Chronologies

US - Korea

Chronology


: 400;">: Victor Cha conducts the first US multi-question polling of strategic elites in South Korea on the nuclear question and finds that the vast majority of South Korean strategic elites (66%) do not favor nuclearization and that confidence in the United States as a security provider remains strong.

: Korean Central News Agency reports that North Korean leader Kim Jong Un has guided the test of a rocket developed by “newly-founded” military factory, as North Korea celebrates 92nd founding anniversary of the Korean People’s Revolutionary Army.

: 400;">: Deputy Secretary of State Campbell says the United States will take steps “in time” to have three-way engagements on nuclear deterrence with South Korea and Japan, reiterating the “firm” US security commitment to its Asian allies.

: North Korea threatens retaliation against US plans for new sanctions monitoring against the regime.

: Kim Yo Jong, sister of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, lambasts joint military drills between South Korea and the United States and vows to strengthen the North’s military power against hostile forces.

: 400;">: South Korea and the United States conduct joint space exercises to fend off North Korea’s global positioning system jamming attacks and other space-based threats.

: 400;">: 2023 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices issued by the US State Department state that North Koreans remain exposed to a wide range of human rights abuses, including forced repatriations, extrajudicial killings, forced abortion and the “worst forms” of child labor.

: 400;">: United States condemns North Korea’s latest round of ballistic missile launches as a violation of multiple UN Security Council) resolutions.

: United States pursues a “fair” and “equitable” outcome in the upcoming negotiations with South Korea over the sharing of the cost for the stationing of US Forces Korea.

: Korean Central News Agency claims North Korea has conducted a tactical drill simulating a nuclear counterattack involving super-large multiple rocket launchers.

: Joint Chiefs of Staff says that North Korea has fired several rounds of short-range ballistic missiles toward the East Sea, three days after it launched cruise missiles into the Yellow Sea.

: 400;">: Top diplomats of G7 countries stress their commitment to counter evasion of anti-North Korea sanctions, as a UN expert panel monitoring sanctions enforcement faces its termination this month due to Russia’s veto.

: 400;">: North Korea conducts a “super-large warhead” power test for a strategic cruise missile and test-fires a new anti-aircraft missile, further ratcheting up tensions on the Korean Peninsula. 

: 400;">: Special operations forces of South Korea and the United States stage an airborne training to enhance their joint operability as part of ongoing air drills between the two nations.

: North Korea denounces recent visit to South Korea and Japan by the US UN envoy, calling it an “aid-begging” trip to invigorate the “weakened illegal” sanctions against Pyongyang.

: 400;">: South Korea’s Finance Minister Choi Sang-mok, US Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen, and Japan’s Finance Minister Shunichi Suzuki acknowledge “serious concerns” over the “sharp” depreciation of the South Korean won and Japanese yen during their first trilateral talks in Washington.

: 400;">: Joint Chiefs of Staff Adm. Kim Myung-soo holds talks with the new commander of the US Pacific Fleet Stephen Koehler on ways to boost the allies’ combined defense readiness.

: 400;">: United States is “incredibly concerned” about long-suspected military cooperation between North Korea and Iran on nuclear and ballistic missile programs.

: 400;">: Department of Justice says that a former North Korean diplomat serving in Thailand was indicted on charges of sanctions evasion, a conspiracy to commit bank fraud and money laundering.

: US UN envoy Thomas-Greenfield and South Korea’s Foreign Minister Cho discuss ways to build a new mechanism for monitoring the enforcement of UN sanctions on North Korea.

: Senior US officials discuss with Beijing officials a range of regional and global issues, including North Korea, the Taiwan Strait, and the South China Sea during their visit to China.

: State Department report shows that North Korea has the capability to genetically engineer biological military products, noting Pyongyang has a “dedicated, national-level offensive” biological weapons program.

: US UN envoy Thomas-Greenfield to meet with South Korea’s Defense Minister Shin to boost bilateral cooperation amid North Korean threats.

: US government, striving to strengthen domestic semiconductor production, announces a plan to award Samsung Electronics Corporation up to $6.4 billion in grants to support the South Korean tech giant’s chipmaking investment in central Texas. 

: South Korea’s Defense Minister Shin says North Korea’s hypersonic missile was “unsuccessful in its last glide flight.”

: Top US envoy to the UN Linda Thomas-Greenfield plans to pay a visit to the Demilitarized Zone separating the two Koreas to stress ‘ironclad’ security commitment and openness to “unconditional” dialogue with North Korea.

: Industry Minister Ahn Duk-geun says South Korea and the United States have agreed to hold bilateral talks on supply chain and commercial issues and a trilateral industry ministers’ meeting with Japan in the first half of the year.

: 400;">: United States, Japan, and the Philippines affirm their commitment to the “complete” denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula and denounce North Korea’s growing military threats in their first-ever trilateral joint statement.

: 400;">: South Korea and the United States reaffirm in a joint statement a plan to hold a discussion-based exercise simulating North Korea’s use of a nuclear weapon as part of efforts to strengthen their joint response to Pyongyang’s nuclear threats.

: 400;">: Seoul’s industry ministry says the IPEF agreement relating to supply chain resilience is to enter into force in South Korea.

: 400;">: South Korea and the United States kick off a joint annual air exercise, involving some 100 warplanes, to strengthen their readiness against North Korean military threats.

: South Korea, Japan, and the United States stage long-planned joint naval exercises involving a US aircraft carrier to ensure readiness against nuclear and missile threats from North Korea.

: South Korea and the United States launch a bilateral working group on artificial intelligence focused on boosting tech cooperation and advancing joint research.

: South Korea, the United States, and Japan hold trilateral naval drills involving a US aircraft carrier to improve their joint operability against North Korea’s nuclear and missile threats.

: 400;">: Main opposition Democratic Party retains a majority in the National Assembly in general elections in another major setback for the ruling People Power Party and President Yoon Suk Yeol.

: 400;">: President Biden backs Japan’s push for summit with North Korea in talks with Prime Minister Kishida, the US and Japanese leaders also unveil plans to bolster joint deterrence, while hailing trilateral cooperation with Seoul. 

: 400;">: Secretary of State Blinken reiterates concerns over military support for Russia’s defense industrial base from North Korea, Iran and China, as Moscow continues its protracted war against Ukraine.

: 400;">: National Security Advisor Sullivan highlights the “synergies” in trilateral cooperation between South Korea, the United States, and Japan in security, technology, and other fields on the eve of a summit between President Biden and Japanese Prime Minister Kishida.

: 400;">: A senior US official says the United States, Britain, and Australia are considering South Korea, Canada and New Zealand as potential partners for cooperation on advanced capability projects of their AUKUS security partnership.

: 400;">: Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin reaffirms US commitment to “shore up” stability on the Korean Peninsula in the midst of persistent North Korean threats, as Washington is stepping up bilateral and trilateral cooperation with South Korea and Japan.

: 400;">: US-ROK forces hold joint naval drills on mine warfare against North Korea to practice both removing DPRK mines from ports and installing mines in enemy waters.

: 400;">: Gen. Charles Flynn, Pacific Army commander, says the United States is to deploy ground-based launchers capable of firing SM-6 and Tomahawk missiles in the Indo-Pacific region soon to address rising security threats.

: 400;">: South Korea’s Foreign Minister Cho discusses Ukraine support and North Korea-Russia cooperation at NATO meeting.

: 400;">: Wall Street Journal reports that Samsung Electronics Corporation plans to more than double its total semiconductor investment in Texas to about $44 billion, as the South Korean chipmaker is expected to win grants under a US initiative to strengthen domestic chip production. 

: 400;">: White House says that President Biden and Japanese Prime Minister Kishida are to discuss an array of issues, including North Korean threats and the two countries’ trilateral cooperation with South Korea, during their upcoming summit on April 10.

: 400;">: South Korea’s SK Hynix announces a $3.9 billion investment package in West Lafayette, Indiana where the Korean memory chipmaker will build its first US manufacturing base.

: 400;">: US Deputy Secretary of State Kurt Campbell suggests that the US-UK-Australia trilateral security partnership known as AUKUS may soon be expanded to include other Indo-Pacific nations.

: 400;">: White House says that President Biden has underscored the “enduring” US commitment to the complete denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula during phone talks with Chinese President Xi Jinping.

: 400;">: North Korea says it has successfully test-fired a new intermediate-range ballistic missile tipped with a hypersonic warhead, saying that all missiles the country has developed are now solid-fuel and nuclear capable.

: 400;">: NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg says that South Korea has been invited to the NATO summit scheduled in July as one of the non-NATO partners in the Indo-Pacific region, which also include Japan, Australia, and New Zealand.

: 400;">: 2024 National Trade Estimate Report on Foreign Trade Barriers takes issue with South Korean bills calling on foreign online content providers to pay network usage fees, saying they could be “anticompetitive.”

: 400;">: Joint Chiefs of Staff says that North Korea has fired what appeared to be an intermediate-range missile into the East Sea, in its third ballistic missile launch of the year.

: 400;">: South Korea, the United States and Japan conduct a joint aerial exercise involving nuclear-capable B-52 bombers near the Korean Peninsula, in an apparent show of force against North Korea following its latest ballistic missile launch.

: 400;">: Japan’s Kyodo News claim that the President Biden is considering inviting South Korean President Yoon and Japanese Prime Minister Kishida to the NATO event in Washington in July and holding the trilateral summit on the margins.

: 400;">: Declassified documents on first North Korean nuclear crisis in 1993 show that the United States had believed that North Korea’s demand for light water reactors in return for dismantling its nuclear facilities could be a “significant opening” to resolving Pyongyang’s nuclear issues.

: 400;">: President Yoon calls on a group of US lawmakers to support South Korean companies operating in a wide range of areas from security, economy and technology to culture and space.

: 400;">: Top military officers of South Korea, Japan and the US discuss trilateral efforts for security cooperation to counter North Korean military threats.

: 400;">: US Marines join a large-scale combined exercise at a high-tech training facility in South Korea for the first time amid efforts to boost readiness against North Korean threats.

: 400;">: Wall Street Journal reports that South Korea’s SK Hynix is set to invest approximately $4 billion in building an advanced chip packaging facility nearby Purdue University in West Lafayette, Indiana, the operations are expected to commence in 2028, providing jobs for up to 1,000 people. 

: 400;">: South Korea and the United States launch a task force to effectively block North Korea from financing its unlawful nuclear and missile programs.

: 400;">: Mark Cancian, a senior adviser at CSIS, and Chris Park, a CSIS research assistant, float the idea of using South Korea’s 105mm munitions stockpile to support Ukraine’s fight against Russia, as Kyiv urgently needs artillery ammunition supplies in the ongoing war of attrition. 

: 400;">: United States restates the importance of dialogue with North Korea, after Pyongyang claimed Japanese Prime Minister Kishida expressed his intention for a summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un.

: 400;">: Unification Minister Kim Yung-ho asks for US lawmakers’ bipartisan cooperation and support for South Korea’s efforts to seek a peaceful unification with North Korea.

: 400;">: Senior US official Alan Estevez portrays South Korean companies’ reported move to stop selling used semiconductor manufacturing equipment to China as “encouraging,” as Washington has been seeking tighter export controls on key technologies amid an intensifying Sino-US rivalry.

: 400;">: Gen. Paul LaCamera, commander of US Forces Korea, emphasizes the need to continue to invest in 28,500 US service members in South Korea through training programs to defend South Korea against evolving North Korean threats. These remarks come after a former top Pentagon official Christopher Miller questioned the need for such a presence. 

: 400;">: A report by the UN panel of experts shows that North Korea engages in “malicious” cyber activities to generate about half of its foreign currency revenue and bankroll its weapons programs.

: 400;">: South Korea and the United States agree to launch a working-level consultative body to tackle North Korea’s illegal smuggling of refined oil.

: 400;">: South Korea and the United States conduct river-crossing drills near the border with North Korea to enhance the interoperability of their troops.

: 400;">: North Korea says it has successfully conducted a ground jet test of a solid-fuel engine for a new type of intermediate hypersonic missile amid heightened tensions on the Korean Peninsula.

: 400;">: United States calls on North Korea to refrain from “provocative” and “destabilizing” actions after Pyongyang claims to have tested a solid-fuel engine for a new intermediate hypersonic missile.

: 400;">: US Senior Official for North Korea Jung Pak says the United States remains “always watchful” for the possibility of North Korea conducting “gray zone” activities short of a major attack, restating Washington sees no signs of the recalcitrant regime preparing for a near-term attack.

: 400;">: North Korean leader Kim Jong Un guides firing drills involving super-large multiple rocket launchers.

: 400;">: South Korea’s SK Hynix is set to begin delivering its fifth-generation high-bandwidth memory chips—the 3E—to the US corporation Nvidia by the end of March, nabbing yet another significant lead in the highly competitive space.

: 400;">: North Korea fires an unspecified ballistic missile toward the East Sea.

: 400;">: Secretary Blinken says the United States will always work with South Korea to firmly respond to North Korea’s provocations after Pyongyang fired multiple short-range ballistic missiles toward the East Sea.

: 400;">: United States condemns North Korea’s ballistic missile launches as a violation of multiple UN Security Council resolutions, and calls for the recalcitrant regime to return to dialogue.

: 400;">: South Korea and the United States reaffirm their shared commitment to the complete denuclearization of North Korea, hours after the North fired multiple short-range ballistic missiles.

: 400;">: South Korea’s Defense Minister Shin reaffirms that the current size of US troops stationed in the country is “absolutely necessary” after a former top Pentagon official Christopher Miller questioned the need for such a presence.

: 400;">: Los Angeles Dodgers beat Korean national team 5-2 in the final of four exhibition games at Gocheok Sky Dome in western Seoul.

: 400;">: Gen. Gregory Guillot, commander of US Northern Command and North American Aerospace Defense Command, voices concerns over ‘increasingly advanced’ long-range North Korean missiles, while highlighting evolving security challenges from China, Russia and Iran.

: 400;">: South Korean and US warplanes stage a combined live-fire exercise against North Korean cruise missile and long-range artillery threats in waters off the west coast.

: 400;">: ROK and the United States hold large-scale combined air assault drills in various locations across South Korea, in a move to strengthen joint operational capabilities.

: 400;">: Air Force holds exercise aimed at boosting readiness against threats posed by North Korean cruise missiles and mobile missile vehicles amid ongoing major South Korea-US military exercise.

: 400;">: 2024 Annual Threat Assessment report claims that North Korean leader Kim Jong Un “almost certainly” has no intentions of negotiating away his nuclear program and aims to use his defense ties with Russia to achieve acceptance as a nuclear state. 

: 400;">: North Korean leader Kim Jong Un guides artillery firing drills involving front-line units capable of striking the “enemy’s capital,” in an apparent response to an ongoing joint military exercise between South Korea and the United States.

: 400;">: Seoul’s Joint Chiefs of Staff says North Korea has tried to jam US-ROK navigation system during drills; no military or civilian damage from first GPS jamming by DPRK in eight years is reported. 

: 400;">: US court orders forfeiture of 145 crypto accounts tied to North Korea cybercrime, Washington alleges two Chinese nationals used accounts to launder some $100 million in virtual assets stolen by DPRK

: 400;">: North Korean leader Kim Jong Un calls for intensifying “practical actual war drills” during a visit to a military training base, as a joint military exercise between South Korea and the United States is under way.

: 400;">: Bloomberg reports that South Korea faces pressure to join a US-led group in imposing chip export sanctions on China. 

: 400;">: An agreement relating to supply chain resilience among Indo-Pacific countries is to take effect in Korea in April as part of the country’s efforts to reduce risks in securing core materials.

: 400;">: Top US nuclear envoy Jung Pak points out the need for “interim steps” to be taken on a path towards North Korea’s ultimate denuclearization, which would not happen “overnight.”

: 400;">: National Security Council senior director for East Asia and Oceania Mira Rapp-Hooper says that the United States seeks dialogue with North Korea, including on mitigating the risk of an inadvertent conflict on the Korean Peninsula, stressing its goal for the “complete” denuclearization of the peninsula remains unchanged.

: 400;">: North Korea denounces an annual joint military exercise between South Korea and the United States, warning they will pay a “dear price” for what it called their large-scale war drills.

: 400;">: South Korea and the United States kick off the major annual combined Freedom Shield military exercise to reinforce deterrence against North Korea’s nuclear and missile threats amid concern Pyongyang could use the maneuvers as a pretext for provocations.

: 400;">: South Korea’s Navy and Marine Corps join the United States and Thailand in the large-scale annual multinational Cobra Gold exercise to enhance amphibious landing capabilities and humanitarian operations. 

: 400;">: South Korea and the United States express “deep concerns” over North Korea’s definition of the inter-Korean relationship as one between two hostile states and its potential attempt at changing the status quo in the Yellow Sea.

: 400;">: Gen. Anthony Cotton, commander of US Strategic Command, warns that growing military cooperation among North Korea, Russia, China, and Iran raises the possibility of “simultaneous conflicts with multiple nuclear-armed adversaries

: South Korea’s Foreign Minister Cho and the Secretary of State Blinken hold their first bilateral in-person meeting in Washington since Cho took office in January 2023, as the two countries strive to strengthen cooperation to counter evolving North Korean threats and other shared challenges.

: 400;">: Secretary Blinken is to visit South Korea in March to attend the third session of the Summit for Democracy, a US-led multilateral platform meant to promote solidarity among democracies.

: 400;">: Experts contradict Seoul’s claim that North Korean satellite is “just orbiting,” as the satellite recently has used thrusters to adjust position, demonstrating it is ‘alive’ and functional.

: 400;">: South Korea’s Defense Minister Shin Won-sik holds talks with Gen. Christopher Cavoli, commander of US European Command and Supreme Allied Commander Europe, in Seoul to discuss security situation on the Korean Peninsula and ways to bolster ties with NATO.

: 400;">: Hanwha Aerospace Corporation says it has submitted a bid proposal for an unmanned vehicle project of the United States Army via a consortium formed with US defense company Anduril Industries Incorporation.

: 400;">: Sweden’s ambassador-designate to Pyongyang Andreas Bengtsson visits North Korea amid prospects that European countries may reopen diplomatic missions in the country following years of North Korea’s COVID-19 border shutdown.

: 400;">: Lael Brainard, a senior White House official, portrays South Korean enterprises operating in the United States as helping foster a robust supply chain ecosystem and create decent jobs. 

: 400;">: US Defense Department starts a process to solicit industry feedback on its pursuit of a defense procurement agreement with South Korea to allow easier access to each other’s market amid growing security uncertainties from North Korean threats and other challenges.

: 400;">: Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg meets Samsung Electronics Co. Chairman Lee Jae-yong and LG Electronics Co. CEO Cho Joo-wan to discuss ways to enhance corporate collaborations in the artificial intelligence and extended reality sectors. 

: 400;">: South Korea and the United States plan to launch annual joint military drills, as the allies seek to bolster joint readiness against evolving military threats from North Korea.

: 400;">: Beyond Parallel reports that since August 2023, there have been at least 25 different visits to Najin for the loading of munitions from North Korea to be delivered to Russia, and, at least 19 “dark vessels”—vessels with their AIS transmissions turned off to avoid outside detection—have visited Vostochny Port in Russia to both unload and load containers from the port. These voyages have reportedly supported the transfer of more than 2.5 million rounds of artillery shells and other munitions.

: 400;">: Defense chiefs of South Korea and the United States vow to sternly deal with North Korea’s arms transfers to Russia in coordination with the international community.

: 400;">: US diplomat Yuri Kim expresses hopes for South Korea to provide more defense material support to Ukraine, stressing the importance of air defense assistance for Ukrainian forces striving to fend off Russian attacks.

: 400;">: US Commerce Secretary Gina Raimondo says that “tough” talks are under way with advanced semiconductor companies over grants to be awarded under a program to reinvigorate chip manufacturing in the United States.

: 400;">: German delegation visits North Korea to inspect the country’s embassy in Pyongyang, in what appears to be the first visit by European staff in four years, though Germany says it doesn’t guarantee embassy reopening. 

: Leaders of the G7 strongly condemn arms transactions between North Korea and Russia, as they mark the second anniversary of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

: 400;">: US State Department says that North Korea has shipped over 10,000 containers of munitions or munition-related materials to Russia since September 2023, as Moscow strives to replenish its weapons stockpile for use in Ukraine.

: 400;">: State Department says that the top nuclear envoys of the United States and China have held video talks to discuss North Korea’s “destabilizing” behavior and its deepening military cooperation with Russia.

: 400;">: South Korean Foreign Minister Cho Tae-yul, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken and Japanese Foreign Minister Kamikawa Yoko highlight the importance of trilateral coordination to respond to North Korea’s provocative acts and its military support for Russia’s war against Ukraine during their trilateral meeting on the margins of the foreign ministers’ meeting of the G20 nations in Rio De Janeiro.

: 400;">: United States tightens sanctions to prevent North Korea’s supply of weapons and other materials to support Russia’s war efforts.

: 400;">: Senior US diplomat Bonnie Jenkins says that any North Korean nuclear attack against South Korea will be met with a “swift,” “overwhelming” and “decisive” response. 

: 400;">: South Korea’s Foreign Minister Cho is set to visit New York to attend a UNSC briefing. 

: 400;">: South Korea’s Foreign Minister Cho urges G20 countries to play active roles in addressing escalating military threats from North Korea. 

: 400;">: South Korea and the United States stage joint air drills with advanced F-35A fighter jets amid joint efforts to strengthen deterrence against North Korean threats.

: 400;">: Top diplomats of South Korea and Japan agree to continue bilateral cooperation to address North Korean issues during talks on the margins of a foreign ministerial gathering of the G20 in Brazil.

: 400;">: North Korea denounces the United States over what it claims to be a “double standard” toward human rights issues, calling on the country’s special envoy to visit the Middle East rather than “scheming” against the North.

: 400;">: CNN reports that a North Korean ballistic missile that Russia fired against Ukraine contained many parts traced to companies in the United States and Europe.

: 400;">: United States asks China out about the possibility of a trilateral project to excavate and recover the remains of troops killed during the 1950-53 Korean War, raising the prospects for three-way humanitarian cooperation despite hardening Sino-US rivalry.

: 400;">: Korean electric vehicle battery makers insist that the US government give at least a two-year grace period before enforcing regulations outlined in the IRA concerning battery materials, allowing for the discovery of new non-Chinese companies to source materials like graphite.

: South Korea and the United States agree to kick off a research campaign to uncover the cause of air pollution across Asia during the winter season as part of efforts to better address air quality challenges and come up with policies designed to improve air quality.

: Top diplomats of the G7 countries strongly condemn North Korea’s arms transfers to Russia, calling it a direct violation of relevant United Nations Security Council resolutions.

: South Korean and US special envoys for North Korean human rights hold talks with activists to discuss ways to improve the rights situation in the reclusive country, urging solidarity on the matter so that the North Korean rights issue does not become a “forgotten crisis.”

: North Korean leader Kim Jong Un supervises the test-firing of a new surface-to-sea missile and orders a tighter defense posture near the western maritime border.

: US National Security Advisor Sullivan says the National Security Council remains “fundamentally engaged” in a key South Korea-US nuclear deterrence dialogue platform.

: North Korea releases a barrage of harsh insults against Julie Turner, US special envoy for North Korean human rights, who is visiting Asia on the occasion of the 10th anniversary of a landmark UN report on the North’s rights abuses, calling her a “human rights strangler” and “apostle of aggression.”

: 400;">: US Marines based in Okinawa arrive in South Korea to join an ongoing bilateral exercise with the South’s Marines Corps amid efforts to boost readiness against North Korean threats.

: 400;">: Kim Yo Jong, the sister of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, says that the regime is open to improving its relationship with Japan, including inviting the Japanese leader to Pyongyang.

: 400;">: Former President Donald Trump’s NATO remarks renew worries in Seoul about the US commitment to alliance amid growing North Korean threats. 

: 400;">: North Korea fires several cruise missiles off the east coast.

: Kim Sung-han, former South Korean national security advisor, says that South Korea is “open-minded” about Japan participating in a currently bilateral nuclear deterrence dialogue between Seoul and Washington.

: 400;">: South Korea conducts a US-led multinational air exercise, along with Japan, Australia, France and Canada, in Guam to enhance joint operability.

: 400;">: President Yoon Suk Yeol says that South Korea can develop nuclear weapons in a short period of time if it decides to do so, but going nuclear is “unrealistic” because it would entail various economic sanctions.

: 400;">: 2024 National Proliferation Financing Risk Assessment report shows that North Korea continues to engage in “malicious” cyber activities and mobilize information technology (IT) workers to bankroll its weapons of mass destruction (WMD) programs.

: 400;">: Head of the US auto giant General Motors meets with chiefs of Samsung Group affiliates to discuss cooperation in areas involving electric vehicle batteries and auto electric parts.

: 400;">: United States finds no indications of “direct” North Korean military action, pledging to make “relentless” efforts to deter and constrain evolving threats from the recalcitrant regime.

: 400;">: South Korea’s top naval officer visits a key naval submarine base in the United States for the first time and stresses the need to strengthen ties against growing North Korean threats.

: 400;">: North Korea says it has conducted what it calls a “cruise missile super-large warhead power test” and had test-fired a new-type of anti-aircraft missile.

: North Korean leader Kim Jong Un calls for strengthening the country’s navy to step up war preparations and protect maritime sovereignty during a visit to a shipyard for warships.

: 400;">: North Korea fires several cruise missiles off the west coast.

: Semiconductor Industry Association calls on the US government to craft multilateral chip equipment export controls, claiming the current unilateral ones put US firms at a disadvantage over rivals from South Korea and other countries.

: South Korea calls for the United States to come up with “reasonable” regulations on limiting the sourcing of critical minerals and components from countries like China to qualify for US incentives for electric vehicles.

: US Chamber of Commerce expresses concerns over South Korea’s proposed regulations aimed at preventing unfair market activities by major online platform businesses such as Naver, Kakao, Google, and Apple.

: 400;">: US National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan and the secretary general of the NATO express concerns over North Korea’s export of military equipment to Russia for use in Ukraine.

: South Korean military says that North Korea has fired several cruise missiles off the west coast, just two days after it has test-fired submarine-launched cruise missiles from the east coast.

: United States urges North Korea to refrain from further “threatening” activity and engage in “serious and sustained” diplomacy, after Pyongyang fires several cruise missiles.

: North Korean leader Kim Jong Un oversees the test-fire of submarine-launched cruise missiles and reviews a project to build a nuclear-powered submarine. 

: South Korea’s military says it is putting weight on the possibility that North Korea’s latest purported test of submarine-launched cruise missiles is “exaggerated.”

: North Korean Foreign Minister Choe Son-hui meets a senior Chinese diplomat in Pyongyang, as the North appears to be seeking to strengthen ties with Beijing amid stepped-up cooperation with Russia.

: South Korea and the United States conduct their first cyber security drills to bolster their joint posture against rising cyber threats.

: 400;">: North Korea says it has test-fired a new strategic cruise missile, named Pulhwasal-3-31, in what is seen as an effort to strengthen capabilities to deliver nuclear weapons.

: Chainalysis report shows that North Korea-linked hackers stole $1 billion worth of crypto-currency through 20 attacks in 2023, the highest number of their hacks since record-keeping began in 2016. 

: South Korea’s top nuclear envoy meets NATO officials to discuss North Korea’s provocations.

: 400;">: North Korea fires several cruise missiles toward the Yellow Sea. 

: South Korea’s top envoy to the UN renews Seoul’s criticism of arms transactions between North Korea and Russia during a UNSC meeting, as Russia’s top diplomat shifts the blame to the West for the prolonging of the war in Ukraine.

: South Korea and the United States discuss ways to expand the participation of South Korean companies in the maintenance of US military equipment in the Indo-Pacific region.

: US surveillance aircraft flies over South Korea on an apparent mission to monitor North Korea following its claimed test of an underwater nuclear attack drone.

: Hyundai Motor calls on the US government to provide a temporary Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) exemption on a limited number of critical materials such as graphite, stating that not sourcing raw materials from China is “unrealistic” currently. 

: Senior South Korean general highlights the need for international response and cooperation against North Korea’s evolving military threats at a major gathering of top NATO military officials.

: UN Security Council (UNSC) holds closed-door consultations on North Korea-related issues amid tensions heightened by Pyongyang’s recent launch of a claimed hypersonic missile and its hardening rhetoric against Seoul.

: North Korea says it has tested an underwater nuclear weapon system under development in response to the latest joint maritime exercise between South Korea, the United States and Japan.

: South Korea and the United States hold a working-level cyber policy meeting to bolster efforts against North Korea’s growing threats in cyberspace.

: Top nuclear envoys of South Korea, the US, and Japan hold talks in Seoul as tensions rise on the Korean Peninsula amid North Korea’s belligerent rhetoric and deepening military cooperation with Russia.

: United States warns against North Korea’s provision of additional military aid to Russia for use in Ukraine, as Pyongyang’s top diplomat visits Moscow in an apparent sign of deepening bilateral ties.

: A senior Pentagon official says that the United States will take North Korea’s military space capability “seriously” amid concerns about Pyongyang’s pursuit of space-based military capabilities.

: Top national security advisors of South Korea, the US, and Japan sign a trilateral quantum partnership to train a quantum workforce and strengthen their collective competitiveness in the field.

: Russian President Vladimir Putin meets with North Korean Foreign Minister Choe Son-hui amid deepening military cooperation between the two countries.

: US National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan expresses worries about North Korean threats and other challenges, but stresses closer alliance cooperation. 

: Joint Chiefs of Staff says that South Korea, the US, and Japan have jointly conducted naval drills in waters south of the Korean Peninsula following North Korea’s recent launch of a hypersonic missile.

: South Korea and the United States agree to begin talks on their next deal on defense cost sharing earlier than planned, a move that appears to consider the possible reelection of former US President Donald Trump, known for his tough bargaining on such deals.

: South Korea is to join a US-led multinational anti-submarine exercise in waters off Guam in an effort to hone capabilities against underwater threats.

: North Korea says it has successfully test-fired a solid-fuel intermediate-range ballistic missile (IRBM) carrying a hypersonic warhead.

: United States condemns North Korea’s ballistic missile launch as a violation of multiple UN Security Council resolutions.

: North Korean Foreign Minister Choe Son-hui arrives in Russia for an official visit to further deepen military ties.

: Top diplomats of South Korea and the United States agree to work together to address North Korean threats and support peace in the Taiwan Strait and the South China Sea.

: United States imposes sanctions on three Russian entities (the Ashuluk Firing Range, 224th Flight Unit State Airlines, and the Vladimirovka Advanced Weapons and Research Complex) and one individual (Vladimir Mikheychik, general director of 224th Flight Unit State Airlines) for their involvement in the transfer and testing of North Korean ballistic missiles for Russia’s use against Ukraine.

: South Korean Defense Minister Shin Won-sik says North Korea may sell new types of tactical guided missiles to Russia in addition to its alleged supply of short-range ballistic missiles for Moscow’s use in its ongoing war with Ukraine.

: National security advisers of South Korea and the United States condemn “in the strongest possible terms” North Korea’s transfer of ballistic missiles to Russia for use in Ukraine.

: A military source says North Korea is conducting live-fire drills from its western coast.

: South Korea’s military says North Korea fires artillery off western coast for a third consecutive day.

: US official claims that North Korea has sent several dozen ballistic missiles to Russia.

: Senior defense officials of South Korea and the United States strongly condemn North Korea’s announcement to launch more spy satellites.

: Chinese and South Korean foreign ministries hold director-general consultations in Shenzhen.

: North Korea test-fires a Hwasong-18 ICBM. 

: Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi and North Korean Vice Foreign Minister Pak meet in Beijing. 

: First South Korea-China Supply Chain Hotline Meeting and the fourth South Korea-China Working-Level Industrial Cooperation Meeting takes place in Seoul.

: Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Sun Weidong and North Korean Vice Foreign Minister Pak Myong Ho meet in Beijing. 

: Two Chinese and four Russian military planes enter South Korea’s air defense identification zone without notice.

: North Korea’s Air Koryo resumes Pyongyang-Shenyang commercial flights. 

: South Korean Deputy Director-General for Northeast Asian Affairs Kang Young-Shin and Chinese Deputy Director-General of the Department of Boundary and Ocean Affairs Yang Renhuo co-chair a Korea-China Deputy Director-Generals’ Meeting on Maritime Affairs in Shanghai.

: South Korean Minister for Trade Dukgeun Ahn and Chinese International Trade Representative Wang Shouwen attend the fifth Korea-China Free Trade Agreement (FTA) Joint Committee meeting held in Beijing.

: 16th Tripartite Health Ministers’ Meeting is held in Beijing.

: South Korea’s National Assembly passes resolution calling on China to stop repatriating North Korean refugees. 

: UN Security Council holds a briefing on North Korea’s satellite launch.

: Foreign Ministers Wang Yi and Park Jin meet in Busan on the sidelines of the tenth China-South Korea-Japan Foreign Ministers’ Meeting. 

: South Korea returns the remains of 25 Chinese soldiers killed in the Korean War. 

: Yulin, Shaanxi province hosts 20th Korea Heart to Heart (K2H) Symposium on International Exchanges of Civil Servants for subnational China-South Korea cooperation.

: North Korea launches a military spy satellite. 

: 400;">Nov. 14, 2023: First South Korea-China Economic Cooperation Exchange is held in Changchun.

: Xi sends a response letter to Kim.

: South Korean Foreign Ministry sends condolence messages to China on the death of Premier Li Keqiang. 

: President Xi sends a reply letter to Kim Jong Un. 

: North Korea commemorates 73rd anniversary of China’s entry into the Korean War. 

: Chinese Assistant Foreign Minister Nong Rong and a China-South Korea-Japan Trilateral Cooperation Secretariat delegation led by Secretary-General Lee Hee-sup meet in Beijing.

: Activists at the South Korean Foreign Ministry protest China’s repatriation of North Koreans.

: Kim sends a letter to Xi marking China’s seventy-fourth founding anniversary. 

: US solider Travis King is returned from North Korea, with assistance from China. 

: China-South Korea-Japan senior officials’ meeting takes place in Seoul.

: South Korean Minister of Foreign Affairs Park Jin takes part in the Korea-Japan-China Trilateral Senior Officials’ Meeting.

: Kim sends a response letter to Xi.

: President Xi and South Korean Prime Minister Han Duck-soo meet in Hangzhou, where the 19th Asian Games start. 

: President Xi Jinping sends a message to Kim Jong Un marking North Korea’s 75th founding anniversary. 

: A Chinese delegation led by Vice Premier Liu Guozhong visits Pyongyang.

: South Korean President Yoon Suk Yeol and Chinese Premier Li Qiang meet in Jakarta on the sidelines of ASEAN meetings. 

: South Korea, the US, and Japan hold missile defense drills after North Korea’s botched rocket launch.

: Kim Jong Un visits the navy command, calls for bolstering naval forces.

: South Korea and the US work together to search for and salvage sunken parts of North Korea’s space rocket.

: North Korea says its second attempt to launch spy satellite failed.

: South Korea, the US, and Japan weigh more unilateral sanctions over North Korea’s space launch.

: US Army stages first key wartime deployment drills in Korea in 6 years amid growing North Korea threats.

: US charges founders of crypto mixer with enabling North Korean money laundering.

: Kim Jong Un inspects a cruise missile test as South Korea-US military drills begin.

: Yoon and Biden agree to closely cooperate to strengthen credibility of US extended deterrence.

: Yoon, Biden, and Japanese Prime Minister Kishida Fumio commit to immediately consult in event of common threat.

: South Korea welcomes US sanctions against arms trade between North Korea, Russia.

: North Korea claims US Pvt. Travis King wants refuge in North or third country.

: South Korean Navy to join multinational Indo-Pacific humanitarian exercise.

: Kim Jong Un inspects short-range nuke and rocket factories to arm ‘front lines.’

: SK Telecom says it will invest $100 million in the US artificial intelligence firm Anthropic.

: Hyundai Bioscience, US NIH to co-develop broad-spectrum antiviral drug.

: Kim Jong Un calls for bolstering war preparations in “offensive” way.

: North Korea insists it is “responsible nuclear state,” slamming US nuke policy.

: North Korea criticizes the US over its weapons package for Taiwan.

: US National Security Council official says North Korea is considering providing military support to Russia.

: North Korea slams new US human rights envoy designate Julie Turner as “wicked woman” meddling in state affairs.

: North Korea appears to test rocket engine as it preps for next satellite launch.

: South Korea and the US agree to sign arrangement on bolstering defense supply chains.

: Seoul demands North Korea stop arms sales after its rockets show up in Ukraine.

: South Korea and the US stage joint anti-submarine drills involving nuclear-powered sub.

: North Korea showcases drones and ICBMs at a military parade on armistice anniversary.

: North Korea visit by Russian and Chinese delegates shows support for unlawful weapons programs, the US State Department says.

: South Korea and the US stage joint air drills with F-35A and F-16 jets.

: New drones conduct flyovers as North Korea shows off nukes at military parade.

: North Korea debuts new spy and combat drones that mimic US models.

: Kim Jong Un stresses “anti-US” stance at war anniversary cemetery visits.

: North Korea fires late-night ballistic missiles after US submarine visits South.

: North Korea fires two ballistic missiles into East Sea: JCS.

: BTS member Jungkook’s solo single “Seven” tops Billboard Hot 100.

: North Korea fires “several” cruise missiles toward west coast.

: North Korean hackers break into US software firms in latest supply chain hack.

: US State Department says North Korea remains silent to US calls to verify status of soldier in its custody.

: Top nuclear envoys of South Korea, the US, and Japan denounce North Korea’s latest missile test.

: BTSBeyond the Story becomes first Korean book to top New York Times bestseller lists.

: North Korea warns that US nuke deployment to South could trigger preemptive strike.

: North Korea fires two short-range ballistic missiles into East Sea.

: UN Command says US national Travis King crosses military demarcation line into North Korea.

: A US nuclear-capable submarine makes port call in Busan for first time in decades.

: South Korea-US nuclear consulting group aims to curb North Korea’s nuclear threat.

: South Korea, the US, and Japan hold missile defense drills in East Sea after North Korea’s ICBM launch.

: US National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan says the US is concerned about potential additional North Korean missile launches, nuclear test.

: South Korea ramps up diplomatic pressure campaign against North Korea during ASEAN meetings.

: Yoon makes a surprise visit to Ukraine in show of support.

: South Korean Defense Minister Lee Jong-sup meets visiting US Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman Gen. Mark A. Milley on regional security and the bilateral alliance.

: Yoon promises a package of security, humanitarian, and reconstruction aid for Ukraine.

: US calls for UN Security Council action against North Korea’s ICBM test, but permanent members China and Russia oppose it.

: Kim Yo Jong slams UNSC meeting over its ICBM launch, defending it as exercise of self-defense.

: South Korea and the US stage air drills involving s B-52H strategic bomber in response to the North’s launch.

: Yoon warns North Korea will be made to pay price for its illicit missile launch.

: North Korea fires an intercontinental ballistic missile.

: Envoys of South Korea, the US, and Japan strongly denounce North Korea’s ICBM test.

: Kim Yo Jong warns US military will face “very critical flight” in case of “repeated illegal intrusion,” after alleging that a US spy aircraft entered North Korean airspace within its exclusive economic zone. US responds by urging North Korea to halt escalatory actions following the accusation.

: President Yoon arrives in Lithuania for NATO summit. While there, South Korea and NATO establish new partnership for cooperation in 11 areas, and Yoon says South Korea will increase military info-sharing with NATO.

: North Korea slams the US plan to send strategic nuclear submarine to Korean Peninsula.

: New round of US-led IPEF talks kicks off in South Korea.

: US House committee calls for trilateral defense cooperation between South Korea, Japan,  and the US.

: South Korea and the US stage combined air drills involving a B-52H strategic bomber.

: Yoon names Kim Yung-ho, a professor of political science and diplomacy at Sungshin Women’s University, new unification minister.

: South Korea requests that the US expand the list of countries that may supply key critical minerals under the Inflation Reduction Act.

: South Korea and US discuss nuclear security cooperation in their working group meeting.

: North Korea warns that the Korean Peninsula close to the “brink of nuclear war.”

: US intelligence report says North Korea is most likely to use nuclear weapons as a means of coercion.

: North Korea calls Blinken’s visit to China a “disgraceful begging trip.”

: North Korea cites botched satellite launch as its “most serious” failure.

: Blinken says he urged China to encourage North Korea to act responsibly.

: North Korea promises more “powerful nuclear weapons” to counter US “domination.”

: US Secretary of State Antony Blinken holds phone talks with South Korea’s foreign minister ahead of his China trip.

: US imposes sanctions on two North Korean nationals for assisting with the country’s illegal weapons program.

: US nuclear-powered submarine USS Michigan arrives in South Korea after North Korea launch.

: North Korea fires two short-range ballistic missiles toward East Sea.

: President Yoon oversees South Korea-US live-fire drills.

: National security advisers of South Korea, the US, and Japan agree to strengthen cooperation on North Korea and regional security in a sign of deepening trilateral cooperation.

: South Korea and the US agree to additional efforts to cut off funds to North Korea’s weapons programs.

: Indiana’s governor says Samsung SDI and General Motors will build an electric vehicle battery plant in the state.

: US officials say Washington will allow South Korean and Taiwanese chip makers to keep operations in China.

: South Korea and the US stage the Combined Distribution Exercise in Pohang.

: North Korea claims the Kakhovka dam collapse in Ukraine occurred with Washington and Kyiv “in cahoots.”

: South Korea’s foreign ministry summons Chinese envoy Xing Haiming to protest Xing’s comments on Seoul-Washington ties. Xing said, in a meeting with main opposition party leader Lee Jae-myung, that Seoul had wrongly bet on US-China competition and needed to abide by Beijing’s one-China principle.

: Samsung Biologics inks a $411.3 million manufacturing deal with Pfizer.

: South Korea wins a seat on the UN Security Council for 2024-25.

: SK Signet completes construction of its first US plant.

: A survey reveals that South Korean support for nukes drops as public debate ramps up.

: Kim Yo Jong slams the UN Security Council’s meeting on its space rocket launch as “the most unfair and biased act of interfering in internal affairs.”

: President Biden says the US is deepening trilateral cooperation with South Korea and Japan against North Korean threats.

: South Korea slaps sanctions on a North Korean hacking group after Pyongyang’s space launch.

: North Korea slams UN and NATO criticism of its spy satellite launch.

: Kim Yo Jong says North Korea will “correctly” place a spy satellite into orbit soon despite its failed launch.

: North Korea’s attempt to launch its first spy satellite fails after an “abnormal” flight, according to the South Korean military. Nuclear envoys of South Korea, the US, and Japan “strongly condemn” North Korea’s space launch.

: Multinational antiproliferation drills kick off on the day of North Korea’s botched space launch.

: US reveals joint salvage drills with South Korea before the botched North Korea “space vehicle” launch.

: South Korea holds public-private meeting on the US-led IPEF developments and strategies. Trade Minister Ahn Duk-geun notes that the IPEF deal on supply chains “lays the foundation for joint responses to any global supply chain disruptions among the member nations.”

: US military in South Korea stages Elephant Walk training with F-16 fighters.

: Seoul’s trade minister holds talks with his US counterpart Katherine Tai over the Inflation Reduction Act and Indo-Pacific Economic Framework; he asks for support for stable supply of key raw materials and parts.

: Hyundai Motors and LG Energy Solution announce that they will invest 5.7 trillion won ($4.3 billion) in a US battery plant.

: South Korea and the US stage massive live-fire drills marking the 70th anniversary of their alliance.

: Wall Street Journal reports that South Korean ammunition is headed to Ukraine via US.

: US Special Representative for North Korea Sung Kim meets South Korea’s Representative for Korean Peninsula Peace and Security Affairs Kim Gunn to discuss joint responses to North Korea’s nuclear threats.

: North Korea calls out the Washington Declaration for being a “typical product of the heinous hostile policy” toward North Korea. North Korea states that it is “natural” to bolster its military deterrence in response to President Biden’s statement that using nuclear weapons will result in the “end” of the North Korea regime.

: South Korea-US summit paves the way for a strong bilateral semiconductor partnership as the two countries agree to build a partnership in case of any disruptions in the global supply chains.

: President Yoon states that the Washington Declaration is an “upgraded” version of the 1953 Mutual Defense Treaty and includes information sharing on nuclear and strategic operations and planning.

: President Yoon meets with scholars at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology to discuss cooperation in areas of cutting-edge science such as artificial intelligence and bioscience.

: Two representatives of the United States House of Representatives introduce a bipartisan bill to reauthorize and improve the North Korean Human Rights Act which expired in 2022.

: Recent commercial satellite imagery indicates that North Korea is expanding its Yongbyon nuclear complex.

: During a meeting with Secretary of Defense Austin, President Yoon states that North Korea will be faced with a “resolute and overwhelming response, including the US nuclear capabilities” if they attempt to use nuclear weapons.

: South Korean Prime Minister Han Duck-soo meets visiting Virginia Gov. Glenn Youngkin to discuss growing cooperation in space exploration and technology.

: President Yoon and President Biden adopt the Washington Declaration to strengthen the United States “extended deterrence” commitment to South Korea.

: President Yoon addresses the US Congress and states that South Korea and the US will “play the role as a compass for freedom” and will “safeguard and broaden the freedom of citizens of the world.” In response to North Korean nuclear threats, Yoon emphasizes the need to “speed up” Korea-US-Japan trilateral security cooperation.

: During a joint press conference with President Joe, Yoon announces that the two countries agreed to establish a Nuclear Consultative Group to conduct the new extended deterrence system laid out by the recently signed Washington Declaration.

: An Ohio-class nuclear-powered ballistic submarine, the largest type of ballistic missile submarine operated by the US Navy, will visit South Korea to strengthen US extended deterrence.

: President Yoon sings “American Pie” at the end of a state dinner.

: President Biden states that a nuclear attack by North Korea against the United States or its allies and partners will result in the “end of whatever regime were to take such an action.”

: President Yoon attends a dinner hosted by President and First Lady Jill Biden to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the South Korea-United States alliance.

: South Korean Prime Minister Han Duck-soo meets visiting Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis to discuss expanding economic cooperation, such as in space exploration and the aviation industry.

: Corporate officials from both South Korea and the US sign 23 MOUs to boost bilateral cooperation on advance science and energy industries, such as batteries, robots, and nuclear power generation.

: President Yoon meets Tesla CEO Elon Musk to ask for his investment in a Gigafactory in South Korea. Yoon calls for greater cooperation between South Korean businesses and SpaceX.

: Six US advanced technology firms announce plans to invest a combined $1.9 billion in South Korea and to build production facilities in South Korea that will strengthen bilateral cooperation on supply chains and an environment-friendly energy and industrial structure.

: President Yoon states that the South Korea-US alliance will not be “shaken” by leaked US documents that allegedly contained the contents of tapped conversations of top South Korean officials.

: President Yoon and President Biden visits the Korean War Veterans Memorial.

: President Yoon calls for stronger South Korea-US cooperation on space exploration and science.

: United States sanctions three individuals for providing support to North Korea’s efforts to illegally generate funds for its nuclear and missile development programs.

: President Yoon and First Lady Kim Keon Hee arrive in the United States to celebrate the 70th anniversary of South Korea-US relations.

: John Kirby, National Security Council coordinator for strategic communications, reaffirms US commitment to South Korea following Russia’s statement that they may consider sending arms to North Korea if South Korea provide lethal assistance to Ukraine.

: North Korea’s Foreign Minister Choe Son-hui states that North Korea’s status as a global nuclear power is “final and irreversible” and will not seek recognition or approval from anyone as long as North Korea has the power to counter US nuclear threats.

: National Security Council coordinator for strategic communications Kirby states that the US is “grateful” for the support that South Korea has provided Ukraine and calls the country a “terrific ally” and friend.

: North Korean leader Kim Jong Un announces the completion of the country’s first military spy satellite. A State Department spokesperson states that the launch of this satellite would violate multiple UNSC resolutions.

: Georgia Gov. Brian Kemp states that the US Inflation Reduction Act is hurting Korean companies.

: President Yoon states that the South Korea-US alliance is a “resilient value-based alliance” that can readjust even when their interests are in conflict.

: The United States and South Korea conducts combined attack drills as part of the Korea Marine Exercise Program to strengthen capabilities and interoperability.

: South Korea considers joining the Freedom Online Coalition and will discuss South Korea’s potential participation in the coalition with the United States during President Yoon’s upcoming visit to the United States.

: South Korea, the US, and Japan hold a trilateral missile defense exercise in international waters of the East Sea to strengthen security cooperation against North Korea’s advancing provocations.

: South Korea and the United States conduct large-scale combined air drills to enhance combined operational capabilities of the allies’ advanced fighters.

: During a visit to the United States, Kim Dong-yeon, governor of South Korea’s Gyeonggi Province attracts a combined 4 trillion won in investment from four companies.

: South Korean Principal Deputy National Security Adviser Kim Tae-hyo states that there is a possibility that Japan could join the South Korea-US intelligence alliance. The three countries agree to hold regular missile defense and anti-submarine exercises at the Defense Trilateral Talks to deter and respond to North Korea’s nuclear and missile threats.

: South Korea and the United States hold joint air drills following North Korea’s recent firing of an intercontinental ballistic missile.

: North Korea fires a new model of long-range ballistic missile toward the East Sea. North Korean leader Kim states that the launch “radically” promotes the effectiveness of its nuclear counterattack posture.

: Chief nuclear envoys of the US, South Korea, and Japan denounce North Korea’s latest missile provocation and express “deep concerns” over the unprecedented level of provocations from North Korea since the past year. NATO also condemns it.

: A South Korean government official states that there is no “reason to conclude that the US has wiretapped” South Korean government officials. The official emphasize that not all intelligence collecting activities may not always be malicious and that “every country has the possibility of gathering intelligence,” including South Korea.

: During the Korea-US Integrated Defense Dialogue, South Korea and the US agree to strengthen cooperation in “each area of extended deterrence,” including information sharing and crisis communication.

: Eom Dong-hwan, minister of the Defense Acquisition Program Administration of South Korea, and Theodore Colbert, Boeing Defense, Space, and Security CEO sign a memorandum of understanding for joint research and development of advanced weapons.

: United States condemns North Korea’s latest ballistic missile launch and urges the country to come to the table for negotiations.

: South Korean FM Park Jin states that South Korea is working with the US to discuss recent allegations that US intelligence services eavesdropped on discussions between South Korean government officials regarding providing weapons to the US for use in Ukraine.

: South Korea plans to stage a joint tabletop exercise between its military and government officials and state-run research centers to bolster its response system against dangers from space.

: South Korean Defense Minister Lee Jong-sup talks with Secretary of Defense Austin regarding recent news of leaked documents that the US wiretapped conversations of top South Korean national security officials. The two agree that a “great deal of disclosed information was fabricated.” Kim Tae-hyo, South Korean principal deputy national security adviser, states that South Korea and the US believe that a “large portion” of the leaked classified documents may be fake and are considering the involvement of a “third party.”

: A spokesperson for the Department of State announces that the US commitment to South Korea is “ironclad” when asked about recently leaked documents revealing (among other things) that the US may have eavesdropped on conversations at the South Korean presidential office. A South Korean presidential official states that South Korea will seek “appropriate measures” from the US if necessary after looking into the validity of the leaked documents.

: North Korea tests the Haeil-2 underwater strategic weapon system that the country claims can generate a “radioactive tsunami.”

: North Korea denounces South Korea and the United States’ latest joint military drills and calls them an “unprecedented” war rehearsal.

: South Korea and the United States hold combined air drills focused on practicing procedures to protect strategic bombers from potential aerial enemy threats.

: South Korean National Security Adviser Cho Tae-yong talks with US National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan to discuss strengthening bilateral relations.

: Mandiant, Google’s cybersecurity unit, finds that a North Korean hacker group classified as APT43 has committed cybercrimes to fund the country’s nuclear weapons program. APT43 has also collected information on COVID-19 vaccines and policy matters related to North Korea by sending spear-phishing emails to pharmaceutical firms, policymakers, and researchers.

: South Korea, the United States, and Japan hold a trilateral naval exercise featuring the USS Nimitz carrier that is focused on enhancing response capabilities against underwater threats.

: South Korea welcomes the new guidelines that the Department of Treasury set under the US Inflation Reduction Act which would “substantially” relieve the uncertainty that South Korean domestic battery and material industries had and will “strengthen” the battery supply chain cooperation between the two countries.

: United States National Security Council coordinator John Kirby states that a potential arms deal is being arranged between Russia and North Korea.

: Kurt Campbell, National Security Council coordinator for the Indo-Pacific, commends President Yoon for taking unilateral steps to improve ties with Japan.

: President Yoon nominates Cho Hyun-dong as South Korean ambassador to the United States following the resignation of Kim Sung-han.

: President Yoon asks United States Trade Representative Katherine Tai to “make favorable considerations” so that South Korean companies operating in the US will not experience difficulties related to the US Inflation Reduction Act and CHIPS Act.

: US Ambassador to South Korea Philip Goldberg states that steps that President Yoon is making to promote reconciliation between South Korea and Japan deserve “great credit.”

: South Korea’s Trade Minister Ahn Duk-geun and USTR Tai discuss the US Inflation Reduction Act and the CHIPS and Science Act. Ahn asks for further negotiations for the possible revision of US Section 232 tariff rules.

: President Yoon and President Biden announce that South Korea will host the third Summit for Democracy.

: South Korea and the United States conduct major amphibious assault drills.

: North Korea fires two short-range ballistic missiles toward the East Sea.

: US Forces Korea conducts the first training on the deployment of a remote launcher of the Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) missile defense system stationed in South Korea.

: North Korea conducts a new underwater nuclear strategic weapon test and cruise missile exercise to “alert the enemy to an actual nuclear crisis.”

: LG Energy Solution Ltd. states that it will invest 7.2 trillion won to build its second standalone battery manufacturing site in Arizona.

: South Korea, the United States, and the United Kingdom stage combined high-intensity airborne and maritime infiltration drills to strengthen mission capabilities.

: South Korea and the United States conduct a large-scale combined live-fire exercise near the Demilitarized Zone. US Army Col. Brandon Anderson states that the exercise is “defensive in nature” and that the allies are “not being offensive.”

: North Korea fires multiple cruise missiles toward the East Sea.

: North Korea criticizes US Ambassador to the United Nations Linda Thomas-Greenfield for calling on the UNSC to denuclearize North Korea. North Korea states that pressure to dismantle its nukes means “a declaration of war.”

: The United States condemns North Korea’s latest missile provocations and urges all members of the United Nations Security Council to hold North Korea accountable for its actions.

: Lt. Gen. William M. Jurney, commander of the US Marine Corps Forces, Pacific, joins ongoing joint South Korea-United States exercises.

: Samsung Electronics Co. and SK Hynix Inc. express relief as the US government announces that the CHIPS Act defines material expansion as “increasing a facility’s production capacity by 5%.” This will allow the two companies to make technological upgrades in Chinese factories, resolving the worry that the two companies might need to develop an exit strategy from the Chinese market.

: North Korea conducts a two-day practice simulating a tactical nuclear counterattack to South Korea-United States “war” drills.

: 2022 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, released by the US Department of State, calls out North Korea for dozens of human rights issues such as torture, total state control of media, and trafficking.

: South Korea and the United States conduct high-tech military drills with increased “intensity and realism” to bolster deterrence against North Korean provocations.

: North Korea fires a short-range ballistic missile toward the East Sea.

: A US B-1B strategic bomber returns to South Korea for joint exercises and as a show of force as North Korea fires a ballistic missile into the East Sea.

: Wendy Sherman, US deputy secretary of State, expresses “strong support” for President Yoon’s efforts to improve ties between South Korea and Japan.

: North Korea fires a Hwasong-17 intercontinental ballistic missile toward the East Sea in a show of the “toughest response posture” against “aggressive” combined drills by the US and South Korea.

: United States welcomes a “new chapter of cooperation and partnership” between South Korea and Japan and will continue to support the South Korea-Japan relationship.

: South Korea and the United States conduct combined river-crossing military drills.

: South Korea participates in a US-led multinational anti-submarine warfare exercise to enhance joint anti-submarine warfare capabilities.

: In response to North Korea’s recent cruise missile tests from a submarine, the US insists that North Korean provocations force the US to “continually” reaffirm its security commitment to South Korea.

: North Korea fires two short-range ballistic missiles toward the East Sea.

: US Marines based in South Korea and Japan participate in combined drills with South Korea.

: North Korea fires two strategic cruise missiles from a submarine in the East Sea. North Korea states that this drill “verified the current operation posture of the nuclear war deterrence means” in different spaces.

: South Korea and the United States begin the 11-day Freedom Shield exercise that present “realistic” scenarios reflective of North Korea’s evolving nuclear and missile threats.

: North Korea “bitterly denounces” the US for holding an informal UNSC meeting on North Korea’s human rights abuse. North Korea vows to take the “toughest counteraction” against the “vicious hostile plots” of the United States.

: South Korea participates in the second round of official negotiations for the United States-led Indo-Pacific Economic Framework.

: South Korea plans to buy F-35A stealth fighter jets and other weapons systems to bolster its deterrence capabilities against North Korea.

: South Korea’s chip industry feels pressured to take a side between the US and China following the United States CHIPS Act. The industry calls for President Yoon to make a direct deal with President Biden to alleviate pressure.

: South Korean navy destroyer ROKS Choe Yeong conducts a joint field exercise with the USS Rafael Peralta.

: North Korea announces that leader Kim Jong Un oversaw a fire assault drill as Kim stresses the need to “always stay alert” for “frantic war preparation moves” being committed by the “enemy.”

: North Korea fires a short-range ballistic missile toward the Yellow Sea.

: 2023 Annual Threat Assessment released by US Director of National Intelligence expects North Korea to conduct another nuclear test and notes that North Korean leader Kim Jong Un has no intentions to give up nuclear weapons.

: Kim Yo-jong, sister of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, states that North Korea is ready to take “quick and overwhelming action” at any time in response to military activities by the US and South Korea. South Korea and the US stage landing and takeoff drills following North Korea’s claims that it has rocket launcher is capable of destroying an enemy airfield.

: Rafael Grossi, director general of the International Atomic Energy Agency, states that there are “deeply troubling” signs of activity detected at North Korea’s Punggye-ri nuclear testing site.

: North Korea has reportedly developed a high-thrust engine capable of carrying a rocket, allowing the country to launch various satellites into orbit.

: South Korea and the United States stage combined air drills involving a US nuclear-capable B-52H strategic bomber.

: A US guided-missile destroyer visits South Korea in an apparent show of force to North Korea.

: United States imposes sanctions on two individuals and three companies for their involvement with North Korea’s ballistic missile programs.

: During an address marking the March 1 Independence Movement in South Korea, South Korean President Yoon emphasizes the importance of trilateral cooperation with Japan and the US.

: Following the recent bilateral tabletop exercise, Department of Defense spokesperson Brig. Gen. Ryder reports that the US and South Korea conducted discussions regarding “various approaches on the alliance deterrence posture” in the face of evolving North Korean nuclear and missile capabilities.

: South Korean and US special commandos conduct Exercise Teak Knife, combined drills set to strengthen the “ironclad” security commitment between the allies.

: South Korean Finance Minister Choo Kyung-ho calls for US cooperation in the upcoming US guidance on critical mineral and battery component requirements of the US Inflation Reduction Act.

: USS Springfield, a US nuclear-powered submarine, arrives in South Korea, in an apparent warning to North Korea’s repeated missile provocations.

: To mark the 70th anniversary of the US-South Korea alliance, the South Korean National Assembly passes resolution calling for a stronger alliance and bolstering cooperation in economic fields.

: North Korea fires four Hwasal-2 strategic cruise missiles to demonstrate the “war posture” of the country’s nuclear combat forces.

: South Korea and the US conduct a tabletop exercise focused on the possibility of North Korea’s use of nuclear weapons.

: Kwon Jong-gun, director-general for US affairs at North Korea’s foreign ministry, calls on the United States to cease deployment of strategic assets to South Korea and combined drills and that continued provocations will be considered a “declaration of war.”

: US Under Secretary of Commerce for Industry and Security Alan Estevez states the US will limit the level of semiconductors produced by South Korean companies in China to help minimize the potential damage to business.

: South Korean FM Park Jin emphasizes importance of improving South Korea-US cooperation on economic, security, and technology in biotechnology, quantum computing, and artificial intelligence.

: Following North Korea’s recent ballistic missile launches, South Korea, the United States, and Japan conduct a trilateral missile defense exercise to strengthen security cooperation.

: North Korea fires two short-range ballistic missiles toward the East Sea, following the joint air drills staged by South Korea and the United States.

: South Korea imposes sanctions on four individuals and five institutions involved in North Korea’s nuclear and missile development programs following North Korea’s latest long- and short-range ballistic missile launches.

: US condemns North Korea’s recent ballistic missile launches but reaffirms commitment to a diplomatic approach to North Korea. A day later Washington calls on the UNSC to hold North Korea accountable for its recent missile provocations but fails to reach a consensus.

: North Korea fires a Hwasong-15 intercontinental ballistic missile in a “sudden launching drill” aimed at ensuring nuclear deterrence, North Korea’s first ICBM launch since November.

: South Korea and the United States stage combined air drills, following North Korea’s launch of a long-range ballistic missile. South Korea’s Joint Chiefs of Staff states that the training demonstrated the “alliance’s overwhelming forces.”

: North Korea fires a long-range ballistic missile into the East Sea, the second ballistic missile provocation this year. South Korean FM Park Jin, Secretary of State Blinken, and Japanese FM Hayashi strongly condemn the launch and state that the three countries will continue to strengthen defense and joint cooperation.

: Following South Korea’s announcement of bilateral tabletop exercises with the US on a North Korean nuclear-use scenario, North Korea warns that it will respond with “unprecedently persistent and strong” counteractions to upcoming joint drills.

: According to South Korea’s new defense white paper, North Korea resumed plutonium production in 2021, increasing from 50 to 70 kilograms of plutonium for nuclear weapons.

: US agricultural exports to South Korea reach a record high of over $10 billion in 2022, a 2% increase from 2021.

: South Korea’s Navy and Marine Corps participates in a Thai and US-led multinational military exercise.

: Deputy Secretary of State Wendy Sherman reaffirms “ironclad” commitment to providing extended deterrence in a meeting with South Korean First Vice Foreign Minister Cho Hyun-dong. Both stress the importance of the complete denuclearization of North Korea.

: United States Rep. Young Kim argues that the US needs to take a “stronger stance” against North Korea, appoint a special envoy to work solely on North Korea issues, and better demonstrate its capabilities to help defend allies.

: South Korea’s First Vice Industry Minister Jang Young-jin visits the US to enhance bilateral partnership in semiconductors and batteries industry sectors, strengthen technology and supply chains, and discuss the Inflation Reduction Act.

: South Korea and the United States stage combined counter-drone drills at a US air base amid North Korean drone threats.

: United States National Security Council coordinator for strategic communications John Kirby affirms that North Korea has provided artillery ammunition to Russia.

: In upcoming allied drills, South Korea and the United States plan to incorporate “live, virtual, and constructive” (LVC) training elements to bolster combat readiness.

: North Korea holds massive military parade to mark the 75th founding anniversary of its armed forces and to display its nuclear attack capability. The parade displayed almost a dozen advanced ICBMs, tactical missiles, and long-range cruise missiles and featured tactical nuclear units. A new ICBM, the Hwasong-17, was spotted, along with a possible mockup of a new solid-fueled ICBM.  Kim Jong Un also visits the barracks of North Korean military officers with his daughter, Ju-ae, for the anniversary.

: North Korea convenes a meeting of the Central Military Commission of the Worker’s Party of Korea to discuss major military and political tasks for the year. Meeting agenda items include “more strictly perfecting the preparedness for war” and “constantly expanding and intensifying” operation and combat drills to cope with “the prevailing situation.”

: United States calls for the release of South Koreans who are unlawfully detained in North Korea and is in close coordination with South Korea to address this issue.

: United States plans to release information on the provision on EV battery tax incentives under the Inflation Reduction Act. South Korean Industry Vice Minister Jang Young-jin states that the “uncertain environment” surrounding the act is “not advantageous.”

: South Korean FM Park Jin and Secretary of State Blinken meet to discuss the US extended deterrence commitment, nuclear, and conventional missile defense capabilities to defend South Korea, and denuclearizing North Korea. They sign an agreement on science and technology cooperation.

: South Korea and the US stage combined air drills to show US “will and capability” to keep its security commitment to South Korea and to improve combined operational capabilities.

: South Korean Foreign Minister Park Jin meets US Congress members to further strengthen US-South Korean relations and discuss South Korean concerns over the US Inflation Reduction Act.

: State Department Press Secretary Price states that the US is willing to engage in dialogue with North Korea and stresses the need to hold North Korea responsible for its recent missile provocations.

: Nathaniel Fick, US ambassador-at-Large for Cyberspace and Digital Policy, travels to South Korea amid efforts to curb illegal cyber activities by North Korea.

: South Korea and the US stage combined air drills over the Yellow Sea. South Korea’s defense ministry states that the two countries will enhance confidence in the US extended deterrence commitment by “strengthening combined drills in connection with the deployment of US strategic assets.”

: Following Secretary Austin’s visit to South Korea, North Korea warns that it will take the “toughest action” to US military action under the “nuke for nuke and an all-out confrontation for an all-out confrontation” principle.

: In response to debates in South Korea whether the country should pursue nuclear armament, the US Department of Defense releases a Korean-language version of its Nuclear Posture Review.

: South Korean Defense Minister Lee Jong-sup and US Secretary of Defense Austin pledge to “expand and bolster” the level and scale of this year’s combined exercises and training in response to intensifying North Korean provocations.

: North Korea may have tested a solid-fuel missile engine, which would mark the first weapons test by the regime since its short-range ballistic missile launch on Jan. 1.

: North Korea states that NATO Secretary General Stoltenberg’s visit to South Korea is a “prelude” to a “new Cold War” in the Asia-Pacific region as it appears to be “instigating” the creation of an Asian version of NATO.

: Secretary of Defense Austin arrives in South Korea for talks with South Korean officials regarding deterrence against North Korean nuclear and missile threats.

: NATO Secretary General Stoltenberg stresses the importance of the US extended deterrence commitment to South Korea and agrees to strengthen cooperation in areas such as defense science and technology with South Korea.

: According to a Gallup Korea poll of 1000 adults, seven of 10 South Koreans support the pursuit of an independent nuclear weapons development program in South Korea amid concerns over growing North Korean provocations and security threats.

: NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg visits South Korea and meets with President Yoon. Stoltenberg emphasizes interconnectedness amid North Korea’s military support to Russian war efforts and an increasingly “unpredictable and uncertain world.”

: South Korea’s Army Chief of Staff Gen. Park Jeong-hwan and US counterpart Gen. James C. McConville sign a strategic vision statement to expand security cooperation in military, science and technology, and space.

: North Korean leader Kim Jong Un’s sister, Kim Yo Jong, states that the US is “further crossing the red line” by “escalating the war situation” in Ukraine through military hardware support.

: If active dialogue with North Korea commences, the US will consider appointing a special envoy singularly focused on North Korea states Ned Price, Department of State Press Secretary.

: The US House of Representatives proposes a resolution calling for the return of USS Pueblo, a US Navy Ship seized by North Korea 55 years ago.

: President Biden nominates Julie Turner, director of the Office of East Asia and the Pacific in the State Department, to serve as a special envoy for North Korean human rights issues. South Korea’s foreign ministry welcomes her nomination.

: Strategic Communications Coordinator for the US National Security Council John Kirby reports that North Korea continues to provide ammunition to Russia.

: Department of Defense requests US Forces Korea to provide equipment to support Ukraine in the war with Russia and stresses that this move would have “zero impact” on its commitment to South Korea.

: Following a six-year hiatus, South Korea seeks to resume bilateral consultations with the United States on promoting North Korean human rights.

: South Korea’s advanced Army unit stages a joint field exercise with a US Stryker Brigade Combat Team near the inter-Korean border.

: Department of Defense spokesperson Brig. Gen. Ryder emphasizes US extended deterrence to its allies in the Indo-Pacific region to demonstrate continued support to deter and counter potential aggression against South Korea.

: President Biden highlights the strength of the US-South Korea alliance in statement observing Korean American Day.

: Secretary of State Antony Blinken reaffirms trilateral cooperation with South Korea and Japan against North Korean provocations in a joint press conference with Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin, Japanese Foreign Minister Hayashi Yoshimasa and Japanese Defense Minister Hamada Yasukazu.

: In response to North Korean provocations, South Korean President Yoon calls for “further strengthening of the security cooperation” between South Korea, the United States, and Japan.

: President Biden states that Hanwha Solutions’ plan to build a solar panel production facility in the US will help bring back supply chains and is a “direct result” of his economic plan and the US Inflation Reduction Act.

: Jose Fernandez, under secretary of State for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment meets South Korean Vice Foreign Minister Lee Do-Hoon regarding the US Inflation Reduction Act, supply chain issues, and other bilateral issues.

: US Department of State Press Secretary Ned Price states that the United States will work with South Korea and European allies regarding concerns about the Inflation Reduction Act.

: South Korean Second Industry Minister Park Il-jun meets Under Secretary of State Fernandez to discuss cooperation on critical minerals and energy issues to ensure stable supply chains.

: Department of Defense spokesperson Brig. Gen. Pat Ryder states that the United States will “coordinate closely” with South Korea to monitor threats posed by North Korea.

: White House Press Secretary Karine Jean-Pierre affirms the US commitment to providing extended deterrence to South Korea.

: White House confirms that the US and South Korea are not discussing joint nuclear exercises but are working on an “effective coordinated response” to a range of scenarios, including nuclear use by North Korea.

: South Korean President Yoon Suk Yeol states that South Korea is in talks with the United States about joint planning and exercises in terms of nuclear capabilities.

: Chief nuclear envoys of South Korea, the United States, and Japan hold three-way phone talks after North Korean leader Kim Jong-un called for  developing a new intercontinental ballistic missile during a ruling party meeting. They warn that North Korean provocations would deepen its isolation.

: North Korean leader Kim and his daughter inspect dozens of intermediate-range and short-range ballistic missiles, emphasizing Kim’s declaration to “exponentially increase” missile production in the new year. North Korea also tests a nuclear-capable “super-large multiple launch rocket system” which North Korean leader Kim Jong Un states can strike anywhere in South Korea.

: North Korea fires three short-range ballistic missiles into the East Sea, a day after South Korea conducted a test flight of a homegrown solid-propellant space rocket. Kim Gunn denounces North Korea’s firings, along with his US and Japanese counterparts Sung Kim and Takehiro Funakoshi.

: Kim Gunn discusses the need for a stern response to North Korean provocations with US counterpart Sung Kim. Kim Gunn also urges China to take a more active role in holding North Korea responsible for its provocations during a consultation with Liu Xiaoming, China’s top nuclear envoy.

: South Korea’s Industry Minister Lee Chang-yang states that South Korea will maximize the benefits from the US Inflation Reduction Act in the battery, solar, and wind power generation fields to minimize fallout in the car industry.

: United States White House issues a statement welcoming South Korea’s adoption of the US Indo-Pacific strategy.

: Five North Korea drones cross the inter-Korean border, with one flying over northern Seoul. South Korea fails to shoot down the five drones but sends its own drones to the border, with some crossing the border to carry out surveillance and other operations.

: North Korea fires two short-range ballistic missiles into the East Sea, following the combined South Korea-United States air drills the day before.

: North Korea reportedly conducts the first static ground test of a large solid-propellant rocket motor, the first indication that the regime is developing a propulsion system usable in intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) or ICBM-range submarine-launched ballistic missiles.

: South Korea and the United States plan to conduct around 20 combined “realistic” training programs in the first half of next year to address growing North Korean security threats. The allies also consider staging their first large-scale combined live-fire demonstration to mark the 70th anniversary of the establishment of their alliance and to demonstrate the allies’ “overwhelming deterrence capabilities against North Korea.”

: Kim Yo Jong, Vice Department Director of the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of Korea and sister of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, criticizes those who question the regime’s satellite development capabilities and reconnaissance satellite project.

: South Korea, the United States, and 13 other member nations participate in the US-led Indo-Pacific Economic Framework ministerial meeting.

: South Korea and the United States conduct combined air drills to strengthen the credibility of America’s “extended deterrence.”

: Leader of South Korea’s ruling People Power Party Chung Jin-suk condemns North Korea’s latest missile launches, stating that such provocations are aimed at breaking up the South Korea-United States alliance.

: North Korea conducts an “important final-stage” test that evaluates the capabilities of putting a military reconnaissance satellite into orbit. A spokesperson at the National Aerospace Development Administration states that North Korea will finish preparations for its first military reconnaissance satellite by April 2023.

: South Korea and the United States hold their sixth Cyber Policy Consultations to discuss ways to enhance bilateral cooperation on cybersecurity and countering cyber threats posed by North Korea.

: United Nations General Assembly passes a resolution calling for international efforts to improve human rights conditions in North Korea, making this the 18th consecutive year the General Assembly has adopted such a resolution.

: North Korea successfully conducts a static firing test of a high-thrust solid-fuel motor, which the Korean Central News Agency states is an “important test” that provides “sure sci-tech guarantee” for the development of a new strategic weapons system. John Kirby, US National Security Council coordinator for strategic communications, statesthat North Korea is pursuing military capabilities that pose a threat to the region.

: United States military launches US Space Forces Korea, a unit focused on strengthening bilateral space security coordination in the Indo-Pacific region.

: Air Force Major General Michael E. Martin, Commander of the Special Operations Command-Korea (SOCKOR), states that the SOCKOR unit is committed to military readiness by conducting peak-level “realistic” training.

: US State Department spokesperson Ned Price stresses the “complete denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula” as an overarching US objective and to holding North Korea accountable for its recent missile provocations.

: At the seventh Senior Economic Dialogue, South Korea’s 2nd Vice Foreign Minister Lee Do-hoon meets with US Under Secretary of State for Economic Growth, Energy, and Environment Jose W. Fernandez to discuss concerns about the US Inflation Reduction Act. Both sides reaffirm commitment to continuing discussions on the issue.

: South Korean National Assembly Speaker Kim Jin-pyo expresses concerns over the US Inflation Reduction Act and calls for an “exceptional clause” for countries that have entered a free trade agreement with the United States prior the IRA.

: United States imposes sanctions on over 65 individuals and entities in 17 countries, including North Korea’s border guard bureau, for serious human rights violations and other crimes related to North Korea.

: US Special Representative for North Korea Sung Kim talks with China’s Special Representative on Korean Peninsula Affairs Liu Xiaoming to discuss North Korea’s recent missile provocations.

: During a meeting between several US lawmakers and a South Korean delegation, US lawmakers state that revisions to the US Inflation Reduction Act are unlikely during a lame-duck session of Congress.

: South Korean Foreign Minister Park Jin meets with a delegation from the National Committee on American Foreign Policy (NCAFP) and urges NCAFP’s support in strengthening bilateral ties.

: US State Department Press Secretary Ned Price states that China and Russia must “fulfill its obligations” and implement U.N. Security Council resolutions on North Korea to push back on North Korean provocations.

: United States Senate and House of Representatives reach an agreement on the National Defense Authorization Act which requires the US to maintain a minimum of 28,5000 US service members in South Korea and reaffirm its commitment to providing extended deterrence to South Korea.

: North Korea fires 130 artillery shells into inter-Korean maritime buffer zones.

: Major Gen. Kim Su-kwang, Director of South Korea’s Joint Chiefs of Staff, discusses strengthening US extended deterrence against North Korean provocations with Rear Admiral Anthony Carullo, Director of Plans and Policy at the US Strategic Command.

: United States designates North Korea and 11 other countries as Countries of Particular Concern under the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998.

: Ned Price, US State Department Press Secretary, announces that the United States is working with allies to prepare for any contingencies from North Korea, especially a seventh nuclear test.

: Eliot Kang, Assistant Secretary of State for international security and nonproliferation, states that Russia and China have gone to “great lengths” to shield North Korea from “accountability for increasingly provocative behavior.”

: South Korea’s Trade Minister Ahn Duk-geon and the European Union’s Vice-President Commissioner Valdis Dombrovskis, agree to work more closely for joint responses to the US Inflation Reduction Act.

: South Korea sends its second official written opinion to the United States regarding the US Inflation Reduction Act.

: General James Dickinson, commander of the US Space Command, states that the Command is working to integrate US assets into an architecture that will provide both the US and its allies and partners “as much advanced warning as possible” regarding missile activity out of North Korea.

: United States calls on the United Nations Security Council to hold North Korea accountable for its recent missile provocations and attributes inaction to China. and Russia, two veto-wielding members of the council.

: On the sidelines of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation summit, South Korean Trade Minister Ahn Duk-geun and US Trade Representative Katherine Tai agree to continue consultations regarding the US Inflation Reduction Act.

: North Korean leader Kim Jong Un states that the recent firing of an intercontinental ballistic missile is representative of North Korea’s “strategic forces and its powerful combat performance as the strongest strategic weapon in the world.”

: A US B-1B Lancer strategic bomber joins a US-South Korea joint air drill, one day following North Korea’s firing of an intercontinental ballistic missile.

: North Korea fires an intercontinental ballistic missile toward the East Sea. The launch involves the Hwason-17 ICBM, notorious for its sheer size and range capabilities. Yoon orders a strengthening of the US-South Korea combined defense posture and executability of extended deterrence against North Korea. South Korean Prime Minister Han Duck-soo, US Vice President Kamala Harris, and prime ministers of Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and Canada, jointly condemn the launch.

: Anne Neuberger, US Deputy National Security Advisor for Cyber and Emerging Technologies, states that North Korea is believed to fund about 30% of “its missile and other malicious programs” through cyber attacks.

: North Korea fires one short-range ballistic missile into the East Sea, making this its second missile provocation in a little over a week, which the United States condemns. North Korea has launched 50 ballistic missiles this year, the largest number of ballistic missiles launched in a single year.

: US Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Nuclear and Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction Policy Richard Johnson meets with Director-General of the South Korean Defense Policy Bureau Ha Dae-bong to explain the recently released US Nuclear Posture Review and Missile Defense Review.

: Third Committee of the United Nations General Assembly passes a resolution condemning North Korea for systematic human rights violations and calling for efforts to improve human rights conditions, marking this the 18thconsecutive year the committee passed such a resolution.

: Vedant Patel, principal deputy spokesperson for the US State Department, states that China has a “responsibility” to encourage North Korea to act responsibly and not engage in nuclear or ballistic missile tests.

: South Korea and the United States co-host the Symposium on Countering DPRK Cyber-Exploitation of Cryptocurrency Exchanges. Officials from more than a dozen countries discuss ways to counter cryptocurrency theft and other illegal cyber activities of North Korea.

: Lee Tae-woo, the South Korean Director-General for North Korean nuclear affairs, meets with his US counterpart Jung Park to share updates on North Korean cyberthreats and extortion of cryptocurrencies.

: South Korea and the United States celebrate the completion of the relocation of their Combined Forces Command headquarters from Seoul to Pyeongtaek.

: Biden calls on Chinese leader Xi Jinping to discourage North Korea from taking further escalatory steps, as the United States will take “more defensive” actions that will be “up in the face of China” should North Korea conduct a nuclear test.

: South Korea’s Deputy Trade Minister Jeong Dae-jin meets with Swedish State Secretary of Foreign Ministry Hakan Jevrell discuss ways the two countries can work together to resolve concerns over the US Inflation Reduction Act.

: Yoon and Biden state that the two countries will respond with “overwhelming force using all available means” if North Korea uses nuclear weapons in any form.

: During a trilateral summit at the ASEAN summit Biden, Yoon, and J Kishida express commitment to bolster deterrence against North Korea.

: Yoon announces South Korea’s new Indo-Pacific Strategy, promoting peace and stability in the region, along with the Korea-ASEAN Solidarity Initiative. This marks South Korea’s first time presenting a diplomatic strategy specific to the Indo-Pacific.

: South Korea’s Defense Ministry reaffirms its commitment to not provide Ukraine with lethal military support.

: US State Department Press Secretary Ned Price calls on North Korea to “put the interest of its people first” and states that the United States is looking for ways to support the “humanitarian needs” of the people of North Korea.

: Kim Gunn meets with members of the Korean Peninsula Club, a consultative channel of the ministry and 20 foreign ambassadors based in Seoul. Gunn encourages member countries to step up against North Korea’s illegal cyber activities.

: US Department of Defense spokesperson Brig. Gen. Pat Ryder states that the United States is closely watching the suspected delivery of North Korean artillery shells to Russia.

: During a visit to the US 7th Fleet Headquarters, South Korean Chief of Naval Operations Adm. Lee Jong-ho meets with US Vice Adm. Karl Thomas to discuss strengthening the allies’ combined defense posture against North Korea.

: Kim Gunn condemns North Korea’s missile provocations along with his American counterpart Sung Kim and Japanese counterpart Funakoshi Takehiro.

: North Korea launches one short-range ballistic missile toward the East Sea. The missile is assumed to be one of North Korea’s new SRBMs.

: US State Department Press Secretary Ned Price calls on China and Russia to hold North Korea accountable for its missile launches in violation of United Nations Security Council (UNSC) sanctions, after China and Russia vetoed additional sanctions on North Korea during the ninth UNSC meeting this year on North Korea’s missile launches.

: Under the Korea-US Supply Chain and Commercial Dialogue, South Korea and the United States discuss the impacts of recent US measures to restrict exports of advanced semiconductor equipment to China.

: South Korea’s climate ambassador Na Kyung-won and US climate envoy John Kerry sign an agreement to establish a green cargo shipping route linking South Korea’s Busan port with the US Tacoma port near Seattle to better achieve maritime carbon neutrality.

: South Korean First Vice Foreign Minister Cho Hyun-dong, US Deputy Secretary of State Wendy Sherman, and Japanese Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs Mori Takeo strongly condemn North Korea’s latest missile launches.

: North Korea fires four short-range ballistic missiles toward the Yellow Sea on the last day of the Vigilant Storm drill of South Korea and the United States.

: United States calls on the United Nations Security Council to hold North Korea accountable for its recent ballistic missile launches, and most recently, its launch of an intercontinental ballistic missile.

: While wrapping up the South Korea-United States Vigilant Storm exercise, two US B-1B aircraft join the drills, making this the first time that long-range supersonic bombers have been deployed to South Korea since 2017.

: South Korea and the United States agree to extend the Vigilant Storm drill by another day in response to recent North Korea’s recent firing of an intercontinental ballistic missile.

: North Korea fires three short-range ballistic missiles toward the East Sea.

: South Korea scrambles around 80 warplanes after detecting more than 180 North Korean military aircraft activities.

: South Korean Defense Minister Lee Jong-sup and US Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin meet for the 54thSecurity Consultative Meeting. Both sides agree on four categories of extended deterrence cooperation against North Korean provocations.

: North Korea fires an intercontinental ballistic missile and two short-range missiles toward the East Sea.

: US Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin and South Korean Minister of National Defense Lee Jong-sup meetduring the 54th Security Consultative Meeting to discuss matters such as the allies’ combined defense posture, strengthening cooperation in various areas such as cyber, and responding to North Korean provocations.

: North Korea denounces South Korea and the United States for extending their joint Vigilant Storm exercise
Nov. 3, 2022: North Korea’s recent intercontinental ballistic missile launch is an apparent failure, according to a South Korean government source.

: South Korean First Vice Foreign Minister Cho Hyun-dong and US Deputy Secretary of State Wendy Sherman condemn North Korea’s latest missile launches during a phone call consultation and agree to maintain a strong combined defense posture.

: US Secretary of State Antony Blinken condemns North Korea’s missile provocations, especially it’s “reckless decision” to fire a missile below the Northern Limit Line.

: South Korean Defense Minister Lee Jong-sup visits the US National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency and meets with Director Frank Whitworth. Lee and Whitworth share intelligence regarding North Korea’s recent missile and artillery firings and agree to stronger cooperation.

: According to John Kirby, spokesperson for the US White House National Security Council, North Korea supplies a large number of artillery shells to Russia for use in the ongoing aggression in Ukraine.

: North Korea launches a barrage of missiles and artillery shells, with one short-range ballistic missile flying across its de facto maritime border with South Korea.

: Pak Jong-chon, secretary of the Central Committee of North Korea’s ruling Workers’ Party, states that the US and South Korea will have to “face a terrible case and pay the most horrible price in history” if they attempt to use armed forces against North Korea.

: Yoon condemns North Korea’s recent missile launches, as one of the missiles crossed the Northern Limit Line. Yoon orders the military to maintain “full readiness.”

: South Korean Foreign Minister Park Jin and US Secretary of State Antony Blinken condemn North Korea’s latest missile launches, calling them an “unprecedented, grave provocation.”

: South Korea will submit an official written response providing feedback to the United States regarding the US Inflation Reduction Act.

: In response to the US-South Korea Vigilant Storm drills, North Korea states that it will respond with “more powerful follow-up measures” if the US continues “military provocations.”

: Ned Price, press secretary of the US Department of State, asserts that the United States does not and will not recognize North Korea as a nuclear weapons state.

: US Ambassador to South Korea Philip Goldberg meets with leaders of South Korea’s ruling and main opposition parties to discuss improving bilateral cooperation, North Korean threats, and the US Inflation Reduction Act.

: South Korea continues to engage in defense deals with European nations as they seek to become a bigger player in international weapons sales, bringing forth concerns from US defense industry insiders.

: Yoon thanks Biden, other foreign leaders, heads of foreign embassies, and US Forces Korea for their condolences over the Itaewon stampede.

: South Korea and the United States conduct the five-day Vigilant Storm exercise involving stealth jets and more than 240 aircraft.

: US Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security Bonnie Jenkins states that the United States welcomes a conversation with North Korea about arms control.

: Sabrina Singh, deputy spokesperson for the US Department of State, asserts that the United States condemns North Korea’s recent missile launches and continues to seek dialogue with North Korea.

: North Korea fires two short-range ballistic missiles toward the East Sea.

: In its National Defense Strategy, the US Department of Defense states that any nuclear attack by North Korea against the US or its allies and partners is “unacceptable” and will result in the “end of that regime.”

: South Korea’s Ambassador to the US Cho Tae-yong states that the two countries are working together to strengthen extended deterrence to “strongly and sternly” react against North Korean provocations.

: South Korea launches an interagency task force to prepare for the envisioned Reciprocal Defense Procurement Agreement with the United States, an effort to strengthen cooperation in defense supply chains.

: Brig. Gen. Pat Ryder of the US Pentagon affirms that the US has no plans to adjust its defense posture in the Indo-Pacific region, such as deploying tactical nuclear weapons to the region.

: US Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen states that the US Inflation Reduction Act will be implemented without exception. Yoon states his believe that Yellen’s statement is “slightly different from the general view of the US government.”

: A seventh nuclear test by North Korea would constitute a “grave escalatory action,” states Vedant Patel, principal deputy spokesperson of the US State Department. Patel furthers that the US has a “number of tools” to hold North Korea accountable for future provocations and calls on China and Russia to hold North Korea accountable when necessary.

: US Department of State Press Secretary Ned Price announces that the US assesses that North Korea is preparing for its seventh nuclear test.

: South Korean Vice Foreign Minister Cho Hyun-dong states that the “geopolitical situation in Northeast Asia is grim” due to North Korean provocations and the end of the Chinese Communist Party Congress.

: As part of the annual ongoing Hoguk drills, the South Korean Navy begins a large-scale exercise in the Yellow Sea involving American troops.

: At the Trilateral Chief of Defense Meeting, Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman General Kim Seung-kyum, US General Mark Milley, and Japanese General Yamazaki Koji emphasize the importance of trilateral security cooperation against North Korea.

: Brig. Gen. Pat Ryder of the US Department of Defense states that the US is not considering deploying nuclear weapons to South Korea.

: US Forces Korea discloses footage on artillery live-fire training in response to North Korea’s recent firing of artillery shells.

: South Korea and the United States agree to continue working-level consultations to seek solutions regarding the US Inflation Reduction Act.

: South Korean Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman General Kim Seung-kyum and US counterpart General Mark Milley reaffirm to denuclearizing the Korean Peninsula and developing the countries’ joint defense posture at the annual Military Committee Meeting.

: North Korea fires around 100 artillery rounds into the Yellow Sea and another 150 rounds into the East Sea, falling into the eastern and western buffer zones north of the Northern Limit Line. North Korea calls this a “serious warning” over South Korea’s ongoing military drills, calling on the South to immediately stop “reckless and inciting provocations.”

: South Korean Trade Minister Ahn Duk-geun meets with British Ambassador to Seoul Colin Crooks, Swedish top envoy in Seoul Daniel Wolven, and Charge’ d’affaires of the European Union Christophe Bess to discuss the US Inflation Reduction Act.

: South Korea and the United States stage combined river-crossing military drills to strengthen readiness to counter evolving North Korean threats.

: US Secretary of State Antony Blinken states that North Korea may be trying to draw US attention and argues that North Korean provocations may be a reaction to the growing cooperation between the US, South Korea, and Japan.

: US Ambassador to South Korea Philip Goldberg stresses the United States’ “ironclad” commitment to extended deterrence for South Korea and denounces recent threats of tactical nuclear weapons. Goldberg also criticizes China for having “done little” to mitigate North Korean provocations.

: US Forces Korea reveals it conducted a “quick reaction force training” with South Korean special warfare troops as the allies strive to sharpen deterrence against evolving North Korean threats.

: Vice Admiral Karl Thomas of the US Seventh Fleet states that the recent joint US-South Korea naval exercise may have “precipitated” North Korean provocations, especially “after many years of not Operating in the Sea of Japan and visiting South Korea.”

: North Korea fires a short-range ballistic missile into the East Sea and around 170 artillery shots into the maritime “buffer zones,” making this its eight missile provocation in three weeks.

: A group of around 10 North Korean military aircraft flies close to the border with South Korea, prompting the South Korean Air Force to scramble its F-35A stealth fighters and other assets to the scene.

: North Korea claims that its latest ballistic missile launch was a countermeasure to the South Korean military’s “provocative” and “reckless” moves in the frontline area.

: Chief South Korean, US, and Japanese nuclear envoys express “deep concerns” over North Korea’s recent provocations and “strongly” denounce its actions.
Oct. 15, 2022: South Korean Democratic Party leader Lee Jae-myung sends a letter to Biden delivering concerns over the US Inflation Reduction Act.

: North Korean leader Kim Jong Un supervises the test-firing of long-range strategic cruise missiles involving units operating “tactical nukes” to send a “clear warning to the enemies” and a demonstration of the country’s deterrence capabilities.

: Representative Chung Jin-suk, party leader of the ruling South Korean People Power Party, calls for a stronger US nuclear umbrella.

: In its 2022 National Security Strategy, the United States reaffirms its commitment to the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula through diplomacy and to strengthening US alliances to address “shared challenges” while outmaneuvering geopolitical competitors.

: Rather than the redeployment of tactical nuclear weapons, South Korean Vice Defense Minister Shin Beom-chul states that the most desirable way to deter North Korea is through the “redeployment of US strategic assets to the Korean Peninsula in a timely, coordinated matter.”

: South Korean Ambassador to the United States Cho Tae-yong states that the two nations may need to “quietly review creative solutions” to the “real threat” posed by North Korea.

: Kim Song, North Korean Ambassador to the United States, urges the US to refrain from providing a nuclear umbrella and to suspend joint exercises with South Korea.

: John Kirby, US National Security Council coordinator for strategic communications, states that the US remains open to dialogue with North Korea without any preconditions.

: US State Department rejects the notion that the United States’ “defensive actions” such as joint military and naval exercises with South Korea do not justify North Korea’s “escalatory and unlawful behavior.”

: South Korea’s industry, finance, and foreign ministries hold a third round of their joint task force meeting with officials from the domestic car and battery industries to discuss concerns over the US Inflation Reduction Act.

: North Korean leader Kim Jong Un supervises an exercise of tactical nuclear operation units to check and assess the “war deterrent and nuclear counterattack capability” in response to recent joint US-South Korea military trainings. Kim states that North Korea has “no content for dialogue with the enemies and felt no necessity to do so.”

: North Korean state media reports that North Korea’s recent missile provocations were the simulated use of its tactical battlefield nuclear weapons to “hit and wipe out” potential South Korean and American targets.

: North Korea fires two short-range ballistic missiles into the East Sea, making this its seventh missile provocation in two weeks.

: South Korea and the United States conduct a joint naval exercise involving a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier to reinforce the allies’ operational capabilities against North Korean provocations.

: South Korean Ambassador Lee Shin-hwa, special envoy for international cooperation on North Korean human rights, argues that appointing a US special envoy for North Korean human rights—a post vacant for five years—will send a clear message to North Korea that human rights matter.

: Kim Gunn, special representative for Korean Peninsula peace and security affairs, agrees to redouble joint efforts to block North Korea’s nuclear and missile program financing through cryptocurrency theft with American and Japanese counterparts Sung Kim and Funakoshi Takehiro.

: United States imposes sanctions on two people and three entities for violating UN Security Council (UNSC) sanctions on North Korea for being involved in illegal ship-to-ship transfers of petroleum with North Korean vessels designed to evade UNSC sanctions.

: US Forces Korea brings in new pieces of equipment to its THAAD missile defense unit to complete the three-stage Joint Emergent Operational Need program to enhance the efficiency of its overall anti-missile capabilities.

: North Korea fires two short-range ballistic missiles into the East Sea, making this the sixth missile test in under two weeks. In response, Yoon states that he “will thoroughly take care of the people’s lives and safety through a strong South Korea-US alliance and security cooperation between South Korea, the US, and Japan.”

: North Korea condemns the United States for redeploying the USS Ronald Reagan into the waters east of South Korea, stating that the US “poses a serious threat to the stability of the situation on the Korean Peninsula.”

: South Korea, Japan, the United States, and eight other UN member countries issue a joint statement condemning North Korea for its ballistic missile provocation and call on other UN members to urge North Korea to abandon its “unlawful weapons programs.”

: Kim Gunn, special representative for Korean Peninsula peace and security affairs, and American counterpart Sung Kim voice “serious concerns” regarding North Korea’s recent firing of two short-range ballistic missiles.

: South Korea, Japan, and the United States conduct a joint naval exercise in the East Sea focusing on countering nuclear and missile threats from North Korea.

: South Korea and the United States fire four ground-to-ground missiles into the East Sea in joint drills to demonstrate the allies’ deterrence capability.

: Biden sends a letter to Yoon expressing his willingness to continue talks on the Inflation Reduction Act.

: United States, among other countries, call for an emergency meeting of the UN Security Council. The session ends with no agreement on next steps, with Russia and China insisting that US-led military exercises in the region provoked North Korea.

: US National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan discusses appropriate responses the international community should take with his South Korean counterpart Kim Sung-han and Japanese counterpart Akiba Takeo.

: USS Ronald Reagan returns to the waters east of South Korea to conduct a trilateral exercise with South Korea and Japan in a show of force following North Korea’s recent ballistic missile launches.

: North Korea fires an intermediate-range ballistic missile (IRBM) over Japan, making this the North’s first launch of an IRBM in eight months and the fifth missile test in just over a week. In response, a South Korean F-15K fighter fires two JADAM precision bombs at a firing range on a Yellow Sea island and air drills with the US in a combined strike package.

: South Korean Foreign Minister Park Jin and United States Secretary of State Antony Blinken agree to strengthen cooperation in responding to North Korea’s missile tests, including a new UN resolution against North Korea and trilateral action with Japan.

: South Korea-US Combined Forces Command plans to move its headquarters to Camp Humphreys in Pyeongtaek.

: North Korea fires two short-range ballistic missiles into the East Sea, just a day a day after South Korea, the United States, and Japan staged an anti-submarine warfare exercise. This marks North Korea’s fourth missile launch within a week.

: In light of North Korea Freedom Week, the US State Department releases a statement urging for global efforts to improve human rights conditions in North Korea.

: Following recent North Korean missile provocations, a US Forces Korea unit carries out Exercise Teak Knife, a series of surgical strike drills, at US base Camp Humphreys.

: United States Indo-Pacific Command releases a statement reaffirming its “ironclad” commitment to the defense of South Korea and Japan following North Korea’s recent firing of two ballistic missiles into the East Sea.

: South Korea, Japan, and the United States conduct a trilateral anti-submarine exercise, following North Korea’s short-range ballistic missile launches this week.

: North Korea fires two short-range ballistic missiles into the East Sea, making this its third provocation in less than a week. The United States quickly condemns its recent ballistic missile launches but urges North Korea to engage in dialogue.

: Harris promises Yoon that the United States will look for solutions to South Korea’s concerns regarding the Inflation Reduction Act.

: North Korea fires two short-range ballistic missiles into the East Sea, just three days after the North fired one SRBM earlier this week.

: South Korean Deputy Trade Minister Jeong Dae-jin meets with 18 ambassadors to Seoul from several EU nations to ask seek joint responses over the US Inflation Reduction Act.

: Kim Song, head of the North Korean mission to the United Nations, states that the “security environment of the Korean Peninsula is now caught in a vicious cycle of tensions and confrontations due to the growing hostility of the United States” during an address to the UN General Assembly.

: Previous USFK Commander Gen. Robert Abrams states that the United States will preserve “all options” in determining what forces might be used in the event of a military conflict between China and Taiwan.

: South Korean Ambassador Cho Tae-young states that South Korean Yoon and Biden have reaffirmed their commitment to resolving issues concerning the Inflation Reduction Act.

: US Department of State Press Secretary Ned Price states that North Korea is in a “period of provocation” but the United States remains committed to engage with North Korea in serious diplomacy.

: Yoon states that “untrue” reports of his remarks caught on a hot mic during an event in New York damaged South Korea’s alliance with the United States.

: US Ronald Reagan Carrier Strike Group conducts a series of exercises with the Republic of Korea Navy. Kim Song, North Korea’s ambassador to the United Nations, calls the joint military exercise an “extremely dangerous act” and argues that it arouses “serious concerns.”

: South Korea draws investment worth a combined $1.5 billion from seven North American firms in the semiconductor, battery, and energy sectors. The seven firms plan to build facilities in South Korea.

: In reference to a video circulating of South Korean President Yoon Suk Yeol speaking to his aides in vulgar language in supposed reference to the US Congress and US President Joe Biden, Yoon’s office clarifies that the president was speaking about South Korea’s opposition-controlled National Assembly.

: On the sidelines of the G20 meeting, South Korean Trade Minister Ahn Duk-geun and US Trade Representative Katherine Tai agree to make joint efforts to seek solutions regarding the Inflation Reduction Act.

: Second Vice Foreign Minister Lee Do-hoon meets with White House Indo-Pacific Coordinator Kurt Campbell to discuss the Inflation Reduction Act. Lee also meets with Sen. Jon Ossoff (D-Georgia), Rep. Darin LaHood (R-Illinois), and Rep. Young Kim (R-California).

: US stands by its intelligence that Russia is seeking to purchase ammunition from North Korea, despite a North Korean statement earlier this week that it has never exported any weapons or ammunition to Russia and does not plan to do so.

: Nuclear-powered USS Ronald Reagan aircraft carrier arrives in South Korea to conduct its first combined drills with the South Korean Navy, two days later, North Korea fires a short-range ballistic missile toward the East Sea, the North’s fifth missile firing since the Yoon administration took office.

: Biden and Yoon hold a brief bilateral meeting on the sidelines of the 77th of the United Nations General Assembly and reaffirm “their commitment to strengthen the US-ROK alliance and ensure close cooperation to address the threat” posed by North Korea.

: In an address to the UN General Assembly, Biden names North Korea as one of the main reasons why the United Nations should work to strengthen the nuclear nonproliferation regime and states that the US is prepared to pursue “critical arms control measures.”

: Yoon asks Biden to resolve South Korea’s concerns over the Inflation Reduction Act. Biden affirms that he is aware of the concerns and states that both sides should continue discussions.

: Yoon and Kishida agree to improve relations by resolving pending issues and share concerns about North Korea’s nuclear program.

: South Korea’s Vice Defense Minister Shin Beom-chul assures the South Korean public that the US and South Korea will ensure that “consultations would not move in a direction that undermines security on the Korean Peninsula.”

: South Korean and US Marine Corps develop a five-year plan to strengthen combined amphibious landing exercises.

: Yoon asks UN Chief António Guterres for a stern response to North Korean provocations and thanks Guterres for supporting the “complete, verifiable, and irreversible” denuclearization of North Korea.

: Yoon arrives in New York to attend the 77th session of the UN General Assembly and plans to hold a series of summits on the sidelines with US President Joe Biden and Japanese Prime Minister Kishida Fumio.

: After meeting with US Secretary of Commerce Gina Raimondo, South Korean Industry Minister Lee Chang-yang expresses worries that the negative impacts of the Inflation Reduction Act will have impacts on bilateral ties.

: South Korean and American soldiers conduct combined training at the National Training Center in California to improve “warfighting” and “interoperability” capabilities.

: Reports say the US made a dialogue offer in July to North Korea through the New York channel but North Korea has yet to respond.

: Yoon states that “South Korea will take a more clear position with respect to US-China relations” and criticizes the diplomacy of his predecessor, Moon Jae-in.

: South Korean Vice Foreign Minister Cho Hyun-dong points out the “discriminatory elements” in the Inflation Reduction Act while meeting with US officials.

: United States and South Korea hold the third meeting of the Extended Deterrence Strategy and Consultation Group (EDSCG) which provides a forum for discussions on strategies to strengthen Alliance deterrence on the Korean Peninsula.

: South Korean Defense Minister Lee Jong-sup states that South Korea and the US will revise contingency plans for nuclear crisis scenarios in their joint deterrence strategy and make intelligence-sharing more systematic.

: South Korean Vice Defense Minister Shin Beom-chul visits the Pentagon to discuss bilateral cooperation in high-defense tech projects. Shin also holds bilateral talks with US Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment William LaPlante to discuss the expansion of South Korean firms’ participation in the US defense supply chain.

: South Korea’s Personal Information Protection Commission approves the fines of 69.2 billion won ($55.2 million) for Google and 30.8 billion won for Meta Platforms for collecting personal information without users’ consent.

: A recent Korea Information Society Development Institute report finds that South Korea’s participation in the Chip 4 alliance would be a “rational” decision for the country amid intensifying competition for global technology.

: South Korea and 13 other member nations of the Indo-Pacific Economic Framework agree to start official negotiations to boost regional economic cooperation.

: North Korea celebrates the 74th anniversary of its founding. At the 14th Supreme People’s Assembly, North Korea announces five conditions for a nuclear preemptive strike, states that it will not share nuclear weapons and technology with other countries, and reaffirms that the country will resist all sanctions and pressures to give up its nuclear weapons.

: US develops “Unhiding Hidden Cobra,” a nine-day training program designed to help detect and prevent malicious cyber activities by North Korea.

: After meeting with White House National Economic Council Director Brian Deese and US Trade Representative Katherine Tai, South Korean Trade Minister Ahn Duk-geun states that South Korea and the US will launch ministerial level talks on minimizing damage from the Inflation Reduction Act on South Korean carmakers

: South Korean Land Minister Won Hee-ryong meets with US Ambassador to South Korea Philip Goldberg to discuss cooperation in transportation and construction. Goldberg asks for South Korean companies to invest in US transportation infrastructure and launch the relocation project of US Embassy headquarters in Seoul. Won asks Goldberg to deliver Seoul’s concerns over the Inflation Reduction Act.

: South Korean Prime Minister Han Duck-soo meets with US Ambassador to South Korea Philip Goldberg and requests Washington’s consideration for South Korean firms entering the US market following the Inflation Reduction Act.

: South Korean Trade Minister Ahn Duk-geun arrives in the United States for talks on the Inflation Reduction Act and meets with White House National Economic Council Director Brian Deese and US Trade Representative Katherine Tai.

: South Korean Defense Minister Lee Jong-sup discusses with a group of visiting US House representatives to bolster combined defense posture amid concerns of another North Korea nuclear test.

: South Korean National Assembly Speaker Kim Jin-pyo meets with a US congressional delegation led by Rep. Stephanie Murphy (D-Florida) to raise South Korea’s concerns about the Inflation Reduction Act.

: President Yoon Suk Yeol meets with Gov. Doug Ducey of Arizona and asks for Ducey’s cooperation in addressing South Korea’s concerns about the Inflation Reduction Act.

: South Korea and the US wrap up the Ulchi Freedom Shield exercise. US Brig. Gen. Pat Ryder notes the importance of the exercise for strengthening the “security and the stability on the Korean Peninsula and Northeast Asia.”

: Seoul announces that the national security advisors of South Korea, Japan, and the United States will meet in Hawaii to discuss North Korea’s nuclear program and other issues of potential cooperation. The meeting takes place Sept. 1 at the US Indo-Pacific Command in Honolulu.

: Vedant Patel, principal deputy spokesperson for the State Department, insists that THAAD is a “purely defensive measure to protect ROK” from North Korea threats. Criticism or pressure on South Korea to abandon its self-defense is inappropriate, states Patel.

: Washington agrees to launch formal talks with Seoul to minimize the adverse effects of the Inflation Reduction Act on South Korean electric vehicles.

: South Korea participates in Pacific Vanguard exercise, a US-led multinational maritime exercise, involving Australia, Canada, and Japan.

: South Korea waits for a ruling from the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes on the multibillion dollar damages suit that US private equity firm Lone Star filed against the country more than a decade ago.

: Seoul’s armed forces reveal that the ROK Navy joined a US-led multinational maritime exercise in waters off Guam earlier in August to enhance combined operational capabilities.

: South Korea launches government-civilian body tasked with an environmental impact assessment of the THAAD battery unit in Seongju. It consists of officials from provincial governments, environment and defense ministries, representatives of local residents, and experts in relevant private sectors. The Yoon administration has been pushing normalization of the battery.

: South Korean Defense Minister Lee Jong-sup meets troops at the Ground Component command, a wartime unit formed to conduct South Korea and the US’s Ulchi Freedom Shield exercise.

: Daniel Kritenbrink, US assistant secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, meets South Korean counterpart Yeo Seung-bae and makes courtesy calls on Foreign Minister Park Jin and Second Vice Foreign Minister Lee Do-hoon. Park raises concerns of Washington’s discriminatory treatment of Korean companies under the Inflation Reduction Act and Kritenbirk states that Washington is well aware of Seoul’s concerns and will continue consultations between the two governments. Kritenbrink reaffirms Washington’s “strong support” for Seoul’s “audacious” plan.

: Korea Automobile Manufacturers Association seeks a joint response with the European Union over the US Inflation Reduction Act that excludes electric vehicles assembled outside of North America from tax incentives.

: Seoul pushes for discussion with Washington over its new Chips and Science Act. South Korea’s industry ministry sets up a joint response team with private firms to review related trade regulations, boost communications with the US, and enhance monitoring of major nations’ moves regarding the law. Industry Minister Lee Chang-yang meets with related firms in the semiconductor, car, and battery sectors including Samsung, SK, LG, Hyundai, and Kia.

: Vedant Patel, US Principal Deputy Spokesperson for the State Department, reaffirms US commitment to the defense of South Korea and Japan.

: South Korea leads Ulchi Freedom Shield exercise for the first time, a sign of progress in the plan for the transition of wartime operational control (OPCON). South Korean Gen. Ahn Byung-Seok takes the commanding role as the two countries conduct the full operational capability (FOC) assessment, the second part of the three-stage program to assess the South’s capabilities to lead combined forces.

: US State Department spokesperson Price urges Pyongyang to respond positively to Seoul’s offer to help North Korea in exchange for denuclearization. The remarks come after Kim Yo Jong, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un’s sister, rejected South Korea’s offers.

: South Korea and the US begin Ulchi Freedom Shield (UFS) exercise. The first segment involves drills on repelling North Korean attacks and deafening the greater Seoul area while the second focuses on counterattack operations. The exercise also includes operational capability (FOC) assessment, a procedure for the envisioned transfer of wartime operational control (OPCON) from Washington to Seoul.

: South Korea reviews whether to file a complaint with the World Trade Organization over the Inflation Reduction Act.

: South Korea’s People Power Party (PPP) calls on the government to negotiate with the US to get South Korean-made electric vehicles eligible for tax benefits under the newly legislated Inflation Reduction Act. The PPP argues that Korea-made electric cars should receive equal tax benefits as those produced in the States in accordance with the free trade agreement between the two countries.

: South Korean Foreign Minister Park Jin and US counterpart Blinken discuss the dismissal from Kim Yo Jong, the sister of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, of President Yoon’s “audacious” initiative as the “height of absurdity.” They “expressed regret” over her statement.

: First Vice Foreign Minister Cho Hyun-dong conducts separate phone conversations with US Special Envoy for Iran Robert Malley and EU mediator Enrique Mora to share the latest progress in negotiations to revive the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), which is aimed at restoring a 2015 Iran nuclear deal.

: South Korean National Assembly speaker Kim Jin-pyo meets US Ambassador Goldberg to discuss ROK-US relations.

: Department Press Secretary Price states that the US sees the need to take “incremental steps” with North Korea to completely denuclearize the Korean Peninsula.

: In light of North Korea’s recent firing of cruise missiles, State Department Press Secretary Price reaffirmsthe US commitment to the defense of South Korea and the maintenance of strong sanctions against North Korea. Price states the US supports President Yoon’s initiative to engage with North Korea.

: South Korean Defense Minister Lee Jong-sup meets Gen. Paul Nakasone, commander of the US Cyber Command, to discuss cyber threats and ways to bolster the allies’ response capabilities.

: Major South Korean automakers, including Hyundai Motor Co. and Kia Corp. voice concerns over the newly implemented Inflation reduction Act in Washington, which would provide tax incentives for electric vehicles solely manufactured in North America.

: North Korea test-fires two cruise missiles toward the Yellow Sea as President Yoon holds a press conference to mark the 100th day since taking office.

: Principal deputy spokesperson for the State Department states the US is concerned by North Korea’s “strengthened rhetoric” and is preparing for all contingencies amid signs North Korea is preparing for its seventh nuclear test. He also expresses concerns over the health of North Korean people during the pandemic.

: South Korea and the US hold regular defense talks on North Korea and a range of alliance issues such as THAAD during two-day Korea-US Integrated Defense Dialogue (KIDD). They agree to expand the size and scope of the combined Ulchi Freedom Shield exercise.

: South Korea, Japan, Australia, Canada, and the US finish biennial Pacific Dragon exercise, reflectingdesires to step up security cooperation amid tensions caused by North Korea’s recent missile launches.

: Secretary of State Blinken highlights the importance of the US-South Korea alliance on South Korea’s Liberation Day.

: Poll by the Pew Research Center finds that nine out of 10 South Koreans hold a favorable view of the US and that 89% of South Koreans think the US is a “reliable partner.”

: President Yoon meets with Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates to discuss cooperation on vaccine development and other health issues. The South Korean government and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation sign a memorandum of understanding to expand international health partnerships and to enhance biotechnology manpower in low- and middle-income countries.

: President Yoon meets with Sen. Ed Markey to discuss strengthening the bilateral alliance. Markey expresses confidence the relationship will grow stronger with the CHIPS and Science Act, which focuses on the semiconductor industry.

: Korea Automobile Manufacturers Association sends letter to the US House of Representatives with concerns regarding the tax breaks in the recently passed Inflation Reduction Act and requests changes in proposed tax credits for EV purchases.

: Defense officials Park Nam-hee and Kelly Fletcher of South Korea and the US respectively, discuss cooperation in the area of defense-related information and communication technologies (ICT). Park and Fletcher exchange assessments of current trends regarding 5G networks and cloud computing.

: Yoon’s presidential office states that deployment of the US THAAD anti-missile system is not subject to negotiation after China claims Seoul promised to limit its operation during the Moon administration.

: President Yoon hosts a dinner for US Ambassador Goldberg and US Forces Korea Commander Gen. Paul LaCamera to welcome the new ambassador to Korea and evaluate the security situation on the Korean peninsula.

: North Korean leader Kim Jong Un declares victory over COVID-19 at a national meeting where his sister, Kim Yo Jong, gives a speech stating her brother suffered a fever and blames the North Korean COVID-19 outbreak on leaflets flown across the border from South Korea.

: South Korean Foreign Minister Park Jin and his Chinese counterpart Wang Yi agree that disputes over the US THAAD system should no longer hamper Seoul-Beijing relations. The ministers also discuss the supply chain issue and Park notifies wang of Seoul’s decision to join the US-led Chip 4 alliance “purely” in consideration of national interest.

: US imposes sanctions on virtual currency mixer Tornado Cash for its involvement in laundering over $455 million in virtual currency stolen by North Korea’s state-sponsored hacking group known as the Lazarus Group.

: South Korea, the US, and 19 other countries conduct five-day, US-hosted Fortune Guard 22 exercise in Hawaii with an aim to prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). This exercise is part of the Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI) Asia-Pacific Exercise Rotation series.

: South Korean Defense Minister Lee Jong-sup visits a US military base south of Seoul to highlight the “solid” US-ROK alliance and the need for thorough preparations for the upcoming Ulchi Freedom Shield (UFS) exercise.

: US Forces Korea (USFK) reveals that South Korean and US special commandos conducted combined military drills at Pilsung Range in an apparent show of firepower against evolving North Korean threats.

: Pelosi states that her visit to South Korea reaffirmed the “strong bond formed for security and forged by decades of warm friendship” between the two countries. Pelosi also visited the DMZ/JSA and Osan Air Base.

: South Korean Foreign Minister Park Jin and Secretary Blinken discuss Indo-Pacific strategy on the sidelines of ASEAN-hosted annual sessions.

: US Ambassador Goldberg calls on North Korea to respond to Washington’s dialogue offers and stresses the firm goal of denuclearizing Korea through diplomacy.

: Unification Minister Kwon Young-se meets Ambassador Goldberg to discuss North Korea. Kwon also discusses ways to improve human rights in North Korea with Damon Wilson, president of the US-based National Endowment for Democracy.

: South Korea participates in the Global Sentinel exercise, a US-led multinational space security exercise.

: National Assembly Speaker Kim Jin-pyo meets Speaker Pelosi. Kim and Pelosi agree to support efforts to denuclearize North Korea and expand ties between the allies in other areas such as defense security, the economy, and technology. Rep. Kweon Seong-dong of the ruling People Power Party and Rep. Park Hong-geun of the main opposition Democratic Party also attend the meeting.

: President Yoon calls Speaker Pelosi to reaffirm his efforts to deepen the bilateral alliance and states that Pelosi’s visit is a sign of deterrence against North Korea.

: North Korea strongly denounces US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s visit to Taiwan and calls it an “impudent interference of the US in internal affairs of other countries” and that Washington is the root cause of “harassed peace and security in the region.”

: South Korean Minister of Science and ICT Lee Jong-ho meets Alondra Nelson, acting director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, to discuss ways to strengthen the countries’ technology alliance, such as through semiconductor and space exploration.

: Amid fears of a potential North Korean nuclear test, Secretary of State Blinken highlights the importance of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty during his address at the 10th NPT Review Conference at UN headquarters.

: South Korea’s foreign ministry refuses to comment on Nancy Pelosi’s expected visit to Taiwan but reaffirms position on the importance of “stability and peace” in the Taiwan Strait.

: South Korean Foreign Minster Park Jin affirms that the US-led Chip 4 alliance “is not designed to exclude China.” Jin states that the US has noted the importance of close economic ties between South Korea and China.

: South Korean Defense Minister Lee Jong-sup and US counterpart Austin decide to restart the allies’ Extended Deterrence Strategy and Consultation Group (EDSCG) in September and strengthen the Table Top Exercise (TTX).

: South Korean Chief of Naval Operations Adm. Lee Jong-ho visits US to discuss how to bolster military cooperation and ocean security with Secretary of Navy Carlos del Toro, Commander of US Indo-Pacific Command John Aquilino, and other senior military officials. A Korean fleet of warships, maritime aircraft, and around 1000 troops jointhe US-led Rim of Pacific Exercise (RIMPAC).

: In response to North Korean leader Kim Jong Un’s warning, State Department spokesperson Ned Price reaffirms that the US is firmly committed to the defense of South Korea and dismisses Kim’s threat as nothing new.

: President Yoon receives credentials of Philip Goldberg, newly appointed US Ambassador to Seoul.

: US Forces Korea (USFK) Commander Gen. Paul LaCamera stresses importance of strengthening the US-ROK alliance and notes that the Korean War has not ended and DPRK continues to be a threat.

: President Biden receives honorary Korean name of Bae Ji-sung by the ROK-US Alliance Friendship Association, as part of a weeklong commemoration to mark the end of the Korean War.

: Poland buys almost 100 tanks, more than 600 pieces of artillery, and dozens of fighter jets from South Korea in part to replace equipment donated to Ukraine. This reflects South Korea’s vision of taking a greater role in sharing the “burden for defense of the international order.”

: Anne Neuberger, US Deputy National Security Advisor for Cyber and Emerging Technologies, visits Seoul to discuss ways to enhance bilateral cooperation in countering cybercrimes, particularly those committed by North Korea.

: North Korean leader Kim Jong Un warns that the Yoon administration and its “military gangsters” will face annihilation should it make any “dangerous attempt” like a preemptive strike. Kim stresses that his regime is “fully prepared” for any military confrontation with the US, referencing to the increasing frequency of US-ROK joint military exercises. This is the first time that Kim officially launched his position on the Yoon government.

: President Biden calls on Americans to honor those who sacrificed “everything to defend freedom and democracy” during the Korean War.

: NSC coordinator for strategic communications John Kirby states that the US and allies will take appropriate steps to hold North Korea accountable should it conduct a nuclear test.

: US military discloses photos of last week’s combined Marine Exercise Program (KMEP) drills with South Korean troops. This disclosure marks a shift from the allies’ low-key stance on the drills during the Moon administration.

: A ceremony for the Wall of Remembrance, a new Korean War monument in Washington, hosts around 3,000 people, including government officials, Korean War veterans and families, and other South Korean and US citizens. President Yoon celebrates the unveiling of this monument, saying that it represents the “firmness of the South Korea-US alliance.”

: US Undersecretary of State for Politics Affairs Victoria Nuland and First Vice Foreign Minister Cho Hyun-dong discuss the Extended Deterrence Strategy and Consultation Group (EDSCG). Nuland also meets South Korea’s top nuclear envoy Kim Gunn, Second Vice Foreign Minister Lee Do-hoon, and Foreign Minister Park Jin to discuss North Korea policy, global supply chain disruptions, and the war in Ukraine.

: President Biden talks virtually with Chey Tae-won, chairman of South Korea’s SK Group, and Gina Raimondo, US secretary of Commerce. They discuss SK Group’s investments in US manufacturing and jobs. This meeting is part of Biden’s goal to boost foreign investment in the US, especially in the semiconductor industry.

: South Korea issues a joint statement with the US and seven other countries condemning the recent executions of pro-democracy leaders in Myanmar.

: Around 800 bereaved family members visit the Wall of Remembrance, a new Korean War monument in Washington D.C. The monument is open to family members of troops who went missing or were killed during the Korean War before its official unveiling this week.

: A 14-member delegation from the American Chamber of Commerce in Korea (AMCHAM) meets more than 25 senior officials of the Biden administration to discuss the new US-led Indo-Pacific Economic Framework (IPEF). The delegation prioritizes South Korea as a key ally in the IPEF, identifies supply chains as important for US-ROK dialogue, and states that AMCHAN plans to create an IPEF working group to work on bilateral relations. AMCHAM proposes “concrete and strategic ways” that the US could deepen its economic ties with Seoul.

: South Korea seeks to coordinate with the US and other countries before announcing details of its “audacious plan” to revive North Korea’s economy in the event it accepts denuclearization.

: Kim Gunn, Special Representative for Korean Peninsula Peace and Security Affairs, and Sung Kim, US Special Representative for North Korea, meet in Indonesia to craft a North Korea policy road map that will include economic incentives and security guarantees.

: To better handle North Korea’s missile threats, South Korea and the US plan to establish the Counter Missile Working Group (CMWG) and resume regiment-level or larger-scale combined field training programs, which were suspended in 2018. The summer allied training set for Aug. 22 to Sept. 1 will be called Ulchi Freedom Shield and will stage 11 combined field training sessions. In the first half of next year, both nations plan to conduct 21 combined training programs.

: During a policy briefing to President Yoon, Defense Minister Lee Jong-sup outlines defense priorities, including resuming larger-scale ROK-US field training and accelerating efforts to build the “three-axis” system against North Korea.

: South Korean Defense Minister Lee Jong-sup discusses regional security with US Ambassador Goldberg.

: South Korea’s National Intelligence Service Director Kim Kyou-hyun makes an unannounced visit to the US amid concerns over the possibility of a North Korean nuclear test.

: In its annual human trafficking report, US State Department downgrades South Korea to Tier 2 from its position of Tier 1 which it has held since 2002. South Korea’s foreign ministry vowed more efforts to combat human trafficking.

: South Korean National Security Advisor Kim Sung-han meets US Ambassador Goldberg to discuss the global comprehensive strategic alliance agreed by both presidents.

: South Korean Foreign and Trade Ministers Park Jin and Ahn Duk-geun participate in a virtual two-day Supply Chain Ministerial Forum co-hosted by Secretary of State Blinken and Secretary of Commerce Gina Raimondo. Participants discusses ways to reduce short-term bottlenecks and solutions to longer-term supply chain challenges.

: South Korean ICT Minister Lee Jong-ho states that South Korea should be cautious in deciding whether to participate in a US-proposed chip alliance known as Chip 4 or Fab 4. The proposal puts South Korea in a delicate balancing act between the US and China.

: President Yoon meets Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen to discuss rising inflation, stabilizing global energy prices, resolving supply chain disruptions, and strengthening the economic security alliance. Yellen advocated for bilateral “friend-shoring” to build more stable supply chains to reduce economic dependence on China.

: In a recently passed defense budget bill, the US House of Representatives stresses the need to maintain and possibly strengthen US military presence in South Korea.

: C.S. Eliot Kang, assistant secretary at the Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation, warns industry and government officials of North Korean IT workers posing as third-country citizens.

: Ambassador Goldberg stresses expanding bilateral relations in the face of global challenges such as interrupted supply chains, COVID-19, and Russia’s war in Ukraine.

: South Korea presidential official says Seoul and the US are using various channels to strengthen cooperation on semiconductors. This endeavor would also involve Japan and Taiwan.

: Ambassador to South Korea Goldberg speaks on evolving the bilateral relationship into a “comprehensive strategic one.”

: Commercial satellite imagery of North Korea’s Yongbyon Nuclear Scientific Center shows the 5 MWe Reactor continues to produce plutonium for the country’s nuclear weapons program.

: Amid concerns that North Korea may conduct its seventh nuclear test, Department of State Counselor Derek Chollet visits Seoul to discuss ways to strengthen the US-ROK alliance.

: South Korea and the US consider the resumption of combined field training during their regular military exercise set for the next month.

: South Korea and the US conduct their first combined air drills, officials say, in an apparent show of force against North Korea’s growing military threats.

: According to South Korea’s military, North Korea fires artillery shots from multiple rocket launchers.

: At a G20 meeting, chief nuclear envoys of South Korea, Japan, and the US reaffirm their commitment to stronger trilateral cooperation against North Korea security threats.

: North Korean government-based hackers have stolen billions of dollars by raiding cryptocurrency exchanges and have also been planting operatives in tech jobs throughout the industry, as part of an evolving effort by the DPRK to gain revenue.

: Philip Goldberg, new US ambassador to South Korea, arrives in Seoul to fill a position that has been vacant for one and a half years.

: South Korean Foreign Minister Park Jin, Secretary of State Blinken, and Japanese Minister of Foreign Affairs Hayashi Yoshimasa hold tripartite meeting to bolster cooperation on North Korea and pursue “future-oriented cooperation” to promote regional prosperity.

: During a G20 meeting in Indonesia, South Korean Foreign Minister Park Jin calls for efforts to strengthen “rules-based multilateralism” and shared South Korea’s vision to play a greater role for global freedom. Park encouraged G-20 members to cooperate to assist Ukraine.

: South Korea and the US hold first session of their economic security dialogue, a channel established as part of a summit agreement between Presidents Yoon and Biden in May. South Korean Presidential Secretary for Economic Security Wang Yun-jong will soon meet with senior director for technology and national security on the White House NSC Tarun Chhabra.

: South Korea Defense Minister Lee Jong-sup discuss issues related to regional security and the bilateral alliance with Sen. Rick Scott. Lee asked for US Congress’ support for the development of a “global comprehensive strategic alliance.”

: In response to trilateral talks held on the sidelines of the NATO summit last month, North Korea criticizes South Korea, Japan, and the United States for pushing to boost trilateral military cooperation targeting the North.

: During an address at the NATO summit, Yoon calls on the international community to show resolve to denuclearize North Korea and stated that ROK will fulfill a bigger role and responsibility, especially in economic and cyber security areas.

: President Yoon, President Biden, and Japanese Prime Minister Kishida Fumio hold a trilateral meeting on the sidelines of the NATO summit, largely to discuss security cooperation against the evolving threat posed by the DPRK.

: President Yoon talks briefly with Japanese Prime Minister Kishida Fumio during a gala dinner for NATO summit participants and expressed hope for future-oriented development of bilateral relations.

: JCS Chairman Gen. Won In-choul and US Indo-Pacific Command Chief Adm. John Aquilino hold virtual talks to discuss stepping up security cooperation amid concerns about the possibility of North Korea carrying out its seventh nuclear test.

: South Korea’s top nuclear envoy Kim Gunn meets senior Treasury Department official Brian Nelson to discuss North Korea’s development of a nuclear and missile program. Both sides agreed that the North will face tougher international sanctions and isolation if it “refuses to accept dialogue offers and continues provocative acts.”

: Amid growing security threats from North Korea, South Korea’s military plans to participate in a Cyber Flag exercise, a US-led multinational exercise on cyber operations, in October, officials say.

: US House Armed Services Committee endorsed annual defense policy bill for fiscal year 2023 that will maintain the current level of around 28,500 US troops in South Korea.

: During a major party meeting, Kim Jong Un and top officials discussed adding missions and revising organizational and operational plans of front-line military units of the Korean People’s Army (KPA).

: South Korea establishes a task force composed of key industry sectors such as semiconductors, cars, steel, and renewable energy resources for discussion with experts and the private sector on its strategy on the newly launched, US-led IPEF.

: Delegation of South Korean businessmen, led by chief of Korea International Trade Association (KITA) Koo Ja-yeol, meets US members of Congress and White House officials to discuss bilateral economic cooperation.

: In a show of readiness against North Korea security threats, South Korea and the US conduct a combined patrol flight over key former battle sites.

: Top military officers of South Korea and the US, Won In-choul and Gen. Mark Milley, hold virtual talks on North Korea’s military threats and agreed that the allies’ combined defense posture is “more solid than at any other time.”

: North Korean state media publishes photo of Kim Jong Un directing a meeting of military officials. A photo in the background, of South Korea’s east coast, triggers concerns of tactical nuclear weapons deployment.

: South Korea will establish a mission to NATO in Brussels, officials say, and President Yoon will focus on three purposes: strengthening the “value alliance” with NATO states and partner nations, building a foundation for a “comprehensive security network” with NATO, and holding a series of bilateral summits to focus on economic and security issues.

: South Korean satellite makes two-way communication with ground station at the Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI), confirming Nuri’s satellite deployment capability.

: South Korea successfully fires Nuri, its first domestically developed rocket, into space as part of the country’s goals to establish an independent space program. Nuri is topped with five satellites that will carry out Earth observation missions for up to two years.

: South Korea and the US tentatively agree to hold biannual Korea-US Integrated Defense Dialogue (KIDD) in July. Agenda items include Seoul’s push to strengthen the enforceability of US extended deterrence and expansion of combined military exercises.

: South Korea’s top nuclear envoy Kim Gunn meets senior State Department officials for updates on North Korea policies amid concerns of a DPRK nuclear test.

: South Korea’s Defense Minister Lee Jong-sup meets members of the American Foreign Policy Council (AFPC) to discuss regional security, the US-ROK alliance, and strengthening security coordination.

: After meeting with US Commerce Secretary Gina Raimondo, South Korean Foreign Minister Park Jin states that South Korea and the United States will continue to hold ministerial-level dialogue to implement the outcome of their leaders’ summit last month.

: South Korea’s Vice Defense Minister Shin Beom-chul attends a US-led forum on support for Ukraine.

: South Korean Second Vice Foreign Minister Lee Do-hoon and US Undersecretary of State for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment Jose W. Fernandez meet on the sidelines of the Minerals Security Partnership (MSP). They agree to bolster coordination for economic security issues and in industries such as semiconductors and batteries.

: Secretary Antony Blinken and South Korean Foreign Minister Park Jin hold a joint press conference. Park states that any North Korean provocations will be met with a “united and firm response” from the bilateral alliance and the international community.

: Korea Aerospace Industries Co., South Korea’s sole aircraft manufacturer, says it has signed an agreement with the US defense firm Lockheed Martin to boost sales of advanced trainer jets in the United States.

: South Korea seeks to “normalize” security cooperation with Japan and strengthen trilateral collaboration involving the United States to address North Korea’s nuclear and missile threats, according to the Seoul’s defense minister.

: North Korea fires artillery shots, presumably from multiple rocket launchers, according to the South Korea’s military, in another show of force by the reclusive regime.

: In response to North Korea’s recent ballistic missile launches, South Korean Defense Minister Lee Jong-sup and US and Japanese counterparts Lloyd Austin and Kishi Nobuo agree to hold tripartite military exercises on a consistent and more public basis.

: North Korean state media reports that leader Kim Jong Un calls for stronger “self-defense” measures to tackle “very serious” security challenges while presiding over a key ruling party session earlier in the week.

: Defense Secretary Austin reaffirms US commitment to reinforcing “extended deterrence” against North Korea’s nuclear and missile threats during the annual Shangri-La Dialogue in Singapore.

: Defense chiefs of South Korea, the United States, and Japan agrees to step up cooperation to counter North Korea’s missile threats through combined regular security exercises, including missile warning drills.

: Yoon gives credentials to new ambassador to the United States Cho Tae-yong. Cho says he will focus on expanding the scope of the bilateral alliance to entail broad elements for economic security by facilitating strategic communication efforts.

: South Korea and the United States fire eight ballistic missiles into the East Sea in response to North Korea’s missile launches the previous day, according to the South’s military.

: South Korea and the United States conduct a combined air power demonstration involving 20 warplanes, including F-35A stealth fighters, over the Yellow Sea, Seoul officials said, in another display of readiness following North Korea’s weekend missile launches.

: Top South Korean and US nuclear envoys hold an emergency meeting in Seoul, hours after North Korea test-fired another salvo of ballistic missiles into the East Sea.

: North Korea fires eight short-range ballistic missiles toward the East Sea, a day after South Korea and the US wrapped up joint drills near the peninsula involving a US aircraft carrier, according to the South’s military.

: Philip Goldberg is sworn in as US ambassador to South Korea.

: US says it is set to adjust its military posture to counter North Korea’s continued provocations and threats.

: South Korean Trade Minister Ahn Duk-geun drums up support from the US Congress to expand bilateral trade and investment. Ahn made the request during a meeting with Sen. Tammy Duckworth (D-Il), where the two noted the achievements of the May summit between Yoon and Biden, and discussed ways to deepen their economic ties.

: South Korean supergroup BTS highlights the need to respect one another as they made their first visit to the White House for a rare meeting with President Biden.

: South Korea approves a 750 billion won ($605 million) project to upgrade its Patriot missile defense system by 2027, according to the state arms procurement agency, in the wake of North Korea’s recent missile provocations.

: South Korea’s foreign ministry launches in-house economic security center to better handle global supply chain issues following months of preparatory work.

: China and Russia veto a US-drafted UNSC resolution to strengthen sanctions on North Korea over a spate of missile launches, the first time that the five permanent members of the Council have been divided on the issue since they began punishing Pyongyang in 2006.

: South Korean government expresses “deep regret” about an unprecedented rejection of a proposed UNSC resolution imposing sanctions on North Korea for its provocation.

: North Korea fires three ballistic missiles toward the East Sea, including an apparent ICBM, just a day after Biden wrapped up an Asia trip highlighting the US security commitment to Seoul and Tokyo.

: Chinese and Russian warplanes enter South Korea’s air defense identification zone (Kadiz) on two separate occasions without notice, prompting the Air Force to scramble fighters to the scene, according to the Seoul’s Joint Chiefs of Staff.

: Yoon says South Korea will contribute to the newly launched Indo-Pacific Economic Framework (IPEF) across all sectors and propose ways to cooperate on supply chain resilience, the transition to a digital economy, and clean energy and decarbonization.

: South Korea’s Hyundai Motor Group says it will invest an additional $5 billion in the United States for robotics and autonomous driving software development, just a day after announcing a similar size investment to build an electric vehicle plant in the US.

: US is not considering adding South Korea to Quadrilateral Security Dialogue, says a senior US official.

: South Korea and the United States agree to launch a ministerial-level dialogue to discuss cooperation on supply chains of key industry items and other economic security issues.

: Presidents Yoon Biden agree to begin discussions on expanding joint military exercises between the two countries amid growing nuclear and missile threats from North Korea.

: North Korea reports over 260,000 new suspected COVID-19 cases, with the total number of such cases surpassing 2 million, eight days after it first confirmed the virus outbreak.

: Presidents Yoon and Biden tour a Samsung Electronics chip plant, demonstrating their commitment to expanding their alliance beyond the security sphere to global supply chains and other key areas.

: US military has flown a reconnaissance plane toward the East Sea, an aviation tracker says, amid concerns about the possibility of another ICBM launch by North Korea.

: US commits to engaging with North Korea in serious dialogue and is willing to take “action for action” with North Korea toward the complete denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, says National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan.

: Chief nuclear envoys of South Korea and Russia hold phone talks to discuss the security situation on the Korean Peninsula following North Korea’s COVID-19 outbreak and missile tests.

: North Korea does not appear to have developed a hypersonic missile, but its tests to develop such a system warrant US concerns, says the head of the US Missile Defense Agency.

: Top diplomats of South Korea and the United States express concerns over recent COVID-19 outbreaks in North Korea and agree to continue consultations on humanitarian aid to the reclusive country during video talks.

: North Korea fires three short-range ballistic missiles toward the East Sea, its first missile launch since the inauguration of the Yoon administration.

: UNSC convenes an emergency meeting to discuss North Korea’s recent missile provocations but fails to produce a tangible outcome due to opposition from China and Russia.

: US calls for an emergency meeting of the UN Security Council to discuss North Korea’s latest missile provocation.

: President Yoon says the alliance between South Korea and the US is a “linchpin” of regional peace and prosperity, during a meeting with US second gentleman Douglas Emhoff and other members of a delegation sent by Biden to attend Yoon’s inauguration ceremony.

: Japanese Prime Minister Kishida Fumio underscores need to resolve his country’s longstanding diplomatic standoffs with South Korea as his foreign minister arrived in Seoul for the inauguration of Yoon Suk Yeol. He emphasizes the importance of cooperation between Seoul and Tokyo as well as trilateral partnerships involving Washington, citing Russia’s invasion of Ukraine that “could shake up the foundation of an international order.”

: North Korea fires a submarine-launched ballistic missile four days after conducting a ballistic missile test.

: US imposes sanctions on virtual currency mixer Blender for helping North Korea launder stolen virtual currency, the first time the US has imposed sanctions on a virtual currency mixer, according to the Treasury department.

: US Senate votes unanimously to approve the nomination of Philip Goldberg, a career diplomat, as new US ambassador to South Korea

: North Korea launches a ballistic missile into the East Sea. Some experts say it could have been a Hwasong-17 intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) or a completely new missile.

: President-elect Yoon Suk Yeol meets with Australia’s ambassador to Seoul and asks for his country’s support for cooperation between South Korea and working groups under the Quad security partnership, says his spokesperson.

: US plans to move forward with a US-drafted UN Security Council resolution condemning North Korea’s recent missile activities, says US Ambassador to the UN Linda Thomas-Greenfield.

: US plans to boost deterrence against China and North Korea, partly by increasing “prepositioned stocks” of military supplies in the Indo-Pacific according to Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin.

: US-South Korea alliance is an incredibly important relationship that is vital to many issues in the region and around the world, a White House spokesperson says regarding President Joe Biden’s planned trip to Seoul.

: President-elect Yoon says he will “positively review” South Korea’s joining of the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue, an anti-China security partnership, if invited, according to a report.

: South Korea and the US sign their first bilateral document on joint space policy research, in their latest push to reinforce cooperation in the increasingly crucial security domain.

: North Korea holds a military parade in Pyongyang to mark a key national anniversary, in what was seen as a highly choreographed event to cement internal unity and highlight its military heft. During the parade, North Korea rolls out what appears to be a new type of solid fuel missile alongside the country’s largest-known ICBM.

: South Korea successfully test-fires two submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs) consecutively earlier this week, in a sign the missile is nearing operational deployment.

: South Korea will set up a task force to deal with its potential participation in a US-led economic framework, as the United States accelerates preparations to launch the Indo-Pacific Economic Framework (IPEF).

: US special representative for North Korea Sung Kim says that Seoul and Washington will respond “responsibly and decisively” to Pyongyang’s provocative acts while voicing concerns over its “escalatory actions.”

: North Korean leader Kim Jong Un oversees the successful test-firing of a new tactical guided weapon meaningful in improving the efficiency of tactical nuclear operations.

: North Korea holds celebrations for the 110th birth anniversary of late founder Kim Il Sung with fireworks and a mass dance performance in its capital, footage from state media showed.

: US nuclear-powered aircraft carrier enters the international waters of the east of the Korean Peninsula, in an apparent show of America’s military might.

: Head of the UN civil aviation agency urges North Korea to make prior notifications on its missile launches, saying Pyongyang’s unannounced missile tests pose a risk to international civil aviation.

: North Korea condemns the US for making the crisis surrounding Ukraine a human rights issue and imposing sanctions against Russia, denouncing US President Biden as “an old man in his senility” and a man of a “repeated slip of tongue.”

: US and its allies are prepared to deal with any further provocations by North Korea, says US special envoy for North Korea, noting the recalcitrant state may conduct a nuclear test in the future.

: US seeks to ensure peace and security in the Indo-Pacific region partly by reinvigorating its trilateral cooperation with South Korea and Japan, says US Deputy Secretary of State Wendy Sherman.

: South Korean delegates representing President-elect Yoon discuss the possible deployment of US strategic assets to South Korea in a meeting with US National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan. 

: US Special Representative for North Korea Sung Kim and China’s Liu Xiaoming meet in Washington for talks on ways to denuclearize the Korean Peninsula. 

: Top nuclear envoys of South Korea and the IS agree to jointly push for a new UNSC resolution against North Korea over its recent series of ballistic missile launches. 

: Kim Yo Jong, sister of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, blasts South Korea’s defense minister for highlighting Seoul’s “preemptive strike” capabilities and threatens the South for making such “reckless” remarks, according to Pyongyang’s state media.

: US imposes fresh sanctions on five North Korean entities involved in the North’s recent missile tests that included its first ICBM launch in over four years.

: South Korea conducts its first successful launch of a solid-fuel space rocket as part of a project to deploy civilian and military surveillance satellites, says the Defense Ministry.

: President-elect Yoon calls for closer trilateral cooperation with the US and Japan to deter North Korea from pursuing its nuclear weapons program in a meeting with Japan’s ambassador. 

: Biden administration seeks a 4.1% increase in defense spending, citing the US’ growing competition with China and threats from North Korea.

: US and South Korean intelligence believe the ICBM launched by North Korea was actually a Hwasong-15 missile disguised to look like the newer, larger Hwasong-17, according to South Korean military sources.

: North Korea says that it successfully test-fired a new ICBM, called the Hwasong-17, the previous day on the direct order of leader Kim Jong Un.

: North Korea fires an apparent long-range ballistic missile toward the East Sea says South Korea’s military. The North’s move came four days after it fired four artillery shots into the Yellow Sea, apparently using multiple rocket launchers.

: South Korean Foreign Minister Chung Eui-yong and Secretary of State Blinken discuss North Korea’s missile tests over the phone, condemning them as violating UNSC resolutions.

: US condemns North Korea’s launch of an ICBM, vowing to take all necessary measures to ensure the security of the country and its allies.

: President-elect Yoon says that North Korea’s recent artillery firing was a violation of an inter-Korean military tension reduction agreement. 

: North Korea fires four suspected shots from its multiple rocket launchers into the Yellow Sea says South Korean military officials. 

: North Korea fires an apparent ballistic missile, but the launch ended in failure, says South Korea’s military. 

: USTR Tai says the South Korea-US free trade agreement (KORUS FTA) has greatly increased bilateral trade and investment but more can and should be done to advance the countries’ economic ties. 

: US imposes fresh sanctions on two Russian individuals and three entities for enabling North Korea’s weapons program, says the US Treasury Department. 

: Getting US-Korea ties back on track will be a top priority, says President-elect Yoon at his first press conference after the election results were released. 

: North Korea appears to be working to restore underground tunnels of its purportedly demolished Punggye-ri nuclear test site. 

: North Korea’s two most recent missile launches aim to test a new ICBM system ahead of a possible full-fledged ICBM test, says a senior US official. 

: North Korean leader Kim Jong Un visits the country’s space agency, saying the recent development of a reconnaissance satellite is aimed at collecting information on the US military in the region and its “vassal forces.” 

: Opposition candidate Yoon Suk-yeol is elected South Korea’s next president.

: US intensifies its intelligence collection activities around the Korean Peninsula.

: UNSC holds a closed-door meeting to discuss North Korea’s recent missile test, but fails to produce a text condemning the regime of its sanctions violations. 

: North Korea may resume nuclear and ICBM testing before the year’s end, says a US government report.

: Analysts say recent photos taken from space show new buildings and other signs of work at North Korea’s nuclear testing facility.

: The chief of the UN nuclear watchdog says that signs of activity have been detected at North Korea’s main Yongbyon nuclear complex and other facilities and called the reclusive regime’s nuclear program deeply regrettable. 

: North Korea fires a ballistic missile toward the East Sea. 

: South Korea wins an exemption from the United States’ expanded export restrictions on Russia over its invasion of Ukraine, says Seoul’s industry ministry.

: North Korea appears to continue producing fissile materials for nuclear weapons at its main Yongbyon nuclear facility, says a US monitoring website, citing recent satellite imagery of Yongbyon.

: South Korea backs a statement issued by 10 other members of the UN condemning North Korea’s latest missile launch in the strongest terms. 

: South Korea decides to ban exports of strategic materials to Russia as part of efforts to join global sanctions against Moscow following its invasion of Ukraine. 

: North Korea fires an unidentified projectile, says South Korea’s military. 

: North Korea ascribes the armed conflict in Ukraine to US “high-handedness and arbitrariness,” accusing Washington of having pursued “military supremacy” in disregard of Russia’s security concerns.

: Top diplomats of South Korea and the United States strongly condemn Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and reaffirm their support for Ukraine. 

: Department of Defense spokesperson Kirby says the US welcomes South Korea’s decision to impose sanctions on Russia for what the US calls an unlawful and unprovoked invasion of Ukraine. 

: South Korea vows to join the international community to impose export controls against Russia in case of a full-fledged invasion of Ukraine but stopped short of drawing up its own punitive measures against Moscow.

: President Moon Jae-in says South Korea will join international sanctions against Russia as he expressed regret over Russia’s attack on Ukraine, saying any use of armed force causing human casualties cannot be justified.

: In an apparent warning to North Korea and China, the United States deploys an unspecified number of F-35A stealth fighter jets to Okinawa.

: More than half of South Koreans support the acquisition of nuclear weapons either through indigenous development or the deployment of US assets, according to a survey by Chicago Council on Global Affairs. 

: Biden administration’s new Indo-Pacific strategy looks to cement trilateral cooperation with Asian allies, South Korea and Japan, as a core lever to counter China’s assertiveness and North Korea’s nuclear ambitions under its newly unveiled. 

: South Korean Foreign Minister Chung Eui-yong, Secretary of State Blinken, and Japanese FM Hayashi urge North Korea to halt its destabilizing actions and return to dialogue.

: President Joe Biden nominates a senior member of the US foreign service, Philip Goldberg, as ambassador to South Korea.

: Top nuclear negotiators of South Korea, Japan and the US discuss ways to engage with North Korea. 

: North Korea harbors an undisclosed missile operation base built specifically for a unit equipped with intermediate-range and potentially intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs), according to a CSIS report.

: Senior defense officials of South Korea, Japan and the US hold three-way talks to discuss ways to mitigate threats posed by North Korea, says the US Department of Defense. 

: Top diplomats of South Korea and the US express strong concern about recent advances in North Korea’s missile program and stress the significance of diplomatic efforts to resume talks with Pyongyang. 

: According to US congressional records, South Korea seeks to purchase six close-in weapon systems (CIWS) for its naval ships from the United States. 

: North Korea fires ballistic missile toward the East Sea said South Korea’s military. It conducted four other launches earlier this month, including those of what it claimed to be hypersonic missiles.

: South Korea’s top trade official calls on the United States to swiftly begin talks to revise Section 232 tariffs on Seoul’s steel exports. South Korean Trade Minister Yeo Han-koo made the request to US Trade Representative Katherine Tai during a meeting in Washington.

: North Korea sets off another volley of suspected short-range ballistic or tactical guided missiles. South Korean military authorities say the missiles landed in eastern waters off the Korean Peninsula.

: Department of Defense Press Secretary Kirby says the US is equally focused on dealing with the threat posed by North Korea just as it is with all other major security issues.

: North Korea fires two suspected cruise missiles from an inland area, its fifth such test this year. 

: Department of Defense Press Secretary John Kirby says the US . continues to call on North Korea to stop its provocations and instead return to dialogue to find ways to de-escalate tension.

: United States and seven other members of the UNSC call on all UN members to fully implement UNSC sanctions on North Korea. 

: State Department spokesperson says the US strongly supports humanitarian assistance for the people of North Korea but UNSC sanctions must be fully implemented at the same time. 

: North Korea holds policymaking politburo meeting of the ruling Workers’ Party presides over by Kim Jong Un and decides to consider restarting all temporally-suspended activities. 

: South Korea’s top nuclear envoy holds back-to-back phone talks with US and Chinese counterparts amid rising tension over North Korea’s apparent threat of nuclear and long-range weapons tests. 

: Top trade officials of South Korea and the US agree to strengthen their strategic partnership to actively respond to supply chain issues, new technologies, and other major trade issues. 

: Top nuclear envoys of South Korea, the US, and Japan hold discussion about North Korea’s latest missile test and agreed to maintain close trilateral cooperation in the region.

: United States blasts North Korea for its tactical guided missile test, which the North’s official state news agency revealed was conducted by its railway-based missile regiment.

: Secretary Blinken condemns North Korea’s recent missile tests as a violation of multiple UNSC resolutions and reaffirmed the “ironclad” security commitment to South Korea.

: North Korea fires two suspected ballistic missiles eastward, South Korea’s military said, after Pyongyang publicly warned earlier in the day of a “stronger and certain” response to the United States’ imposition of new sanctions.

: US Department of Treasury designates five North Korean individuals, one based in Russia and four in China, for illegally procuring materials for the North’s WMD and ballistic missile programs. 

: North Korea fires a suspected ballistic missile toward the East Sea, less than a week after it launched what it claimed to be a hypersonic missile. US Indo-Pacific Command characterized the North’s projectile as a “ballistic missile,” which highlights the “destabilizing impact” of the North’s illicit weapons program.

: Pentagon press secretary John Kirby says North Korea’s latest missile test is in violation of UN Security Council resolutions, regardless of whether it involved a hypersonic missile as claimed by the North, said. 

: Top nuclear envoys of South Korea and the US hold phone talks over North Korea’s latest launch of a ballistic missile and stressed the importance of maintaining the allies’ combined defense posture.

: United States and five other countries (Albania, Britain, France, Ireland and Japan) call on North Korea to cease missile tests and engage in denuclearization negotiations. They argue the tests will advance the North’s capabilities and add to its illicit arms exports.

: Senior diplomats of South Korea and Iran discuss Iranian assets frozen here under US sanctions, with the thorny bilateral issue on the table for talks in Vienna aimed at restoring the 2015 Iranian nuclear deal. During the meeting, South Korea’s First Vice Foreign Minister Choi Jong-kun expressed hope for an early agreement on the nuclear deal, while the two sides shared the understanding that Tehran’s frozen assets should be released soon.

: North Korea fires what appears to be a ballistic missile toward the East Sea. 

: US Secretary of State Antony Blinken condemns North Korea’s latest missile test in his telephone conversation with Japanese Foreign Minister Hayashi Yoshimasa. 

: South Korea and the US have “effectively” agreed on draft text of the proposed declaration of a formal end to the Korean War, says Seoul’s top diplomat amid their continued push to resume dialogue with North Korea. The US declines to directly comment on any progress, only stating that the US remains committed to dialogue with North Korea.

: President Biden signs US defense budget bill that calls on his administration to maintain the troop level of US Forces Korea (USFK) at the current level.

: Seoul’s Vice Foreign Minister Choi Jong-kun and Chinese counterpart, Le Yucheng, hold first “Strategic Dialogue,” which touched on geopolitical issues related to China-US relations and the Taiwan Strait. China provided explanations in broad terms rather than specifically when talking about how it looks at the global situation, while South Korea hoped to play a role promoting cooperation between the two major powers.

: South Korea will expand “future-oriented” cooperation with the US on supply chains, technologies, and other areas next year while reinforcing “conflict prevention” efforts with China, says the foreign ministry. The ministry delineated the plans in a written policy report for 2022 to President Moon as Seoul seeks to craft an optimal diplomatic strategy amid a hardening China-US rivalry on technological primacy, security, trade, and other fronts.

: President Biden has banned provision of nonhumanitarian aid to North Korea for fiscal year 2022, accusing the state of human trafficking, according to the White House.

: UNSC should address human rights issues of North Korea in an open session, says US Ambassador to the UN Linda Thomas-Greenfield, with representatives of the UK, Estonia, France, Ireland, Japan, and Norway in a joint statement following a closed-door meeting.

: First Vice Industry Minister Park Jin-kyu holds talks with Jose Fernandez, US undersecretary of state for economic growth, energy and the environment, to deepen the allies’ economic ties.

: It is reported during the fifth ROK-US Joint Public-Private Economic Forum in Seoul that South Korea and the US plan to discuss cooperation on “trusted” 5G networks, global supply chains, and other key issues in upcoming talks amid intensifying US-China rivalry.

: Seoul-hosted virtual conference of Asia-Pacific parliamentarians opens to discuss inclusion and solidarity amid the COVID-19 pandemic. The forum has 27 member states, including South Korea, China, Japan, Russia, Vietnam and the United States.

: President Moon says that the US, China, and North Korea agree “in principle” on declaring a formal end to the Korean War and Seoul will push to make it happen.

: South Korea’s intelligence chief says US possible proposal to provide COVID-19 vaccines to Pyongyang could create momentum to bring it back to long-stalled nuclear negotiations.

: US has no hostile policy toward North Korea while it continues to wait for a positive response to its outreach, says Jalina Porter, principal deputy spokesperson for the State Department. He reiterated the US remains ready to meet North Korea any time without any preconditions.

: North Korea appears to be aiming to counter or cripple US missile defense programs in Northeast Asia, says a US Congressional Research Service report.

:  On Human Rights Day, US designates North Korea’s Defense Minister Ri Yong Gil and a number of other entities in North Korea, China, and Russia for human rights violations.

:  North Korean state media uses Human Rights Day to lambaste the US-led mission in Afghanistan, which suffered “the bombardment of ‘protection of human rights’ and ‘counter-terrorism’ by the US and the West.”

: US designates a number of entities in China and Russia for violating UNSC resolutions that prohibit UN member states from employing or hosting North Korean workers.

: South Korea and the US launch a bilateral dialogue platform to discuss ways to boost cooperation on the semiconductor sector.

: Thirty-five Republican House members, including the party’s two Korean-American representatives, signletter voicing “grave concern” with discussions of an end of war declaration with North Korea, stating there is “no historical precedent” for the regime abiding by such an agreement and warning of premature US troop withdrawal from the peninsula.

: US missile defense system capabilities, including those in South Korea, are constantly reviewed and upgraded to meet evolving threats says, Pentagon press secretary.

: South Korean government reiterates principled support for the 2022 Beijing Winter Olympics following US announcement of its decision to boycott the event diplomatically, expressing hope again that it will contribute to peace and inter-Korean relations.

: South Korea’s tightened vaccine pass regime sparks discrimination complaints by foreign residents unable to have their overseas vaccination status officially recognized here and subsequently denied access to cafes, restaurants, and other multiuse facilities.

: US completes construction of a new long-range radar in Alaska designed to give early warnings for incoming ballistic missiles from rogue nations, such as North Korea.

: US announces diplomatic boycott of the Beijing Winter Olympics over China’s human rights abuses.

: US officials have started calling the end-of-war declaration, a signature diplomatic goal of the Moon Jae-in administration, an end-of-war statement.

: UN excludes North Korea from its global humanitarian assistance plan for 2022. The decision comes as North Korea maintains a strict border lockdown to stave off the coronavirus, prompting international organization staff members necessary for on-site monitoring and assessment to leave the country.

: US says it is keeping South Korea on its list of countries to be monitored for currency practices.

:  South Korea and the US agree to update joint wartime contingency plans to deter North Korea’s evolving nuclear and missile threats during the Security Consultative Meeting.

: South Korean National Assembly’s committee on foreign affairs in South Korea approves the bill to ratify the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP).

: Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin stresses the importance of unity in the South Korea-US alliance to confront the “challenges of tomorrow” amid intensifying Sino-US rivalry.

: Department of Defense concludes review of the global defense posture, calling for cooperation with allies and partner countries to deter North Korean threats and potential Chinese aggression.

: US defense official reiterates the US steady commitment to offering “extended deterrence” to South Korea, voicing concerns over North Korea’s “problematic and irresponsible” behavior.

: Biden’s administration commits to achieving peace with North Korea through dialogue as the US and South Korea discuss an end of war declaration.

: Samsung Electronics Co. says it has selected Taylor, TX as the site of its new $17 billion chip fabrication plant, a move to boost production amid a global chip shortage.

: South Korean government says it will join US-led plan to release strategic crude reserves along with other major oil-consuming nations to help bring down soaring energy prices.

: Korean Trade Minister Yeo Han-koo and US Trade Representative Katherine Tai meet to discuss supply chains and steel tariffs. They agreed to strengthen the bilateral strategic partnership on rising trade issues like those regarding the supply chain, technology, digital and climate change, in light of recent changes in the global trade order.

:  South Korea, the US, and Japan agree during vice foreign ministerial talks to keep working together for regional peace and response to such global issues as climate change, supply chain resilience and COVID-19.

: ROK First Vice Foreign Minister Choi Jong-kun and Deputy Secretary of State Wendy Sherman holdstalks to discuss ways to bring North Korea back to dialogue, including the declaration of a formal end to the Korean War. They also discussed the alliance and other issues of common interest, including COVID-19 vaccines and the global supply chain crisis.

: US designates North Korea as a state violator of religious freedom.

: US plan to host a joint news conference backfires after Japanese and South Korean officials opt out of the event because of a dispute over an islet that both claim.

: Agreement to launch of the Energy Policy Dialogue is made between South Korea’s Industry Minister Moon Sung-wook and US Energy Secretary Jennifer Granholm in Washington. It aims to promote collaboration across policy, technology, and commercialization, and support decarbonization efforts, by sharing experiences and strategies and conducting joint research in such fields as hydrogen storage, next generation batteries and lithium-ion battery recycling.

: US Secretary of Commerce Gina Raimondo and South Korean counterpart, Moon Sung-wook, agree to cooperate on enhancing supply chain resiliency. They also agreed to expand their commercial forum to tackle other issues, such as setting global standards for key industrial sectors.

: Group of 23 US lawmakers sends letter to Biden urging him to “prioritize: engagement with North Korea and support a formal declaration to end the Korean War.

:  US and South Korea fully agree on the need to denuclearize the Korean Peninsula through diplomacy, State Department spokesperson says. He declined to comment on whether the US agrees with a Seoul-proposed declaration of an end to the Korean War.

: China has the ability to help steer North Korea toward a diplomatic solution of its nuclear standoff, saysPentagon Press Secretary. He insisted one way for China to do so would be to faithfully implement UN Security Council sanctions on the North.

: US remains committed to implementing UNSC sanctions on North Korea, says State Department spokesperson. He said the US urges all other UN members to do the same to prevent North Korea from advancing nuclear and weapons of mass destruction (WMD) capabilities.

: Senior officials from South Korea and the US hold talks in Washington on ways to restart dialogue with North Korea. They discussed the situation on the Korean Peninsula, prospects for humanitarian cooperation, and the potential for dialogue with the DPRK.

: FM Chung pushes for a formal declaration to end the Korean War during meeting with Secretary Blinken on the sidelines of the G20 Summit in Rome. National Security Adviser Sullivan admits that Korea and the US “may have somewhat different perspectives on the precise sequence or timing or conditions for different steps” when it comes to Seoul’s proposal for an end-of-war declaration as a catalyst to restart nuclear talks.

: North Korea demands sanctions to be lifted as a condition for negotiations to discuss a formal declaration to end the Korean War.

: Report from the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence recommends an expansion of the “Five Eyes” intelligence sharing alliance to include South Korea, Japan, India, Germany, and France.

: State Department seeks to provide up to $12 million in grants to entities working to implement US sanctions on North Korea and prevent its weapons proliferation.

: Mark Lambert, deputy assistant secretary of State for Korea and Japan, says the US is reviewing possibility of declaring a formal end to the Korean War, during a meeting with Lee Seok-hyun, vice chairman of South Korea’s National Unification Advisory Council.

: Senate Foreign Relations Committee passes Otto Warmbier North Korea Censorship and Surveillance Act, aimed at countering North Korea’s repressive censorship and providing outside information to the people of the reclusive North.

: South Korea and the United States decided to set up a director-level dialogue channel for regular discussions on semiconductor issues, says Seoul’s industry ministry.

: US and South Korea are aligned on the need to engage with North Korea diplomatically, but may differ when it comes to when and what steps should be taken to bring the recalcitrant North back to the dialogue table, says US National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan.

:  President Moon and US President Joe Biden will hold a bilateral meeting on the sidelines of a G20 summit in Italy or US climate summit in Britain.

: US Special Representative for North Korea Sung Kim says he looks forward to exploring options with South Korea to resume dialogue with North Korea, including the proposed declaration of a formal end to the 1950-53 Korean War. He also mentioned US willingness to help address the North’s humanitarian concerns, while urging Pyongyang to stop missile launches, which he cast as “concerning and counterproductive.”

: President Moon says South Korea’s first domestically built space rocket completed all flight sequences as scheduled but fell short of putting a dummy satellite into orbit.

: North Korea’s recent missile test underscores need for engaging it and sanctions relief can be considered part of incentives to bring it back to negotiations, says FM Chung.

: North Korea fires what appears to be a submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) toward the East Sea, as top nuclear envoys of South Korea, the US, and Japan meet in Washington to discuss efforts to bring the North back to dialogue through humanitarian aid and other incentives.

: US Defense Intelligence Agency projects that North Korea may resume underground nuclear tests if it does not agree to complete denuclearization.

: Gen. Jay Raymond, chief of Space Operations at the US Space Force calls for strong space cooperation with South Korea, stressing credible deterrence in the “contested” security domain comes from a robust partnership based on “mutual trust and shared values.”

: South Korea’s chief nuclear envoy says that a formal declaration of an end to the Korean War could pave the way for resuming stalled denuclearization talks with North Korea.

: US remains prepared to meet with North Korea without preconditions as it awaits the North’s response to its “specific proposals,” says State Department spokesperson Ned Price.

: South Korea and the United States agree to consider a new bilateral working-level defense dialogue aimed at promoting cooperation between their regional policy initiatives.

: US official says officials from more than 30 countries, including South Korea, will discuss ways to counter ransomware attacks from countries, including Russia and North Korea, in a two-day US-led virtual “counter ransomware initiative.”

: North Korea will continue to strengthen its “self-defensive: deterrent, says North Korean ambassador to the UN Kim Song, claiming military activities between South Korea and the United States are reaching a “dangerous level.”

: North Korean leader Kim claims need for boosting the country’s military capabilities to counter “hostile forces” against Pyongyang but said the move is not aimed at a war against South Korea or the United States.

: According to the Joint Chiefs of Staff, South Korea will strengthen its “tailored” deterrence, along with the US, against North Korea’s nuclear and missiles threats while enhancing its attack and missile defense capabilities.

: North Korea announces it testfired a new type of anti-aircraft missile. The latest launch marks North Korea’s seventh major weapons test this year.

: North Korean leader Kim Jong Un says he will restore inter-Korean hotlines early next month, calling Washington’s outreach to Pyongyang for dialogue “a petty trick.”

: South Korea launches  indigenously developed 3,000-ton-class submarine, Shin Chae-ho, equipped to fire ballistic missiles. The Shin Chae-ho is the third and final submarine in the Jangbogo-III Batch-I vessel class that the ROK has developed using domestic technology.

: Department of Commerce makes a request to major chipmakers, including Samsung Electronics, Intel, and TSMC, for sales figures, inventory totals, the names of largest clients and the share of sales to these clients. Although the survey is voluntary, chipmakers perceive it to be obligatory given that the Biden administration indicated that it could leverage the Defense Production Act to penalize the companies that fail to comply.

: North Korea fires unidentified projectile into the East Sea, days after Pyongyang held out the prospect of an inter-Korean summit if the South drops “double standards.”

: North Korea could declare a formal end to the Korean War as suggested by South Korea and even discuss holding an inter-Korean summit if the South treats the North with “impartiality” and mutual respect, says Kim Yo Jong, sister of North Korea’s leader.

: During trip to the US, Moon stops in Hawaii to receive the remains of 68 Korean service members from US accounting agency for prisoners of war and those missing in action.

: North Korea rejects Moon’s proposal to declare a formal end to the Korean war as something premature,” arguing that such a declaration would be meaningless as long as US “hostile policy” remains unchanged. Vice Foreign Minister Ri Thae Song says an end-of-war declaration has “no legal binding force” and will “become a mere scrap of paper in a moment upon changes in situations.

: US military in South Korea conducts a surgical strike drill simulating attacks on major North Korean facilities, amid tensions on the Korean Peninsula over the North’s missiles launches. Meanwhile, the North has shown signs of restarting a plutonium-producing reactor and expanding uranium enrichment facilities at its mainstay Yongbyon nuclear complex.

: Leaders of the US, Australia, Japan, and India (the “Quad”) call on North Korea to engage in dialogue and abide by UNSC resolutions that prohibit its ballistic missile tests.

: Top diplomats of South Korea, Japan, and the United States meet in New York to discuss North Korea and other issues.

: President Moon reaffirms his country’s commitment to playing a leading role in the fight against COVID-19, while attending a virtual summit hosted by US President Joe Biden.

: Yoon Seok-yeol, leading opposition presidential contender, says he will demand the US redeploy its tactical nuclear weapons to the rok and have nuclear sharing with Seoul if national security is threatened by North Korea’s nukes and missiles.

: US is open to discussing a possible end of war declaration with North Korea as it seeks to engage in dialogue over a number of other issues, says a Pentagon spokesman.

: US President Joe Biden says his country seeks to completely denuclearize the Korean Peninsula through diplomacy at US General Assembly in New York.

: South Korean President Moon Jae-in suggests in his UN speech that the two Koreas and the US, probably joined by China, declare a formal end to the 1950-53 Korean War.

: Foreign Minister Chung Eui-yong holds phone call with US Special Presidential Envoy for Climate John Kerry and discusses efforts to bolster climate action, including achieving carbon neutrality.

: North Korea is expanding a uranium enrichment plant within the Yongbyon nuclear complex, reports the Middlebury Institute of International Studies. Activities at the plant likely reflect plans to increase nuclear weapons production, says the report.

: North Korean state media denounces the United States for meddling in Taiwan issues and voices support for Beijing’s “One-China” principle.

: North Korea fires two short-range ballistic missiles into the East Sea, says South Korea’s Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS).

: South Korea unveils development of a supersonic cruise missile to improve maritime defense capabilities just days after the North fired a new long-range cruise missile in a sign of accelerating military competition between the two Koreas.

: State Department condemns North Korea’s ballistic missile launches, calling the act a violation of US Security Council resolutions that poses a threat to its neighbors and the international community. A department official adds that US remains committed to dialogue with the North.

: South Korea’s Unification Ministry says it will continue efforts to resume operations of the inter-Korean liaison office as it marked the third anniversary of the office.

: Ambassador Sung Kim says the US “is prepared to work with North Korea to address its humanitarian concerns regardless of progress on denuclearization” after holding three-way talks with South Korean and Japanese counterparts in Tokyo to discuss humanitarian aid and other incentives to resume dialogue with the North.

: North Korea successfully test-fires a new type of long-range cruise missile, a low-level provocation amid stalled talks with the United States.

: ESTsecurity, a cybersecurity firm, says a hacker group believed to be linked to North Korea, has attempted to steal data from South Korean experts working as members of an advisory panel for the defense ministry.

: North Korea denounces the US-led war in Afghanistan as a “human rights crime,” accusing Washington of committing “atrocities of mass destruction.”

: North Korea’s Foreign Ministry criticizes the US pullout from Afghanistan, calling the American government a “destroyer of human rights and democracy.

: US reconnaissance aircraft monitors the Korean Peninsula amid speculation that North Korea might be preparing for a military parade to mark major national anniversaries.

: Commander of US Northern Command and North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) saysUnited States stands ready to respond to any missile launch by North Korea should the North decide to stage such a provocation.

: According to the Defense Ministry’s 2022-2026 defense plan, the ROK military will begin to deploy new weapons systems and significantly upgrade its technological capabilities in response to South Korea’s shrinking population and the North’s development of nuclear weapons.

: US Department of State announces the extension of its travel ban on North Korea for one year due to serious risk to US citizens and nationals of arrest and long-term detention constituting imminent danger to their physical safety.

: US Special Representative for North Korea Sung Kim expresses hope for North Korea’s return to dialogue, saying the US remains committed to the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula through dialogue and diplomacy.

: ROK Unification Minister Lee calls for the early resumption of talks with North Korea, saying dialogue is the only way toward achieving objectives that everyone wants.

: UN nuclear watchdog says it has detected “deeply troubling” indications of Yongbyon nuclear reactor operating since July, including the release of cooling water.

: White House press secretary Jen Psaki stresses the “urgent need” for dialogue and diplomacy with North Korea following news that the North had restarted activity at its primary nuclear reactor for the first time in three years.

: 38 North publishes additional evidence of the Yongbyon 5 MWe reactor’s activation, namely “a discharge of cooling water into a new outflow channel.”

: South Korean Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. Park In-ho signs a deal with the chief of the US space operations and agrees to form a joint consultative body on space policy to strengthen cooperation.

: ROK Unification Minister Lee calls on Russia to play a “constructive role” in advancing the peace process on the Korean Peninsula during talks with Moscow’s nuclear envoy.

: US special representative for North Korea Sung Kim and South Korean counterpart Noh Kyu-duk discusshumanitarian aid to North Korea. The next day, ROK Unification Minister Lee meets with the US envoy and discusses a coordinated approach to jump-start stalled talks with the North.

: US Special Representative for North Korea Sung Kim arrives in Seoul for talks with his South Korean and Russian counterparts to resume dialogue amid renewed tensions over the ongoing military exercise between Seoul and Washington.

: State Department spokesperson Ned Price says that the Biden administration prioritizes alliances with NATO, South Korea, and Taiwan as a “profound source of strength” for the United States.

: North Korea reportedly declares a no-sail zone for ships off the east coast, indicating that it had plans to launch missiles amid a military exercise between South Korea and the United States.

: ROK Unification Minister Lee urges North Korea to come back to the negotiating table within this year, expressing concerns that upcoming political events in the region could slow down the peace process with Pyongyang.

: US aids the evacuation of South Korean Embassy staff in Afghanistan under a memorandum of understanding that the two countries signed earlier this year in the event of a contingency.

: South Korea and the United States start their annual joint military training Monday amid North Korea’s strong protest and threats of a serious security crisis.

: 400,000 doses of Johnson & Johnson’s Janssen COVID-19 vaccine that the US agreed to provide arrive in South Korea on Sunday, according to the US Embassy in Seoul.

: North Korea denounces the expiration of a pandemic-related US government ban on residential evictions, saying Washington should address its own human rights issues before “poking its nose” into other countries’ affairs.

: United States Trade Representative Katherine Tai virtually meets with South Korea’s Trade Minister Yeo Han-Koo to discuss the Biden-Harris administration’s trade priorities and opportunities in supply chain resilience, tackling climate change and WTO reform.

: North Korean Ambassador to Moscow Sin Hong-chol calls for US troop withdrawal from South Korea and called the US-ROK joint military exercise a “war rehearsal.”

: Cheong Wa Dae dismisses an allegation that it might have had a secret deal with North Korea for the reconnection of direct communication channels earlier this month.

: Kim Yo Jong, sister of Kim Jong Un, slams South Korea and the United States for going ahead with joint military exercises, denouncing the drills as the “most intensive expression” of Washington’s hostile policy toward Pyongyang.

: Secretary Blinken expresses a willingness to consider different “options” and “possibilities” with North Korea in a renewed call for its return to dialogue at a regional forum.

: Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi says the upcoming US-ROK military exercise is not “constructive,” calling for Washington to avoid any action that would cause tension with North Korea.

: South Korea decides to conduct upcoming military exercise with the United States as planned despite North Korea’s warning.

: Director-general and deputy-level officials of the United States and South Korea meet to coordinate efforts to achieve the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.

: ROK FM Chung and Secretary Blinken agree to make continued efforts to engage with North Korea and foster lasting peace on the Korean Peninsula during their phone talks.

: US national intelligence officer for North Korea at the Office of the Director of National Intelligence Sydney Seiler says that the US will never accept a nuclear-armed North Korea.

: ROK Unification Ministry says that South Korea will deal with the issue of joint military drills with the United States in a “wise” and “flexible” manner so as to not heighten tensions on the Korean Peninsula.

: Kim Yo Jong, sister of the North Korean leader, warns that annual military drills between South Korea and the United States will cloud the future of inter-Korean relations.

: Congressman Brad Sherman (D-California) proposes the “Peace on the Korean Peninsula Act,” which more than a dozen US lawmakers sign on to, seeking to formally end the Korean War and establish liaison offices between the United States and North Korea.

: ROK FM Chung calls inter-Korean hotline restoration to restore trust and improve ties between the South and North.

: Deputy Secretary Sherman highlights need for the US and China to work together in dealing with regional and global issues such as nuclear-armed North Korea during her visit to China.

: South Korea’s First Vice Foreign Minister Choi Jong-kun and US Deputy Secretary of State Sherman have talks in Seoul over stalled nuclear diplomacy with North Korea and other bilateral and global issues.

: Deputy Secretary of State Sherman stresses the importance of cooperation between the US, South Korea, and Japan in addressing regional issues such as the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.

: Pentagon spokesman John Kirby says that the United States maintains and continues to advance its capabilities to counter any cyber-attacks from China and North Korea.

: North Korea’s foreign ministry accuses the United States of using humanitarian aid as a political tool to interfere with North Korea’s internal affairs.

: RIK chief nuclear negotiator Noh Kyu-duk speaks by phone with US counterpart Sung Kim and discussed efforts to advance the peace process on the Korean Peninsula.

: US Special Representative for North Korea Sung Kim has phone talks with Chinese counterpart after he sought to reach out to North Korea during his trip to the South.

: South Korea’s Navy joins a US-led multinational maritime exercise Vanguard in Australian waters to enhance cooperative operation abilities.

: Pentagon spokesman John Kirby says that the US remains committed to the joint defense of South Korea and that includes maintaining an appropriate level of US forces on the Korean Peninsula.

: US shortlists North Korea as a nation complicit in human trafficking and forced labor again.

: South Korea and the US agree to speed up cooperation in supply chains such as memory chip and battery sectors, in the follow-up to the outcome of their leaders’ summit.

: Moon Chung-in, former adviser to the South Korean president, says ending the bilateral “working group” forum on North Korea policy between South Korea and the United States cannot be an incentive for Pyongyang to return to the negotiating table.

: President Moon reaffirms his commitment to doing his best to reinvigorate the Korea peace process in a Time magazine interview.

: US Special Representative for North Korea Sung Kim wraps up his five-day trip to Seoul after redoubling Washington’s calls for dialogue with a recalcitrant Pyongyang.

: State Department spokesman Ned Price says the United States is willing to hold dialogue with North Korea at any time and any place.

: South Korea and the United States agree to consider terminating their “working group” forum on North Korea policy.

: Sung Kim says he looks forward to Pyongyang giving a “positive response soon” to Washington’s dialogue offer, referring to Kim Jong-un’s recent remarks that Pyongyang should be ready for both dialogue and confrontation.

: US Special Representative for North Korea Sung Kim arrives in Seoul for talks with his South Korean and Japan counterparts to resume nuclear diplomacy with Pyongyang.

: North Korean leader Kim Jong Un says the North should be ready for both dialogue and, more importantly, confrontation with the United States, while calling for efforts to stably control the situation on the Korean Peninsula.

: G7 nations issue a joint statement calling for the complete denuclearization of North Korea, welcoming the commitment of Washington to engage with Pyongyang through diplomacy.

: Secretary Blinken stresses the need to work with China to denuclearize the Korean Peninsula in a phone call conversation with his Chinese counterpart, Yang Jiechi.

: State Department spokesman Ned Price says the US seeks to engage with North Korea diplomatically to make progress toward the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.

: Cheong Wa Dae (the Blue House) says that South Korea and the US have established a senior-level expert group to follow up on their summit deal on their “vaccine partnership.”

: President Moon will visit Britain for G7 summit followed by state visits to Austria and Spain for talks on bilateral ties.

: Secretary Blinken pledges to work with the two Koreas to help realize long-awaited reunions of Korean-Americans with families in the North, calling it a “heart-wrenching” issue.

: South Korea’s First Vice Foreign Minister Choi Jong-kun plans to visit Washington later this week for talks with US Deputy Secretary of State Wendy Sherman to discuss bilateral, regional and global issues between the two countries.

: South Korea plans to accelerate its space development program including boosting cooperation with the US in a move that may help the Biden administration’s Asia strategy to check China’s growing global clout.

: ROK Unification Minister Lee calls for “maximum flexibility” in deciding what to do with joint military exercise with the US set for August, saying such drills should never serve as a chance to cause additional tensions on the Korean Peninsula.

: US Sen. Duckworth says that the recent lifting of US curbs on South Korea’s missile development would be “complementary” to America’s regional deterrence efforts.

: ROK FM Chung meets three visiting US senators (Tammy Duckworth (D-Illinois), Chris Coons (D-Delaware), and Dan Sullivan (R-Alaska)) and discusses bilateral and alliance issues.

: ROK FM Chung holds a breakfast meeting with US Indo-Pacific Command chief Adm. John C. Aquilino in Seoul to discuss their countries’ alliance and peace on the Korean Peninsula and beyond.

: Secretary Blinken has called on NATO members to deepen their cooperation with South Korea amid US efforts to reinforce cooperation between US allies.

: ROK intelligence chief Park Jie-won is expected to return home after a weeklong trip to the US that apparently focused on discussions with his counterparts on North Korea.

: North Korea slams the US lifting of missile restrictions on South Korea as a “stark reminder” of Washington’s hostile approach to Pyongyang, saying the recently unveiled US policy on North Korea is “just trickery.”

: South Korea’s Unification Ministry says it will seek to restore communication lines and dialogue with North Korea based on “sufficient conditions” for engagement created by the summit between Presidents Moon and Biden.

: 38 North says that North Korea appears to be continuing activities at its Yongbyon nuclear complex but no clear evidence has been detected to determine if spent fuel rods have been transferred from the storage facility to produce plutonium.

: US Ambassador to Indonesia Sung Kim begins his work as a special representative for North Korea, speaking with his Japanese counterpart, Takehiro Funakoshi.

: ROK Unification Minister Lee In-young says the summit between Presidents Moon and Biden created “sufficient” conditions need to resume the long-stalled dialogue with North Korea.

: President Moon and President Biden hold 171 minutes of one-on-one, small group, and expanded summit meetings, about 20 minutes longer than meetings between the US president and Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga. Moon and Biden reaffirm their security alliance and committed to a string of partnerships in vaccine collaboration and North Korea. Moon also announces a joint decision with the US to end guidelines that restricted Seoul’s development of missiles, and an agreement to work together to build stable supply chains for semiconductors, electric vehicle batteries and medical supplies.

: Biden pledges to provide full vaccinations for all 550,000 South Korean troops, agreeing to pursue a global COVID-19 vaccine partnership.

: South Korean biopharmaceutical firm Samsung Biologics signs a deal to manufacture Moderna’s COVID-19 vaccine at its local factory.

: During a tour of the US, President Moon meets House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and other congressional leaders to discuss the alliance, North Korea and COVID-19 vaccines.

: South Korean President Moon Jae-in heads to the US for summit talks with President Biden on COVID-19 vaccine cooperation, North Korea, alliance issues and bilateral economic partnership.

: President Joe Biden says that the United States will provide up to 80 million doses of COVID-19 vaccines to other countries by the end of next month, reiterating his pledge to turn the US into an “arsenal” of vaccines for the entire world.

: North Korean propaganda outlets criticizes South Korea’s biennial integrated defense exercise with the United States, warning that it will only “stab itself in the eyes” by confronting the North.

: Secretary Blinken reaffirms his country’s commitment to UN Security Council resolutions on North Korea, amid US outreach for engagement with the reclusive North.

: US Director of National Intelligence Avril Haines visits the Demilitarized Zone separating the two Koreas as Washington seeks to round out its policy on North Korea.

: Head of South Korea’s National Intelligence Service (NIS) Park Jie-won meets the intelligence chiefs of Japan and the United States in Tokyo and exchanges views on North Korea and other relevant issues.

: Department of Defense spokesman John Kirby says that the source and destination of illicit weapons seized over the weekend in Arabian waters are still under investigation, adding that the US does not exclude North Korea from its list of potential destinations.

: Former South Korean Prime Minister Hwang Kyo-ahn says that the US and South Korea must remain firm and flexible in their commitment to denuclearize North Korea.

: South Korean Foreign Minister Chung Eui-yong says it is “desirable” for the US administration to appoint special representative for North Korea.

: Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Homeland Defense and Global Security Jennifer Walsh says that North Korea continues to build up its chemical and biological weapons in addition to its nuclear weapons.

: Secretary Blinken calls for coordinated efforts to denuclearize North Korea at the G7.

: South Korean Foreign Minister Chung Eui-yong and his US counterpart, Antony Blinken, hold bilateral talks on the margins of a Group of Seven (G7) meeting in London.

: South Korea’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs says that it will continue to coordinate with the US to encourage Washington to resume long-stalled denuclearization talks with North Korea.

: Washington Post reveals details of Biden administration’s completed policy review, indicating that the administration seeks to strike a balance between the Trump administration’s leader-to-leader diplomacy and the Obama presidency’s arm’s-length approach to the crisis.

: Biden says that he will work with allies to address threats from North Korea through “diplomacy” and “stern deterrence.”

: South Korean Unification Minister Lee In-young says that South Korea will strive to restart the stalled peace process on the Korean Peninsula, and urges the US to engage North Korea at the earliest possible date.

: South Korean defense ministry says that it is trying to secure new “large-scale” firing ranges for the US Forces Korea (USFK) as the US military has complained about limited access to existing ones due to protests from residents.

: Chief of US Strategic Command Adm. Charles Richard says that the United States is ready and able to deter any aggression from North Korea.

: A Congressional Research Service reports says North Korea seeks to develop capabilities to degrade US missile defense systems deployed in the region.

: North Korea continues working on submersible missile test barge at its Nampo shipyard, a US think tank says, suggesting that it could be preparations for a ballistic missile test.

: President Moon urges the US to restart dialogue with North Korea at an early date during an interview with The New York Times, criticizing Donald Trump for failing to “pull it through” and reach a deal.

: South Korean Foreign Minister Chung Eui-yong says that South Korea is “earnestly discussing” the COVID-19 vaccine swap deal with the United States.

: President Biden and Japanese Prime Minister Suga Yoshihide commit to the complete, irreversible, and verifiable dismantlement (CVID) of all weapons of mass destruction in North Korea.

: South Korean Unification Ministry expresses that an upcoming summit between South Korean and US presidents will help build consensus on denuclearization, improving inter-Korean relations.

: South Korean Unification Ministry official says the upcoming US congressional hearing on South Korea’s ban on sending anti-Pyongyang leaflets into North Korea will not affect South Korea-US alliance.

: South Korea’s Foreign Ministry expresses “grave concerns” over Japan’s decision to release Fukushima water into the sea.

: Biden hails settlement of an electric vehicle battery dispute between LG and SK as a “win for American workers and the American auto industry.”

: White House spokeswoman Psaki says that North Korea’s difficult conditions are caused by the actions of its own leadership, arguing that no US actions or sanctions are targeted at the North Korean people.

: US House of Representatives says it will hold a public hearing on South Korea’s ban on anti-Pyongyang leaflets into North Korea.

: White House spokeswoman Psaki says that the United States is prepared to engage in diplomacy with North Korea if it leads to denuclearization on the peninsula.

: South Korea’s Unification Ministry vows efforts to resume inter-Korean talks despite North Korea’s decision not to participate in the Tokyo Olympics.

: North Korea decides that it will not participate in the upcoming Tokyo Summer Olympics to protect its athletes from the coronavirus pandemic.

: South Korea’s Defense Ministry rejects Japan’s renewed territorial claims over the country’s easternmost islets of Dokdo, saying Seoul does not even have to repeat explanations on the matter.

: South Korea, Japan, and the US agree on the need to quickly resume dialogue with North Korea to peacefully resolve the nuclear issue.

: State Department spokesman Ned Price says that denuclearization will be at the center of any new US policy toward North Korea.

: Korea Institute for Defense Analyses says North Korea likely to conduct more test launches of its Iskander-variant ballistic missiles to replace Scud missiles with advanced solid-fuel ones.

: US Acting Assistant Secretary of State Lisa Peterson says the US will hold North Korea accountable for its “egregious” human rights violations.

: Kim Yo Jong criticizes Moon for his speech, mocking him as a “parrot” that repeats the US’ “gangster-like logic.”

: North Korea accuses the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) of violating its sovereignty and applying a “double standard” for the recent missile test.

: North Korea accuses Biden of a “provocation” for criticizing its missile launches, warning that the US will face “something not good” if such “thoughtless remarks” continue.

: Director of North Korea policy at the South Korean Defense Ministry Cho Yong-geun and US Acting Assistant Secretary of Defense for Indo-Pacific Affairs David Helvey express deep concerns over North Korea’s recent missile launches.

: Washington condemns North Korea’s ballistic missile launches as “destabilizing” actions violating UN Security Council resolutions.

: North Korea fires at least one unidentified projectile into the East Sea, according to the Korean Joint Chiefs of Staff.

: South Korea convenes emergency National Security Council (NSC) meeting on North Korea’s latest projectile launch.

: North Korea fires two cruise missiles off the west coast, Pyongyang’s first missile test in about a year.

: 55-year-old businessman Mun Chol Myong, who faces money laundering charges, becomes the first North Korean citizen ever extradited to the United States.

: North Korean diplomats leave their embassy in Malaysia after Pyongyang said it would cut diplomatic ties with Malaysia over its citizen’s US extradition.

: Blinken says that the US and China had a candid conversation on North Korea during a ministerial meeting in Alaska.

: North Korea says that it will sever diplomatic relations with Malaysia for extraditing its businessman living in Malaysia to the United States.

: North Korean First Vice Foreign Minister Choe Son Hui says North Korea will continue to ignore any contact from the US unless the US withdraws its “hostile policies” toward North Korea.

: South Korea and the US hold “2+2” talks of their foreign and defense officials in Seoul to discuss a coordinated strategy on North Korea and efforts to reinforce the alliance.

: South Korea and the United States announce plan to launch a new working-level policy dialogue to reinforce their bilateral alliance.

: President Moon says South Korea will improve strained ties with Japan to bolster trilateral security cooperation involving the US during talks with Secretary of State Blinken and Secretary of Defense Austin.

: Four people of Korean descent are killed in deadly shootings in Atlanta.

: Foreign workers in Seoul complain of being singled out as Seoul mandates all foreigners working at for-profit organizations be tested for coronavirus by the end of the month.

: White House spokesperson Jen Psaki says that North Korea continues to be unresponsive to US calls for dialogue.

: Kim Jong Un’s sister Kim Yo Jong condemns South Korea for military exercises with the United States.

: South Korea and the United States plan to initial a defense cost-sharing deal after a 2+2 meeting of their top foreign and defense officials.

: Blinken embarks on a trip to Asia to discuss major challenges in the region, including North Korea and China, with Japan and South Korea.

: Administration official says North Korea has not responded to the behind-the-scenes Biden administration’s diplomatic outreach since mid-February.

: Former US nuclear negotiator Robert Gallucci urges South Korea and the US to refrain from large-scale combined military exercises and for North Korea to avoid nuclear tests.

: Washington says it will not ease its sanctions on Iran, including Iranian funds in South Korea, until Iran returns to compliance with the JCPOA.

: US Indo-Pacific Commander Adm. Phil Davidson says that North Korea poses a serious and most imminent threat to the US and its allies in the Indo-Pacific region, including South Korea.

: Seoul’s Defense Ministry says South Korea and the United States are to stage joint outdoor drills throughout the year, not during specific periods of time.

: South Korea and the US reach a defense cost-sharing agreement in maintaining US troops on the Korean Peninsula.

: South Korea and the US kick off scaled-back combined military exercise.

: Pentagon spokesman John Kirby says the US takes its commitment to the security of South Korea very seriously, “making sure there are ready military capabilities should they be needed.”

: Secretary Austin includes North Korea on the list of threats to the US and its allies.

: State Department spokesperson says South Korea and the US are “very close” to an agreement to set Seoul’s share of the cost for US troops on the Korean Peninsula.

: Secretary Blinken lays out the “most urgent” priorities for American diplomacy, skirting the issue of how to deal with nuclear-armed North Korea.

: US Indo-Pacific Command says North Korea poses the “most immediate threat” to the United States until they agree to full denuclearization.

: South Korea’s presidential office says Moon is likely to talk with Biden in April during a global climate summit.

: Chief of the UN nuclear watchdog says North Korea has been showing signs of operating a steam plant at a plutonium reprocessing facility.

: Moon says South Korea is ready to talk with Japan anytime, stating that it would also be helpful to the trilateral partnership with the United States.

: US Defense Department spokesman says North Korea’s continued development of weapons poses a threat to the United States and its allies.

: US federal district court orders North Korea to pay over $2.3 billion in damages to the crew and family of a US naval vessel captured in 1986.

: Minister of Unification Lee urges that international sanctions on North Korea do not result in unintended negative effects on ordinary North Korean people.

: State Department spokesman says the US and South Korea may discuss Iran sanctions but that there has not yet been a release of Iranian funds held in the US.

: Minister of Unification Lee renews calls for building a joint response system with North Korea against infectious diseases.

: Minister of Unification Lee calls for efforts to restart a long-suspended project to compile a unified Korean-language dictionary project with North Korea.

: Ned Price, press spokesperson at the State Department, highlights the importance of South Korea and Japan working together, saying “any US effort to denuclearize North Korea will not be as effective without the support and close cooperation of South Korea and Japan.”

: South Korean Minister of Unification Lee In-young says that North Korea faces a food shortage of over 1.2 million to 1.3 million tons this year due to damage from heavy downpours that happened last year.

: US State Department says the North Korean nuclear issue is a top priority for the Biden administration despite the lack of direct engagement with the country.

: New ROK Foreign Minister Chung Eui-yong and Secretary Blinken stress close cooperation for complete denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula during their first phone talks.

: Biden says the US will not hesitate to use force to protect its people and allies.

: South Korea’s top nuclear envoy, Noh Kyu-duk, and a senior US diplomat agree to close consultations on North Korea policy during their phone talks.

: South Korea’s Unification Ministry expresses hopes for the early resumption of the Kaesong complex as it marks the fifth anniversary of its closure.

: Acting US Ambassador to South Korea Rob Rapson highlights the strong bilateral partnership between the two countries in the first tweet he posted.

: Department of State says the US is committed to quickly reaching a “mutually acceptable” defense cost-sharing agreement with South Korea.

: National Security Adviser Sullivan says the US will closely consult with South Korea on North Korea issues.

: South Korean Unification Minister Lee In-young says South Korea has been sufficiently communicating with the US on anti-leaflet law.

: President Moon pledges to upgrade the alliance with the US in a phone call with President Biden.

: Secretary Blinken says the US looks for optimal ways to advance the denuclearization process in North Korea.

: Gyeonggi Province Gov. Lee Jae-myung sends letter to the US Congress calling for support for an ROK law enacted to ban the sending of propaganda leaflets into North Korea.

: North Korea’s Ambassador to Geneva Han Tae-song says Pyongyang is building up its war deterrent capabilities to defend itself and open a “genuine era of peace with eternally no wars.”

: South Korea’s Foreign Ministry launches a task force to strengthen policy-related communication with the new Biden administration.

: Chinese President Xi Jinping expresses active support for Korean denuclearization in phone talks with Moon.

: South Korea pushes for high-level meetings with the administration of US President Joe Biden at an early date.

: South Korean Minister of Unification Lee In-young hopes for a “wise” and “flexible” solution to joint military drills with the US to prevent serious tensions on the Korean Peninsula.

: South Korea’s Defense Minister Suh Wook and US Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin reaffirm the importance of their alliance, promising to cooperate on improving the relationship.

: South Korea’s top national security officer Suh Hoon discusses bilateral cooperation in advancing the Korean peace process and global issues with his new US counterpart, Jake Sullivan.

: Biden becomes the 46th president of the United States, underlining the importance of its relationship with allies.

: South Korean Defense Ministry says South Korea is ready to talk about any issues with North Korea via military channels to ease tensions.

: During US Senate confirmation hearings Secretary of State-designate Antony Blinken vows to improve its relationship with allies, saying Biden administration will review the entire approach to North Korea.

: North Korea holds a military parade in Pyongyang, displaying its new submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM).

: US Ambassador to South Korea Harry Harris announces his pending departure from his post, officially leaving the post on Jan. 20.

: Senior defense officials from South Korea, the US, and Japan hold phone talks to discuss North Korea’s missile launches and reaffirm the importance of trilateral security cooperation. 

: Kurt Campbell, former state department official for Asia during the Obama administration, is appointed Joe Biden’s “Asia czar”—coordinator for the administration’s overall Indo-Pacific policy.

: North Korea revises party rules at the 8th Party Congress in Pyongyang to clarify its aim to strengthen national defense capabilities.

: US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo approves creation of a new cyber-security and emerging technologies bureau to fight cyber-security threats, citing threats from North Korea.

: Spokesman for the South Korean Foreign Ministry congratulates US President-elect Joe Biden after the Congress’s certification of election victory.

: USFK-affiliated South Korean civilian workers and troops begin getting COVID-19 vaccinations. They are the country’s first citizens getting vaccinated against the virus.

: Data shows six countries—Russia, Switzerland, Sweden, Norway, Canada, and Bulgaria—have provided nearly $10 million in food aid this year to help North Korea respond to chronic food shortages.

: US Air Force reconnaissance plane flies over Korea as North Korea appears to prepare a military parade.

: North Korea’s trade with China slumps to just $2,382 in November due to Pyongyang’s measures to stop the entry of the coronavirus into the country.

: ROK Defense Ministry discusses with related authorities whether ROK Army troops assigned to USFK can get the COVID-19 vaccine shipped for US soldiers in South Korea.

: Moderna’s COVID-19 vaccines for USFK arrive in South Korea.

: US State Department expresses strong support for South Korea to defend its air space after Chinese and Russian military aircrafts entered the KADIZ.

: USFK will be the first group in South Korea to receive a COVID-19 vaccine. It will start administering the Moderna vaccine against coronavirus to frontline health workers and first responders.

: Presidential Secretary Noh Kyu-duk is named Seoul’s new top nuclear envoy.

: North Korea says it will expand its Mount Kumgang tourist complex in “our way,” despite hopes of revived inter-Korean cooperation there.

: United Nations Command (UNC) suspends tours to truce village of Panmunjom due to the coronavirus pandemic.

: USFK Commander Gen. Robert Abrams calls for “immediate and aggressive” antivirus measures.

: Trump says he will veto US defense bill, which includes limits on the president’s ability to withdraw troops from countries including South Korea.

: North Korea starts regular winter-time drills, showing no signs of unusual movements.

: Biegun reaffirms the US commitment to complete denuclearization of North Korea.

: Kim Yo Jong, sister of the North Korean leader, slams the ROK foreign minister for “reckless remarks” on Pyongyang’s coronavirus handling.

: Biegun calls on North Korea to return to dialogue for complete denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.

: Treasury Department announces new sanctions on six entities and four vessels related to North Korea.

: Biegun arrives in South Korea for talks with South Korean officials, including the foreign minister and the minister of unification, regarding bilateral alliance and stalled nuclear negotiations with North Korea.

: ROK Minister of Unification Lee promises aid organization activists to send humanitarian assistance to North Korea.

: Head of US Army Pacific, Gen. Paul LaCamera, is nominated to be next commander of US Forces Korea (USFK).

: Six US soldiers and two other civilians in South Korea test positive for coronavirus.

: North Korean hackers have attempted to hack at least six pharmaceutical companies developing COVID-19 vaccines in the US, the UK, and South Korea.

: Department of State accuses China of “flagrant violation” of its obligation to enforce international sanctions on North Korea, saying the US would offer rewards up to $5 million for information about sanctions evasions.

: US expert says North Korean leader Kim Jong Un and his family have been vaccinated for the coronavirus with a vaccine provided by China.

: North Korea reinforces border lockdown to prevent the COVID-19 pandemic from spreading into its country.

: North Korean hackers are suspected of trying to break into the systems of British drug company AstraZeneca in recent weeks.

: Former Commander of US Forces Korea (USFK) Burwell Bell warns South Korea may lose allies if the country arms itself with nuclear weapons.

: China’s top diplomat Wang Yi and Kang hold talks in Seoul, discussing North Korea’s nuclear program and preparing a visit of Chinese President Xi Jinping.

: Kim Chong-in, leader of South Korea’s main opposition People Power Party (PPP), says South Korea may need to consider acquiring nuclear weapons if North Korea does not give up nuclear weapons.

: US State Department offers up to $3 million in funding for organizations working for North Korean human rights.

: Unification Minister Lee stresses that a breakthrough in South-North Korean ties could come “sooner than expected.”

: South Korea agrees to boost cooperation with US Air Force to respond better to emerging space threats.

: North Korea accuses the UN Security Council for labeling the country’s space program as threats, calling the agency an “undemocratic organ devoid of impartiality.”

: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) suspects North Korea of producing enriched uranium at the Kangson facility.

: Department of Treasury adds two North Korean enterprises that operate in Russia to sanctions list on North Korea for alleged involvement in the exportation of “forced labor.”

: Unification Minister Lee says South Korea will formally offer talks with North Korea when the coronavirus wanes.

: US Army Chief of Staff Gen. James C. McConville meets South Korean Defense Minister Suh Wook to discuss ways to strengthen and expand cooperation.

: Ambassador Harris congratulates four Korean-Americans on their election to the House of Representatives.

: Three members of ruling Democratic Party of South Korea leave for Washington for meetings with US congressional leaders and experts on the Korean Peninsula issues.

: Chairman of the Democratic Party of South Korea Lee Nak-yon calls on Biden to keep the deal signed between North Korean leader Kim and President Trump in 2018.

: Moon and Biden reaffirm commitment to their alliance and to work together closely on the North Korean nuclear issues in a phone call.

: Foreign Minister Kang reaffirms efforts to continue ensuring peace on the Korean Peninsula after Biden’s election.

: ROK Foreign Minister Kang Kyung-hwa visits Washington for talks with Pompeo.

: President Moon congratulates Joe Biden on his election victory.

: South Korean national security chief Suh urges US government to resume talks with the North Korean regime.

: Unification Minister Lee In-young urges North Korea to restore cross-border communication lines between the two Koreas.

: ROK troops take into custody a North Korean man who crossed the border.

: North Korea argues that the South is plotting to bring in additional U.S. missile defense system in the country, saying that it would lead to “self-destruction.”

: North Korea imposes requirements on foreigners to fight against coronavirus.

: A UN panel says the al-Shabab Islamic extremist group used a North Korean mortar in a terrorist attack in Somalia earlier this year.

: North Korea says South Korea is responsible for the death of a fisheries official killed at sea last month, although they reiterate regret over the killing.

: US Ambassador Harry Harris becomes honorary citizen of Seoul in recognition of his efforts to expand exchanges between the city and the United States.

: US government issues a warning on a North Korean hacking group before the US presidential election.

: Moon’s special security adviser, Moon Chung-in, says signing a declaration to end the Korean War is the first step toward the denuclearization.

: Biden says that North Korea possesses a great number of missiles because of Trump.

: North Korea warns citizens to stay inside over fears that yellow dust from China could bring coronavirus.

: Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden says he could meet Kim Jong Un if North Korea reduces the country’s nuclear capabilities.

: North Korea appears to have suspended gymnastic shows scheduled for this month.

: South Korean Unification Minister Lee In-young says South Korea will keep seeking dialogue with North Korea for cooperation in railway linking.

: South Korean Defense Minister Suh Wook and Adm. Phil Davidson, commander of the US Indo-Pacific Command, discuss denuclearization of North Korea.

: Civilian tours of Panmunjom will reopen early next month after a year of suspension caused by the African swine fever, the Unification Ministry says.

: U.S. National Security Adviser Robert O’Brien sees a chance to resume denuclearization talks with North Korea around next summer Olympic games.

: South Korean National Security Adviser Suh Hoon says Seoul and Washington are on the same page over the initiative to declare the end of the Korean War.

: UN condemns North Korea’s unlawful killing of a South Korean government official in waters.

: Defense Secretary Mark Esper says North Korea’s nuclear and missile programs pose a global threat, after seeing North Korea’s new weapons at military parade.

: Kim Jong Un inspects a mining area in South Hamgyong province, which was recently hit by flooding and typhoons.

: South Korean government holds emergency National Security Council meeting after North Korea unveils a massive intercontinental ballistic missile.

: Evidence suggests North Korean appears to have held anniversary military parade. At the event North Korea displays a new ICBM, and Kim tears up, apologizing to North Korean citizens for failing to deliver higher living standards.

: South Korea grants permission to private organizations to send $1.24 million in private aid to North Korea.

: North Korea’s acting ambassador to Italy, who went missing in late 2018, reveals he lives in South Korea under government protection since last year.

: South Korea’s Unification Ministry calls on North Korea to respond to South Korea’s request for a joint investigation over the killing of a South Korean official.

: South Korean and US intelligence have spotted North Korea moving an intercontinental ballistic missile.

: Pompeo cancels a planned visit to South Korea.

: Kim Jong Un sends a letter to President Trump, expressing his hopes that he would recover from the coronavirus.

: Kim Jong Un inspects a flooded village damaged by recent typhoons.

: North Korea’s UN ambassador says North Korea has a “reliable and effective war deterrent for self-defense.”

: South Korean Coast Guard says that the South Korean official killed by the North Korean Navy sought defection to the North.

: Biegun says the US and South Korea discussed how to move the stagnated dialogues with the North.

: ROK President Moon apologizes to the South Korean public and the family of the official killed by North Korean troops.

: North Korea accuses South Korea of sending ships into its territory to find the body of the dead South Korean official.

: State Department says North Korea’s apology over killing of a South Korean official is a “helpful step.”

: State Department condemns North Korea’s killing of a South Korean official and demands an explanation.

: South Korean officials condemn North Korea’s killing of a South Korean Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Ministry official who may have tried to defect to North Korea.

: South Korean President Moon Jae-In calls for declaring an end to the Korean War at 75th session of the United Nations General Assembly.

: Energy Secretary Dan Brouillette says the US “remains committed to addressing the threats posed by the nuclear programs of both North Korea and Iran” at IAEA.

: US announces new sanctions on Iranian entities and individuals, saying Tehran and North Korea have resumed cooperation on long-range missile development.

: North Korean defector is arrested trying to cross back into the DPRK.

: USS Pueblo intelligence ship veterans file a lawsuit against North Korea, demanding compensation of up to $6 billion.

: Assistant Secretary of State for East Pacific and Pacific Affairs David Stilwell says that the US is not discussing the possibility of withdrawing troops from South Korea.

: South Korean Minister of Unification Lee In-young visits Panmunjom, urging North Korea to implement agreements reached during the 2018 inter-Korea summit.

: Secretary of State Mike Pompeo tells the Atlantic Council that US talks with North Korea remain ongoing.

: Deputy Secretary of State Stephen Biegun expresses Washington’s support for lasting peace on the Korean Peninsula at a regional security meeting.

: Kim inspects recovery work in a flood-hit area, according to North Korea state media.

: US and South Korea agrees to launch a new working-level dialogue channel to discuss alliance matters.

: US Army chief Gen. James McConville says he doesn’t see full-scale ROK-US drills amid the coronavirus pandemic.

: North Korean leader Kim Jong Un calls for an urgent recovery from typhoon damage.

: UN chief urges North Korea to resume denuclearization talks with the US and the South.

: North Korea sends only low or mid-level diplomats to UN General Assembly meetings this year.

: Satellite imagery suggests North Korea’s preparation for a submarine-launched ballistic missile at the South Sinpo shipyard.

: Senior adviser Jared Kushner says President Trump will reach a breakthrough with North Korea if he is reelected.

: Documents reveal that North Korea is seeking millions of dollars in medical supplies for an upcoming Pyongyang general hospital project.

: A company based in the British Virgin Island pleads guilty to laundering money for North Korean clients.

: US Forces Korea suspends training in Pocheon after a military vehicle driven by two US soldiers crashes into SUV killing four South Korean civilians.

: US Department of Justice files civil forfeiture complaint against 280 North Korean-linked cryptocurrency accounts.

: North Korea broadcasts alleged encrypted spy message for first time on state-run Radio Pyongyang’s YouTube channel.

: Esper says the goal of “complete, verifiable and irreversible” denuclearization of North Korea hasn’t changed, reiterating diplomacy as “best path forward.”

: North Korean TV stations air footage of damage caused by Typhoon Bavi as Kim Jong Un emphasizes need to minimize damage at politburo meeting.

: During speech on first day of Republican National Convention, Trump says he improved the 2012 US-Korea free trade agreement.

: South Korea reportedly to purchase 40 Lockheed Martin F-35 jets at the cost of $6.7 billion to be delivered by the end of 2021.

: Kim Jong Un reportedly delegates partial power to sister Kim Yo Jong, among other close aides.

: Department of State says it regularly “coordinates on diplomatic efforts” with South Korea on inter-Korean affairs following US Ambassador to South Korea Harry Harris’ statement reaffirming importance of inter-Korean cooperation working group.

: Kim Jong Un says he will present a new five-year economic development plan at a Eighth Congress of the Workers’ Party in January 2021.

: US and South Korea began computer-simulated annual Combined Command Post Training (CCPT/CPX) exercises planned to run until Aug. 28.

: President Trump says Kim Jong Un is among “world-class chess-players,” adding “we get along.”

: Kim Jong Un lifts lockdown on Kaesong, insisting on closed borders and rejection of international flood aid.

: ROK Unification Ministry launches investigation into North Korean civic and defector groups.

: ROK Ministry of Defense releases $252.7 billion five-year defense blueprint including acquisition of light aircraft carrier and multi-tiered missile interception system.

: US Deputy Special Representative for North Korea Alex Wong says “US is ready” to negotiate on North Korean denuclearization.

: US Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs David Stilwell says North Korea “must halt provocations, abide by its obligations under the UNSCRs, and engage in sustained negotiations” to achieve fully verified denuclearization during 33rd US-ASEAN Dialogue.

: Trump says “…you don’t know that, and they have spikes,” during interview when asked if he thought South Korea was faking its COVID-19 statistics.

: Trump says North Korea would be “wanting to make a deal” if US presidential elections were not months away.

: US Defense Secretary Mark Esper remarks that expanding “lateral partnerships with South Korea and other Asian nations can help deter China’s ‘bad behavior’” during Aspen Security Forum.

: Chicago Council of Global Affairs releases poll presenting that 90% of South Korean adults support the US-ROK alliance despite tensions over burden sharing.

: Donna Welton, former assistant chief of mission at the Embassy in Afghanistan, named new envoy for defense cost-sharing negotiations with South Korea replacing Jim DeHart.

: South Korea confirms former North Korean defector secretly crossed back to North Korea, but cannot confirm if he had COVID-19.

: Kim Jong Un calls his nuclear weapons a “reliable, effective” deterrent that could prevent a second war in address celebrating 67th anniversary of the Korean War armistice.

: North Korea declares state of emergency and places Kaesong under lockdown after allegedly finding South Korean runaway with COVID-19 symptoms in city.

: South Korea rejects UNC request to hold annual ceremony of Korean War armistice agreement at Freedom House in Panmunjom over coronavirus concerns and inter-Korean tensions.

: US flies spy plane RC-135W Rivet Joint over South Korea to reconnoiter North Korea, possibly in reaction to recent Central Military Commission meeting.

: Kim Jong Un rebukes officials during “field guidance” trip over “careless” construction of large-scale hospital planned for completion by October 10.

: South Korea says there were no discussions with US on US troop drawdown from Korean Peninsula following report that Pentagon provided troop cut proposals in March.

: Kim Jong Un presides over Central Military Commission meeting of the ruling Workers’ Party concerning “bolstering a war deterrent of the country.”

: Maryland Gov. Larry Hogan claims President Trump called South Koreans “terrible people” during private dinner, and questioned US protection of South Korea because “they don’t pay us.”

: North Korean Pyongyang science research council claims it is developing vaccine for COVID-19.

: Pompeo says he is “very hopeful” about resuming denuclearization talks with North Korea.

: Kim Yo Jong states that she doubts a US-North Korea summit will take place this year, adding that the summit would only serve to benefit the US.

: Kim Jong Un suspends planned military action against South Korea in fifth meeting of the Seventh Central Military Commission of the Workers’ Party.

: John Bolton, in his memoir, claims Trump thought the 2017 Singapore Summit with Kim Jong Un would be “great theater” and claims that Moon set unrealistic expectations concerning denuclearization.

: North Korea blows up inter-Korean liaison office in Kaesong, followed by US urging North Korea from “further counterproductive actions.”

: North Korean state media threatens South Korea with “severe punishment” over tepid approach to inter-Korean relations, saying “no need to sit face to face with the South Korean authorities.

: North Korean People’s Army’s General Staff says it is prepared to move armed forces into DMZ.

: North Korean Foreign Minister Ri Son Gwon vowed North Korea would build a reliable force to cope with long-term military threats from US, adding his country would “never again” provide US with “another package” that Trump could use to boast.

: North Korean director general of the American affairs department of the Foreign Ministry Kwon Jong-gun warns the US against meddling in inter-Korean affairs, threatening a “hair-riser” during American elections.

: North Korean Central News Agency says the country will cut all inter-Korean communication following order of Kim Yo Jong.

: Kim Jong Un convenes Politburo meeting of Workers’ Party concerning economic self-sufficiency.

: Kim Yo Jong, sister of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, threatens to withdraw from inter-Korean military agreement and exchange projects over anti-Pyongyang leaflet activity.

: South Korean Ministry of Unification releases statement denoting suspension of leaflet activities as a risk to inter-Korean cooperation.

: In phone call Moon says he would accept Trump’s invitation to G7 summit.

: UN Command concludes that both North and South Korea violated 1953 armistice agreement during exchange of fire following multinational special investigation.

: US Justice Department indicts 28 North Koreans with facilitating $2.5 billion in illegal payments for Pyongyang’s nuclear weapons and missile program.

: Kim Jong Un, in first appearance in 20 days, convenes Central Military Commission meeting focused on increasing strategic nuclear deterrence capabilities, mentioning nothing on inter-Korean activity.

: South Korean President Moon Jae-in, in 3rd annual address to nation, says communications “not smooth” with North Korea, expressing hope for cooperation over coronavirus.

: North Korean military representative says South Korean military drills were a “grave provocation” and violated inter-Korean agreements.

: Kim Jong Un extends greetings to Chinese President Xi Jinping, congratulating him on a successful COVID-19 response.

: Pompeo reaffirms that denuclearization remains key US strategic goal following North Korean leader Kim’s public reappearance.

: North Korean defectors-turned South Korean assemblymen Thae Yong-ho and Ji Seong-ho apologized for “rash, careless” remarks confirming Kim’s public disappearance.

: North Korean soldiers fire at a South Korean guardpost across the DMZ, prompting South Korean retaliatory fire with no damages or casualties, in the first breach of 2018 inter-Korean military pact.

: State media announces Kim’s public reappearance at a ribbon cutting for the Sunchon Phosphatic Fertilizer Factory. Trump tweets the following day that he is glad to see Kim “back, and well!”

: South Korean Unification Minister Kim Yeon-chul says the ROK government is aware of Kim’s location during parliamentary session, and that his absence could be because of “coronavirus concerns.”

: North Korean media outlet Rodong Sinmun releases report stating North Korean leader Kim “sent his appreciation” to workers of the Wonsan-Kalma tourist zone.

: Trump says he has a “very good idea” about the condition of North Korean leader Kim, but “can’t talk about it.”

: South Korean special adviser to the President Moon Chung-in says Kim Jong Un“is alive and well,” adding that the ROK government position is “firm.”

: Satellite imagery analysis emerges depicting North Korean leader Kim’s personal train at Wonson on April 21 and 23. Kim does not celebrate Military Foundation Day publicly.

: Trump says reports concerning Kim’s ailing health are “fake news,” “incorrect,” and are based off “old documents.  

: Trump says he doesn’t know about Kim’s health and wishes him well.

: CNN, citing officials, says US intelligence is closely monitoring reports on Kim’s health.

: North Korea-focused undercover media outlet Daily NK reports that Kim Jong Un’s health is in jeopardy following cardiovascular procedure on April 12, and is receiving treatment in Hyangsan County.

: South Korea’s Blue House says there are no unusual signs concerning North Korean leader Kim’s health.

: North Korean Foreign Ministry denies that North Korean leader sent any recent personal letter to Trump.

: Trump says he received personal letter from Kim Jong Un to press and during phone call with Moon.          

: South Korea’s ruling Democratic Party wins 180 of 300 seats in National Assembly elections in a landslide victory, to the United Future Party’s 103.

: US departments of State, Treasury, and Homeland Security, along with the FBI release interagency report detailing North Korean cyber offensive campaign to launder money and extort companies to funnel resources for nuclear weapons program.

: Kim Jong Un is notably absent from celebrations of country’s founding father Kim Il Sung’s birthday.

: South Korean JCS says North Korea fired two short-range projectiles believed to be anti-cruise missiles from Wonson province on eve of national founder Kim Il Sung’s birthday and South Korean elections.

: US Secretary of Defense Mark Esper says he discussed importance of an “equitable” defense cost-sharing agreement with South Korean counterpart Jeong Kyeong-doo, following reports that a tentative agreement was reached.

: North Korea’s director of central emergency anti-epidemic headquarters Pak Myong Su says there are no cases of COVID-19 in the country.

: DPRK Director General of the Foreign Ministry criticizes Pompeo’s call for renewed sanctions, despite Trump’s letter, and warns against further provocations against North Korea.

:  North Korea fires what appear to be two short-range ballistic missiles toward the East Sea.

: Pompeo says he called for renewed pressure and sanctions against North Korea at G7 teleconference.

: Trump holds phone call with South Korean President Moon Jae-in requesting medical equipment.

: Kim Yo Jong issues a press statement saying Trump sent a personal letter to Kim Jong Un expressing well wishes and offering assistance on COVID-19.  

:  North Korea fires two projectiles presumed to be short-range ballistic missiles toward the East Sea.         

: Trump, in an address to the nation, says the US may reevaluate travel warning to South Korea if the COVID-19 situation improves.     

: US Department of the Army suspends travel to and from South Korea by soldiers and their family due to COVID-19.

: South Korean JCS says North Korea fired three projectiles from Hamgyong Province toward the East Sea.         

: South Korean JCS says North Korea fired two short-range projectiles from Kangwon Province toward the East Sea.

: US Department of State issues a Level 3 travel advisory to South Korea due to COVID-19.

: Trump decries Parasite’s Oscar win, saying “We’ve got enough problems with South Korea on trade. On top of that, they give them best movie of the year?”                

: US CISA and the FBI release six Malware Analysis Reports (MARs) and update one MAR shedding light on malicious cyber activity from North Korea.

: US Department of State spokesperson Ortagus issues a press statement expressing concern over the vulnerability of North Korea to COVID-19, offering support and aid.

: Harris responds to criticism over his facial appearance, US Department of State spokesperson Morgan Ortagus also defends Harris.

: US Ambassador to South Korea Harry Harris says further work needs to be done on Special Measures Agreement, but gaps are closing. 

: US President Donald Trump says China has been “very helpful” with respect to Kim Jong Un, and says the US will be working closely with China on North Korea in luncheon remarks following US-China Phase One Trade Agreement signing with Chinese Vice Premier Liu He.

: US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and South Korean Foreign Minister Kang Kyung-hwa hold trilateral meeting with Japanese Foreign Minister Motegi Toshimitsu; Pompeo urged South Korean cooperation in the Middle East, and Kang urged quicker reconciliation efforts with DPRK.

: North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, in his New Year’s Address calls US behavior “gangster-like,” and states that North Korea will deploy a new strategic weapon.

: KCNA reports that Kim said North Korea is no longer bound by its moratorium on nuclear and long-range missile tests. Kim suggests a “new strategic weapon” will be unveiled in the near future.

: North Korean leader Kim Jong Un calls US behavior “gangster-like,” and states that North Korea will deploy a new strategic weapon.

: Kim calls for North Korea’s “positive and offensive security measures” at a year-end party plenum.

: Microsoft Corp. says it has taken control of 50 web domains used as a “command and control infrastructure” by North Korean hacking group Thallium to steal information.

: National Security Adviser Robert O’Brien says the US would be “extremely disappointed” should Kim resume testing and will “demonstrate” that disappointment.

: US denies reports that it asked South Korea to pay 10% to 20% more for US troops.

: Media report that the US is backing down from its demand for a five-fold increase in host-nation support.

: Trump says if North Korea tests an ICBM, the US will “deal with it.”

: Bolton laments Trump’s “failure” on North Korea.

: US provides Reuters with photos of US and ROK commandos simulating a raid on an enemy facility.

: The US and its allies call on UN members to report compliance on returning North Korean workers.

: North Korea criticizes the US for targeting its human-rights record and warns it will “pay dearly.” Kim Jong Un convenes a meeting of the Central Military Commission.

: Esper says he is hopeful for a restart of diplomacy with North Korea, although he and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Milley also describe the US “high levels of readiness.”

: Esper suggests North Korea will test if it doesn’t “feel satisfied.”

: Biegun arrives in South Korea for a three-day visit, urging North Korea to drop its “hostile” tone and return to nuclear talks.

: North Korea says its undertook a “crucial” test at Sohae the day before.

: US Assistant Secretary of State David Stilwell cautions North Korea against “ill-advised behavior” and notes that the US has “heard threats before.”

: Craft says the US is prepared to “simultaneously take concrete steps” with North Korea, but that the United Nations Security Council must respond to provocations.

: Secretary of State Mike Pompeo says he is “very hopeful” North Korea will abide by its commitments. North Korea lashes out at Pompeo and his calls for sanctions enforcement.

: Trump downplays North Korean missile tests, saying Kim Jong Un is “too smart and has far too much to lose.” Senior North Korean official Kim Yong Chol decries Trump as sounding like a “heedless and erratic old man.”

: North Korea’s UN Ambassador Kim Song says denuclearization is off the negotiating table with the US.

: Trump and Moon speak by phone and underscore that talks with North Korea should continue. North Korea says it carried out a “very important test” at Sohae.

: US Ambassador to the UN Kelly Craft warns that the Security Council is united against North Korea’s repeated missile tests. In a nod to diplomacy, US withholds support for a North Korea human rights debate at the UN.

: Commercial satellite imagery shows movement at North Korea’s Sohae Launch Facility, and Vice Foreign Minister Choe Son Hui warns against the “relapse of the dotage of a dotard” in Trump.

: Kim appears atop a white horse at Mt. Paektu, with cadre fallowing, hinting at a more confrontational stance moving forward.

: North Korean Vice Foreign Minister Ri Thae Song described the US as dragging out talks and warns that that it is “entirely up to the US what Christmas gift it will select to get.”

: Trump states confidence in Kim, but also describes him as “Rocket Man.”

: FBI arrests US blockchain expert who aided North Korea.

: North Korea test fires two ballistic missiles on the US Thanksgiving holiday and a day ahead of the two-year anniversary of its long-range missile and nuclear testing moratorium.

: South Korea asks US for help in resolving issues with Japan.

: South Korea backs away from scrapping its intelligence-sharing pact with Japan after US pressure.

: Biegun suggests Kim hasn’t empowered his negotiators to engage seriously in talks.

: Esper denies reports of a US threat to cut troops over host-nation support.

: US walks out of military cost-sharing talks with South Korea; lead negotiator James DeHart describes South Korea as “not responsive to our request for fair and equitable burden-sharing.”

: Kim supervises air force drills for the second time in three days despite US and South Korea’s postponement of drills.

: South Korea and the US resume talks over US demands for enhanced host-nation support.

: The US and South Korea postpone joint Combined Flying Training event to allow for diplomacy with North Korea.

: Esper presses Seoul to pay more for US troops and maintain its intelligence-sharing pact with Japan.

: Esper arrives in Seoul, with an eye to alliance management with Korea and Japan in general, and host-nation support talks in particular.

: North Korea warns of retaliation over reduced—but not ended—US and South Korea military drills.

: South Korea reiterates its intent to terminate its intelligence-sharing pact with Japan, raising concerns in Washington.

: North Korea says the “window of opportunity” for talks with the US is closing.

: A South Korean parliamentarian suggests North Korea and the US will resume talks in mid-November.

: South Korea and the US suspend an air-power drill for a second straight year.

: North Korea tests a “super-large” multiple rocket launcher and short-range missiles, marking a dozen different tests since May.

: North Korean Central Committee Vice Chair Kim Yong Chol warns that the good relationship between Kim and Trump is no guarantee that tensions will not flare and that an exchange of fire could happen at any time.

: South Korea abandons its status as a developing country in the WTO after Trump criticism.

: North Korea asks for new US and South Korea solutions for conflict. The US wins a court battle over control of a North Korean cargo ship used to skirt sanctions.

: South Korean students break into the US ambassador’s residence in protest over increased host-nation support.

: Bolton writes in a letter to his political action committee that North Korea “isn’t our friend and will never be” and that they will “never give up their nuclear weapons. Period.”

: Kim rides a white horse on Mt. Paektu, revered as the birthplace of the Korean nation, symbolizing resistance to the US and a significant move in the near future.

: The United States and North Korea hold working-level talks in Stockholm.

: North Korea describes the US as having arrived at the talks “empty-handed,” although the US dismissed the assertion as not reflecting the “content or spirit” of the dialogue.

: North Korea announces a submarine-launched ballistic missile test, though with Kim absent during testing.

: KCNA announces working-level talks with the US within a week.

: North Korea urges Trump to adopt a bold move toward reviving diplomacy.

: KCNA reports that a lack of US progress casts doubt on future talks.

: Bolton contends that Trump’s courtship of Kim is increasing North Korea’s power.

: North Korea praises Trump’s “wise political decision” to fire National Security Adviser John Bolton.

: Trump says he “probably” won’t visit Pyongyang for a next round of talks with Kim, but might in the future.

: North Korean leader Kim Jong Un reportedly invites US President Donald Trump to visit Pyongyang, according to South Korea’s Joongang Ilbo.

: US sanctions three North Korean state-sponsored groups linked to hacking and high-profile ransomware attacks.

: North Korea’s state-run Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) reports a test of a “super-large” multiple rocket launcher.

: North Korea says it is willing to resume talks late month, but calls for a new US approach.

: North Korea fires missiles despite moves to restart talks with the US.

: US Special Representative Stephen Biegun confirms that denuclearization talks have stalled.

: North Korea tells the UN to cut its international staff given undue US influence.

: North Korea says its hopes for more dialogue with the White House are “gradually disappearing,” and threatens to reconsider its conciliatory gestures.

: North Korea condemns Secretary Pompeo’s recent remarks and suggests that DPRK expectations for more US dialogue are “gradually disappearing.”

: ROK Vice Foreign Minister Cho cautions Ambassador Harris on US statements criticizing South Korea’s decision to withdraw from its intelligence-sharing pact with Japan.

: Secretary Pompeo says in an American Legion speech that “we recognized that North Korea’s rogue behavior could not be ignored.”

: US says the ROK decision to withdraw from intelligence-sharing pact endangers US troops.

: North Korea launches its seventh projectile test since July 25. Korean Central News Agency reports the successful test of a “super-large multiple rocket launcher.”

: South Korea scraps intelligence-sharing pact with Japan. North Korea Foreign Minister Ri Yong Ho describes Secretary Pompeo as a “diehard toxin” and “impudent” and says North Korea is ready for dialogue or a standoff.

: North Korea describes a US mid-range cruise missile test and plans to deploy F-35 jets to South Korea as “dangerous” and possibly “triggering a new cold war.”

: KCNA reports Kim Jong Un oversaw the latest firing of missiles.

: North Korea test-fires two short-range ballistic missiles into the Sea of Japan, “the sixth launch of projectiles by the country since July 25.”

: North Korea says any deployment of US intermediate-range missiles in the ROK would be a “reckless act.”

: North Korea launches “the fifth round of launches by Pyongyang in just over two week,” sending two short-range ballistic missiles into the Sea of Japan.

: Trump says Kim is open to more talks following US-ROK exercises.

: Lee Soo-hyuk is named new ROK ambassador to the US. Defense Secretary Mark Esper meets ROK leaders amid Korea-Japan dispute and burden sharing debate. Trump notes a letter from Kim Jong Un complaining of military exercises.

: Trump tweets that “talks have begun” on US-ROK defense burden-sharing.

: Secretary Pompeo expresses hope that talks will resume within weeks.

: UN Sanctions Committee on North Korea releases a report showing DPRK-directed cyberattacks have raised to date $2 billion in funds to support its WMD programs.

: South Korea’s military reports that two “short-range ballistic missiles” were launched by North Korea into the Sea of Japan.

: National Security Adviser Bolton reminds Kim of his missile pledge following the DPRK warning that it may pursue a “new road.”

: US and South Korea hold joint-military exercises Dong Maeng 19-2, a “scaled-back combined command post exercise” that is executed primarily through computer simulations.

: Trump plays down the series of short-range missile launches. North Korean Foreign Minister Ri skips the ASEAN Regional Forum meeting.

: DPRK launches short-range missiles.

: North Korea launches two missiles from the Wonsan area. ROK Defense Minister Jeong Kyeong-doo says the missiles, which flew 250 km and reached a height of 30 km.

: DPRK launches two short-range missiles, traveling 690 km and 430 km, and describe its missile launches as a warning to ROK “warmongers.” Pompeo says he expects working-level talks with North Korea within weeks.

: National Security Adviser Bolton meets ROK officials to discuss North Korea and the alliance.

: Kim Jong Un inspects a newly built submarine with enhanced tactical abilities and weapons systems.

: Secretary Pompeo rejects North Korean charges that US-ROK exercises breach any Trump-Kim agreement.

: Assistant Secretary of State Stilwell visits Seoul as the Korea-Japan dispute worsens. Trump bemoans the request by the two US allies to “get involved.”

: Secretary Pompeo expresses hope that the US and North Korea can be “more creative” in nuclear talks. DPRK says nuclear talks are at risk if US-ROK exercises take place.

: Assistant Secretary of State for East Asia and Pacific Affairs David Stilwell states that the US won’t seek to mediate the South Korea-Japan dispute, encouraging both to focus on key regional issues, including North Korea.

: ROK Foreign Minister Kang tells Secretary of State Pompeo that Japan’s export curbs are “undesirable.”

: DPRK’s Vice Foreign Minister Choe Son Hui states that a Trump-Kim meeting at the DMZ “would serve as another meaningful occasion in further deepening the personal relations between the two leaders and advancing bilateral relations.”

: President Trump visits South Korea. He and President Moon “reaffirm” the US-ROK alliance, describing it as “the linchpin of peace and security in the Indo-Pacific.” Trump shakes hands with North Korean Chairman Kim Jong Un in Panmunjom and agrees to continue negotiations with North Korea.

: US Special Representative for North Korea Biegun meets South Korea’s Special Representative for Korean Peninsula Peace and Security Affairs Lee Do-hoon in Seoul ahead of President Trump’s visit to discuss resuming talks with Pyongyang.

: President Moon Jae-in says the US and DPRK are in talks over a third summit.

: US DIA Director Lt. Gen. Ashley states that the intelligence community assesses that Kim Jong Un “is not ready to denuclearize.”

: Kim Jong Un receives letter from Trump with “excellent content.”

: South Korea’s Special Representative for Korean Peninsula Peace and Security Affairs Lee Do-hoon meets US Special Representative for North Korea Stephen Biegun in Washington DC to discuss ways to facilitate the resumption of US-North Korea dialogue.

: Kim Jong Un, alongside Chinese President Xi, calls for a US response to stalled nuclear talks.

: US submits report to the UN Security Council’s North Korea Sanctions Committee blaming North Korea for breaching a UN-imposed cap on fuel imports through illicit ship-to-ship transfers.

: National Security Adviser John Bolton suggests a third summit is possible and up to Kim Jong Un. Trump publicly opposes using CIA informants against Kim, and says he received a “beautiful letter” from Kim.

: DPRK marks the one-year anniversary of the Singapore talks with a call for the US to change its “hostile policy.”

: US Ambassador to South Korea Harry Harris urges South Korean companies to avoid using Huawei equipment.

: Reports indicate diplomat Kim Hyok Chol is in detention and under investigation, but was not executed by firing squad as earlier reported.

: DPRK lead envoy Kim Yong Chol is seen with Kim Jong Un, despite reports of his demise.

: Acting Defense Secretary Patrick Shanahan suggests it is not necessary to resume major joint exercises with South Korea, allowing room for diplomacy with the North.

: DPRK warns that talks with the US will not resume without a “new calculation.”

: DPRK suggests “biggest issue” in relations with the US is the impounded ship.

: DPRK demands the return of the seized tanker Wise Honest.

: DPRK conducts second missile test of the month from a tracked vehicle.

: US seizes the Wise Honest, North Korea’s second largest cargo ship accused of violating international sanctions by transporting coal and heavy machinery back to North Korea.

: The 11th round of US, Japan, South Korea Defense Trilateral Talks (DTT) is held in Seoul to discuss regional security issues.

: Pentagon suspends efforts to recover POW/MIA remains as DPRK talks stall.

: US Special Representative for North Korea Stephen Biegun visits Tokyo and Seoul to meet South Korean and Japanese officials.

: North Korea tests new missile similar to Russia’s SS-26 Iskander from a mobile transporter erector launcher.

: US federal judge orders three Chinese banks to provide documents on a Hong Kong-based front company for North Korea’s nuclear program.

: North Korea warns of “undesired consequences” if no change in US position.

: North Korea accuses US of pressuring South Korea on implementing sanctions.

: Air forces of the United States, South Korea, and Australia undertake two weeks of “scaled-back” joint air drills around the Korean Peninsula, replacing the large-scale Max Thunder drill.

: North Korea dismisses Bolton’s call for denuclearization sign as “dim-witted.”

: Despite North Korean criticism, Pompeo underscores that “it’ll be my team” on North Korea.

: North Korea tests new tactical weapon, or a short-range guided missile, and calls for Pompeo to be dropped from talks.

: CSIS report reveals April 12 imagery of five specialized rail cars near its Uranium Enrichment Facility and Radiochemistry Laboratory at Yongbyon.

: Trump calls for a third summit with Kim and hope for a removal of nuclear weapons and sanctions on North Korea.

: Kim Jong Un signals end-of-year deadline for new US stance.

: DPRK central committee meets amid “tense situation.”

: President Moon travels to Washington DC to meet President Trump for a summit on North Korean diplomacy.

: Former UNC/CFC/USFK Commander Gen. Vincent Brooks calls for a “visible but not accessible” international development fund to promote North Korean denuclearization.

: South Korea detains a domestic ship over North Korea sanctions violation.

: Moon Jae-in describes hope that North Korea responds positively to US-South Korea efforts in advance of his Washington trip.

: DPRK describes Spain embassy raid as “grave terrorist attack,” but refrains from blaming the US directly.

: Reuters reports Trump called on Kim to denuclearize completely in one-page Bolton memo delivered at Hanoi. Pompeo meets counterpart Kang Kyung-wha in New York.

: UNC/CFC/USFK Commander Gen. Robert Abrams describes North Korean activity as “inconsistent with denuclearization” to House Armed Services Committee.

: South Korean Unification Minister-designate Kim Yeon-chul promises to seek a “creative solution” for the US and North Korea to meet again.

: Free Joseon, a political organization that opposes Kim Jong Un, claims responsibility for raid on the North Korean Embassy in Spain on Feb. 22. Information stolen from the embassy was later shared with the FBI, but the US government claims no involvement in the operation.

: North Korean officials return to liaison office after weekend pullout and Trump move to stem new sanctions.

: Trump blocks new “large-scale” sanctions directed at North Korea, in reality aimed at two Chinese shipping companies in violation of sanctions.

: ROK Defense Minister Jeong Kyeong-doo advises a parliamentary defense committee that despite US think tank reports of DPRK launch preparation, “it’s hasty to call it missile-related activity.”

: Pompeo says US hopes to continue talks with North Korea.

: North Korea warns it may suspend nuclear talks, but describes leaders’ relationship as “mysteriously wonderful.”

: Blue House adviser Moon Ching-in suggests US “all or nothing” approach won’t work with North Korea.

: UN Panel of Experts reports North Korea sanctions violations by 20 countries in 66-page report.

: Special Representative Biegun suggests diplomacy is “very much alive,” despite CSIS reports around Sohae rocket testing site.

: North Korea’s Rodong Sinmun reports that the public blames the US for the Hanoi summit ending without agreement.

: South Korea FM Kang signs Special Measures Agreement with US Ambassador Harry Harris, formally agreeing to pay $915 million for the upkeep of US Forces, Korea.

: North Korea Hanoi documentary focuses on Kim-Trump relationship, not summit breakdown.

: US analysts from 38 North and CSIS’s Beyond Parallel report that North Korea’s Sohae Launch Facility is returning to normal operating status after being moderately dismantled following the Singapore Summit, analysis based on commercial satellite imagery acquired on March 6.

: National Intelligence Service Director Suh Hoon says ROK and US military intelligence has a “detailed grasp” of DPRK uranium enrichment and other nuclear and missile facilities.

: Seoul calls for a quick resumption of talks after Hanoi breakdown.

: Sen. Pat Toomey and Sen. Chris Van Hollen introduce the Otto Warmbier Banking Restrictions Involving North Korea (BRINK) act.

: South Korean Special Representative for Korean Peninsula Peace and Security Affairs Lee Do-hoon visits Washington DC to meet Special Representative Biegun to coordinate plans following the US-DPRK second summit.

: US and South Korean militaries hold the inaugural Dong Maeng joint military exercise, a scaled-back version of the annual Foal Eagle and Key Resolve series.

: Trump says North Korea has no economic future with nuclear weapons.

: KCNA reports that the US and North Korea “deepened mutual respect and trust” in Hanoi. Kim vows to meet again, Trump says both sides know the issues.

: President Moon pledges to work with Trump and Kim after failed talks. US and South Korea suggest replacement of spring exercises with smaller drills.

: On second day of Hanoi summit, Trump walks away over reported DPRK sanctions demands. Trump credits China as a “big help” with North Korea.

: Trump hails North Korea’s “awesome” potential and that he is “satisfied” with pace of denuclearization.

: Twenty House Democrats introduce a resolution calling for an end to the Korean War but maintenance of US troops on the Peninsula.

: North Korea urges Trump to disregard skeptics.

: Special Representative Biegun meets DPRK counterpart in Hanoi for a second day of pre-summit negotiations.

: Trump confirms decreasing US troops in ROK not on summit agenda. White House suggests that if North Korea follows through on denuclearization, the US will explore “how to mobilize for investment, improve infrastructure, enhance food security, and more.”

: Chairmen of the House Foreign Affairs Committee Eliot Engel, Armed Services Committee Adam Smith, and Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence Adam Schiff send letter to Trump urging the White House to stop withholding information on North Korea negotiations.

: Trump suggests he expects to meet Kim again after Hanoi and raises prospect of easing North Korea sanctions.

: The Wall Street Journal reports the US is weighing opening a liaison office in North Korea.

: Secretary Pompeo says US is hoping to get “far down the road” with North Korea, adding pillars to “reduce tension, reduce military risks” in addition to denuclearization.

: US Indo-Pacific Commander Adm. Philip Davidson supports US intelligence community position that North Korea is unlikely to give up all its nuclear weapons or production facilities.

: South Korea agrees to pay $915 million in 2019 for US troops in Korea.

: Special Representative Biegun holds talks in Pyongyang.

: In comments at Stanford University, Special Representative Biegun notes North and South militaries working with UNC and USFK for confidence building and tension reduction. He notes that the US is willing to wait on key objectives, and that Trump is ready to formally end the Korean War.

: Director of National Intelligence Dan Coats tells Senate Intelligence Committee that “we currently assess North Korea will seek to retain its WMD capability and is unlikely to completely give up its nuclear weapons and production capability.”

: US National Security Adviser John Bolton calls on North Korea for a “significant sign of a strategic decision to give up nuclear weapons.”

: ROK Foreign Minister Kang calls for “concrete results on denuclearization” at Trump-Kim second summit.

: State media reports Kim Jong Un will advance “step by step” and was “satisfied” by recent Washington meetings and a letter from Trump. Secretary of State Pompeo hails “progress” in talks in Washington and Stockholm.

: CSIS report describes Sino-ri, one of 20 undeclared ballistic missile bases in North Korea, as a missile headquarters.

: Seoul describes US demands for funding increase for support of US forces in South Korea as “unacceptable.”

: US Special Representative for North Korean Policy Biegun meets Vice Foreign Minister Choe Son Hui in Stockholm.

: ROK and US officials agree to seek a UN Security Council sanctions exemption for inter-Korean joint projects.

: Trump meets Worker Party Vice Chairman Kim Yong Chol and Special Envoy Kim Hyok Chol at White House.

: Foreign Minister Kang Kyung-wha notes that US and South Korea are discussing “corresponding measures” to reward North Korea for steps toward denuclearization.

: President Donald Trump unveils the US Missile Defense Review, which labels North Korea an “extraordinary threat.”

: North Korean Special Envoy Kim Yong Chol travels to Washington DC to meet Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Special Representative for North Korea Stephen Biegun to “make progress on the commitments President Trump and Chairman Kim Jong Un made at their summit in Singapore.”

: President Moon Jae-in calls for “bold steps: ahead of second Trump-Kim summit.

: In New Year address, Kim Jong Un says he is ready to meet Trump “at any time” and demands an end to sanctions.

: Chosun Ilbo reports that Kim sent Trump a “conciliatory message” about the stalled negotiations. Departing Defense Secretary Mattis urges the US to stand firm alongside its allies.

: Chosun Ilbo reports that Kim sent Trump a “conciliatory message” about the stalled negotiations. Departing Defense Secretary Mattis urges the US to stand firm alongside its allies.

: Blue House says Kim Jong Un wants more summits with Moon in 2019.

: Blue House says Kim Jong Un wants more summits with Moon in 2019.

: Inter-Korean groundbreaking for rail and road reconnection occurs.

: Inter-Korean groundbreaking for rail and road reconnection occurs.

: US Federal Court Judge Beryl Howell orders North Korea to pay Otto Warmbier’s parents $501 million for “torture, hostage-taking, and extrajudicial killing.”

: US Federal Court Judge Beryl Howell orders North Korea to pay Otto Warmbier’s parents $501 million for “torture, hostage-taking, and extrajudicial killing.”

: ROK announces that the US will help it get flu drugs to the DPRK, despite stalled nuclear talks.

: ROK announces that the US will help it get flu drugs to the DPRK, despite stalled nuclear talks.

: Defense Secretary Mattis announces his resignation.

: Defense Secretary Mattis announces his resignation.

: ROK MND announces smaller military drills with the US in 2019 given North Korea negotiations.

: North Korean state media says denuclearization includes “eliminating the US nuclear threat.”

: ROK MND announces smaller military drills with the US in 2019 given North Korea negotiations.

: North Korean state media says denuclearization includes “eliminating the US nuclear threat.”

: Special Representative Biegun announces that the US will try to expedite humanitarian aid and review a ban for aid workers on his arrival for a four-day visit to Seoul.

: Special Representative Biegun announces that the US will try to expedite humanitarian aid and review a ban for aid workers on his arrival for a four-day visit to Seoul.

: KCNA commentary warns the US over stalled negotiations.

: KCNA commentary warns the US over stalled negotiations.

: US Missile Defense Agency reports successful missile defense system test aimed at intermediate-range missiles.

: US Missile Defense Agency reports successful missile defense system test aimed at intermediate-range missiles.

: US Treasury sanctions three DPRK officials for human rights violations.

: US Treasury sanctions three DPRK officials for human rights violations.

: Middlebury Institute Nonproliferation Center report suggests North Korea is expanding facilities to house long-range missiles.

: Middlebury Institute Nonproliferation Center report suggests North Korea is expanding facilities to house long-range missiles.

: Defense Secretary Mattis identifies North Korea as the most urgent threat to the US. National Security Advisor John Bolton says despite lapses, a second summit will occur.

: Defense Secretary Mattis identifies North Korea as the most urgent threat to the US. National Security Advisor John Bolton says despite lapses, a second summit will occur.

: US Army Pacific Commander Gen. Robert Brown describes the alliance as rock solid, and that to maintain readiness, high-level exercises should take place off-peninsula.

: US Army Pacific Commander Gen. Robert Brown describes the alliance as rock solid, and that to maintain readiness, high-level exercises should take place off-peninsula.

: Secretary Pompeo suggests a need for patience in resolving the denuclearization issue and underscores that sanctions will remain in place.

: Secretary Pompeo suggests a need for patience in resolving the denuclearization issue and underscores that sanctions will remain in place.

: IAEA reports the DPRK is expanding operations at its main nuclear site at Yongbyon.

: IAEA reports the DPRK is expanding operations at its main nuclear site at Yongbyon.

: Secretary Pompeo suggests progress on denuclearization should accompany better inter-Korean relations. Defense Secretary Mattis announces reduction in scope of 2019 US and ROK Foal Eagle exercises.

: Secretary Pompeo suggests progress on denuclearization should accompany better inter-Korean relations. Defense Secretary Mattis announces reduction in scope of 2019 US and ROK Foal Eagle exercises.

: US Treasury sanctions a South African for helping supply oil to the DPRK. North Korea destroys 10 guard posts in the JSA.

: Special Representative Biegun and counterpart Lee Do-hoon convene a US-ROK working group aimed at strengthening coordination on DPRK policy.

: US Treasury sanctions a South African for helping supply oil to the DPRK. North Korea destroys 10 guard posts in the JSA.

: Special Representative Biegun and counterpart Lee Do-hoon convene a US-ROK working group aimed at strengthening coordination on DPRK policy.

: North Korea state media reports that Kim Jong Un visited the site of a successful test of a “newly developed, ultramodern tactical weapon.” Pompeo thanks North Korea and Sweden for the release of US citizen Bruce Byron Lowrance, detained in October.

: North Korea state media reports that Kim Jong Un visited the site of a successful test of a “newly developed, ultramodern tactical weapon.” Pompeo thanks North Korea and Sweden for the release of US citizen Bruce Byron Lowrance, detained in October.

: President Moon tells visiting Vice President Mike Pence that the alliance has made the current situation possible. Pence says Trump will meet Kim in 2019, but won’t allow broken promises.

: President Moon tells visiting Vice President Mike Pence that the alliance has made the current situation possible. Pence says Trump will meet Kim in 2019, but won’t allow broken promises.

: US Congressional Commission reports China has relaxed sanctions enforcement on North Korea.

: US Congressional Commission reports China has relaxed sanctions enforcement on North Korea.

: Center for Strategic and International Studies says it identified 13 of an estimated 20 undeclared missile bases inside North Korea. Trump says DPRK missile sites are “nothing new.”

: DPRK’s Rodong Sinmun condemns US-ROK small-scale exercises by the Korean Marine Exchange Program as a violation of the Sept. 19 Pyongyang accords.

: Center for Strategic and International Studies says it identified 13 of an estimated 20 undeclared missile bases inside North Korea. Trump says DPRK missile sites are “nothing new.”

: DPRK’s Rodong Sinmun condemns US-ROK small-scale exercises by the Korean Marine Exchange Program as a violation of the Sept. 19 Pyongyang accords.

: Democratic Sen. Ed Markey calls on Trump to ease the ban on US aid workers to DPRK.

: Democratic Sen. Ed Markey calls on Trump to ease the ban on US aid workers to DPRK.

: Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman Gen. Joseph Dunford notes that US-DPRK talks could affect US military posture.

: Gen. Brooks meets FM Kang, saying the alliance has “overcome a range of challenges as a team amid the changing situation on the Korean Peninsula.”

: Secretary of State Pompeo’s meeting in New York with North Korean Kim Yong Chol is abruptly canceled.

: Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman Gen. Joseph Dunford notes that US-DPRK talks could affect US military posture.

: Gen. Brooks meets FM Kang, saying the alliance has “overcome a range of challenges as a team amid the changing situation on the Korean Peninsula.”

: Secretary of State Pompeo’s meeting in New York with North Korean Kim Yong Chol is abruptly canceled.

: Outgoing USFK Commander Gen. Vincent Brooks voices support for September inter-Korean military accord.

: Outgoing USFK Commander Gen. Vincent Brooks voices support for September inter-Korean military accord.

: US and ROK resume low-key military drills. North Korea warns of strengthening its nuclear arsenal without US sanctions relief in advance of Pompeo meeting.

: US and ROK resume low-key military drills. North Korea warns of strengthening its nuclear arsenal without US sanctions relief in advance of Pompeo meeting.

: Defense Secretary James Mattis describes “continuity for the ROK-led future CFC.”

: Defense Secretary James Mattis describes “continuity for the ROK-led future CFC.”

: No-fly zone and military drill ban take effect along DMZ.

: No-fly zone and military drill ban take effect along DMZ.

: Secretary of Defense Mattis and South Korean Defense Minister Jeong Kyeong-doo meet for the 50th Security Consultative Meeting in Washington, DC.  The agree to strategic guidelines that aim to reduce uncertainty over transfer of wartime operational control.

: US announces Pompeo meeting with a DPRK counterpart in early November. ROK and US agree to wartime operational control transfer principles for facilitation.

: Secretary of Defense Mattis and South Korean Defense Minister Jeong Kyeong-doo meet for the 50th Security Consultative Meeting in Washington, DC.  The agree to strategic guidelines that aim to reduce uncertainty over transfer of wartime operational control.

: US announces Pompeo meeting with a DPRK counterpart in early November. ROK and US agree to wartime operational control transfer principles for facilitation.

: ROK FM Kang asks US for “maximum flexibility” on Iran sanctions.

: ROK FM Kang asks US for “maximum flexibility” on Iran sanctions.

: Special Representative Biegun meets ROK counterpart Lee Do-hoon.

: Special Representative Biegun meets ROK counterpart Lee Do-hoon.

: ROK and DPRK agree to scrap 22 guard posts along the DMZ. ROK Defense Minister Jeong Kyeong-doo reaffirms the temporary status of THAAD deployments.

: ROK and DPRK agree to scrap 22 guard posts along the DMZ. ROK Defense Minister Jeong Kyeong-doo reaffirms the temporary status of THAAD deployments.

: US and ROK chairmen of respective Joint Chiefs of Staff hold annual Military Committee Meeting, underscoring the alliance.

: US and ROK chairmen of respective Joint Chiefs of Staff hold annual Military Committee Meeting, underscoring the alliance.

: US Treasury expresses “deep concern” over ROK bank plans for DPRK. UNC, ROK and DPRK hold second round of military working-level talks aimed at demilitarization.

: US Treasury expresses “deep concern” over ROK bank plans for DPRK. UNC, ROK and DPRK hold second round of military working-level talks aimed at demilitarization.

: US and ROK agree to suspend more drills in an effort to bolster diplomacy with the DPRK. US official suggests that the next US-DPRK summit will take place in the new year.

: US and ROK agree to suspend more drills in an effort to bolster diplomacy with the DPRK. US official suggests that the next US-DPRK summit will take place in the new year.

: Media reports suggest the US is opposed to inter-Korean agreement on a no-fly zone. The Wall Street Journal describes a US-ROK “wrangle” over DPRK policy.

: Media reports suggest the US is opposed to inter-Korean agreement on a no-fly zone. The Wall Street Journal describes a US-ROK “wrangle” over DPRK policy.

: ROK MND announces that UNC, ROK, and DPRK representatives are meeting about disarming the joint security area. State Department announces Special Representative for North Korea Policy Stephen Biegun is traveling to Moscow, Paris, and Brussels for working-level meetings.

: ROK MND announces that UNC, ROK, and DPRK representatives are meeting about disarming the joint security area. State Department announces Special Representative for North Korea Policy Stephen Biegun is traveling to Moscow, Paris, and Brussels for working-level meetings.

: Moon argues that Kim is sincere and should see rewards for abandoning nuclear weapons.

: Moon argues that Kim is sincere and should see rewards for abandoning nuclear weapons.

: Seoul says Pyongyang intends to abolish all nuclear weapons.

: Seoul says Pyongyang intends to abolish all nuclear weapons.

: Seoul says it has made no change on DPRK sanctions.

: Seoul says it has made no change on DPRK sanctions.

: ROK says Secretary Pompeo complained about inter-Korean military agreement.

: ROK says Secretary Pompeo complained about inter-Korean military agreement.

: President Moon suggests that a “new order is being created on the Korean Peninsula.” Pompeo describes seeing a “path” to denuclearization. Trump says a second summit will come after midterm elections.

: President Moon suggests that a “new order is being created on the Korean Peninsula.” Pompeo describes seeing a “path” to denuclearization. Trump says a second summit will come after midterm elections.

: Secretary Pompeo says North Korea is ready to let inspectors into the Punggye-ri nuclear test site and Sohae missile engine test facility after US and DPRK agree on logistics.

: Secretary Pompeo says North Korea is ready to let inspectors into the Punggye-ri nuclear test site and Sohae missile engine test facility after US and DPRK agree on logistics.

: Secretary Pompeo meets Kim Jong Un in Pyongyang and notes progress on Singapore commitments. Blue House announces Pompeo and Kim agree to a second US-DPRK summit.

: Secretary Pompeo meets Kim Jong Un in Pyongyang and notes progress on Singapore commitments. Blue House announces Pompeo and Kim agree to a second US-DPRK summit.

: Pompeo suggests optimism for “better understandings, deeper progress and a plan forward.”

: Pompeo suggests optimism for “better understandings, deeper progress and a plan forward.”

: US Treasury sanctions a Turkish firm and a DPRK diplomat for weapons trade.

: The Arms Control Association announces release of North Korea Denuclearization Digest.

: US Treasury sanctions a Turkish firm and a DPRK diplomat for weapons trade.

: The Arms Control Association announces release of North Korea Denuclearization Digest.

: ROK FM Kang Kyung-wha suggests that the US should hold off its demand for a DPRK declaration and accept a verified closure of the Yongbyon nuclear facility.

: ROK FM Kang Kyung-wha suggests that the US should hold off its demand for a DPRK declaration and accept a verified closure of the Yongbyon nuclear facility.

: Washington announces Pompeo will visit Pyongyang again despite negative signals. Pyongyang says its steps toward denuclearization must be met by US concessions.

: Washington announces Pompeo will visit Pyongyang again despite negative signals. Pyongyang says its steps toward denuclearization must be met by US concessions.

: Trump tells US public rally he and Kim “fell in love.”

: Trump tells US public rally he and Kim “fell in love.”

: DPRK Foreign Minister Ri Yong Ho tells UNGA that the DPRK in “no way” will disarm without trust.

: DPRK Foreign Minister Ri Yong Ho tells UNGA that the DPRK in “no way” will disarm without trust.

: Trump underscores there is no timeframe for denuclearization and anticipates a second summit with Kim. Pompeo tells UNSC the only path for the DPRK is diplomacy and denuclearization.

: Trump underscores there is no timeframe for denuclearization and anticipates a second summit with Kim. Pompeo tells UNSC the only path for the DPRK is diplomacy and denuclearization.

: Moon tells UN General Assembly that “ending the Korean War is an urgent task” and calls for a peace regime.

: Moon tells UN General Assembly that “ending the Korean War is an urgent task” and calls for a peace regime.

: Incoming USFK Commander Gen. Robert Abrams suggests a slight dip in readiness with the suspension of exercises and acknowledges tactical risk if US troops were removed from the Korean Peninsula in Senate confirmation hearings.

: Trump praises Kim, but says sanctions must stay for now.

: Incoming USFK Commander Gen. Robert Abrams suggests a slight dip in readiness with the suspension of exercises and acknowledges tactical risk if US troops were removed from the Korean Peninsula in Senate confirmation hearings.

: Trump praises Kim, but says sanctions must stay for now.

: Updated KORUS Free Trade Agreement is finalized.

: Updated KORUS Free Trade Agreement is finalized.

: Moon says Kim wants another Trump summit to speed denuclearization.

: Moon says Kim wants another Trump summit to speed denuclearization.

: DPRK invites foreign experts to watch closure of missile engine testing site and launch pad at Tongchang-ri. US says it is ready to resume talks with North Korea.

: DPRK invites foreign experts to watch closure of missile engine testing site and launch pad at Tongchang-ri. US says it is ready to resume talks with North Korea.

: Kim Jong Un says North and South Korea agreed to denuclearization efforts.

: Kim Jong Un says North and South Korea agreed to denuclearization efforts.

: Moon meets Kim, who credits earlier meeting with Trump as stabilizing region and promises to visit Seoul. US Ambassador to the UN Nikki Haley accuses Russia of “cheating” on DPRK sanctions.

: Moon meets Kim, who credits earlier meeting with Trump as stabilizing region and promises to visit Seoul. US Ambassador to the UN Nikki Haley accuses Russia of “cheating” on DPRK sanctions.

: New Yorker article describes US North Korea policy advisors: “None of them is where the President is.” Pompeo accuses Russia of actively undermining sanctions.

: New Yorker article describes US North Korea policy advisors: “None of them is where the President is.” Pompeo accuses Russia of actively undermining sanctions.

: Two Koreas hold working-level military talks. US imposes North Korea-related sanctions on Russian and Chinese technology firms. US approves possible $2.6 billion in military sales to ROK.

: US accuses Russia of covering up breaches of North Korea sanctions. Despite US warning, North Korea coal shipped into South Korea. DPRK decries US accusations of computer network hacking as a “smear campaign.”

: Two Koreas hold working-level military talks. US imposes North Korea-related sanctions on Russian and Chinese technology firms. US approves possible $2.6 billion in military sales to ROK.

: US accuses Russia of covering up breaches of North Korea sanctions. Despite US warning, North Korea coal shipped into South Korea. DPRK decries US accusations of computer network hacking as a “smear campaign.”

: Two Koreas open liaison offices with around-the-clock communications channels.

: Two Koreas open liaison offices with around-the-clock communications channels.

: Two more US service members’ remains returned in DPRK handover.

: Two more US service members’ remains returned in DPRK handover.

: Kim Jong Un sends Trump a letter requesting a follow-on meeting.

: Kim Jong Un sends Trump a letter requesting a follow-on meeting.

: North Korea military parade features floats and no long-range missiles. Kim Jong Un tells Chinese envoy North Korea he is upholding US nuclear deal.

: North Korea military parade features floats and no long-range missiles. Kim Jong Un tells Chinese envoy North Korea he is upholding US nuclear deal.

: President Trump states he is expecting a “positive” letter from Kim Jong Un.

: President Trump states he is expecting a “positive” letter from Kim Jong Un.

: President Moon underscores the need for the DPRK’s “complete denuclearization; and Trump thanks Kim Jong Un for “unwavering faith” after Kim suggests a denuclearization timeline.

: US accuses North Korea of engaging in a global cyber-crime wave.

: President Moon underscores the need for the DPRK’s “complete denuclearization; and Trump thanks Kim Jong Un for “unwavering faith” after Kim suggests a denuclearization timeline.

: US accuses North Korea of engaging in a global cyber-crime wave.

: US President Donald Trump speaks with South Korea President Moon in advance of ROK delegates heading north and Moon’s visit to New York.

: US State Department extends ban on US citizens’ travel to North Korea for another year.

: Trump says he thinks US is “doing well” in its diplomacy with North Korea, hails his relationship with Kim, and says there are no reasons to resume US-ROK military exercises at the present though, if he elected, they would be “far bigger than ever before.”

: Secretary Mattis announces that the US and ROK have no plans to suspend military exercises that are planned next year.

: DPRK’s Rodong Sinmun accuses US of “double dealing” and “hatching a criminal plot” against Pyongyang with drill preparations.

: Trump cancels Pompeo visit to the DPRK with new special representative for North Korea, Stephen Biegun.

: USFK commander Gen. Brooks acknowledges security risks in defense scale-down at DMZ, but is dealing with “change and uncertainty in stride.”

: Satellite imagery shows DPRK halted work to dismantle Sohae satellite launch site in the first part of August.

: US Treasury sanctions Russian firms for violating sanctions on the DPRK.

: Divided family reunions begin at Mount Kumgang.

: DPRK presses demands for end-of-war declaration ahead of Pompeo visit.

: US targets Chinese and Russian firms over DPRK sanctions breaches.

Aug. 9, 2018; DPRK criticizes US sanctions pressure on denuclearization process

: US backs guidelines in UN Security Council for streamlining delivery of humanitarian aid to the DPRK.

: DPRK Foreign Minister Ri Yong Ho says it is alarming that the US is returning to hostile ways “far from its leaders’ intentions.”

: Pompeo says DPRK weapons work counter to denuclearization pledge; confidential UN report says DPRK has not stopped it nuclear and missile programs.

: White House reports Trump received letter from Kim Jong Un.

: Washington Post reports that US intelligence agencies believe DPRK is working on new missiles.

: Trump thanks Kim for transfer of US war dead remains.

: DPRK hands over 55 boxes of US war dead remains.

: ROK Defense Ministry announces plans to reduce number of guard posts along DMZ.

: Secretary Pompeo and US Ambassador to the UN Nikki Haley urge strict UN sanction remain in place until DPRK acts on denuclearization.

: US Director of National Intelligence Dan Coats says denuclearization in a year not likely.

: Trump tweets he received “very nice note” from Kim Jong Un; Pompeo says DPRK deal “may take some time” and sanctions to remain in place.

: Pompeo announces that US and DPRK to resume search for war remains.

: US accuses DPRK of UN sanctions breach and demands end to illicit fuel sales.

: Moon says US-DPRK talks are “on track,” dismisses criticism.

: Trump suggests China is interfering in US-DPRK talks.

: DPRK calls US stance “regrettable;” Pompeo urges DPRK to follow Vietnam’s example.

: Secretary Pompeo meets Kim Yong Chol in Pyongyang to “clarify” and says progress made; DPRK condemns US tactics as “gangster-like” after Pompeo’s departure.

: Wall Street Journal reports Middlebury Institute imagery shows DPRK expanding key missile manufacturing plant

: US marks departure of military presence in Seoul with opening of new headquarters facilities at Camp Humphreys.

: US intelligence reportedly believes DPRK making more bomb fuel despite talks.

: 38 North website reports that satellite imagery shows infrastructure improvements at DPRK’s Yongbyon nuclear plant.

: Pompeo says DPRK understands US on “complete denuclearization.”

: Pompeo says he won’t put a timeline on DPRK denuclearization.

: Pentagon indefinitely suspends some US training exercises with the ROK.

June 21, 2018; Trump announces DPRK has returned remains of 200 US war dead and that “total denuclearization” has begun; Pompeo plans DPRK meeting at “earliest possible date.”

: ROK Foreign Minister Kang says DPRK sanctions to remain until denuclearization; Kim and Xi discuss “true peace” and denuclearization in Beijing.

June 18, 2018; US and ROK agree to suspend joint military exercises scheduled for August.

: Trump says his agreement with North Korea will be good for China; ROK Blue House says US forces in ROK not subject to US-DPRK talks; Trump says he gave Kim his direct number.

: Gallup poll shows 66 percent of ROK respondents approve of US-DPRK summit outcome.

June 14, 2018; Secretary Pompeo says North Korea sanctions to remain until DPRK completes denuclearization, says US prepared to offer security guarantees.

: Reuters/Ipsos poll says half of Americans polled support Trump’s handling of North Korea.

: Trump-Kim summit held in Singapore. As summit begins, Trump says “we’re going to have a great discussion, and I think tremendous success.” Kim Jong Un says “there were fetters and wrong practices that at times covered out eyes and ears, but we overcame everything to come this far.”

: 38 North website reports DPRK is razing Ilha-ri, a key ballistic missile test site.

: Trump announces summit with Kim is back on, confirms June 12 date.

: Trumps says he expects letter from Kim Jong Un; US and DPRK working groups meet in Singapore, Secretary Pompeo meets Kim Yong Chol in New York City.

: Kim Jong Un says DPRK’s will for denuclearization is “unchanged.”

: Trump says DPRK’s Kim Yong Chol heading to US for talks; White House says Trump is prepared for June summit.

: US team in DPRK for talks on summit, says Trump; ROK says DPRK committed to Trump summit and complete denuclearization, and calls for more impromptu meetings.

: Moon and Kim hold surprise summit in Panmunjom.

: Trump says US in “productive talks” to reinstate summit.

: DPRK carries out demolition of nuclear test site; Trump cancels summit with Kim Jong Un, citing “hostility.”

: Trump blames China for summit problems; DPRK launches tirade against “stupid” US officials, calling Vice President Pence a “political dummy” and threatening to call off summit.

: President Trump meets President Moon at White House; Trump says June summit with Kim should be called off, but suggests it may work out over period of time.

: New York Times reports Trump grappling with risks of Singapore summit; Wall Street Journal reports Moon fighting for Trump-Kim summit.

: DPRK “declines,” then later permits ROK media to attend nuclear test site closure.

: President Trump nominates former Pacific Command commander Harry Harris as US ambassador to ROK.

: DPRK says it won’t hold talks with “incompetent” ROK; Trump says “if we make a deal, I think Kim Jong Un is going to be very, very happy.”

: DPRK says it doesn’t want US summit focused only on denuclearization.

: Satellite images show buildings removed from DPRK nuclear test site.

: DPRK casts doubt on Trump summit, suspends talks with South; Trump says “we’ll see.”

: Secretary Pompeo says US ready to lift sanctions if DPRK dismantles its nuclear weapons program.

: DPRK details plans to dismantle nuclear test site.

: US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo meets ROK Foreign Minister Kang Kyung-wha and suggests DPRK future “brimming with prosperity,” though he cautions denuclearization will require “robust” oversight.

: President Trump announces he will meet DPRK leader Kim Jong UN in Singapore on June 12.

: Three US detainees freed by DPRK, head home, thank Trump.

: Kim Jong UN meets Chinese President Xi Jinping.

: Wall Street Journal reports that US troops represent “potential bargaining chip.”

: DPRK denies US sanctions pressure is behind its denuclearization pledge.

: New York Times reports that President Trump has ordered the Pentagon to consider reducing US troops in ROK.

: White House says US prisoner release would be a goodwill move by the DPRK.

: US National Security Advisor John Bolton meets ROK National Security Adviser Chung Eui-yong in Washington, DC.

: ROK says it wants US troops to stay regardless of any treaty with the DPRK.

: US intelligence detects DPRK actions at its nuclear test site.

: South and North begin dismantlement of border speakers in accord with April 27 inter-Korean leaders summit; ROK President Moon Jae-in asks UN for verification of DPRK nuclear site shutdown.

: President Moon suggests that Trump deserves the Nobel Peace Prize. Trump floats Panmunjom or Singapore as possible summit sites with Kim.

: President Moon and DPRK leader Kim meet in Panmunjom. Declaration aims at denuclearization, movement to a peace agreement, and opening of a representative office at the DMZ. White House hails the meeting and goal of denuclearization.

:  South Korean Director of National Security Chung Eui-yong meets National Security Advisor John Bolton in Washington, DC, to exchange ideas.

: President Trump says Kim meeting will be “very soon.” Senior US official states that Pompeo will fill Seoul ambassadorship with former Pacific Commander Adm. Harry Harris, Trump’s proposed ambassador to Australia.

: US Defense Secretary Jim Mattis suggests “reasons for optimism” after DPRK announcement.

: ROK and DPRK install direct hotline between leaders.

: US Deputy Secretary of State Sullivan calls China, Russia, Iran and North Korea “morally reprehensible” on human rights.

: KCNA reports that leader Kim Jong Un will suspend nuclear and ICBM missile tests and close the DPRK’s northern nuclear test site at Pyunggye-ri.

: President Trump expresses hope for talks with Kim. US vows continued pressure, and President Moon states North is seeking “complete denuclearization.”

: President Trump points to Pompeo forming a “good relationship” with Kim. Trump warns he could walk away from summit and that talks are underway for release of Americans held in North Korea.

: President Trump announces US had “extremely high” level talks with North Korea, subsequently revealed to have been between Pompeo and Kim.

: Secretary of State-designate Pompeo reiterates there will be no reward for the DPRK without complete denuclearization.

: ROK National Security Office chief Chung Eui-yong meets US National Security Advisor Bolton in Washington to prepare for summits.

: North Korean leader Kim Jong Un talks about prospects for dialogue with the US, his first official comment on a planned summit with President Trump.

: KCNA reports leader Kim Jong Un assessed US talks at party meeting.

: CIA Director Pompeo visits Pyongyang and meets Kim Jong Un.

: US-ROK joint exercise Foal Eagle starts in Korea.

: UN Security Council announces new sanctions targeting one individual, 21 shipping companies and 27 vessels for helping the DPRK evade sanctions.

: Seoul announces inter-Korean summit between Moon and Kim for April 27. Trump says he may hold up on KORUS trade deal until after the US-DPRK summit meeting.

: Hyundai’s union says revised trade deal with US is “humiliating.” GM says ROK subsidiary will file for bankruptcy if no union concessions by April 20.

: US and ROK reach agreement on trade and steel tariffs.

: Seoul and Washington announce resumption of military exercises, with Foal Eagle slated to start April 1 and Key Resolve beginning in mid-April.

: President Moon says three-way summit with DPRK and US possible.

: H.R. McMaster, US national security adviser, Japan counterpart Yachi Shotaro, and Korean counterpart Chung Eui Yong meet in San Francisco.

: UN report outlines DPRK networks maintaining money flow despite sanctions.

: President Trump speaks with President Moon to discuss efforts to prepare for their upcoming engagements with North Korea.

: Deputy Secretary Sullivan meets South Korea’s Foreign Minister Kang and Japanese Foreign Minister Aso Kono in Washington DC.

: White House acknowledges “caution” in announcing Trump-Kim summit.

: CIA Director Pompeo describes Trump talks with Kim as not “theater.”

: Trump tweets that he believes DPRK “will honor that commitment” to not test and states that talks may lead to the “greatest deal for the world.”

: White House insists on “concrete actions” from DPRK prior to a meeting.

: President Trump agrees to meet Kim Jong Un.

: President Moon cautions that sanctions will remain and suggests it is too early to be optimistic. Trump administration offers support, but remains wary.

: Representatives from US and ROK meet in Honolulu for first round of talks to develop the 10th Special Measures Agreement (SMA), which will enter into force in 2019.

: ROK delegation says DPRK willing to denuclearize. Trump calls North Korea “sincere” on possible talks. Trump tweets that “a serious effort is being made,” and the US is “ready to go hard in either direction.”

: Trump suggests US will meet with DPRK. ROK sends envoys to DPRK as Trump suggests willingness.

: President Moon urges the US to ease way for DPRK talks. US announces senior envoy Ambassador Joseph Yun to retire after Trump rejects talks without preconditions.

: Trump responds “we’ll see” to Seoul push for US-DPRK talks.

: DPRK condemns US sanctions as officials attend Olympic closing ceremonies.

: ROK says US sanctions will bolster UN resolutions. PRC warns that new US sanctions threaten cooperation.

: US Treasury sanctions one person, 27 companies and 28 ships in its largest package aimed at pressuring the DPRK to abandon missile and nuclear programs. Trump warns of a “phase two” that could be “very, very unfortunate.” US pushes for more UN sanctions targeting DPRK oil, coal, and smuggling.

: ROK announces the DPRK will send Gen. Kim Yong Chol to the Olympic closing ceremonies.

: US officials say North Korea canceled Olympic meeting with Vice President Pence. ROK drops denunciations of Kim Jong Un from border broadcasts.

: President Moon describes a difficult road to an inter-Korean summit and the hope for US dialogue with the DPRK.

: US Assistant Secretary of State for Asian and Pacific Affairs Susan Thornton states that there is no US “bloody nose” strategy for the DPRK.

: ROK reports that Kim Jong Un invites ROK President Moon for summit. Pence says allies united in isolating North Korea.

: PyeongChang Games open with senior US delegation alongside ROK President Moon and DPRK delegation nearby. Pence avoids encounter. Protesters burn flags.

: DPRK stages military parade in Pyongyang, displaying new missiles.

: ROK President Moon and Vice President Pence hold bilateral meeting at the Blue House in Seoul.

: Vice President Pence meets North Korean defectors in Seoul and visits Cheonan Memorial.

: DPRK informs the ROK that Kim Yo Jong, younger sister of Kim Jong Un, will join the DPRK Olympic delegation. Vice President Pence in Tokyo states that Washington will levy new sanctions against the planet’s “most tyrannical and oppressive regime.”

: US Ambassador Robert Wood says at UN Conference on Disarmament that DPRK is “only months away” from the capability to strike the US.

: ROK Blue House announces DPRK President of the Supreme People’s Assembly Kim Yong Nam to lead delegation to the PyeongChang Olympic Games.

: ROK says DPRK possible behind hack of Japan’s Coincheck.

: UN reports DPRK violated sanctions to earn $200  million in 2017 from banned commodity exports, as well as to export weapons to Syria and Myanmar.

: DPRK athletes arrive in Seoul for Winter Olympic preparations.

: US Special Representative for North Korea Policy and Deputy Assistant Secretary for Korea and Japan Joseph Yun travels to Tokyo and Seoul to coordinate on the DPRK and other alliance and bilateral issues.

: President Trump honors DPRK defector Ji Seong-ho in State of the Union Address and acknowledges Otto Warmbier’s parents attendance.

: Vice Chairman of the US Joint Chiefs of Staff Selva states that the DPRK has not yet demonstrated all components of an ICBM, including a survivable reentry vehicle.

: White House withdraws nomination of Victor Cha as ambassador to South Korea.

: DPRK sends announcement to all Koreans calling for unification. US announces more sanctions on PRC and DPRK companies.

: US and DRK clash at UN disarmament forum over nuclear weapons.

: ROK President Moon Jae-in states that the Olympics should lead to nuclear talks with the US. Seoul protesters burn images of Kim Jong Un.

: DPRK delegation arrives in Seoul for Olympic preparations.

: US announces satellite imagery of six Chinese vessels violating sanctions against North Korea.

: US and ROK hold second meeting of the Extended Deterrence Strategy and Consultation Group (EDSCG) in Washington, DC.

: Secretary Tillerson suggests that there is evidence that DPRK sanctions are “really starting to hurt.”

: Secretary of State Rex Tillerson announces that 20 nations meeting in Canada agree to consider more sanctions and US warns on military option. DPRK lambasts US on movement of six B-52s to Guam and dismisses Trump’s button size remark as “spasm of a lunatic.”

: DPRK agrees to send orchestra to perform during PyeongChang Games.

: False alert over DPRK missile threat rattles Hawaii.

: ROK President Moon suggests Trump deserves “big” credit for talks. Trump says, “who knows where it leads?”

: DPRK commits to send a team to the PyeongChang Games.

: ROK describes quick trade talks with US as an “uphill battle.” ROK and DPRK begin preparatory talks on Olympics.

: Trump says he would “absolutely” talk to Kim on the phone at the right time.

: Trump credits his firmness for restoration of ROK-DPRK dialogue, describing talks as “a good thing” and announcing US-ROK exercises would not occur during Olympics.

: President Donald Trump says his nuclear button is “bigger” than that of Kim in response to Kim’s claim that he has a “nuclear button” on his desk. DPRK uses the hotline to the ROK for a first time in two years.

: US Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley warns the DPRK against staging a missile test. ROK proposes border talks in light of Kim’s overture.

: In his 2018 New Year’s speech, Kim Jong Un repeats nuclear threats against the US, acknowledges the effects of sanctions against North Korea, and, in a major shift, is conciliatory toward South Korea, offering to send a delegation to the PyeongChang Winter Olympics.

: ROK reports the seizure of a second ship suspected of oil transfers.

: Reuters reports that Russian tankers have illicitly supplied fuel to the DPRK via transfers at sea.

: Trump tweets that China was “caught RED HANDED” allowing oil into the DPRK and preventing “a friendly solution” to the conflict with the DPRK. China blocks US effort to blacklist six foreign-flagged ships believed involved in illicit trade. ROK claims ship seizure over illicit petroleum trade with the DPRK.

: US Treasury announces sanctions against two DPRK officials behind ballistic missile program. China is reported to have broken sanctions on the sale of petroleum products to the DPRK with ship transfers.

: ROK Unification Ministry predicts DPRK will look to open talks with the US in 2018 in optimistic New Year forecast.

: DPRK condemns the new UNSC sanctions resolution as an act of war.

: UN Security Council unanimously passes UNSCR 2397 imposing more sanctions on the DPRK.

: A DPRK soldier escapes across the DMZ.

: US states DPRK is responsible for WannaCry cyber attack. ROK President Moon proposes curtailing military exercises to ease pressure around the Olympic Games.

: Secretary Tillerson says DPRK must halt missile and nuclear tests prior to any resumption of dialogue.

: Secretary Mattis says DPRK ICBM is not yet a “capable threat’ against the US. UN Secretary General Guterres urges communication with the DPRK to avoid escalation.

: UN Secretary General Guterres warns against “sleepwalking” into conflict with the DPRK A group of 58 retired US military leaders urge Trump to take a diplomatic approach with North Korea over military action.

: White House says time is not right for talks with the DPRK.

: Secretary Tillerson says US is ready for negotiations with the DPRK without preconditions.

: ROK announces sanctions against 20 DPRK groups and 12 individuals. Seoul asks US to delay spring military exercises until after Pyeongchang Olympics.

: US, ROK, and Japan conduct computer-simulated training to track DPRK missile launches.

: DPRK labels joint ROK-US drills as “confrontational warmongering” and poses the question “when will war break out?”

: Ambassador Haley suggests US participation in Pyeongchang Winter Olympics is an “open question.”

: US B-1B bomber joins joint US-ROK military exercises.

: UN Under Secretary General for Political Affairs Jeffrey Feltman visits North Korea in highest-level UN effort to encourage negotiation since 2011.

: US and ROK conduct Vigilant Ace military exercise.

: Sen. Lindsey Graham suggests Pentagon should move US military dependents from ROK. North Korea says trump is “begging” for nuclear war.

: Trump tweets that North Korean leader Kim, whom he refers to as Little Rocket Man, is a “sick puppy.”

: DPRK tests Hwasong-15 ICBM. ROK stages “precision strike” drill within minutes of the DPRK launch. Trump tells reporters “we will take care of that situation.” Ambassador Haley warns that in the event of war, the DPRK regime will be “utterly destroyed.” Kim Jong Un declares the DPRK has “finally realized the great historic cause of completing the state nuclear force.”

: US Treasury imposes sanctions on 13 PRC and DPRK organizations accused of helping Pyongyang evade nuclear restrictions and supporting trade in commodities.

: US re-designates the DPRK as a state sponsor of terrorism.

: US Special Representative for North Korea Policy Joseph Yun says there has been “no signal” from DPRK for negotiations. DPRK UN Geneva Ambassador Han Tae Song rules out negotiations with the US as long as US-ROK military exercises continue.

: DPRK soldier is shot while attempting to cross the military demarcation line in the Joint Security Area in Panmunjom.

: DPRK says Trump begged for war during his Asia trip. Trump tweets “why would Kim Jong Un insult me by calling me “old,” when I would never call him “short and fat?”

: US conducts military exercises in the Sea of Japan (East Sea) involving three US carrier strike groups.

: Trump addresses ROK National Assembly.

: Following talks with Moon, Trump pledges cooperation and suggests “we cannot allow North Korea to threaten all that we have built.”

: On departure for Seoul, Trump tweets that President Moon is “a fine gentleman” and that “we will figure it all out!”