of 67 parliamentarians visits Yasukuni Shrine during the Autumn Festival.

: Japanese national is arrested in Shenyang in connection with illegal brokering of organ transplants.

: Director General for Asian and Oceanic Affairs Sasae meets the LDP committee on maritime issues and communicates unofficial hints from the Chinese of possible progress on the joint development of East China Sea.

: Chinese Communist Party National Party Congress meets in Beijing.

: FM Koumura meets new Chinese Ambassador to Japan Cui Tiankai and calls on China to make political decision to resolve East China Sea dispute.

: DPJ President Ozawa meets with the Chinese ambassador and reveals plans to visit China, Dec. 6-9.

: President of Japan’s War Bereaved Families calls for dis-enshrinement of Japanese Class-A war criminals from Yasukuni Shrine to allow all Japanese, including the emperor, to pay homage at the shrine.

: FM Koumura calls for the early resolution of the East China Sea issue to facilitate an early visit to China by PM Fukuda.

: PM Fukuda delivers his first policy speech to Diet and commits to building a strategic reciprocal relationship with China.

: Fukuda succeeds Abe as prime minister.

: Minister of Defense Komura announces that Japan’s Ground Self-Defense Force will send two observers to attend PLA exercises Sept. 24-25.

: LDP elects Fukuda party president, succeeding Abe.

: Candidates Fukuda and Aso hold joint press conference at Foreign Correspondents Club of Japan; Japan’s War Bereaved Families Association announces support for Fukuda.

: Seventy-sixth anniversary of the Manchurian Incident with anti-Japanese protests in Shenyang.

: Jia opens the Ninth World Convention of Chinese Entrepreneurs in Kobe.

: Fukuda Yasuo announces candidacy to succeed Abe as president of the LDP.

: Jia Qinglin visits Japan and meets LDP Secretary General Aso, Democratic Party of Japan head Ozawa, and LDP General Council Chairman Nikai.

:   Abe resigns as prime minister.

: PM Abe and President Hu meet on the sidelines of the APEC meeting in Sydney.

: Foreign Ministers Yang and Aso meet in Manila.

: Naval forces from Japan, Singapore, India, Australia, and the U.S. conduct exercises in the Bay of Bengal.

: China’s Defense Minister Cao arrives in Japan.

: Maebashi District Court dismisses suit brought by a Chinese national seeking compensation for wartime forced labor.

: China’s Defense Minister Cao visits Japan and meets Minister of Defense Komura, FM Machimura and PM Abe.

: Sankei Shimbun reports that a former Japanese trading company executive was involved in Chinese effort to obtain confidential defense information regarding U.S.-Japan defense missile defense research.

: Former Japanese PM Mori meets in Beijing with Jia Qinglin, fourth ranking member of the Standing Committee of the Chinese Communist Party’s Politburo.

: Abe meets son of late Indian judge Pal, who served on the International Military Tribunal for the Far East.

: Agriculture and Environment Minister Wakabayashi meets Premier Wen to discuss bilateral cooperation. He also meets Chinese counterpart Zhou Shengxian and offers technology assistance to deal with China’s greenhouse gas emissions.